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Puck (A Midsummer Night's Dream)

Puck known as Robin Goodfellow, is a character in William Shakespeare's play A Midsummer Night's Dream, based on the ancient figure of Puck found in English mythology. Puck is a mischievous fairy, sprite, or jester, he is the first of the main fairy characters to appear, creates the drama of the human lovers' story by splitting up a young couple lost in an enchanted forest. As a "shrewd and knavish sprite", he is an impish trickster and delights in pranks and practical jokes, like replacing Bottom's head with that of an ass; the audience is introduced to Puck in Act 2 Scene 1 when one of Titania's fairies encounters Puck: Puck is the servant of the fairy king Oberon, angry with Titania the fairy queen. Oberon is jealous of Titania's fondness for her Indian slave boy. Puck is sent to fetch a flower that, having been struck by Cupid's arrows, now has the power to induce love in anyone who drinks its juices. Puck is instructed by Oberon to use the love flower to fix the love entanglement occurring between the Athenian lovers who are on a merry chase in the forest.

He mistakenly administers the charm to the sleeping Lysander instead of Demetrius. Puck provides Nick Bottom with a donkey's head so that Titania will fall in love with a beast and forget her attachment to the slave boy, allowing Oberon to take the child from her. Puck is ordered by Oberon to fix the mistake he has made, by producing a dark fog, leading the lovers astray within it by imitating their voices, applying the flower to Lysander's eyes, which will cause him to fall back in love with Hermia; the four lovers wonder if the events that occurred in the forest were real, or a shared delusion. At the end of the play Puck delivers a speech in which he addresses the audience directly, suggests that anyone who might have been offended by the play's events should, like the characters, consider that the whole performance was just a bad dream: The original texts of Shakespeare's plays do not have cast lists, can sometimes be inconsistent about what they call characters, but Puck's is a awkward case.

Both the Quarto and the First Folio call the character "Robin Goodfellow" on the first entrance, but "Puck" in the same scene, they remain inconsistent. The Arden Shakespeare calls the character "Puck", amends all stage directions that refer to the character as "Robin" or "Robin Goodfellow". Mickey Rooney, in the Oscar-winning 1935 film. Ian Holm, in the 1968 film. Phil Daniels, in the 1981 BBC Shakespeare television production. Robert Sean Leonard plays Puck in a high-school production in the 1989 film Dead Poets Society. Brent Spiner plays a version of Puck in Disney's Gargoyles, first appearing in the season two episode "The Mirror" in 1995. Stanley Tucci, in the 1999 film. Tanner Cohen, in a high-school production depicted in the 2008 film Were the World Mine. Hiran Abeysekera in the 2016 film. Avan Jogia, in the 2017 film. Ken Nwosu, in Upstart Crow in 2018. Jonathan Whitesell plays a version of Robin Goodfellow in The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina in 2020. John Kane, with The Royal Shakespeare Company in 1970.

Adam Darius, with the Stora Teatern in Göteborg, Sweden in 1961. Matthew Tennyson, with Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in 2013. Frederick Peisley in Donald Wolfit's production in 1947. Puck is renamed "Dr. Wheelgood" in Diane Paulus's production The Donkey Show in 1999. Laurence Olivier, with St Edward's School, Oxford in 1923. Sebastian de Souza, with St Edward's School, Oxford. Puck, a painting by Henry Fuseli; the Puck Building built in 1885–8 in Nolita, New York City, features two gilded statues of Puck by sculptor Henry Baerer. The building is housed the 19th-century humor magazine Puck; the magazine was named after the character, used a depiction and a quote of him as a logotype. Sculpture Puck, by Carl Andersson, bronze, 1912, in the Stockholm suburb of Midsommarkransen in Sweden. Puck by Brenda Putnam, marble, 1932, at the Folger Shakespeare Library in Washington, D. C. In Neil Gaiman's comic-book The Sandman story "'A Midsummer Night's Dream", Puck and other fairies watch Shakespeare's company of actors perform A Midsummer Night's Dream.

