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Princess Peach

Princess Peach is a character in Nintendo's Mario franchise, created by Shigeru Miyamoto. She is the princess of the fictional Mushroom Kingdom, under attack by Bowser, she plays the damsel in distress role within the series and is the lead female character being portrayed as Mario's love interest. She resides in her castle along with Toads. In Super Princess Peach, Peach was the protagonist and player character and is a supporting playable character in mainstream games such as Super Mario Bros 2 and Super Mario 3D World and appears in Super Smash Bros. series as the lead female Nintendo character along with Princess Zelda and Samus Aran. In 2007, Princess Peach landed on Forbes magazine's Wealthiest Fictional People list, with a fortune upwards of $1 billion, she is ranked tenth in Electronic Gaming Monthly's list of the top ten video game politicians. Princess Peach's initial appearance was drawn by Shigeru Miyamoto. Miyamoto asked Yōichi Kotabe to redraw Peach with his instructions, he had asked Kotabe to draw her eyes to be "a little cat-like".

With Kotabe's influence, Princess Peach changed throughout her gaming system. Peach was not a playable character in New Super Mario Bros. Wii because a satisfactory mechanism to use her dress was not found, she is the main protagonist in Super Princess Peach and is a playable character in most Mario spin-offs such as Mario Party, Mario Kart, sports games. Princess Peach has long, blonde hair, blue eyes, tall frame, an hourglass figure, a rosy complexion, she wears a pink dress with a ruffled hemline, short puffy sleeves, a frilled collar, a pannier-style overskirt. Her accessories are red high heels, opera-length white evening gloves, a sapphire brooch, sapphire earrings, a gold crown adorned with sapphires and rubies, her hair is sometimes pulled back into a ponytail, first in Super Mario Sunshine and in the Mario Kart and Mario Sports games beginning with Mario Kart: Double Dash!! and Mario Golf: Toadstool Tour respectively. In sports games, she wears pink athletic clothing, ranging from shorts and a T-shirt to a set of armour to motorcycle leathers.

She wears a light pink sundress in Super Mario Sunshine. It is worn with a gold bracelet. In Japan, the Princess's name has always been Peach since her debut in the original Super Mario Bros. but she would go on to be renamed Toadstool in the English language manual. The English version of Yoshi's Safari marked the first usage of the name "Peach" in the Western world, although she would go back to being named "Toadstool" in Wario Land: Super Mario Land 3. In Super Mario 64, she uses both names in a letter addressed to Mario, with "Peach" being used for her signature. From Mario Kart 64 and onward, the name Peach was kept unchanged for the English version of games in the franchise. Peach's personality is sweet and well mannered. In most games, she is portrayed as selfless and generous, she does not show an aggressive nature when she is fighting or confronting her enemies. This, varies from game to game. One of Peach's most common traits during her playable appearances is her ability to temporarily float in the air with her large skirt, on, with her parasol.

This was first featured during Peach's first playable appearance in Super Mario Bros. 2. This ability has appeared in Super Paper Mario and her playable appearances in the Super Smash Bros. series. However, in Super Princess Peach, she shows wild mood swings from joy, gloom and rage, each of which gives her a special ability; these changes in emotion are most attributed to the "strange powers" of Vibe Island mentioned in the game's booklet. In Super Princess Peach, she shows Bowser. Although kidnapped by him, Peach is willing to have Bowser team up with her and the Mario Bros. when a bigger evil threatens the Mushroom Kingdom. The Paper Mario series reveals that she can sometimes show a more bratty behavior, which dissipates after a short time. Apart from Mario, her main love interest, she has shown a friendly behavior towards Luigi. In her first voiced appearance in the Japanese anime Super Mario Brothers: The Great Mission to Rescue Princess Peach!, Peach was voiced by pop singer, Mami Yamase.

In Amada Anime Series: Super Mario Bros. she was voiced by Miyako Endō. On the cartoon segments on The Super Mario Bros. Super Show! from DIC Entertainment, Peach was voiced by Jeannie Elias. In The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3 and the Super Mario World cartoons, she was voiced by Tracey Moore. In the CD-i game Hotel Mario, she was voiced by Jocelyn Benford. In Super Mario 64, the English version of Mario Kart 64, Super Mario 64 DS Peach was voiced by Leslie Swan, a localization manager for Nintendo of America. In all other releases of Mario Kart 64 and in Mario Party and Mario Party 2, she was voiced by Asako Kōzuki. In Mario Golf, she was voiced by Jessica Chisum. Starting with Mario Tennis on the Nintendo 64, Peach has been voiced by Jen Taylor. After Super Princess Peach in 2005, Nintendo used a new voice for Princess Peach. Although Mario Hoops 3-on-3 in 2006 still used Taylor's voice, Peach in Super Mario Strikers, Mario & Luigi: Partners in Time, New Super Mario Bros. has a new voice, Nicole Mills.

