SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Pyotr Bagration

Pyotr Bagration was a Russian general and prince of Georgian origin, prominent during the Napoleonic Wars. Bagration was born in Tbilisi to a family, part of the Bagrationi dynasty, his father was an officer in the Imperial Russian Army, into which Bagration enlisted in 1782. Bagration began his career serving in the Russo-Circassian War for a couple of years. Afterwards he participated in a war against the Ottomans and the capture of Ochakov in 1788, he helped suppress the Kościuszko Uprising of 1794 in Poland and capture Warsaw. During the Italian and Swiss campaigns of 1799 against the French, he served with distinction under Alexander Suvorov. In 1805, Russia joined the coalition against Napoleon. After the collapse of the Austrians at Ulm, Bagration won praise for his successful defense in the Battle of Schöngrabern that allowed Russian forces to withdraw and unite with the main Russian army of Mikhail Kutuzov; the combined Russo-Austrian army was defeated at the Battle of Austerlitz in December, where Bagration commanded the right wing against the French under Jean Lannes.

Years he commanded Russian troops in the Finnish War against Sweden and another war against the Turks in the Danube. During the French invasion of Russia in 1812, Bagration commanded one of two large Russian armies, the other commanded by Barclay de Tolly, fighting a series of rear-guard actions; the Russians failed to stop the French advance at the Battle of Smolensk. Barclay had proposed a scorched earth retreat, approved by Alexander I, although Bagration preferred to confront the French in a major battle. Mikhail Kutuzov succeeded Barclay as Commander-in-Chief and continued his policy until the Battle of Borodino near Moscow. Bagration commanded the left wing called the Bagration flèches, at Borodino, where he was mortally wounded and died a few weeks later, he was buried at a local church, but in 1839 was reburied on the battlefield of Borodino. Pyotr was born in 1765 to a prince of the Mukhrani branch of the Bagrationi dynasty, Colonel Prince Ivane Bagrationi, the eldest son of Prince Alexander, an illegitimate son of King Jesse of Kartli, now central Georgia.

He studied Russian and German and was taught Persian, Turkish and Georgian by his father. However, unlike many other Russian aristocrats, he did not know French. Bagration identified himself as a "pure Russian". Pyotr joined the Imperial Russian Army in 1782, enlisting as a sergeant in the Kavsansk Rifles of the Astrakhan Infantry Regiment, his younger brother Roman joined the Chuguevsk Cossack regiment as a uryadnik at the age of thirteen in 1791. Both would go on to become generals of the Imperial Russian Army. Bagration served for some years in the Russian-Circassian War, he participated in the Siege of Ochakov. In 1792 he was commissioned as a Captain and transferred to the Kiev Cavalry Regiment that year as a second Major, transferring as a full first Major to the Sofiiskii Carabineers on 15 May 1794, he served in the military campaign to suppress the Polish Kościuszko Uprising of 1794. He received successive promotions to Colonel and to Major-General, his merits were recognized by Suvorov, whom he accompanied in the Italian and Swiss campaigns of 1799, winning particular distinction by the capture of the town of Brescia.

From 1798 to 1799, he commanded the 6th Chasseurs. He was the alleged lover of Emperor Paul's daughter Catherine. In 1800 Paul recognized the title of "Prince Bagration" for Pyotr in Russia, unexpectedly married him off to Countess Catherine Pavlovna Skavronskaya, the favorite niece of Grigory Potemkin and one of the Empress Maria's ladies-in-waiting. Bagration and Catherine had been casually involved; the young and lovely Catherine soon preferred traveling and, in 1805, fled to Vienna, where her salon and running affair with Prince Clemens von Metternich—who called her "the Naked Angel"—permitted her to serve as an important agent of Russian intelligence and diplomacy. Bagration was obliged by the emperor to claim their daughter, Marie-Clementine, as his own and to subsidize thousands of rubles of Catherine's debts, he had a reputation as a heavy gambler, as well, was forced to sell estates to cover losses that rose as high as 80,000 roubles. In the wars of 1805 Bagration's achievements appeared more brilliant.

