click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Princess Leia

Princess Leia Organa is a fictional character in the Star Wars franchise, portrayed in films by Carrie Fisher. Introduced in the original Star Wars film in 1977, Leia is princess of the planet Alderaan, a member of the Imperial Senate and an agent of the Rebel Alliance, she thwarts the sinister Sith lord Darth Vader and helps bring about the destruction of the Empire's cataclysmic superweapon, the Death Star. In The Empire Strikes Back, Leia commands a Rebel base and evades Vader as she falls in love with the smuggler Han Solo. In Return of the Jedi, Leia helps in the operation to rescue Han from the crime lord Jabba the Hutt, is revealed to be Vader's daughter and the twin sister of Luke Skywalker; the prequel film Revenge of the Sith establishes that the twins' mother is Senator Padmé Amidala of Naboo, who dies after childbirth. Leia is adopted by Queen Breha Organa of Alderaan. In the sequel trilogy, Leia is General of the Resistance against the First Order, she and Han have a son named Ben Solo, who adopted the name Kylo Ren after turning to the dark side of the Force.

The character dies towards the end of The Rise of Skywalker, where it is revealed that she was trained as a Jedi by her brother sometime after Return of the Jedi, but returns in its epilogue scene as a Force ghost alongside her brother, Luke. One of the more popular Star Wars characters, Leia has been called a 1980s icon, a feminist hero and model for other adventure heroines, she has appeared in many derivative works and merchandising, including the now-noncanonical Star Wars Expanded Universe, has been referenced or parodied in several TV shows and films. Her'cinnamon bun' hairstyle from Star Wars and metal bikini from Return of the Jedi have become cultural icons. Leia was created by Star Wars creator George Lucas, who in 1999 explained his early development of the main characters: The first talked about a princess and an old general; the second version involved a father, his son, his daughter. Now the daughter has become Mark Hamill's character. There was the story of two brothers where I transformed one of them into a sister.

The older brother was imprisoned, the young sister had to rescue him and bring him back to their dad. In the rough draft of Star Wars, Leia is the spoiled teenage daughter of King Kayos and Queen Breha of Aquilae, with two brothers and Windy. Leia was at one point "the daughter of Owen Lars and his wife Beru... Luke's cousin–together they visit the grave of his mother, who perished with his father on a planet destroyed by the Death Star." A story synopsis establishes Leia as "Leia Antilles", the daughter of Bail Antilles from the peaceful world of Organa Major. In the fourth draft it was established. Fisher was 19 when she was cast as Princess Leia, with actresses including Amy Irving, Cindy Williams and Jodie Foster up for the role. In 2014, InkTank reported that the extended list of "more than two dozen actresses" who had auditioned for Leia included Glenn Close, Farrah Fawcett, Jessica Lange, Sissy Spacek, Sigourney Weaver, Cybill Shepherd, Jane Seymour, Anjelica Huston, Kim Basinger, Kathleen Turner, Geena Davis and Meryl Streep.

Asked about Streep in 2015, Fisher said, "I've never heard that one. But Jodie Foster was up for it... that one I knew the most. Amy Irving and Jodie, and I got it."The second draft of the Return of the Jedi screenplay contained dialogue in which Obi-Wan tells Luke he has a twin sister. She and their mother were "sent to the protection of friends in a distant system; the mother died shortly thereafter, Luke's sister was adopted by Ben's friends, the governor of Alderaan and his wife." Fisher explained in 1983: "Leia's real father left her mother when she was pregnant, so her mother married this King Organa. I was adopted and grew up set apart from other people because I was a princess."Composer John Williams created a musical leitmotif for Leia which recurs throughout the Star Wars saga. "Princess Leia's Theme" was recorded as a concert suite for the score of the 1977 film. Anthony Breznican of Entertainment Weekly describes Leia as a "diplomat, warrior, undercover agent". Mark Edlitz calls her "a smart, brave diplomat and warrior" in The Huffington Post.