After the play, Puck decides to remain in the "mortal" world and appear in stories. Media related to Puck at Wikimedia Commons


Transcription factor E2F1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the E2F1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the E2F family of transcription factors; the E2F family plays a crucial role in the control of cell cycle and action of tumor suppressor proteins and is a target of the transforming proteins of small DNA tumor viruses. The E2F proteins contain several evolutionarily conserved domains found in most members of the family; these domains include a DNA binding domain, a dimerization domain which determines interaction with the differentiation regulated transcription factor proteins, a transactivation domain enriched in acidic amino acids, a tumor suppressor protein association domain, embedded within the transactivation domain. This protein and another 2 members, E2F2 and E2F3, have an additional cyclin binding domain; this protein binds preferentially to retinoblastoma protein pRB in a cell-cycle dependent manner. It can mediate p53-dependent/independent apoptosis. E2F1 promoter => E2F1 PMID 21602887 E2F1 has been shown to interact with: E2F Retinoblastoma protein E2F1+protein,+human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings FactorBook E2F1 This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, in the public domain

Serge Ibaka

Serge Jonas Ibaka Ngobila is a Congolese-Spanish professional basketball player for the Toronto Raptors of the National Basketball Association. Ibaka was drafted by the Oklahoma City Thunder's former incarnation, the Seattle SuperSonics, with the 24th overall pick in the 2008 NBA draft. Ibaka has twice led the league in blocks. Although born in the Republic of the Congo, Ibaka plays for the Spain national team in international competition. Ibaka was born in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, is the youngest of 18 children. Both his mother and his father were basketball players, his father played in the Republic of the Congo and with the Congolese national team, his mother played for the Democratic Republic of the Congo. He started playing basketball at a young age with his first club, Avenir du Rail, using the sport as an escape from his mother's untimely death and his father's imprisonment during the Second Congo War, his father organized for the family to flee the country prior to the war, but ended up as a political prisoner upon their return.

Ibaka moved to France at the age of 17 and joined a second division basketball team before moving to Spain, where he taught himself Spanish. In Spain, he soon began playing with a second division basketball club CB L'Hospitalet, he averaged 10.8 points and 8.2 rebounds and shot 55%. In 2008, he entered several international showcases, picking up an MVP award at the Reebok Eurocamp and the attention of NBA scouts. An NBA scout at one of the camps said that "athletically he's off the charts—there's no telling how good he can be". Ibaka was selected by the Seattle SuperSonics with the 24th pick in the 2008 NBA draft, he became the first player from the Republic of Congo to be selected in the draft, although the Oklahoma City Thunder agreed to keep him in Europe. He signed a three-year contract with Ricoh Manresa from the ACB League in Spain, keeping the option to leave for the NBA after each season. In the ACB, he averaged 7.1 points, 4.5 rebounds, 1 block in 16 minutes per game. In July 2009, the Thunder paid the buyout, signed him to a two-year contract with two more optional seasons.

Although coming to the NBA as a raw talent, Ibaka had managed to become a starter in the Thunder rotation. He was used for his energy in the paint, whether on defense or rebounding. In his first NBA season, Ibaka played 18.1 minutes per game in 73 games, averaging 6.3 points, 5.4 rebounds and 1.3 blocks per game. His blocks average led all rookies in the 2009–2010 season, he ranked number 20 overall. In the first round of the playoffs against the Los Angeles Lakers, he played in 6 games, averaging 25.5 minutes, 7.8 points, 6.5 rebounds and 2 blocks per game. His 7 blocks in game two in Los Angeles was a record. On 19 February 2011, Ibaka participated in the 2011 NBA Slam Dunk Contest, he began the contest with a free-throw line dunk. In the second round, Ibaka grabbed a stuffed animal from the rim with his mouth and dunked in one motion. However, he lost out to Blake Griffin in the competition. During the 2011 NBA lockout he signed a two-month contract with Real Madrid in Spain alongside Spain national basketball team teammate and friend Rudy Fernández with an option to return to the NBA at the end of the lockout.