When Napoleon ordered Murat to break an armistice he had just signed with Bagration, the general was able to resist the repeated attacks of forces five times his own numbers under Murat and Lannes at Schöngrabern near Hollabrunn. Though Bagration lost half of the men under his command, their stand protected the retreat of the main army under Kutuzov to Olmutz; when Kutuzov was overruled and forced into battle at Austerlitz, Bagration commanded the advance guard of the Prince Liechtenstein's column and defended the allied right against Lannes while the left attacked Napoleon's deliberately undefended right flank. He was promoted to Lieutenant-General in 1805, in 1807 fought bravely and obstinately at the battles of Eylau and Friedland, he was successful as commander of both Russia's Finnish Campaign in 1808 and Turkish Campaign in 1809. In the former, he captured the Åland Islands by a daring march across the frozen Gulf of Finland, his rapid transfer to the distant Moldavian front against the Ottoman Empire has been seen as a reprimand for an alleged affair with the tsarevna Catherine, married off shortly thereafter.

While there, he l

Columbus Eagles FC

Columbus Eagles Football Club is a women's soccer club based in Columbus, Ohio. The Eagles have been a member of the Women's Premier Soccer League since the club's inception in 2014; the team plays its home matches at Otterbein University's Memorial Stadium in Westerville, Ohio, 20 minutes from downtown Columbus. In 2018, the team's fifth season, the Eagles finished second in the Valley Division of the WPSL and set club records for league wins and points in a season; the team was founded by its current CEO Mark Wise. The head coach is Matt Ogden, who's the head women's soccer coach at Capital University in Columbus, Ohio; the Eagles started WPSL play shortly after. The club has had three managers in its history – Mark Wise, Daniel Seiffert, Matt Ogden – and is 15-28-9 in six seasons in the WPSL; the Eagles' best league finish was in 2018. Mark Wise founded the Eagles and managed the team from 2014-16; the team's first win came against FC Indiana in June 2015. The team struggled through its first three seasons, amassing just four wins in 26 matches, but Sydney Blomquist led the way that season and went on to play professionally overseas.

Daniel Seiffert took over the team in 2017 and the tide began to turn. Former NCAA Division I players Kelly DeNiro and Lisa Nouanesengsy joined the squad along with Dani Gunderson and the Eagles finished 3-4-1 in the WPSL's Valley division. Seiffert talked to Midfield Press about the team's evolution and progress during the early months of 2018; the 2018 version of the Eagles was another record-breaking one. Midfielder Ashley Gogolin, defender Megan Minnix, midfielder Micaela Powers joined the roster and helped the Eagles to a 5-1-2 record and 16 points; the club finished second in the Valley division behind eventual-East regional winners Cleveland Ambassadors. Columbus was the only team to take points from Cleveland in the season, after coming back from 3-0 down to draw 3-3 with the Ambassadors. Seiffert and his wife Mary Seiffert left to take over Indiana Wesleyan University's women's soccer program in late 2018, the Eagles hired Matt Ogden as head coach. Ogden is the head women's soccer coach at Capital University and won an Ohio Athletic Conference title with the Crusaders in 2015.

Under Ogden, the Eagles found a new, attacking style and brought in a new crop of talented college players from Ohio University and Bowling Green State University, among others. Columbus finished 3-5-2 in the Valley division in 2019, but scored the most goals in a single-season in club history and set a record for single-match goals in a win over Dayton Dutch Lions in May; the Eagles announced a new crest and logo in October 2018. The crest was designed in-house by former Eagles midfielder Larissa Najjar and received lots of public praise, making it to MLS Reddit and UniWatch; the club began selling new merchandise shortly after. The team's primary colors are black and gold, with accent colors of purple and white; the teams colors align with that of Columbus Crew SC, which helps unify the soccer colors in central Ohio. In March 2019, the Eagles announced that they would play in custom matchday kits for the first time in their history. Najjar designed the home and goalkeeper kits along with Eagles COO Grant Burkhardt.

The Eagles' home kit is black with gold dots, the away kit is gold and white with diagonal stripes. The designs were thoughtful ones, constructed with female soccer players in mind; the Eagles are the only WPSL side to host a match at a Major League Soccer stadium. The club has twice played at MAPFRE Stadium, the home of Columbus Crew SC. In 2016 at MAPFRE, Eagles forward Molly Cornwell scored twice in the final 10 minutes of the match to beat Cincinnati Sirens FC, 2-1. In 2017, the Eagles and Sirens played again at MAPFRE and Columbus won 4-2 on the back of two goals from Gunderson, one from defender Corie Moore, one from forward Erin Brockway. 2019: Four Eagles were named to the WPSL's All-Conference team in 2019 – Gogolin made it back-to-back appearances on the team, Micaela Powers, Madison Costner, top-scorer Alivia Milesky made the team. 2018: Gogolin and captain Amber Kern were named WPSL All-Conference players in 2018 after leading the Eagles to a record season. Eagles fans voted goalkeeper Hannah Sargent as the club's "Player of the Year" for her performance throughout the season.

