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Psychiatric hospital

Psychiatric hospitals known as mental health hospitals, mental health units, are hospitals or wards specializing in the treatment of serious mental disorders, such as major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Psychiatric hospitals vary in their size and grading; some hospitals may specialize only in short outpatient therapy for low-risk patients. Others may specialize in the temporary or permanent care of residents who, as a result of a psychological disorder, require routine assistance, treatment, or a specialized and controlled environment. Patients are admitted on a voluntary basis, but people whom psychiatrists believe may pose a significant danger to themselves or others may be subject to involuntary commitment. Psychiatric hospitals may be referred to as psychiatric wards or units when they are a subunit of a regular hospital. Modern psychiatric hospitals evolved from and replaced the older lunatic asylum; the treatment of inmates in early lunatic asylums was sometimes brutal and focused on containment and restraint.

With successive waves of reform, the introduction of effective evidence-based treatments, most modern psychiatric hospitals provide a primary emphasis on treatment, attempt where possible to help patients control their own lives in the outside world, with the use of a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy. An exception is in Japan, where many psychiatric hospitals still use physical restraints on patients, tying them to their beds for days or months at a time. A crisis stabilization unit is in effect an emergency department for psychiatry dealing with suicidal, violent, or otherwise critical individuals. Open units are psychiatric units. Another type of psychiatric hospital is medium term. In the United Kingdom, both crisis admissions and medium term care are provided on acute admissions wards. Juvenile or adolescent wards are sections of psychiatric hospitals or psychiatric wards set aside for children or adolescents with mental illness. Long-term care facilities have the goal of treatment and rehabilitation back into society within a short time-frame.

Another institution for the mentally ill is a community-based halfway house. Modern psychiatric hospitals evolved from, replaced the older lunatic asylums; the development of the modern psychiatric hospital is the story of the rise of organized, institutional psychiatry. Hospitals known as bimaristans were built in Persia beginning around the early 9th century, with the first in Baghdad under the leadership of the Abbasid Caliph Harun al-Rashid. While not devoted to patients with psychiatric disorders, they contained wards for patients exhibiting mania or other psychological distress; because of cultural taboos against refusing to care for one's family members, mentally ill patients would be surrendered to a bimaristan only if the patient demonstrated violence, incurable chronic illness, or some other debilitating ailment. Psychological wards were enclosed by iron bars owing to the aggression of some of the patients. Western Europe would adopt these views on with the advances of physicians like Philippe Pinel at the Bicêtre Hospital in France and William Tuke at the York Retreat in England.

They advocated the viewing of mental illness as a disorder that required compassionate treatment that would aid in the rehabilitation of the victim. The arrival in the Western world of institutionalisation as a solution to the problem of madness was much an advent of the nineteenth century; the first public mental asylums were established in Britain. Nine counties first applied. In 1828, the newly appointed Commissioners in Lunacy were empowered to license and supervise private asylums; the Lunacy Act 1845 made the construction of asylums in every country compulsory with regular inspections on behalf of the Home Secretary. The Act required asylums to have a resident physician. At the beginning of the nineteenth century there were a few thousand "sick people" housed in a variety of disparate institutions throughout England, but by 1900 that figure had grown to about 100,000; this growth coincided with the growth of alienism known as psychiatry, as a medical specialism. The treatment of inmates in early lunatic asylums was sometimes brutal and focused on containment and restraint.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, terms such as "madness," "lunacy" or "insanity"—all of which assumed a unitary psychosis—were split into numerous "mental diseases," of which catatonia and dementia praecox were the most common in psychiatric institutions. In 1961 sociologist Erving Goffman described a theory of the "total institution" and the process by which it takes efforts to maintain predictable and regular behavior on the part of both "guard" and "captor," suggesting that many of the features of such institutions serve the ritual function of ensuring that both classes of people know their function and social role, in other words of "institutionalizing" them. Asylums was a key text in the development of deinstitutionalization. With successive waves of reform and the introduction of effective evidence-based treatments, modern psychiatric hospitals provide a primary emphasis on treatment.

Assam Down Town University

Assam Down Town University was established through the Assam Down Town University Act, 2010 in the state of Assam, India in 2010. The university is located in Panikhaiti, the capital of Assam; the campus is based out of a 42 acres campus overlooking the Brahmaputra River, only 12 km from the Assam State Secretariat. Starting from its humble beginning the campus now provides over 50 courses and has a total of over 3000 students from 10 Indian States as well as Nepal and Bangladesh; the university was established by the down town Charity Trust, promoted by Down Town Hospital Limited. The group has been in education and training since 1993; the educational journey of the group had begun way back in 1993 with the establishment of the down town school of nursing, the first private nursing school of North East. In 1997 the group started the paramedical institute, giving diplomas in various allied health streams. Down town Charity Trust had applied to the Assam Government for granting University status to its education programmes in Panikhaiti in early 2009.