Fisher told Rolling Stone in 1983:There are a lot of people who don't like my character in these movies. She has no family. From the first film, she was just front line and center; the only way they knew to make the character strong was to make her angry. In Return of the Jedi, she gets to be more supportive, more affectionate, she said in 2014: I would rather have played Han Solo. When I first read the script I thought that's the part to be, always sardonic. He's always that. I feel like a lot of the time Leia's either pissed or, thank God, sort of snarky, but I'm much more worried and pissed than Han Solo was, those aren't fun things to play... I had a lot of fun killing Jabba the Hutt, they asked me on the day. No! That's the best time I had as an actor, and the only reason to go into acting is. Introduced in the original 1977 film Star Wars, Princess Leia Organa of Alderaan is a member of the Imperial Senate, she is captured by Darth Vader on board the ship Tantive IV, where she is acting as a spy for the Rebel Alliance.

Leia has secretly hidden the blueprints

Bailo

Bailo or baylo is a Venetian title that derives from the Latin term baiulus, meaning "porter, bearer". In English, it may be translated bailiff, or otherwise rendered as bailey, bailie, bailli or baillie; the office of a bailo is a bailaggio. The term was transliterated into Greek as μπαΐουλος, but Nicephorus Gregoras translated it ἐπίτροπος or ἔφορος. In the Middle Ages, a bailo was a resident ambassador of the Republic of Venice; the most famous baili were those at Constantinople, who were, from 1268, the Venetian ambassadors to the Byzantine court and, after 1453, to the Ottoman government. There were permanent baili at Negroponte and Corfu. Baili were sent to represent Venetian interests at the courts of Cyprus, Acre and Trebizond. In the mid-thirteenth century, the Venetian consuls in Tyre and Tripoli in the kingdom of Acre were upgraded to the rank of bailo. Venice sent baili to oversee its colonies at Aleppo, Koroni, Nauplia and Tenedos; the term baiulus was first used in Venetian documents translated from Arabic in the twelfth century.

It was used to refer to Muslim officials, but in the thirteenth century came to be applied to special envoys sent by Venice to govern its colonies in Frankish Greece. These governors doubled as diplomats, they operated courts for the Venetian colonists, collected taxes and customs dues and supervised Venetian trade. Each was assisted by a chancery and a Council of Twelve, composed of the leading men of the colony and modeled on the Council of Ten in Venice; each had a physician and an interpreter. Each sent back regular reports to Venice on the local politics, the affairs of the colony and, most the prices and quantities of goods in the local market, he was the superior of the consuls operating in the same country. By the end of the 15th century, the office of bailo had disappeared, with those operating on foreign soil being downgraded to consuls and those governing Venetian territories being termed rectors, captains or podestà; the bailates of Constantinople and Corfu, survived until the end of the republic in 1797.

Maria Pia Pedani, "Elenco degli inviati diplomatici veneziani presso i sovrani ottomani", Electronic Journal of Oriental Studies 5, 4: 1–54

Beit Al Quran

Beit Al Qur'an is a multi-purpose complex dedicated to the Islamic arts and is located in Hoora, Bahrain. Established in 1990, the complex is most famous for its Islamic museum, acknowledged as being one of the most renowned Islamic museums in the world. Construction of the complex began in 1984 and the museum was opened in March 1990 by Abdul Latif Jassim Kanoo, it was built to "accommodate a comprehensive and valuable collection of the Qur'an and other rare manuscripts", a concept which, according to a regional magazine, is unique in the Persian Gulf region. The core of the museum's holdings is Kanoo's own collection of Qur'anic manuscripts and Islamic art, since he was said to have been an avid collector; as his collection grew, he came to feel a strong sense of responsibility toward the rare manuscripts he had acquired. In 1990, he donated his collection to the museum he established to operate a first-of-its-kind institution dedicated to the service of the Qur'an and the preservation of historic manuscripts.

