click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Province of Grosseto

The Province of Grosseto is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Grosseto; as of 2013 the province had a total population of 225,098 people. The Province of Grosseto occupies the southern end of Tuscany, with a territorial area of 4,504 square kilometres, it is the most extensive in the region and one of the least dense in population in Italy; the province is bordered to the northwest by the Province of Livorno, to the north by the Province of Pisa, to the northeast by the Province of Siena, to the southeast by the Province of Viterbo in Lazio. To the south is the Tyrrhenian Sea, which includes the southern islands of the Tuscan archipelago, including Isola del Giglio and the smaller Giannutri islands and Formiche di Grosseto and Formica di Burano; the Arcipelago Toscano National Park spans both the provinces of Grosseto and Livorno, includes the seven main islands of the Tuscan Archipelago: Elba, Isola del Giglio, Montecristo, Giannutri and some of the minor islands and rock outcrops.

The highest point in the park is Mount Capanne, at 1,019 metres in elevation, on the island of Elba. The Colline Metallifere line the border in the south with Lazio, contain the Natural Park of Maremma, that protects some of the remainings of the large swamps that once covered the area. Other protected areas are the Diaccia Botrona marshland; the principal rivers are the Ombrone, Albegna, Bruna, Lente and Chiarone. The coastline between the Gulf of Follonica and the mouth of the Chiarone is dominated by blue waters and pine forests, is home to resorts such as Marina di Grosseto, Principina a Mare, Castiglione della Pescaia, Punta Ala, Puntone di Scarlino and Talamone. Lakes include Lago di Burano, Lago di San Floriano and Lago Acquato. Of note is the volcanic cone of Mount Amiata, Bandite di Scarlino, Promontorio di Punta Ala e delle Rocchette, Monti dell'Uccellina, Monte Argentario, Promontorio di Ansedonia. There are 28 comuni in the province; as of June 2014, the main comuni by population are: This is the complete list of comuni in the province of Grosseto: This is the complete list of the frazioni – towns and villages – in the province of Grosseto: Media related to Province of Grosseto at Wikimedia Commons Official website

Máximo Banguera

Máximo Orlando Banguera Valdivieso, known as Máximo Banguera, is a goalkeeper who plays for El Nacional in the Liga PRO Ecuador and the Ecuador national team. Banguera was called up to play against Mexico on November 2008, he performed well. After Marcelo Elizaga's retirement following the 2011 Copa America, Banguera was consolidated as the first choice Goalkeeper for Ecuador. Due to injuries, he was only able to start a few games at the 2014 FIFA World Cup Qualifiers. Losing his starting spot to Velez Sarfield's Alexander Domínguez. Due to his declining performances before the 2014 FIFA World Cup, he was replaced by Ecuadorian-naturalized Goalkeepers, Librado Azcona and Esteban Dreer. Subsequently Banguera was left out of the 2015 Copa America Squad. Barcelona Serie A: 2012, 2016 Máximo Banguera – Ecuadorian Football Federation player profile Máximo Banguera at National-Football-Teams.com

Lexical entrainment

Lexical entrainment is the phenomenon in conversational linguistics of the process of the subject adopting the reference terms of their interlocutor. In practice, it acts as a mechanism of the cooperative principle in which both parties to the conversation employ lexical entrainment as a progressive system to develop "conceptual pacts" to ensure maximum clarity of reference in the communication between the parties. Lexical entrainment arises by two cooperative mechanisms: Embedded corrections – a reference to the object implied by the context of the sentence, but with no explicit reference to the change in terminology Exposed corrections – an explicit reference to the change in terminology including a request to assign the referent a common term Once lexical entrainment has come to determine the phrasing for a referent, both parties will use that terminology for the referent for the duration if it proceeds to violate the Gricean maxim of quantity. For example, if one wants to refer to a brown loafer out of a set of shoes that consist of: the loafer, a sneaker, a high-heeled shoe, they will not use the shoe to describe the object as this phrasing does not unambiguously describe one item in the set under consideration.