However, in Super Paper Mario, Peach is once again voiced by Leslie Swan. Peach has been voiced by Samantha Kelly since Mario Strikers Charged. In Mario & S

James S. Rains

James S. Rains was a senior officer of the Missouri State Guard who fought in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War. James Spencer Rains was born in Tennessee to Malvina Rains. By 1840, Rains had moved to the vicinity of Missouri, he served as prewar general of the militia and as Newton County, Missouri judge from 1840 to 1842. In 1844, he was elected to the state house by Newton County and served in the Missouri Senate from 1854 to 1861. Between 1845 and 1852, Rains served as an agent for Indian affairs in various locations and ventured to California as a "forty-niner", where he served as a general in the California state militia. In 1860, Rains was an unsuccessful candidate for the U. S. Congress for the Southwest Missouri District. Rains County, Texas is named for an early Texas legislator. On May 18, 1861, Governor Claiborne Jackson of Missouri appointed Rains brigadier general of the 8th Division of the Missouri State Guard. While he was an excellent recruiter, Rains was unfit for military command.

His failure to instill organization and discipline led to derisive nicknames such as "Rains' Blackberry Cavalry" and routs referred to as "Rains' scares."Rains led his command ineptly at the Battle of Carthage as his cavalry failed to cut off the retreat of a small Union force over open prairie.:172-176:115His standing did not improve when his cavalry panicked and was routed in a skirmish south of Springfield at Dug Springs. At the Battle of Wilson's Creek, his force was surprised and driven away by the initial attack of Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon's advancing infantry. Rains continued to serve in the major battles of the Missouri State Guard in 1861 and 1862, he was wounded at the Battle of Pea Ridge and ran afoul of the commander of the Confederate forces, Earl Van Dorn, during the retreat. Rains did not accompany the Missouri forces across the river into Mississippi in April 1862, he remained behind with other Missouri State Guard forces who did not wish to leave the Trans-Mississippi. Major General Thomas Hindman placed Rains in command of the mixed guard and Confederate forces in Northwest Arkansas.

Hindman relieved Rains of command in October 1862 for "incompetence and insobriety.":191Rains moved to Texas to recover his health. In 1864, he returned to Missouri at the command of Confederate Governor Thomas C. Reynolds to recruit during Price's Missouri Expedition. With the end of the expedition, Rains withdrew. After the war, Rains settled in Wood County and Kaufman County, where he became a farmer, railroad promoter and political organizer/candidate, he failed in his run for lieutenant governor in 1878. He is buried at Lee Cemetery in Seagoville, Dallas County. James S. Rains at Find a Grave

Gordon F. Marsh

Gordon Franklin Marsh was a Virginia State Senator from Tidewater Virginia in the 1950s and 60s. Marsh was born in North Carolina on October 11, 1908, the son of F. A. Marsh. Marsh attended the University of North Carolina. After graduating from college, Marsh moved to Norfolk and was employed by the H. L. Green Stores Company, he worked in New York City. Marsh was the Norfolk County Attorney until 1955, when he was elected as a Democrat to the Virginia Senate representing the 3rd District; the district had just been redistricted and the City of Portsmouth was removed, so the district included Norfolk County and the City of South Norfolk. These became the City of Chesapeake. Marsh served in the Virginia Senate until 1966; that year, the state was court-ordered to redraw the House and Senate districts in the General Assembly, the City of Virginia Beach and Portsmouth were added. In the Democratic Primary for the 3rd Senate District, fellow incumbent Senator William B. Spong defeated Marsh. Marsh died in January 1982 in Virginia.

Gordon F. Marsh at The Virginia Elections and State Elected Officials Database Project, 1776-2007 Gordon F. Marsh at Find a Grave

Kamikaze (typhoon)

The kamikaze "divine wind" were two winds or storms that are said to have saved Japan from two Mongol fleets under Kublai Khan. These fleets attacked Japan in 1274 and again in 1281.. Due to the growth of Zen Buddhism among Samurai at the time, these were the first events where the typhoons were described as "divine wind" as much by their timing as by their force. Since Man'yōshū, the word kamikaze has been used as a Makurakotoba of waka introducing Ise Grand Shrine; the latter fleet, composed of "more than four thousand ships bearing nearly 140,000 men" is said to have been the largest attempted naval invasion in history whose scale was only eclipsed in modern times by the D-Day invasion of allied forces into Normandy in 1944. In the first invasion, the Mongols conquered the Japanese settlements on Tsushima and Iki islands; when they landed on Hakata Bay, they met fierce resistance by the armies of samurai clans and were forced to withdraw to their bases in China. In the midst of the withdrawal, they were hit by a typhoon.

