The pun called paronomasia, is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of a term, or of similar-sounding words, for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect. These ambiguities can arise from the intentional use of homophonic, metonymic, or figurative language. A pun differs from a malapropism in that a malapropism is an incorrect variation on a correct expression, while a pun involves expressions with multiple interpretations. Puns may be regarded as in-jokes or idiomatic constructions as their usage and meaning are specific to a particular language or its culture. Puns have a long history in human writing. For example, the Roman playwright Plautus was famous for word games. Puns can be classified in various ways; the homophonic pun, a common type, are not synonymous. Walter Redfern summarized this type with his statement, "To pun is to treat homonyms as synonyms." For example, in George Carlin's phrase "atheism is a non-prophet institution", the word prophet is put in place of its homophone profit, altering the common phrase "non-profit institution".
The joke "Question: Why do we still have troops in Germany? Answer: To keep the Russians in Czech" relies on the aural ambiguity of the homophones check and Czech. Puns are not homophonic, but play on words of similar, not identical, sound as in the example from the Pinky and the Brain cartoon film series: "I think so, but if we give peas a chance, won't the lima beans feel left out?" which plays with the similar—but not identical—sound of peas and peace in the anti-war slogan "Give Peace a Chance". A homographic pun exploits words which are spelled the same but possess different meanings and sounds; because of their origin, they rely on sight more than hearing, contrary to homophonic puns. They are known as heteronymic puns. Examples in which the punned words exist in two different parts of speech rely on unusual sentence construction, as in the anecdote: "When asked to explain his large number of children, the pig answered simply:'The wild oats of my sow gave us many piglets.'" An example that combines homophonic and homographic punning is Douglas Adams's line "You can tune a guitar, but you can't tuna fish.
Unless of course, you play bass." The phrase uses the homophonic qualities of tune a and tuna, as well as the homographic pun on bass, in which ambiguity is reached through the identical spellings of, and. Homographic puns do not need to follow grammatical rules and do not make sense when interpreted outside the context of the pun. Homonymic puns, another common type, arise from the exploitation of words which are both homographs and homophones; the statement "Being in politics is just like playing golf: you are trapped in one bad lie after another" puns on the two meanings of the word lie as "a deliberate untruth" and as "the position in which something rests". An adaptation of a joke repeated by Isaac Asimov gives us "Did you hear about the little moron who strained himself while running into the screen door?" Playing on strained as "to give much effort" and "to filter". A homonymic pun may be polysemic, in which the words must be homonymic and possess related meanings, a condition, subjective.
However, lexicographers define polysemes as listed under a single dictionary lemma while homonyms are treated in separate lemmata. A compound pun is a statement. In this case, the wordplay cannot go into effect by utilizing the separate words or phrases of the puns that make up the entire statement. For example, a complex statement by Richard Whately includes four puns: "Why can a man never starve in the Great Desert? Because he can eat the sand, there, but what brought the sandwiches there? Why, Noah sent Ham, his descendants mustered and bred." This pun uses sand, there/sandwiches there, Ham/ham, mustered/mustard, bred/bread. The phrase "piano is not my forte" links two meanings of the words forte and piano, one for the dynamic markings in music and the second for the literal meaning of the sentence, as well as alluding to "pianoforte", the older name of the instrument. Compound puns may combine two phrases that share a word. For example, "Where do mathematicians go on weekends? To a Möbius strip club!"
Puns on the terms Möbius strip club. A recursive pun is one in which the second aspect of a pun relies on the understanding of an element in the first. For example, the statement "π is only half a pie.". Another example is. Another example is "a Freudian slip is when you say one thing but mean your mother." The recursive pun "Immanuel doesn't pun, he Kant," is attributed to Oscar Wilde. Visual puns are sometimes used in logos, emblems and other graphic symbols, in which one or more of the pun aspects is replaced by a picture. In European heraldry, this technique is called canting arms. Visual and other puns and word games are common in Dutch gable stones as well as in some cartoons, such as Lost Consonants and The Far Side. Another type of visual pun exists in languages. For example, in Chinese, a pun may be based on a similarity in shape of the written character, despite a complete lack of phonetic similarity in the words punned upon. Mark Elvin describes how this "peculiarly Chinese form of visual punning involved comparing written characters to objects."
Richard J. Alexander notes two additional forms which puns may take: graphological (sometimes
The General Electric XA100 is a three-stream adaptive cycle engine demonstrator being developed by General Electric for the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning and for the U. S. Air Force's sixth generation fighter program; the three-stream adaptive cycle design can direct air to the bypass third stream for increased fuel efficiency and cooling or to the core and fan streams for additional thrust and performance. The 45,000 lbf thrust class engine is expected to be more powerful and efficient than existing low-bypass turbofans; the U. S. Air Force and U. S. Navy began pursuing adaptive cycle engine in 2007 with the Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology program, a part of the larger Versatile Affordable Advanced Turbine Engine program; this technology research program was followed by the Adaptive Engine Technology Demonstrator program in 2012, which continued to mature the technology, with tests performed using demonstrator engines. GE's ground demonstrator tests in 2015 yielded the highest combined compressor and turbine temperatures in the history of jet propulsion.
The follow-on Adaptive Engine Transition Program was launched in 2016 to develop and test adaptive engines for sixth generation fighter propulsion as well as potential re-engining of the F-35 from the existing F135 turbofan engine. The demonstrators were assigned the designation XA100 for General Electric's design and XA101 for Pratt & Whitney's; the AETP goal is to demonstrate 25% improved fuel efficiency, 10% additional thrust, better thermal management. Further contract awards and modifications from Air Force Life Cycle Management Center in 2018 increased the focus on re-engining of the F-35, GE's design became "F-35 design-centric". GE's detailed design was completed in February 2019; the XA100 is a three-stream adaptive cycle engine that can adjust the bypass ratio and fan pressure to increase fuel efficiency or thrust, depending on the scenario. It does this by employing a third bypass stream where the engine can direct air to in order to increase fuel economy and act as a heat sink for cooling.