They will not call the object the brown loafer which would violate Grice's maxim of quantity. The speaker will settle on using the term the loafer as it is just informative enough without giving too much information. Another important factor is lexical availability. For many objects the most available labels are basic nouns. Instead of saying animal or husky for the referent, most subjects will default to dog. If in a set of objects one is to refer to either a husky, a table, a poster, people are still most to use the word "dog." This is technically a violation of Grice's maxim of quantity. Lexical entrainment has applications in natural language processing in computers as well as human–human interaction; the adaptability of computers to modify their referencing to the terms of their human interlocutor is limited, so the entrainment adaptation falls to the human operator.

Digital world

The phrase digital world is most used in digital pedagogy when defining the need for digital citizenship, digital fluency, digital literacy. The digital world is the availability and use of digital tools to communicate on the Internet, digital devices, smart devices and other technologies. Humanities and education discussions of the'digital world' tend to create variations when categorizing and defining the mass of mediated technologies and human interactions that are suggested as part of the digital world; the phrase ` digital world' is used loosely as a mass noun with variations. An informal example is devices given to toddlers entering the digital world. Formal usage includes educational policies referring to the digital world in standardizing digital access. Children suffering a lack of access to the digital world are part of the digital divide; the One Laptop per Child program is an example of inclusion for children living in poverty and suffering as part of the digital divide. The phrase digital world was being used in electrical engineering studies before the creation of the World Wide Web.

It was used to describe the prevalence of digital electronic devices as opposed to analogue electronic devices. Articles relating to education in the digital world became more common in the 1990s. Cloud computing Digital divide Global e-Schools and Communities Initiative Information Age Mobile Web Picture archiving and communication system Virtual world 21st century skills Information and communications technology Transitioning to a Digital World Tracking Literacy in an Increasingly Digital World

Somuncu Baba

Sheyh Hamid-i Vali, better known by his sobriquet Somuncu Baba, was an ascetic teacher of Islam in Bursa, who exerted extensive influence and is known as a Muslim saint. He was died in Darende, he taught at the Ulu Camii. Somuncu Baba's students included Hacı Bayram-ı Veli. Somuncu Baba is one of the virtuous men who came to Anadolu for spiritual conquest, he was a descendant of Islamic prophet Muhammad After receiving an education in cities which are the center of knowledge like Şam, Erdebil, he settled in Bursa for his guidance and duty, he taught at the Bursa Grand Mosque where he was installed by Sultan Bayezid I after it was completed. For hiding his spiritual side, he sold them so he was known as Somuncu Baba, he became known after he had translated the sura of Al-Fatiha, in seven different ways during the opening of Bursa Grand Mosque, in Bursa. He avoided becoming famous so he moved Aksaray, he left his son Yusuf Hakiki Baba in Aksaray and he went to Mecca with his son Halil Taybi when they got back to Anadolu they settled in Darende and he died here in 1412.

His tomb is still in Darende. With the help of Es-Seyyid Osman Hulusi Efendi Foundation, it has another mosque,a library, museum and an exhibition hall and it became a complex of building with restoration. With its excursion, it is an attractive center of foreign tourists. Hacı Bayram-ı Veli - Ankara Molla Şemseddin Fenari - Bursa Akşemseddin - Göynük Akbıyık Sultan - Bursa Şeyh Üftade - Bursa Aziz Mahmud Hudayi - Bursa Halil Taybi - Darende Baba Yusuf Hakiki - Aksaray Bıçakçı Ömer Dede - Göynük Hızır Dede- Bursa İnce Bedreddin - Darende Yazıcıoğlu - Gelibolu Şeyh Lutfullah - Balıkesir Şeyhî - Kütahya Muslihiddin Halife - İskilip Uzun Selahaddin - Bolu Akgündüz, Ahmet Arşiv belgeleri ışığında Şeyh Hâmid-i Velî Somuncu Baba ve neseb-i âlîsi Es-Seyyid Osman Hulûsi Efendi Vakfı, Istanbul, ISBN 975-95352-0-3 Somuncu Baba ve Neseb-i Âlisi Akgündüz, Ahmet Arşiv Belgeleri Işığında Somuncu Baba ve Neseb-i Âlisi, Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı, Istanbul, ISBN 9757268445, ISBN 9789757268444 Somuncu Baba ve Neseb-i Âlisi Prof.