Sargent started all 8 WPSL allowed just seven goals in more than 650 minutes played. She recorded four shutouts. 2017: Four members of the 2017 Eagles earned WPSL All Star status: Midfielders Kelly DeNiro, Dani Gunderson, Lisa Nouanesengsy earned the honor, as did defender Amber Kern. 2019: In 2019, the Eagles set their season membership record for the second straight year and broke its single-season attendance record. The club won social media and marketing awards for best Instagram and Facebook pages, as well as best social media graphics and video work. In a July match at Cleveland, the Eagles set a club record for most-watched live match at over 1,700 viewers. 2018: Weeks before the start of the 2018 season, the Eagles surpassed a record number of season ticket holders. The Eagles have once again broke that record in 2019, more than a month before their WPSL season begins. In 2018, the WPSL named the Eagles the "Social Media Team of the Year" for its marketing eff

Codex Fuldensis

The Codex Fuldensis known as the Victor Codex, designated by F, is a New Testament manuscript based on the Latin Vulgate made between 541 and 546. The codex is considered the second most important witness to the Vulgate text, it is an important witness in any discussion about the authenticity of 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and the Comma Johanneum. It is one of the earliest dated manuscripts of the New Testament, it was corrected until 2 May, 546 AD. It contains the Diatessaron and 23 canonical books of the New Testament, it represents the Italian type of text. The four gospels are harmonised into a single continuous narrative, according to the form of Tatian's Diatessaron, its text is akin to that of Codex Amiatinus. The harmonised gospel text is preceded by a listing of its sections, with a summary of their contents, copied unchanged from the Old Latin exemplar. From this it can be determined; the sequence of books follows the ordering: Diatessaron Pauline epistles Romans 1-2 Corinthians Galatians Ephesians Philippians 1-2 Thessalonians Colossians Laodiceans 1-2 Timothy Titus Philemon Hebrews Acts of the Apostles Catholic epistles Book of ApocalypseThe section 1 Cor 14:34-35 is placed by the original scribe in the margin in an unusual order, verses 36-40 before 34-35, while the text on the page is the normal order.

This section is marked by umlaut in Codex Vaticanus. Several manuscripts of the Western text-type, placed section 1 Cor 14:34-35 after 1 Cor 14:40. Codex 88, not representative of the Western text, placed this section after 1 Cor 14:40. One manuscript of the Vulgate does the same. According to Metzger the evidence of the codex is ambiguous; the scribe, without deleting verses 34-35 from the text, intended the liturgist to omit them when reading the lesson. The 1 John text section omits the Comma Johanneum. However, the Vulgate Prologue to the Canonical Epistles includes a direct reference to the heavenly witnesses, with the Prologue written as a first-person note from Jerome to Eustocium. In this Prologue unfaithful translators are criticized for removal of the verse; the Prologue from about 1700 on had been attacked as a late forgery, not by Jerome, at the time the earliest known extant Vulgate with the Prologue was about 800 AD. The Prologue was noted to be in the Codex Fuldensis in the mid-to-late 1800s.

Victor of Capua reports that he found an Old Latin harmony of the Gospels, which he recognised as following Tatian's arrangement of the Diatessaron. He substituted the Vulgate text for the Old Latin, appending the rest of the New Testament books from the standard Vulgate. Boniface acquired the codex and in 745 gave it to the monastic library, in Fulda, where it remains to the present day, it served as the source text for vernacular harmonies in Old High German, Eastern Frankish and Old Saxon. According to Malcolm Parkes, glosses to James are in Boniface's own handwriting. Codex Sangallensis 56 was copied, from the Diatessaron of the Codex Fuldensis, it contains some extracts from the Acts of the Apostles. Ernst Ranke published the text of the codex in 1868. List of New Testament Latin manuscripts Biblical manuscripts Textual criticism Ernestus Ranke, Codex Fuldensis. Novum Testamentum Latine Interprete Hieronymo. John Chapman, Notes on the Early History of the Vulgate Gospels, pp. 78–161. Heinrich Joseph Vogels, Beiträge zur Geschichte des Diatessaron im Abendland, Münster 1919, pp. 1–34.

"Manuscripts of the Bible" Catholic Encyclopedia Codex Sangallensis 56 at the Stiftsbibliothek St. Gallen More information at Earlier Latin Manuscripts