The increased cooling and power generation enables the potential employment of directed energy weapons in the future. When additional thrust is needed, the air from the third stream can be directed to the core and fan streams. In addition to three-steam adaptive cycle configuration, the engine uses new heat-resistant materials such as ceramic matrix composites to enable higher turbine temperatures and improved performance. According to GE, the engine can offer up to 35% increased range and 25% reduction in fuel burn over current turbofans. Lockheed Martin F-35 Data from Flight Global, Type: Three-stream adaptive cycle engine Length: Diameter: Dry weight: Compressor: Maximum thrust: 45,000 lbf class Power-to-weight ratio: Related development Adaptive Versatile Engine Technology Comparable engines Pratt & Whitney XA101Related lists List of aircraft engines GE Adaptive Cycle Engine site
Robert Lowe is an American singer. He was brought into the band Solitude Aeturnus by his friend Lyle Steadham in 1988, replacing Kris Gabehardt, he is the main lyricist on albums. Lowe appeared as a session singer on the first Last Chapter album. In 1996, he sings on the debut album by trio out of Arlington, TX: Liquid Sound Company: "Exploring The Psychedelic". On 22 January 2007, Leif Edling announced Lowe to be the main vocalist for the band Candlemass, Lowe recorded the albums King of the Grey Islands, Death Magic Doom, Psalms for the Dead, he appeared on EP Lucifer Rising. He was the band's longest serving vocalist after Messiah Marcolin. On June 2nd, 2012, Lowe left Candlemass; the same year, 2007, he recorded and released an album with a side-project called Concept Of God, including fellow former Solitude Aeturnus members. The album was released by Massacre Records, he has played two shows with Muthalode, on the bass guitar. A press release dated May 1st, 2012 announced Lowe's recruitment for session vocals on the Wagnerian Opera Metal project Lyraka's upcoming album.
On 17 September 2017, he joined the American Heavy/Doom metal band "Tyrant". On 1 April 2019 Grief Collector from Minnesota released their debut album From Dissension To Avowal with Robert Lowe on vocals. Into the Depths of Sorrow Beyond the Crimson Horizon Through the Darkest Hour Days Of Doom Downfall Adagio Alone Hour of Despair The Living Waters Visions King of the Grey Islands Candlemass 20 Year Anniversary Lucifer Rising Death Magic Doom Ashes To Ashes Psalms for the Dead From Dissension To Avowal
The Michel parameters denoted by ρ, η, ξ and δ, are four parameters used in describing the phase space distribution of leptonic decays of charged leptons, l i − → l j − ν i ν j ¯. They are named after the physicist Louis Michel. Sometimes instead of δ, the product ξ δ is quoted. Within the Standard Model of electroweak interactions, these parameters are expected to be ρ = 3 4, η = 0, ξ = 1, ξ δ = 3 4. Precise measurements of energy and angular distributions of the daughter leptons in decays of polarized muons and tau leptons are so far in good agreement with these predictions of the Standard Model. Consider the decay of the positive muon: μ + → e + + ν e + ν ¯ μ. In the muon rest frame and angular distributions of the positrons emitted in the decay of a polarised muon expressed in terms of Michel parameters are the following, neglecting electron and neutrino masses and the radiative corrections: d 2 Γ x 2 d x d cos θ ∼ + 2 3 ρ + P μ ξ cos θ, where P μ is muon polarisation, x = E e / E e m a x, θ is the angle between muon spin direction and positron momentum direction.
For the decay of the negative muon, the sign of the term containing cos θ should be inverted. For the decay of the positive muon, the expected decay distribution for the Standard Model values of Michel parameters is d 2 Γ d x d cos θ ∼ x 2. Integration of this expression over electron energy gives the angular distribution of the daughter positrons: d Γ d cos θ ∼ 1 + 1 3 P μ cos θ; the positron energy distribution integrated over the polar angle is d Γ d x ∼. Lecture on Lepton Universality by Michel Davier at the 1997 SLAC Summer Institute. Electroweak Couplings, Lepton Universality, the Origin of Mass: An Experimental Perspective, article by John Swain, from the Proceedings of the Third Latin American Symposium on High Energy Physics
Longnan County is a county under the jurisdiction of Ganzhou Municipality, in the far southwest of Jiangxi province, bordering Guangdong province to the south. Longnan County is notable for the variety of traditional Hakka walled villages in Jiangxi. By one count, there are around 370 of them within the county's boundaries, they are known locally as wei. Some of the most famous weiwu are Guangxi Wei 百度百科-关西围屋 and Yanyiwei.关西围屋与燕翼围 Some researchers call them "Jiangxi tulou", as opposed to the better known Fujian tulou. Wang Sheng, a Kuomintang general, in his life, Taiwan's ambassador to Paraguay Longnan County Official Website
Archaeological Museum of Naxos is a museum in Naxos Greece. This newly declared historical monument is located in a Venetian building, built some time between 1600 and 1800 for the Jesuit school established in 1700 becoming the Archaeological Museum in 1972; the museum houses finds from the Early Cycladic period including figurines from Naxos itself, Kato Kouphonisi and Keros, from the Late Mycenaean period including stirrup jars and other grave goods from chamber tombs and other graves from the Kamini mound and Aplomata. A smaller area is given over to finds from the Geometric Period and finds, including sculpture from all periods of Naxos' history. With effect from 07 January 2019, it is open except Tuesdays. Www.naxosnet.com Hellenic Ministry of Culture and Tourism Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs www.planetware.com