Over 6 games in the Euroleague, he averaged 5.5 points, 4.7 rebounds and 2 blocks in 15 minutes per game. After the lockout, Ibaka returned to the NBA from Spain. On 19 February 2012, he recorded his first career triple-double against the Denver Nuggets, scoring 14 points, grabbing 15 rebounds and getting a career-high 11 blocks, he played all 66 games in the shortened season as a starter, averaging the most blocks in the league, 3.6 per game. In voting for the Defensive Player of the Year, he finished second behind Tyson Chandler of the New York Knicks. In Game 4 of the Western Conference Finals against the San Antonio Spurs, Ibaka went 11–11 from the field. Oklahoma City went on to advance to the 2012 NBA Finals. In the Finals Ibaka averaged 7 points and 5 rebounds, but the Thunder fell to the Miami Heat in five games. In August 2012, Ibaka signed a four-year deal worth $48 million with the Thunder. During the 2012–13 NBA season, Ibaka upped his scoring average from 9.1 to 13.2. He averaged 7.7 rebounds, a league-leading 3.0 blocks.

For his defensive efforts, Ibaka finished 3rd in Defensive Player of the Year voting, behind LeBron James and the winner, Marc Gasol. In the playoffs, the Thunder beat the Houston Rockets in 6 games, but fell to the Memphis Grizzlies in five games. Ibaka averaged 12.8 points, 8.4 rebounds, 3 blocks in the postseason but shot only 43.7% from the field, a near 14% drop off from his regular season field goal percentage of 57.3%. In 2013–14, Ibaka averaged career-highs of 15.1 points and 8.8 rebounds per game, led the league in total blocks for the fourth straight season. In a series-clinching win over the Los Angeles Clippers in the conference semi-finals, Ibaka suffered a left calf injury, expected to sideline him for the remainder of the 2014 playoffs. However, he made his return in Game 3 against San Antonio Spurs in the Conference Finals; the Thunder fell to the Spurs in six games as Ibaka averaged 12.2 points, 7.3 rebounds and 2.4 blocks throughout the playoffs. Ibaka was named to the NBA All-Defensive First Team for the third consecutive year.

On 19 February 2015, Ibaka recorded 21 points and a career-high 22 rebounds in the 104-89 win over the Dallas Mavericks. On 17 March 2015, he was ruled out for four to six weeks after undergoing arthroscopic surgery to address right knee soreness


Grunge is a rock music genre and subculture that emerged during the mid-1980s in the Pacific Northwest U. S. state of Washington in Seattle and nearby towns. The early grunge movement revolved around Seattle's independent record label Sub Pop and the region's underground music scene; the owners of Sub Pop marketed Northwestern punk rock shrewdly and the media was encouraged to describe it as "grunge", which came to mean a punk and metal hybrid style of music. By the early 1990s its popularity had spread, with grunge bands appearing in California emerging in other parts of the United States and in Australia, building strong followings and signing major record deals. Grunge was commercially successful in the early to mid-1990s, due to releases such as Nirvana's Nevermind and In Utero, Pearl Jam's Ten, Soundgarden's Badmotorfinger, Alice in Chains' Dirt, Stone Temple Pilots' Core and Radiohead's Pablo Honey; the success of these bands boosted the popularity of alternative rock and made grunge the most popular form of rock music at the time Although most grunge bands had disbanded or faded from view by the late 1990s, they influenced modern rock music, as their lyrics brought conscious issues into pop culture and added introspection and an exploration of what it means to be true to oneself.

Grunge was an influence on genres such as post-grunge and nu metal. Grunge fuses elements of punk rock and heavy metal, featuring the distorted electric guitar sound used in both genres, although some bands performed with more emphasis on one or the other. Like these genres, grunge uses electric guitar, bass guitar and vocals. Grunge incorporates influences from indie rock bands such as Sonic Youth. Lyrics are angst-filled and introspective addressing themes such as social alienation, self-doubt, neglect, betrayal and emotional isolation, psychological trauma and a desire for freedom. A number of factors contributed to grunge's decline in prominence. During the mid-to-late 1990s, many grunge bands became less visible. Nirvana's Kurt Cobain, labeled by Time as "the John Lennon of the swinging Northwest," appeared unusually tortured by success and struggled with an addiction to heroin before his death at the age of 27 in 1994; the word "grunge" is American slang for "someone or something, repugnant" and for "dirt".