The establishment of the institute was funded by public donations, with added help from a variety of people from all walks of life in Bahrain, ranging from heads of state to school children. The facilities at Beit Al Qur'an are free to the general public; the institution and its museum house an internationally celebrated collection of historic Quranic manuscripts from various parts of the Islamic world, from China in the East and to Spain in the West, representing a progression of calligraphic traditions from the first Hijri century and of the Islamic Golden Age, to the present day. The Beit al Qur'an complex is open to the public on Saturdays to Wednesdays from 9am to 12pm and 4pm to 6pm respectively; the complex's exterior designs are based on an old fashioned 12th-century mosque. The entire complex itself comprises a mosque, a library, an auditorium, a madrasa, a museum that consists of ten exhibition halls. A large stained glass dome covers mosque; the Mihrab, the sign indicating the direction to Mecca, is covered in blue ceramic tiles with engraved Al Qursi Qur'anic verse.

The library consists of over 50,000 books and manuscripts in three languages – Arabic and French – that are on Islam. The institute does specialise in Islamic art, many of the reference books have international importance; the library and its reading rooms are open to the public during working hours with internet access available, as well as providing individual rooms for researchers and specialists. There is an auditorium – named the Mohammed Bin Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa Lecture Hall – which can accommodate up to 150 people, is used for lectures and conferences. Guest speakers are brought to Bahrain from many countries, including the US, UK, France; the conference hall is made available for general use for public lectures in cooperation with different societies and institutions in Bahrain. The Yousuf Bin Ahmad Kanoo School for Qur'anic Studies is located within the site; the school offers seven study areas equipped with computers and modern aids, with separate classes for women and children learning the Qur'an.

The Al Hayat Museum is the complex's most recognized establishments. Manuscripts on parchments that originate from Saudi Arabia and Baghdad, are present in the museum; the manuscripts undergo special procedures for the preservation of these artifacts, in order to protect them from damages. Some of the artifacts present in the museum include a rare manuscript of the Qur'an, dating to 1694 AD and was printed in Germany; the museum houses the world's oldest translated copy of the Qur'an, translated to Latin in Switzerland and dates to 955 AD. The first copy of the Qur'an, written during the reign of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan, is on display in the museum alongside a number of small copies of the Qur'an, which could only be read using optical instruments. Grains and rice, dating from the 14th century in present-day Pakistan, which contain surahs engraved into them, are displayed in the museum; the exhibits include a rare number of gold and copper pottery and glass from different eras of Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, respectively.

The works of Islamic scholars, such as Ibn Taymiyyah are preserved in the museum. It has been claimed to have been "the only institute in the world dedicated to the Qur'an and Qur'anic studies". Khamis Mosque List of tourist attractions in Bahrain Islam in Bahrain

XEXX-AM

XEXX-AM is a commercial radio station in Tijuana, Baja California, broadcasting to the Tijuana-San Diego radio market. The station is operated by Primer Sistema de Noticias; the original XEXX concession was awarded to Operadora de Radio y Televisión, S. A. in 1946. In the 1950s, the station was powered at 2,000 watts; the daytime power was boosted in the early 2000s to 10,000 watts, allowing XEXX to cover Tijuana's sprawling suburbs and much of San Diego during daylight hours. In 2018, PSN began operating XEXX, though simulcasting other PSN-owned stations. Under Audiorama operation, it was "Vida 1420 AM" and broadcast a Spanish-language oldies and soft adult contemporary radio format. With the PSN operation, the station broadcast the complete programming of ESPN Deportes Radio with a newscast in the morning produced by the owner Grupo Audiorama. Following the end of ESPN Deportes broadcasts on September 8, the station became a full-time affiliate of the TUDN Radio network

Hooker (surname)

