Proselytism is the act or fact of religious conversion, it includes actions which invite it. The word proselytize is derived from the Greek language prefix προσ- and the verb ἔρχομαι in the form of προσήλυτος. In the Koine Greek Septuagint and New Testament, the word proselyte denoted a Gentile, considering conversion to Judaism. Though the word proselytism referred to Judaism, it now refers to the attempt of any religion or religious individuals to convert people to their beliefs, or any attempt to convert people to a different point of view, religious or not. Proselytism is illegal in some countries. However, the right to convert to another religion and to manifest religion is enshrined in Article 18 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights; the term is understood as pejorative, by contrast with evangelism, viewed as a term of approval. The World Council of Churches has indicated that, used pejoratively, proselytism refers to attempts at conversion by'unjust means that violate the conscience of the human person', such as by coercion or bribery.
In the writings of the Bahá'í Faith, the endeavour to attract people to the religion is emphasized. The process of attracting people to the religion is referred to as teaching; the term proselytism is given the connotation of aggressively teaching the religion to others – as such, it is prohibited. Every Bahá'í has the obligation of teaching their religion, as it is seen as the path toward bringing peace and justice to the world; some Bahá'ís move to other countries or cities where there are a small number of Bahá'ís to help spread the religion, this is called pioneering. Some other Bahá'ís move from place to place in a process called travel teaching; when moving or travelling to other countries Bahá'ís are encouraged to integrate into their new society and apply Bahá'ís principles in living and working with their neighbours. In total, only a small minority of Bahá'ís are directly teaching their religion to others. Despite this, religion has grown "at least twice as fast as the population of every UN region" over the last century.
Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, wrote that those who would be teaching his religion should emphasize the importance of ethics and wisdom, he counselled Bahá'ís to be unrestrained and put their trust in God. At the same time he stated that Bahá'ís should exercise moderation and wisdom and not be too aggressive in their teaching. In sharing their faith with others, Bahá'ís are cautioned to make sure the person they are proposing to teach is open to hearing what they have to say. In most countries becoming a Bahá'í is a simple matter of filling out a card stating a declaration of belief; this includes acknowledgement of Bahá'u'llah as the messenger of God for this age and acceptance of his teachings, intention to be obedient to the institutions and laws he established. It does not involve negating one's previous beliefs, due to the Bahá'í belief in progressive revelation. Many Christians consider it their obligation to follow what is termed the Great Commission of Jesus, recorded in the final verses of the Gospel of Matthew: "Go ye therefore, teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, of the Holy Spirit: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always unto the end of the world.
Amen." The Acts of the Apostles and other sources contain several accounts of early Christians following this directive by engaging in individual conversations and mass sermons to spread the Good News. Most self-described Christian groups have organizations devoted to missionary work which in whole or in part includes proselytism of the non-religious and people of other faiths. Jehovah's Witnesses and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are known in particular for their doctrinal emphasis on proselytizing; some Christians define proselytize more narrowly as the attempt to convert people from one Christian tradition to another. An Eastern Orthodox writer, Stephen Methodius Hayes, has written: "If people talk about the need for evangelism, they meet with the response,'the Orthodox church does not proselytize' as if evangelizing and proselytism were the same thing." However the boundary varies from group to group. The World Council of Churches has defined the pejorative sense as'by unjust means', gives a list of examples.
For instance the Moscow Patriarchate has strongly condemned what it describes as Catholic proselytism of Orthodox Christians within Russia and has therefore opposed a Catholic construction project in an area of Russia where the Catholic community is small. The Catholic Church claims that it is supporting the existing Catholic community within Russia and is not proselytizing. In 1993 the Balamand declaration on proselytism was released between the Roman Catholic Church and Orthodox Churches. Proselytisation is alien to Indian religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism although they are pluralistic. Buddhism does not have an accepted or strong proselytism tradition with the Buddha having taught his followers to respect other religions and the clergy. Emperor Ashoka, sent royal missionaries to various kingdoms and sent his son and daughter as missionaries to Sri Lanka following his conversion to Buddhism. Aggressive proselytizing is discouraged in the major Buddhist schools and Buddhists do not engage in the practic
The Église Saint-Cannat is a Roman Catholic church in Marseille. It is located in the 1st arrondissement of Marseille; the exact address is rue des Prêcheurs, 13001 Marseille. The church was named in honour of a French Roman Catholic Saint from the fifth century. Construction of the church building started on December 31, 1526, in the presence of Bernardin des Beaux, it was dedicated on May 18, 1619. The facade was built from 1739 to 1744 by architect Joseph Gérard; the church has a few works of art. Two paintings by Michel Serre are displayed in the church: La vierge à l'enfant et le purgatoire and La purification de la Vierge. There is a painting by Pierre Parrocel, representing the baptism of Christ. Additionally, one can see a sculpture of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux designed by François Carli; the pipe organ, designed by Jean-Esprit Isnard, dates back to 1747. The church building has been listed as a Monument historique since November 2, 1926; the church building is open on Mondays and Thursdays from 9AM to 1PM, on Wednesdays from 9AM to 7PM, on Tuesday and Fridays from 9AM to 12PM.
