Ptolemy X Alexander I

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Ptolemy X Alexander I[note 1] (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Ἀλέξανδρος, Ptolemaĩos Aléxandros) was King of Egypt from 110 BC to 109 BC and 107 BC till 88 BC.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III; in 110 BC he became King with his mother as co-regent, after his mother had deposed his brother Ptolemy IX Lathyros. However, in 109 BC he was deposed by Ptolemy IX; in 107 BC he became King again, and again with his mother as co-regent. In 101 BC he had his mother killed, and ruled either alone or with his niece/wife, Berenice III. Ptolemy X was exiled around 88 BC when his citizens and army turned against him, he fled to Syria, and upon his return with a new army became infamous for melting down and looting the golden sarcophagus of Alexander the Great, in order to pay the mercenaries which brought him back on the throne, and replacing the former sarcophagus with one made of glass [1]. The citizens of Alexandria were so outraged at this act, that he was subsequently exiled again almost immediately and that all records attributed to Ptolemy X would try to be erased, he would later be killed on his way to Cyprus [2]. When he died, Ptolemy IX regained the throne. When Ptolemy IX died, Ptolemy X's wife Berenice III took over the throne for six months.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Numbering the Ptolemies is a modern invention; the Greeks distinguished them by epithet (e.g. "Philopator") or nickname (e.g. "Auletes"). The number given here is the present consensus, but there has been some disagreement in the 19th century about which of the later Ptolemies should be counted as reigning, since older sources may give a number one higher or lower, epithets are the most reliable way of determining which Ptolemy is being referred to in any given case.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strabo (17. Section 794)
  2. ^ The House of Ptolemy (Chapter XI p.333, p.334)

External links[edit]

Ptolemy X Alexander I
Born:  ? Died: ca. 88 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ptolemy IX
Pharaoh of Egypt
110 BC–109 BC
with Cleopatra III
Succeeded by
Ptolemy IX
Preceded by
Ptolemy IX
Pharaoh of Egypt
107 BC–88 BC
with Cleopatra III and Berenice III
Succeeded by
Ptolemy IX