Dr. Ahmet Akgündüz Symposium about Somuncu Baba Somuncu Baba ve Neseb-i Âlisi, Somuncu Baba culture and literature magazine Opening of Somuncu Baba Mosque

Naskh (tafsir)

Naskh is an Arabic word translated as "abrogation". In Islamic legal exegesis, naskh is a theory developed to resolve contradictory rulings of Islamic revelation by superseding or canceling the earlier revelation. In the recognized and "classic" form of naskh, an Islamic regulation/ruling is abrogated in favor of another, but the text the hukm is based on is not eliminated; some examples of Islamic rulings based on naskh include a gradual ban on consumption of alcohol, a change in the direction that should be faced when praying salat. A text or ruling, abrogated is called mansukh. Several Quranic verses state that some revelations have been abrogated and superseded by revelations, narrations from Muhammad's companions mention abrogated verses or rulings of the religion; the principle of abrogation of an older verse by a new verse in the Quran, or within the Hadiths is an accepted principle of all four Sunni maḏāhib or schools of fiqh, was an established principle in Sharia by at least the 9th century.

However, with few exceptions, Islamic revelations do not state which Quranic verses or hadith have been abrogated, Muslim exegetes and jurists have disagreed over which and how many hadith and verses of the Quran are recognized as abrogated, with estimates varying from less than ten to over 500. Other issues of disagreement include whether the Quran can be abrogated by the Sunnah, or vice versa — a disagreement between the Shafi'i and Hanafi schools of fiqh. In the Arabic language naskh can be defined as abolition, abrogation, invalidation, transcription, according to the Hans Wehr Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic; as an Islamic term, there is a lack of agreement among scholars on what al-Naskh is. According to Louay Fatoohi, "the term naskh never appears in the Qur’an in the meaning it acquired in Islamic law". A detailed examination of the two Quranic verses "seen by scholars as providing support to the principle of abrogation", shows that neither refers to "the concept of abrogation".

Israr Ahmad Khan states that those who have read "the works of Abu Ubayd, al-Nahhas, Ibn al-Arabi, Ibn al-Jawzi, al-Zarkashi, al-Suyuti, al-Dehlawi on the issue of abrogation will be confused regarding its definition". John Burton complains that the "greatest imaginable confusion reigns as to the definition of the term naskh", that "an appalling degree of muddle" surrounds the meaning of verse Q.2:106 — "the Abrogation verse". And that "the constant confusion of'suppression' with'supersession'" causes the reader "endless difficulty". Ahmad Ali Al-Imam states "most scholars... differ on many points", of naskh, "particularly on its meaning and examples". Disputes over what defines naskh include whether the wording of the Quran can be abrogated while the ruling based on it is not, whether a verse in the Qur'an can abrogate a ruling in the Sunnah and vice versa — which means going across the two different forms of divine revelation, whether any Islamic revelation may be abrogated at all, or whether when God talks about replacing revelation He is referring only to revelation which came before the Quran, and, replaced by the Quran.

Another issue was how broadly naskh should be defined, with early Muslim scholars having including things that scholars did not consider naskh, such as: exceptions to earlier verses, particularization of the meaning of a verse, clarifications of earlier verses. Definitions of naskh given by Islamic scholars include: "abrogation, repeal. Theoretical tool used to resolve contradictions in Quranic verses, hadith literature and usul al-fiqh, whereby verses abrogate earlier ones,". "lifting a ruling indicated by a shar‘i text, on the basis of evidence from the Qur’an or Sunnah", "obliteration, transfer, suspension" depending on the context,.