However, no Mass are said at present
High Park North, or simply High Park, after the park, is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Canada. It is bounded on the south by Bloor Street, on the west by Runnymede Road, on the north by Annette Street, Quebec Avenue and Humberside Avenue, on the east by the GO Transit Weston Subdivision rail tracks, it is located in the Parkdale -- federal electoral districts. The area east of Keele Street is known informally as the "West Bend" neighbourhood. High Park North is residential, containing many semi-detached homes built in the early 20th century. North of High Park, the neighbourhood has several high-rise apartment buildings, built after the construction of the Bloor-Danforth subway. Bloor Street is the main east-west thoroughfare, it is a four-lane road and is commercial with storefront-type businesses that have residential second and third storeys. North-south roads include Dundas Street. Both are residential within the neighbourhood; the oldest residential houses in High Park North were built in the late 1800s and early 1900s and are Victorian and Tudor-style.
The houses are two- and three-storey detached brick homes. Many homes have leaded and stained glass windows, wood trim, French doors, hardwood doors, fireplaces. Just north of the park is a district of high-rise apartment buildings, dating from the 1960s and 1970s; these are located on Gothic, High Park, Quebec Avenues. HIgh Park North exists within the traditional territories of the Missisauga Anishinaabeg; the area however has been home to Huron-Wendat and Haudenosaunee nations throughout history. High Park North exists on part of an old trading trail; this trail is the namesake for Indian Road, Indian Road Crescent, Indian Grove. High Park North falls within the boundaries of the town of Toronto Junction, purchased from the Keele estate in 1882 by Daniel Clendenan who subdivided the farm and racetrack for a residential district to serve the Junction commercial district; as Bloor Street was still an uneven and a undeveloped street, early housing in the area was concentrated to the north and east, where it was easier to access the stores and industry along Dundas Street.
High Park Avenue in particular was the site of many early homes of the Junction wealthy, as was modern Evelyn Crescent. High Park North emerged as a neighbourhood once Bloor Street was widened and evened out following World War I, when most of the residential homes which still exist today were built. In 1915, Bloor Street was the site of a major public works at the north-west corner of High Park; the street, west of High Park Avenue, was crossed by creeks. The creek banks were steep, making the roadway difficult for traffic. A rail trestle was built to cross the gap at a level of 60 feet; the rails were used for rail cars to dump soil around the trestle. The trestle was buried and the present Bloor Street roadway built on top. Existing north-south roadways connecting to Bloor Street were raised to meet the new level of Bloor Street and this facilitated the development of the neighbourhood; the first building in Canada designed by a Canadian trained female architect was constructed in the neighbourhood during this period.
This landmark building by Jean Hall is a 1925 fourplex located at 63 Jerome Street. In the 1960s, the area directly north of High Park was the site of'block-busting' development. After the construction of the Bloor-Danforth subway line in the 1960s, the nearby residences on High Park Avenue, Quebec Avenue and Gothic Avenue were bought up by developers and large apartment buildings were built; the area from north of the subway line to Glenlake Avenue is now entirely high-rise towers. At the time, the City government was much pro-development, there were no local ratepayer/community associations as is seen today. Local City alderman Ben Grys, along with his wife, owned properties on Gothic Avenue and voted to approve the apartment project on the site before his family's land holdings were revealed by John Sewell through a search of local property tax rolls. Under vague conflict-of-interest guidelines, Grys continued as alderman until he was defeated in the following municipal election. Grys sued Sewell over Sewell's attempt to remove him but withdrew his case when it became clear that Sewell would get access to further information about his business dealings.
By the 1970s, local residents formed associations in harmony with new reform Council members to fight the block-busting north of High Park. The desirability of living close to High Park and the subway keeps developers operating in the neighbourhood, although not on the scale of the past. In the first decade of the 2000s, a condominium development was built on the site of a former gas station on the south side of Bloor Street, overlooking High Park on the landfill of the former bridge over Wendigo Creek. One block east of High Park Avenue, between Pacific and Oakmount, a block of Edwardian-era homes was purchased for demolition; the area is the site of a condominium development overlooking High Park. A tenant of one of the homes remained while the other homes became vacant and boarded up until eviction in 2010, much like the block-busting of the 1960s and 1970s; this is the first block of older homes directly on Bloor Street, facing High Park, to be demolished for apartment building. The High Park neighbourhood has a population of 3121.