Most of their ships sank and many soldiers drowned. The first incident took place in autumn 1274 when a Mongol fleet of 500 to 900 ships carrying 30,000 to 40,000 men attacked Japan. While in Hakata Bay, Kyushu, a typhoon hit the fleet. An estimated 13,000 men drowned, around one-third of the ships sank, the rest were damaged. During the time period between the first and second invasion, the Japanese prudently built two-meter-high walls to protect themselves from future assaults. Seven years the Mongols returned. Unable to find any suitable landing beaches due to the walls, the fleet stayed afloat for months and depleted their supplies as they searched for an area to land. After months of being exposed to the elements, the fleet was destroyed by a great typhoon, which the Japanese called "kamikaze"; the Mongols never attacked Japan again, more than 70,000 men were said to have been captured. The second fleet was larger, comprising two forces with an estimated total of 4,400 ships and 140,000 men.

The typhoon led to the death of at least half the men, only a few hundred vessels survived. Following the storm, most survivors were killed by the Japanese; this event is considered "one of the largest and most disastrous attempts at a naval invasion in history." In popular Japanese myths at the time, the god Raijin was the god who turned the storms against the Mongols. Other variations say that the gods Ryūjin or Hachiman caused the destructive kamikaze; the name given to the storm, was used during World War II as nationalist propaganda for suicide attacks by Japanese pilots. The metaphor meant that the pilots were to be the "Divine Wind" that would again sweep the enemy from the seas; this use of kamikaze has come to be the common meaning of the word in English. Battle of Bun'ei Battle of Kōan Mongol invasions of Japan Protestant Wind Miracle of the House of Brandenburg Theodicy Tornado

Silurian Hills

The Silurian Hills are a small range of hills in the Mojave Desert, southeast of Death Valley National Park, in southern California. The surrounding lower elevation lands provide important connectivity habitat between nearby mountain ranges; the area provides critical habitat and movement corridors for bighorn sheep, desert tortoises, nesting golden eagles, kit foxes and burrowing owls. The Silurian Valley is a undisturbed valley that supports wildlife and is an important link for this portion of the northern Mojave Desert; the range lies in a northwest-southeasterly direction, is about 9 miles long. The Shadow Mountains lies to the east, the Avawatz Mountains, on the west, across the Silurian Valley. Salt Creek flows intermittently through the 19-mile-long Silurian Valley connecting Silver Lake to the south with Death Valley to the north. Other nearby ranges are Sperry Hills. Highway 127, traversing through the Silurian Valley in a northwest-southeasterly direction, connects three protected areas: Joshua Tree National Park, the Mojave National Preserve and Death Valley National Park.

This portion of highway 127 has been described as one of the most scenic in the state. The small community of Halloran Springs near Interstate 15 lies about 12 miles to the southeast; the Old Spanish Trail developed several variations to take advantage of better water sources and to shorten the length and time of travel. The Kingston Cutoff went southwest from Nevada, to Silurian Lake. Allan, Stuart. California Road and Recreation Atlas. Benchmark Maps. p. 97. ISBN 0-929591-80-1

Sarath Amunugama

Sarath Amunugama, JP is a leading Sri Lankan academic, a professor of French and the founding Vice-Chancellor of the University of the Visual & Performing Arts, Colombo. He is a former Vice-Chancellor of the University of Kelaniya. Amunugama received his secondary education at Kingswood College and entered the University of Ceylon before attending University of Sorbonne III, Paris specializing in modern languages where he gained his Licentiate, Master's and PhD, he gain a DESS from the University of Burgundy. During his long teaching career he had held several distinguished positions such as dean, Faculty of Humanities, University of Kelaniya before benign appointed as the first Vice Chancellor of the newly established University of the Visual & Performing Arts on July 1, 2005. In 2008 he was appointed vice chancellor of the University of Kelaniya, he was awarded the title Chevalier of the L'Ordre des Palmes académiques by the government of France. In 2006 he was made a Justice of Peace by the government of Sri Lanka.

University of the Visual & Performing Arts University of Kelaniya