Hooker is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: Amani Hooker, American football player Brad Hooker, English philosopher Cameron Hooker, American man sentenced to prison for 105 years for the kidnapping of Colleen Stan Charles E. Hooker, U. S. Representative from Mississippi Destinee Hooker, American volleyball player Earl Hooker, American blues guitarist Elon Huntington Hooker, American entrepreneur Evelyn Hooker, American psychologist Fair Hooker, American professional football player Frank A. Hooker, American jurist George Hooker, Australian rugby league footballer George Hooker, English cricketer George W. Hooker, American military officer and politician H. Lester Hooker, American college sports coach Henrietta Hooker, American botanist Henry Hooker, American Old West rancher Isabella Beecher Hooker, American suffragette leader Jake Hooker, American Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist James Hooker, New York politician James Benjamin Hooker, Canadian politician Janusz Hooker, Australian businessman Jeff Hooker, American retired soccer player and current coach John Hooker, English writer, antiquary, civic administrator and advocate of republican government John Daggett Hooker, social leader, amateur scientist and astronomer, donor of Hooker Telescope John Lee Hooker, American blues musician Joseph Hooker, American Civil War major general Joseph Dalton Hooker, English botanist, son of William Jackson Hooker Katharine Putnam Hooker, American writer and socialite Leslie Joseph Hooker, Australian property entrepreneur and philanthropist Malik Hooker, American football player Marjorie Hooker, American geologist Morna Hooker, British theologian and New Testament scholar Olivia Hooker, United States Coast Guard officer and psychologist Philip Hooker, American architect Reginald Hawthorn Hooker, English statistician, son of Joseph Dalton Hooker Richard Hooker, Anglican theologian Richard Hooker, pseudonym of H. Richard Hornberger, American writer and surgeon Robbie Hooker, Australian footballer and football manager Ron Hooker, English former cricketer S. Percy Hooker, American politician from New York and New Hampshire Stanley Hooker, English aviation engineer Steve Hooker, Australian pole vaulter Thomas Hooker, Puritan leader William Hooker, American jazz drummer and composer William Jackson Hooker, English botanist, father of Joseph Dalton Hooker Worthington Hooker, American physician Hooker, 18th century English cricketer Brooklyn Hooker, American street prostitute

Michael Hirst (politician)

Sir Michael William Hirst is a former Scottish Conservative and Unionist Party politician, chartered accountant and public relations consultant, company director and past president of the International Diabetes Federation. Hirst studied at the University of Glasgow. Before entering politics, Hirst had a career as a chartered accountant and partner in Peat Marwick, now KPMG. Hirst fought several elections before being successful. In February and October 1974 he stood at Central Dunbartonshire without success. At the 1979 general election he was again defeated, he was elected Member of Parliament for Strathkelvin and Bearsden at the 1983 general election, but lost the seat to Labour's Sam Galbraith at the 1987 election. He was PPS at the Department of Energy from 1985 to 1987, he attempted to retake Strathkelvin and Bearsden in 1992 election but was beaten again by Galbraith, the same year he was knighted. In 1997 he was forced to resign his position as Scottish Conservative Chairman and Westminster candidate for the seat of Eastwood, in the wake of revelations about his private life, as he had had several previous homosexual affairs with other, younger Scottish Tories.

Hirst was subsequently the President of the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Association from 1989 to 1992 and Chairman of the Scottish Conservative Party from 1993 to 1997, having been vice-chair 1987-1989. He was knighted in 1992 for political and public service in 1992, he is chairman of the Scottish Division of ISKB, a member of its Council. Hirst joined Pagoda Public Relations in 1998 and was appointed chairman in 2000, he attained his MCIPR in 2003. He is chairman of Aberdeen, he was made a Doctor of Letters by Glasgow Caledonian University in 2004. He was the first non-medical chairman of the board of trustees of Diabetes UK from 2001–2006 and was elected Vice President of the International Diabetes Federation in 2006, serving in that position until he was elected President-Elect in 2009, he took up office as President at the end of 2012, serving until December 2015. He has two daughters and one son with his wife, Naomi Ferguson, whom he married in 1972. In his spare time he enjoys golf, hill walking and skiing.

He is a member of the Western Club in Glasgow. Times Guide to the House of Commons 1992 Lexis Nexis Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages