Washington County, Rhode Island
Washington County, known locally as South County, is a county located in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 126,979. Rhode Island counties have no governmental functions other than as court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries, which are part of the state government. Washington County was created as Kings County in 1729 within the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it was renamed Washington County on October 1781 in honor of George Washington. At the earliest stage of colonial settlement, the area was called "The Narragansett Country", named after the Algonquin tribe and its tributary tribe the Niantics, both of whom lived in the area. Early land purchases in the Narragansett Country were effected by English settlers after the establishment of Indian trading posts at Fort Neck, today's town of Charlestown, at "Smith's Castle", now Wickford. A series of conflicts involving the Manisseans on Block Island gave that island to the Massachusetts Bay Colony for a number of years, before being transferred to the Rhode Island Colony under Newport County, finally to Washington County in 1959.
The borders of the Narragansett country were disputed for nearly 100 years among the colonies of Rhode Island and Massachusetts. The Narragansetts had pledged their fealty to King Charles, the area was known as "The King's Province" and was placed under the authority of Rhode Island "until the King's pleasure was further known". In 1664, a royal commission under Charles II stepped in to adjudicate these conflicting claims; the commission extinguished the claims of Massachusetts, Rhode Island was granted jurisdiction until the commission finished processing Connecticut's appeals, which were not ended until 1726. Settlements of King's Province were named to reflect the English Restoration, in honor of King Charles II. Modern towns reflecting this history include the two Kingstowns and Charlestown, as well as the villages of Kingston and West Kingston. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles, of which 329 square miles is land and 234 square miles is water.
It is the largest county in Rhode Island by total area. The county's topography ranges from flat along the shoreline to rolling hills farther inland; the highest point is a large area 560 feet above sea level in the Exeter neighborhood of Black Plain. The northern boundary west of Davisville is 41.60°N. The western boundary north of Westerly is −71.79°W. Block Island National Wildlife Refuge John H. Chafee National Wildlife Refuge Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 126,979 people, 49,177 households, 32,297 families residing in the county; the population density was 385.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 62,206 housing units at an average density of 188.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 93.8% white, 1.6% Asian, 1.2% black or African American, 0.9% American Indian, 0.7% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were: Of the 49,177 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.95. The median age was 42.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $70,285 and the median income for a family was $87,999. Males had a median income of $59,598 versus $44,851 for females; the per capita income for the county was $34,737. About 3.4% of families and 7.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over. Charlestown Exeter Hopkinton Narragansett New Shoreham North Kingstown Richmond South Kingstown Westerly National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Rhode Island South County, Rhode Island at Curlie
T. F. Green Airport
T. F. Green International Airport is a public international airport in Warwick, Rhode Island, United States, six miles south of the state's capital and largest city of Providence. Opened in 1931, the airport was named for former Rhode Island governor and longtime senator Theodore Francis Green. Rebuilt in 1996, the renovated main terminal was named for former Rhode Island governor Bruce Sundlun, it was the first state-owned airport in the United States. The Federal Aviation Administration National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021 categorized it as a small hub primary commercial service facility. T. F. Green Airport is a regional airport serving the FAA's New England Region in the FAA System Plan; the airport is the largest and most active airport among the six operated by the Rhode Island Airport Corporation. T. F. Green Airport was dedicated on September 27, 1931, as Hillsgrove State Airport, drawing what was at that time the largest crowd that had attended a public function in the country.
In 1933, the Rhode Island State Airport Terminal was built on Airport Road called Occupasstuxet Road. In 1938, the airport was renamed in honor of Green, who had just been elected to the Senate two years earlier. At the time it had three 3,000-foot concrete runways; the Army Air Force took control from 1942 to 1945. The February 1947 diagram shows runways 10 and 16 all 4,000 feet long. A few years 5R was 5,466 feet, which it remained until extended to 6,466 feet around 1967; the April 1957 OAG shows 26 weekday departures: 11 Eastern, 10 American, four United and one National. Nonstops did not reach beyond Boston and Newark until 1959 when Eastern started a DC-7B nonstop to Washington, the longest until United started Cleveland in 1968 and Chicago in 1970 and Eastern started Miami in 1969 and Atlanta in 1970; the first jets were Mohawk BAC-111s in 1966. President Richard Nixon made a campaign stop at the airport on the night of Friday, November 3, 1972. A crowd of 10,000 watched as Nixon, standing on the steps of Air Force One, urged voters to support Republican candidates Herbert F. DeSimone for Governor and John Chafee for U.
S. Senator. Air Force One again touched down at T. F. Green on August 30, 1975, this time carrying President Gerald Ford, en route to a fundraiser in Newport, he was greeted by a crowd of about 1,500 supporters, as well as local politicians including Governor Philip W. Noel, Senator John O. Pastore, Providence Mayor Buddy Cianci. To enhance itself as the lone airport for a metro area of over 1.6 million people, a new terminal was built on Post Road in 1964, replacing the old 1933 terminal along Airport Road. In 1996 this terminal was replaced, expanding to 18 gates, adding a lower arrival level and an upper departure level. In 1997 four gates were added. Airlines added flights to T. F. Green Airport, including Air Canada, Southwest, SATA International, Spirit Airlines. After the September 11 attacks, T. F. Green Airport, like most airports in the United States, faced a temporarily decrease in passengers and fewer flights from American Airlines, SATA; until the 2015 finalization of the merger between American Airlines and US Airways, creating one single licensed carrier under the American Airlines name, the Providence metropolitan area was the largest MSA in the United States not served by American Airlines or any of its subsidiaries.
The decrease in service was severe to Chicago O'Hare as between both United and American decreased the number of one way daily seats from nearly a combined 1,400 to today's 225 daily one way seats. Nine flights of 727, 735, 757 and MD-80 service to today's regional jet use. Since the HNTB-designed Bruce Sundlun Terminal opened in 1996, T. F. Green became more congested due to increased traffic and post-9/11 security changes. Renovations followed, including expansion of baggage rooms to accommodate a new In-Line Explosive Detection System Baggage Handling System, expanded security screening checkpoints, more concessions and ticket counters, expansion of RIAC offices on the second and third floors. Traffic increased to a high of 5.7 million passenger in 2005, while at the same time Boston Logan was handling 25 million passengers. After 2005 airlines started consolidating service at larger airports withdrawing service and reducing frequencies at mid sized hubs and small sized hubs. Airports such as T. F. Green, Bradley, etc. were affected.
The recession and Boston Logan's proximity to the Providence metro area took its toll on T. F. Green as numbers decreased to 3.5 million in 2015. In 2017 numbers have grown just shy of 4 million passenger. With the addition of Amazon Air, which includes its own Prime Jets plus DHL and Atlas Air Jets, cargo numbers have increased to nearly 44 million pounds; this will increase with a full year of service from Amazon Air. Amazon moved their cargo service from T. F. Green to Bradley International Airport as of August 1, 2018. In 2017 the airport had 74,561 aircraft operations, average 204 per day: 50% scheduled commercial, 14% air taxi, 35% general aviation and <1% military. 33 aircraft were based at this airport: 55% single-engine, 9% multi-engine, 30% jet and 6% helicopter. In 2017 T. F. Green handled about 3,937,000 passengers; the mainline airline with the largest presence at T. F. Green is Southwest, which carried 45.07% of all passengers in 2017, followed by American with 13.65%. T. F. Green handled over 43,500,000
Rhode Island the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, is a state in the New England region of the United States. It is the smallest state in area, the seventh least populous, the second most densely populated, it has the longest official name of any state. Rhode Island is bordered by Connecticut to the west, Massachusetts to the north and east, the Atlantic Ocean to the south via Rhode Island Sound and Block Island Sound, it shares a small maritime border with New York. Providence is most populous city in Rhode Island. On May 4, 1776, the Colony of Rhode Island was the first of the Thirteen Colonies to renounce its allegiance to the British Crown, it was the fourth among the newly independent states to ratify the Articles of Confederation on February 9, 1778; the state boycotted the 1787 convention which drew up the United States Constitution and refused to ratify it. Rhode Island's official nickname is "The Ocean State", a reference to the large bays and inlets that amount to about 14 percent of its total area.
Despite its name, most of Rhode Island is located on the mainland of the United States. Its official name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, derived from the merger of four Colonial settlements; the settlements of Newport and Portsmouth were situated on what is called Aquidneck Island today, but it was called Rhode Island in Colonial times. Providence Plantation was the name of the colony founded by Roger Williams in the area now known as the city of Providence; this was adjoined by the settlement of Warwick. It is unclear how the island came to be named Rhode Island, but two historical events may have been of influence: Explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano noted the presence of an island near the mouth of Narragansett Bay in 1524 which he likened to the island of Rhodes. Subsequent European explorers were unable to identify the island that Verrazzano had named, but the Pilgrims who colonized the area assumed that it was this island. Adriaen Block passed by the island during his expeditions in the 1610s, he described it in a 1625 account of his travels as "an island of reddish appearance,", "een rodlich Eylande" in 17th-century Dutch, one popular notion is that this Dutch phrase might have influenced the name Rhode Island.
The earliest documented use of the name "Rhode Island" for Aquidneck was in 1637 by Roger Williams. The name was applied to the island in 1644 with these words: "Aquethneck shall be henceforth called the Isle of Rodes or Rhode-Island." The name "Isle of Rodes" is used in a legal document as late as 1646. Dutch maps as early as 1659 call the island "Red Island". Roger Williams was a theologian, forced out of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, seeking religious and political tolerance, he and others founded Providence Plantation as a free proprietary colony. "Providence" referred to the concept of divine providence, "plantation" was an English term for a colony. "State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations" is the longest official name of any state in the Union. In recent years, the word plantation in the state's name became a contested issue, the Rhode Island General Assembly voted on June 25, 2009 to hold a general referendum determining whether "and Providence Plantations" would be dropped from the official name.
Advocates for excising plantation claimed that the word symbolized an alleged legacy of disenfranchisement for many Rhode Islanders, as well as the proliferation of slavery in the colonies and in the post-colonial United States. Rhode Island abolished slavery in 1652, but the law was not enforced and, by the early 18th century, it was "the epicenter of the North American slave trade", according to the Brown Daily Herald. Advocates for retaining the name argued that plantation was an archaic synonym for colony and bore no relation to slavery; the referendum election was held on November 2, 2010, the people voted overwhelmingly to retain the entire original name. In 1636, Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious views, he settled at the top of Narragansett Bay on land sold or given to him by Narragansett sachem Canonicus, he named the site Providence Plantations, "having a sense of God's merciful providence unto me in my distress", it became a place of religious freedom where all were welcome.
In 1638, Anne Hutchinson, William Coddington, John Clarke, Philip Sherman, other religious dissenters settled on Aquidneck Island, purchased from the local tribes who called it Pocasset. This settlement was governed by the Portsmouth Compact; the southern part of the island became the separate settlement of Newport after disagreements among the founders. Samuel Gorton purchased lands at Shawomet in 1642 from the Narragansetts, precipitating a dispute with the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1644, Providence and Newport united for their common independence as the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, governed by an elected council and "president". Gorton received a separate charter for his settlement in 1648 which he named Warwick after his patron. Brown University was founded in 1764 as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, it was one of nine Colonial colleges granted charters before the American Revolution, but was the first college in America to accept students regardless of religious affilia
Pawtucket, Rhode Island
Pawtucket is a city in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population was 71,148 at the 2010 census, it is the fourth largest city in the state. Pawtucket borders Providence, Central Falls, North Providence and East Providence in Rhode Island and Seekonk and Attleboro in the state of Massachusetts; the name "Pawtucket" comes from the Algonquian word for "river fall." The Pawtucket region was said to have been one of the most populous places in New England prior to the arrival of European settlers. Native Americans would gather here to take advantage of the salmon and smaller fish which gathered at the falls; the first European settler here was Joseph Jenks, who came to the region from Massachusetts. He purchased about 60 acres near Pawtucket Falls in 1671, he forge. These, along with the entire town, were destroyed during King Philip's War. Other settlers followed Jenks, by 1775 the area was home to manufacturers of muskets, linseed oil and ship building. Around this time Oziel Wilkinson and his family set up an iron forge making anchors, screws, farm implements, cannons.
Pawtucket was an early and important center of cotton textiles during the American Industrial Revolution. Slater Mill, built in 1793 by Samuel Slater on the Blackstone River falls in downtown Pawtucket, was the first mechanized cotton-spinning mill in America. Slater Mill is known for developing a commercially successful production process not reliant on earlier horse-drawn processes developed in America. Slater operated machines for producing yarn. Other manufacturers continued, transforming Pawtucket into a center for textiles, iron working, other products. By the 1920s, Pawtucket was a prosperous mill town; the city had over a half-dozen movie theaters, two dozen hotels, an impressive collection of fine commercial and residential architecture. The most impressive public building in Pawtucket was the Leroy Theatre, an ornate movie palace, called "Pawtucket's Million Dollar Theater". Many wealthy mill owners such as Darius Goff built their mansions in the area; the textile business in New England declined during the Great Depression with many manufacturers closing or moving their facilities South where operations and labor were cheaper.
In the 20th Century, Pawtucket began to lose some of its architectural heritage to the wrecking ball, including the Leroy Theatre. But unlike numerous older mill towns in the region, Pawtucket retained much of its industrial base. Today, goods produced in the city include lace, non-woven and elastic woven materials, silverware and textiles. Hasbro, one of the world's largest manufacturers of toys and games, is headquartered in Pawtucket; the land west of the Blackstone River was part of nearby North Providence. East of the Blackstone River was settled as part of the Massachusetts town of Rehoboth; the first Pawtucket to be incorporated was in 1828 when Rehoboth gave up their land and Pawtucket became a new town in Massachusetts. In 1862 the eastern portion was absorbed into Rhode Island. On March 1, 1862 after a nearly 225 year border dispute between Rhode Island and Plymouth/Massachusetts, the areas of Pawtucket and East Providence was shifted into Rhode Island; the border hasn't been moved in over 150 years.
In 1874, the land west of the river was taken from North Providence and added to the town of Pawtucket, but acted as two different towns. In 1886, West and East Pawtucket were merged and the city was incorporated. Pawtucket is located at 41°52′32″N 71°22′34″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.0 square miles, of which, 8.7 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. Pawtucket lies within three drainage basins; these include the Moshassuck River and the Ten Mile River. As of the census of 2010, there were 71,141 people, 32,055 households, 18,508 families residing in the city. Pawtucket was the fourth most populous of towns; the population density was 8,351.2 people per square mile. There were 32,055 housing units at an average density of 3,642.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 50.4% Non-Hispanic white, 18.9% Non-Hispanic African American, 0.60% Native American, 1.6% Non-Hispanic Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, mixed race 3.9%, 4.7% other.
There were 32,055 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.07. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,124, the median income for a family was $40,578. Males had a median income of $31,129 versus $23,391 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,008. About 14.9% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 15.2% of those age 65 or over.
According to the 2000 census, 20.6 % of Pawtucket residents are French-Canadian. Like nearby cities Providence, R. I. Fall River, Mass. and New Bedford, Mass. Pawtucket hosts a significant pop
Downtown, Providence, Rhode Island
Downtown known as Downcity, is the central economic and cultural district of the city of Providence, Rhode Island. It is bounded on the east by Canal Street and the Providence River, to the north by Smith Street, to the west by Interstate 95, to the south by Henderson Street. I-95 serves as a physical barrier between the city's commercial core and neighborhoods of Federal Hill, West End, Upper South Providence. Most of the downtown is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Downtown Providence Historic District. Known as'Weybossett Neck' or'Weybossett Side,' Downtown was first settled by religious dissidents from the First Congregational Society in 1746, their settlement was located near present-day Westminster Street. Downtown did not witness substantial development until the early 19th century, when Providence began to compete with Newport, Rhode Island. British forces had destroyed much of Newport during the American War for Independence, making the city's merchants vulnerable to competition from Providence.
This prevented the development of a commercial district along the western bank of the Providence River. During the industrialization of the late 19th century, an ever-expanding railroad industry emanating from Union Station resulted in the complete paving over of the Great Salt Cove and the two branches of the Providence River; the result of decades of expansion was the isolation of the state capitol from the rest of downtown by an imposing mass of railroad tracks called locally the "Chinese Wall". As rail traffic dropped off, 75 percent by 1980, city planners saw an opportunity to open up central land for development and unify downtown with the Capitol. A new, smaller train station was built in 1986 a half mile north of its predecessor, tracks were removed or routed underground; the new land precipitated a massive remaking of the character of the city's downtown. From 1975 until 1982, under Mayor Vincent Cianci, Jr, $606 million of local and national Community Development funds from were invested.
Roads were removed and the city's natural rivers were opened up and lined with a cobblestone-paved park called Waterplace Park in 1994, now host to popular WaterFire festivals. Private and public developments followed and the new area adjacent to the Capitol became known as Capitol Center. Ushered in by the construction of the new train station, the development of the new land brought new buildings: The Gateway Building, One Citizens Plaza, Center Place, a Westin hotel and Providence Convention Center, Providence Place Mall, Courtyard Marriott, GTECH headquarters, The Residences at the Westin, Waterplace condominiums, Capitol Cove still under construction. In 2007, the Renaissance Providence Hotel opened in Masonic Temple building, abandoned amidst the Great Depression a half century prior. According to the Providence Plan, a local nonprofit aimed at improving city life, 64% of residents are white and 8.6% are Asian, both above the citywide averages of 54.4% and 6.2% respectively. 12% of the population is African-American, 11% is Hispanic, 1% is Native American.
43% of public school children speak a language other than English as their primary language. The median family income is $42,558, over $10,000 above the citywide average. 14% of families live below the poverty line while nearly 3.7% receive some form of public assistance.15% of children under the age of six have been exposed to high quantities of lead. From north to south, Downtown includes portions of Wards 12, 13, 11; these wards are represented in the Providence City Council by Terrance Hassett, John J. Lombardi, Balbina A. Young. All three councillors are Democrats. Hassett serves as the majority leader. Providence City Hall is located at 25 Dorrance Street, at the corner of Dorrance and Washington Street, it is next to Kennedy Plaza and the Biltmore Hotel. It houses the City Council, the Mayor's Office, the offices of some municipal agencies; the Rhode Island State House is located on Smith Street at the northern edge of Downtown. It includes the Governor's Office; the Rhode Island Department of Education is headquartered in the Shepard Building at 255 Westminster Street.
Various universities have facilities in Downtown Providence. These include: Brown University has bought several properties in the Jewelry District. Johnson & Wales University has its largest campus in Downtown; this campus includes Johnson & Wales School of Business, School of Technology, College of Arts and Science and School of Hospitality. The Rhode Island School of Design, though centered along the western slope of College Hill, has extensive facilities in Downtown; these include the RISD Library, founded in 1878. It is located at 15 Westminster Street. Roger Williams University includes a small campus in Downtown; the University of Rhode Island's Feinstein Providence campus is centered at 80 Washington Street with other facilities in the Shepard building. The program is named for Rhode Island philanthropist Alan Shawn Feinstein; the Providence Bruins of the American Hockey League and the Providence College Friars men's basketball team play out of the Dunkin' Donuts Center at 1 LaSalle Square.
As part of the revitalization of Providence, the administrations of Mayors Vincent Cianci and David Cicilline have promoted Providence Downtown, as an artistic center. WaterFire has become the most visible symbol of Providence's development into an artistic center. Waterfire is an environmental art event created by Barnaby Evans that includes bon fires and music; this event has become a major attraction
Attleboro is a city in Bristol County, United States. It was once known as "The Jewelry Capital of the World" for its many jewelry manufacturers. According to the 2010 census, Attleboro had a population of 43,593 in 2010. Attleboro is located about 10 miles west of Taunton, the same distance to Providence, 18 miles northwest of Fall River, 39 miles south of Boston. In 1634, English settlers first arrived in the territory, now Attleboro, it was incorporated from Rehoboth from the Pokanoket tribe. The deed that granted them the land was written by Native American Wamsutta; the land was divided in 1694 as the town of Attleborough. It included the towns of Cumberland, Rhode Island, until 1747 and North Attleborough, until 1887. In 1697 in response to an unwanted amount of disturbances from nearby tribes of natives, the town had a meeting and ended up deciding that selectmen would keep tabs on strangers and foreigners as well as banning certain ones from entering the town; the town was reincorporated in 1914 as the City of Attleboro, with the "-ugh" removed from the name, although North Attleborough kept it.
Like many towns in Massachusetts, it was named for a British town. During the Native American insurgency in the colonial era, Nathaniel Woodcock, the son of an Attleborough resident, was murdered, his head was placed on a pole in his father's front yard, his father's house is now a historical site. It is rumored that George Washington once passed through Attleborough and stayed near the Woodcock Garrison House at the Hatch Tavern, where he exchanged a shoe buckle with Israel Hatch, a revolutionary soldier and the new owner of the Garrison House; the city became known for jewelry manufacturing in 1913 because of the L. G. Balfour Company; that company has since moved out of the city, the site of the former plant has been converted into a riverfront park. Attleboro was once known as "The Jewelry Capital of the World", jewelry manufacturing firms continue to operate there. One such is the Guyot Brothers Company, started in 1904. General Findings, M. S. Company, James A. Murphy Co. Garlan Chain, Leach & Garner, Masters of Design are jewelry manufacturing companies still in operation.
Attleboro is located at 41°56′N 71°18′W and has a total area of 27.8 square miles, of which 26.8 square miles is land and 1.0 square mile, or 3.59%, is water. Its borders form an irregular polygon, it is bordered by North Attleborough to the north and Norton to the east, Rehoboth and Pawtucket, Rhode Island, to the south, Cumberland, Rhode Island, to the west, as well as sharing a short border with Central Falls, Rhode Island through the Blackstone River. It includes the areas known as City Center, Briggs Corner, West Attleboro, East Corner, East Attleboro, North Corner, Maple Square, Camp Hebron, Oak Hill, East Junction, Park Square, South Attleboro; the Ten Mile River, fed by the Bungay River and by several brooks, runs through the center of Attleboro. The Manchester Pond Reservoir lies beside Interstate 95, there are several small ponds in the city. There are two reservation areas, the Antony Lawrence Reservation Area and Coleman Reservation Area, as well as the Bungay River Conservation Area in the north of the city.
The highest point in Attleboro is 249-foot Oak Hill, located in the southern part of the city north of Oak Hill Avenue. Attleboro sits on the border between the Massachusetts and Rhode Island regional dialects of New England English: the eastern part of the city is in the same dialect region as Boston, the western part is in the same dialect region as Providence. Attleboro is part of the Providence metropolitan area, it is a short distance from Boston, is linked to the Boston metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, there were 43,593 people, 16,884 households, 11,212 families living in the city. There were 18,022 housing units at an average density of 672.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 87.1% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.5% Asian 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.8% some other race, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic and Latino people of any race made up 6.3% of the total. Most of the Hispanic and Asian populations were concentrated in the East Side. Of the 16,884 households, 33.3% had someone under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were headed by married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.6% were non-families, 26.4% were individuals, 9.8% were people aged 65 or older living alone.
The average size of household was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11. The age distribution in the city was: 22.7% under 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, 12.9% over 64. The median age was 39.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. For the period 2009–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $63,647, the median income for a family was $71,091. Male full-time workers had a median income of $52,558, females $40,954. Per capita income was $30,039. About 4.2% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under 18 and 7.8% of those aged 65 or over. Attleboro's school department has five elementary schools, three middle school
Logan International Airport
Logan International Airport known as General Edward Lawrence Logan International Airport and commonly known as Boston Logan International Airport, is an international airport in the East Boston neighborhood of Boston, United States. It covers 2,384 acres, has six runways and four passenger terminals, employs an estimated 16,000 people, it is the largest airport in both the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the New England region in terms of passenger volume and cargo handling, as well as the 16th-busiest airport in the United States, with 38.4 million total passengers in 2017. The airport saw 40,941,925 passengers in the most in its history, it is named after a war hero native to Boston. Logan has service to destinations throughout the United States, Mexico, Latin America, the Caribbean, the North Atlantic region, Europe and Asia. Effective June 22, 2019, Logan will receive another direct connection to Africa, the first to mainland Africa, courtesy of Royal Air Maroc from their hub in Casablanca, Logan's second African link after Cabo Verde Airlines's weekly non-stop service to Praia.
Much of the expansion of international service over the last decade is attributed to the advent of mid-sized long-range airliners such as the Boeing 787 and Airbus A350, as well as the growing New England economy, which in turn has resulted in Logan seeing rapid growth in international traffic, with new routes as well as increased frequencies on existing routes. The airport is a focus city for Delta Air Lines and JetBlue Airways; the regional airline Cape Air carries out hub operations from Boston. American and United carry out significant operations from the airport, including daily transcontinental flights. All of the major U. S. air carriers offer flights from Boston to all or the majority of their primary and secondary hubs. Logan Airport opened on September 8, 1923, was used by the Massachusetts Air Guard and the Army Air Corps, it was called Jeffery Field. The first scheduled commercial passenger flights were on Colonial Air Transport between Boston and New York City in 1927. On January 1, 1936, the airport's weather station became the official point for Boston's weather observations and records by the National Weather Service.
Until around 1950 the airline terminal was at 42.367°N 71.0275°W / 42.367. During the 1940s the airport added 1,800 acres of landfill in Boston Harbor, taken from the former Governors, Noddle's and Apple Islands. In 1943 the state renamed the airport after Lt. General Edward Lawrence Logan, a Spanish–American War officer from South Boston. In 1952, Logan Airport became the first in the United States with an indirect rapid transit connection, with the opening of the Airport station on the Blue Line; the March 1947 diagram shows 7,000 ft runway 4 in use, with runways 33 under construction. The December 1950 diagram shows a layout similar to the current one: 7,000 ft runway 4L, 10,000-ft 4R, 7,000-ft 9 and 7,650-ft 33. Boston became a transatlantic gateway after World War II. In the late 1940s, American Overseas Airlines began operating a weekly Boston-Shannon-London service, Pan American World Airways began operating nonstop service to Shannon Airport in Ireland and Santa Maria Airport in the Azores, continuing to London and Lisbon respectively.
By the early 1950s, BOAC offered nonstop Stratocruiser service to Prestwick Airport in Scotland, Air France operated a multi-stop Constellation service linking Boston to Orly Airport in Paris. During this time, BOAC employed the De Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner in the world, on direct flights to Boston from London Heathrow airport; as of April 1957, the Official Airline Guide showed 49 weekday departures on American, 31 Eastern, 25 Northeast, 8 United, 7 TWA domestic, 6 National, 6 Mohawk, 2 TCA and one Provincetown-Boston. In addition TWA had nine departures a week to or from the Atlantic, Pan Am had 18, Air France 8, BOAC 4 and LAI 4; the jumbo jet era began at Logan in summer 1970 when Pan Am started daily Boeing 747s to London Heathrow Airport. The Boeing 747-400 is scheduled on flights to Boston by British Airways. Lufthansa operates B747s, including the latest-model Boeing 747-8, on its daily nonstop flights to Frankfurt. Terminal E was the second largest international arrivals facility in the United States when it opened in 1974.
Between 1974 and 2015, the number of international travelers at Logan has tripled. International long-haul travel has been the fastest growing market sector at the airport. Massachusetts Port Authority undertook the "Logan Modernization Project" from 1994 to 2006: a new parking garage, a new hotel, moving walkways, terminal expansions and improvements, two-tiered roadways to separate arrival and departure traffic. Massport's relationship with nearby communities has been strained since the mid-1960s, when the agency took control of a parcel of residential land and popular fishing area near the northwest side of the airfield; this project was undertaken to extend Runway 15R/33L, which became Logan's longest runway. Residents of the neighborhood, known as Wood Island, were bought out of their homes and forced to relocate. Public opposition came to a head when residents lay down in the streets to block