Between the years of 2006 and 2011, there were changes in the generation status of the population aged 15 years and older. In 2006, 62% of the total popula
Hugh de Montfort was a Norman nobleman. He was a proven companion of William the Conqueror. Hugh's father was killed in combat with Valkelin de Ferrières in 1045; the son of Hugh "the Bearded" de Montfort-sur-Risle, Montfort was an early ally of William, fighting in the Battle of Mortemer in 1054, a defeat for King Henry I of France. He participated in the Council of Lillebonne in January 1066 where the decision to invade England was made. In support of the actual invasion, Hugh provided 60 knights. In return, Hugh was installed at William's fortress at Winchester, he received numerous holdings in Essex, Kent and Suffolk. Hugh married first a daughter of Richard de Beaufour, they had one daughter: Alice de Montfort-sur-Risle, married to Gilbert de Gant, Lord of Folkingham, so ancestors to a line of Earls of Lincoln. Hugh and his second wife had three children: Robert I de Montfort-sur-Risle, accused of treason in 1107 Hugh III de Montfort Adeline de Montfort-sur-Risle, married William of Breteuil, eldest son of William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford.
Hugh died in England sometime after 1088. Douglas, David C. and Greenaway, George W. English Historical Documents 1042-1189, William of Poitiers: the Deeds of William, Duke of the Normans and King of the English, London, 1959
The Beaverton is a online Canadian news satire publication, based in Toronto and Whitehorse. It features news stories, vox populi and other formats whose structure and layout mirror those of conventional newspapers but whose content is contorted to make humorous commentary on Canadian and world issues; the publication was founded in 2010 by Queen's University alumni Luke Gordon Field, Alex Huntley and University of Toronto graduate Laurent Noonan. Several of The Beaverton's articles have been reported as real news. In May 2013, a story on Chris Hadfield's return to Earth and being greeted with a $1.3 million bill for cellphone roaming fees after spending several months in space received more than 400,000 hits. The story was reported as real news by Hong Kong-based newspaper Ming Pao. In July 2013, a story about an English-speaking parrot being removed from Montreal's Biodome because it did not speak French during a government inspection was received. During Stephen Harper's state visit to Israel in January 2014, the publication mocked the Canadian Prime Minister's unflinching support of Israel by reporting that he was the Israeli Prime Minister returning from Canada after a long visit.
In September 2015, the site published an article which used Ashley Callingbull's crowning as Mrs. Universe to comment on the media's failure to adequately cover the issue of missing and murdered aboriginal women. After being criticized by Aboriginal groups, the article was pulled from the site and an apology was posted on The Beaverton's Facebook page. In May 2016, the Hamilton Spectator made reference to a Beaverton article as factual in an editorial about the entire New Democratic Party caucus appearing in neck braces and wheelchairs after the infamous elbowgate incident; the Spectator did not issue a formal retraction. Starting in October 2016 the site has been granted day passes by the Parliamentary Press Gallery, which allow writers increased access to Parliament but not full access granted to full-time Parliamentary journalists. In 2017, Luke Gordon Field and Alex Huntley released a satirical look at Canadian history, The Beaverton Presents: Glorious and/or Free: The True History of Canada, published by Penguin Canada.
The Beaverton TV series debuted on The Comedy Network in November 2016, as of November 2019 had aired three seasons. List of satirical magazines List of satirical news websites List of satirical television news programs Official website
Ragna Thiis Stang was a Norwegian historian and museum administrator. She was born in Norway, she was a daughter of his wife Vilhelmine Dons. Her brother was architect Helge Thiis. After graduating artium at Oslo in 1929, she studied art history at the University of Oslo, she conducted several study trips to Belgium, France and Germany. She stayed at the Swedish Archaeological Institute in Rome from 1934-35. In 1937 she took her master's degree in art history, she received her a doctorate in 1960. Stang was appointed at the Norwegian Museum of Cultural History from 1938 to 1944. From 1947 she was manager of the Vigeland Museum at Frogner. In 1966 Stang took over as director of the Oslo City Art Collections and from 1968 she was responsible for the Munch Museum at Tøyen, she published a biography of Gustav Vigeland in 1965, a biography of Edvard Munch in 1977. In 1934, she was married to art historian Nic. Stang, their daughter Tove Stang Dahl was married to historian Hans Fredrik Dahl. Together with her daughter Nina Thiis Stang, she died in a car accident on a road from Nairobi to Mombasa in Kenya on 29 March 1978.
De store billedhuggere og borgerrepublikken Firenze Gustav Vigeland. En kunstner og hans verk Edvard Munch. Mennesket og kunstneren