The word was first recorded as being applied to Seattle musicians in July 1987 when Bruce Pavitt described Green River's Dry as a Bone EP in a Sub Pop record company catalogue as "gritty vocals, roaring Marshall amps, ultra-loose GRUNGE that destroyed the morals of a generation". Although the word "grunge" has been used to describe bands since the 1960s, this was the first association of grunge with the grinding, sludgy sound of Seattle, it is expensive and time consuming to get a recording to sound clean, so for those northwestern bands just starting out it was cheaper for them to leave the sound dirty and just turn up their volume. This dirty sound, due to low budgets, unfamiliarity with recording, a lack of professionalism may be the origin of the term "grunge"; the "Seattle scene" refers to that city's alternative music movement, linked to the University of Washington and The Evergreen State College. Evergreen is a progressive college which does not use a conventional grading system and has its own radio station, KAOS.

Seattle's remoteness from Los Angeles led to a perceived purity of its music. The music of these bands, many of which had recorded with Seattle's independent record label Sub Pop, became labeled as "grunge". Nirvana's frontman Kurt Cobain, in one of his final interviews, credited Jonathan Poneman, cofounder of Sub Pop, with coining the term "grunge" to describe the music; the term "Seattle sound" became a marketing ploy for the music industry. In September 1991, the Nirvana album Nevermind was released, bringing mainstream attention to the music of Seattle. Cobain loathed the word "grunge" and despised the new scene, developing, feeling that record companies were signing old "cock-rock" bands who were pretending to be grunge and claiming to be from Seattle; some bands associated with the genre, such as Soundgarden, Pearl Jam and Alice in Chains, have not been receptive to the label, preferring instead to be referred to as "rock and roll" bands. Ben Shepherd from Soundgarden stated that he "hates the word" grunge and hates "being associated with it."

Seattle musician Jeff Stetson states that when he visited Seattle in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a touring musician, the local musicians did not refer to themselves as "grunge" performers or their style as "grunge" and they were not flattered that their music was being called "grunge". Rolling Stone noted the genre's lack of a clear definition. Robert Loss acknowledges the challenges of defining "grunge". Roy Shuker states that the term "obscured a variety of styles." Stetson states that grunge was not a movement, "monolithic musical genre", or a way to react to 1980s-era metal pop. Stetson states. Mark Yarm, author of Everybody Loves Our Town: An Oral History of Grunge, pointed out vast differences between grunge bands, with some being punk and others being metal-based. In 1984 the punk rock band Black Flag went visiting small towns across the US to bring punk to the more remote parts of the country. By this time their music had become slow and sludgy, less like the Sex Pistols and more like Black Sa

Wambaya language

Wambaya is a Non-Pama-Nyungan West Barkly Australian language of the Mirndi language group, spoken in the Barkly Tableland of the Northern Territory, Australia. Wambaya and the other members of the West Barkly languages are somewhat unusual in that they are suffixing languages, unlike most Non-Pama-Nyungan languages which are prefixing; the language was reported to have 12 speakers in 1981, some reports indicate that the language went extinct as a first language. However, in the 2011 Australian census 56 people stated; that number increased to 61 in the 2016 Census. Rachel Nordlinger notes that the speech of the Wambaya and Binbinka people "are dialects" of a single language, which she calls "McArthur", while Ngarnga is related but is "probably best considered a language of its own". Bibliography of Binbinga people and language resources, at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies Bibliography of Gudanji people and language resources, at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies

List of cathedrals in Egypt

This is the list of cathedrals in Egypt sorted by denomination. Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Cairo Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Azbakeya Saint Michael's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Aswan Cathedral of the Nativity in Cairo Cathedral of Annunciation in Alexandria Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai Cathedral of Saint Catherine in Alexandria Our Lady of Heliopolis Co-Cathedral in Cairo Co-Cathedral of Our Lady of St. Michael in Port Said Cathedral of the Dormition in Alexandria Cathedral of the Resurrection in Alexandria Cathedral of Our Lady of Egypt in Cairo Our Lady of Fatima Cathedral in Cairo Cathedral of the Resurrection in Cairo Cathedral of the Annunciation in Cairo Mother of the Divine Love Cathedral in Asyut Saint-George Cathedral in Giza St. Mark's Cathedral in Ismailia St. George Cathedral in Luxor Cathedral of Christ the King in Minya Cathedral of Our Lady of the Rosary in Cairo Saint Joseph Cathedral in Cairo All Saints' Cathedral in Cairo List of cathedrals Christianity in Egypt