As per the provisions of the Assam Private Universities Act. 2007, the trust has achieved a University Status for the educational project at its Panikhaiti Campus, vide Assam Gazette No. LGL.9/2010/11 Dated 29 April 2010, making it the second Private University in the state of Assam. In 2009 the trust started the down town college of allied sciences, offering around 12 allied health degrees, under Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences, Govt. of Assam. The Assam down town University, campus is located in Sankar Madhav Path, Gandhi Nagar, Guwahati, Assam INDIA; the site is spread on a sprawling green campus of over 50 acres overlooking the Brahmaputra. The university offers, multiple bachelor and master program, from engineering to hospitality to allied health sciences to Pharmacy, it has signed a memorandum of understanding with the India Tourism Development Corporation to offer a degree course in Hotel Management and Industrial Training. All graduate and undergraduate programmes at Assam down town University are offered under the following: Engineering Management Pharmacy Nursing Allied Health Paramedical Hospitality Skill Development Ph.

DThe university got approval via Letter No. 1105-1109 in the year 2013 to offer programs in distance mode. The university is running the following programs in distance mode: Bachelors in Business Administration Program Masters in Business Administration Program Bachelor of Science in Information Technology Official website

Roman Catholic Diocese of Lugano

The Diocese of Lugano is a diocese in Switzerland covering the canton of Ticino. The diocese is a branch of the Catholic Church subject to the Holy See. In 2004, there were 233,017 baptised of 306,846 inhabitants, it is ruled by the Bishop Pier Giacomo Grampa and has as its principal patron St. Charles Borromeo, Archbishop of Milan, as a secondary patron Saint Abundius, Bishop of Como; the Diocese of Lugano was erected by a Bull of Leo XIII. The territory covered is that of the Swiss canton of Ticino, where the population is entirely Catholic and Italian is the common language. Before the Diocese of Lugano was founded the Canton of Ticino was under the jurisdiction, in ecclesiastical matters, of bishops who were not Swiss; the smaller, northern part belonged to the Archdiocese of Milan, still uses the Ambrosian Rite. Soon after the formation of the Canton of Ticino, in 1803, efforts were made to separate it in its church relations as well as from foreign powers and to unite it in these with the rest of Switzerland.

But it was several decades before the Great Council, in 1855, went into the matter. Without consultation with the Holy See, the Federal Council in 1859 declared the jurisdiction of the Bishops of Como and Milan to be abolished in the territory of Switzerland. No settlement of the question was reached until the pontificate of Leo XIII. By the convention of 1 September 1884, made between the Curia and the Federal Council, Ticino was canonically separated from its former diocesan connections and was placed provisionally, under an administrator Apostolic, the pope appointing as administrator Bishop Lachat of Basle. After Bishop Lachat's death the new Bishopric of Ticino was formed by the Bull of circumscription "Ad universam" of Leo XIII, united with the Diocese of Basle under the title of the Diocese of Basle-Lugano; the same year the Church of San Lorenzo in Lugano was elevated to a cathedral. The union is a nominal one, although the Bishop of Basle is called the Bishop of Lugano he exercises no rights of jurisdiction in this diocese.

It is, in reality, under the independent rule of an administrator Apostolic who has the rank and power of a bishop. He is appointed by the pope with the concurrence of the Bishop of Basle from among the members of the clergy of the Canton of Ticino; the first administrator Apostolic was Eugene Lachat. Vincent Molo, Mgr. Alfred Peri-Morosini; the latter was born 12 March 1862, was consecrated 17 April 1904. On 8 March 1971 the apostolic administration of the Canton Ticino was separated from the diocese of Basel and by virtue of the Bull Paroecialis et collegialis of Pope Paul VI became an independent diocese. Giuseppe Martinoli became the first bishop of Lugano. From 1978 to 1986 he was bishop of Lugano Ernesto Togni, succeeded in 1986 Eugenio Corecco, under whose episcopate was formed the Academic Institute of Theology of Lugano, who became a decree of the Congregation for Catholic Education of 20 November 1993 a faculty of Theology; the most noted church of the diocese is the Cathedral of San Lorenzo at Lugano, built in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and has a celebrated Renaissance façade.

In November 2013, Valerio Lazzeri succeeded Pier Giacomo Grampa to the office. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed.. "Basle-Lugano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. Sito ufficiale della Diocesi Lugano— Bolla Paroecialis et Collegialis

The Secret Daughter

The Secret Daughter is an Australian television drama series which premiered on the Seven Network on 3 October 2016. The series is written by Justin Monjo, Greg Haddrick, Louise Bowes and Keith Thompson and directed by Leah Purcell, Geoff Bennett and Paul Moloney; the drama centres around part-time country pub singer Billie Carter, who has a chance meeting with a wealthy city hotelier and discovers information about her family and history. The second season premiered on 8 November 2017. On 17 December 2017, it was announced that The Secret Daughter would not return for a third season in 2018; the series received a total of A$171,750 in funding from Screen NSW. Filming on the series took place in Sydney and regional New South Wales and wrapped in June 2016; the Seven Network announced that the series has been renewed and a second season will screen in 2017. Production began in May 2017 with Rachael Maza joining the cast. A distinguishing feature of the program is its musical aspect performed entirely by Mauboy herself.

Jessica Mauboy as Billie Carter David Field as Gus Carter Matt Levett as Jamie Norton Jared Turner as Chris Norton Rachel Gordon as Susan Norton Jordan Hare as Harriet Norton Colin Friels as Jack Norton Salvatore Coco as Bruno Rossi Bonnie Sveen as Layla Chapple J. R. Reyne as Dan Delaney Libby Asciak as Rachel Rossi Johnny Boxer as Lloyd Dobson Terry Serio as Carmine Harriet Gordon-Anderson as Zoe Menkell Jeremy Ambrum as Shorty Amanda Muggleton as Connie Di Maria Renee Lim as Vivienne Hart Ryan O'Kane as Charlie Stryver Erin Holland as Della Jensen James Sweeny as Marc Laurent The show's first soundtrack album, The Secret Daughter: Songs from the Original TV Series, was recorded by Jessica Mauboy and featured music used in the first season, it was released on 14 October 2016 by Sony Music Australia. The album became Mauboy's first number-one album and made her the first Indigenous artist to reach number one on the ARIA Albums Chart; the second soundtrack album, The Secret Daughter Season Two: Songs from the Original 7 Series, was recorded by Mauboy and released on 6 October 2017.

Official website The Secret Daughter at Screen Australia

1791 in architecture

The year 1791 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings. The elevations of Charlotte Square in Edinburgh, are designed by Robert Adam. Polish architect Jakub Kubicki is ennobled. January 6 – Théâtre Feydeau, designed by Jacques Legrand and Jacques Molinos. November 7 – The Custom House, Ireland, designed by James Gandon. Bara Imambara, India Brandenburg Gate, Germany Clyne Castle, Wales, built by Richard Phillips Gammel Køgegård, Køge, Denmark Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral, Argentina Plaza Mayor, remodelling by Juan de Villanueva Rock Castle, United States, home of Daniel Smith. Dar Hassan Pacha in the Casbah of Algiers. January 14 – Thomas Oliver, English neoclassical architect March 15 – Lewis Vulliamy, English architect June 7 – Giacomo Moraglia, Milanese neoclassical architect William Cubitt, English building and civil engineering contractor and politician December 19 – Jean-François de Neufforge, Flemish architect and engraver

Dallas Jackson

Dallas Jackson is a Canadian former professional ice hockey defenceman. He last played with Hudiksvalls HC of the Hockeyettan. Jackson played major junior hockey in the Western Hockey League. On September 2, 2010, the Reading Royals of the ECHL signed Jackson to his first professional contract. Jackson returned for his third season with the Gwinnett Gladiators of the ECHL to start the 2012–13 season. On December 29, 2012, he was signed to a try-out contract for a second stint with the Bridgeport Sound Tigers. After 11 games in Bridgeport, Jackson was extended and signed to his first AHL contract with the Sound Tigers for the remainder of the season on February 27, 2013. In the 2013–14 season, Jackson posted 24 points in 53 games as a regular on the Sound Tigers defense before he was traded to the Springfield Falcons in exchange for Jeremy Langlois on March 12, 2014. On September 11, 2014, the Greenville Road Warriors announced that they had signed Jackson to a one-year contract. In the 2014–15 season, Jackson appeared in 23 games with the Road Warriors before he was loaned to AHL affiliate, the Hartford Wolf Pack.

Jackson was able to establish a role on the blueline with the Wolf Pack and was signed for the remainder of the season to feature in 44 games for 10 points. As an un-signed free agent over the summer, Jackson signed his first contract abroad, agreeing a one-year deal in Sweden with Hockeyettan club, Hudiksvalls HC on August 4, 2015. Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database