Pyrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of four fused benzene rings, resulting in a flat aromatic system. The chemical formula is C16H10; this yellow solid is the smallest peri-fused PAH. Pyrene forms during incomplete combustion of organic compounds. Pyrene was first isolated from coal tar; as a peri-fused PAH, pyrene is much more resonance-stabilized than its five-member-ring containing isomer fluoranthene. Therefore, it is produced in a wide range of combustion conditions. For example, automobiles produce about 1 μg/km. Oxidation with chromate affords perinaphthenone and naphthalene-1,4,5,8-tetracarboxylic acid, it undergoes a series of hydrogenation reactions, it is susceptible to halogenation, Diels-Alder additions, nitration, all with varying degrees of selectivity. Bromination occurs at one of the 3-positions. Pyrene and its derivatives are used commercially to make dyes and dye precursors, for example pyranine and naphthalene-1,4,5,8-tetracarboxylic acid, it has strong absorbance in UV-Vis in three sharp bands at 330 nm in DCM.
The emission is close to the absorption. The morphology of the signals change with the solvent, its derivatives are valuable molecular probes via fluorescence spectroscopy, having a high quantum yield and lifetime. Pyrene was the first molecule; such excimer appears around 450 nm. Theodor Förster reported this in 1954. Pyrene's fluorescence emission spectrum is sensitive to solvent polarity, so pyrene has been used as a probe to determine solvent environments; this is due to its excited state having a non-planar structure than the ground state. Certain emission bands are unaffected, but others vary in intensity due to the strength of interaction with a solvent. Although it is not as problematic as benzopyrene, animal studies have shown pyrene is toxic to the kidneys and liver, it is now known that pyrene affects several living functions in algae. Experiments in pigs show. Pyrenes are strong electron donor materials and can be combined with several materials in order to make electron donor-acceptor systems which can be used in energy conversion and light harvesting applications.
List of interstellar and circumstellar molecules Perhydropyrene Birks, J. B.. Photophysics of Aromatic Molecules. London: Wiley. Valeur, B.. Molecular Fluorescence: Principles and Applications. New York: Wiley-VCH. Birks, J. B.. "Excimers". Reports on Progress in Physics. 38: 903–974. Doi:10.1088/0034-4885/38/8/001. ISSN 0034-4885. Fetzer, J. C.. The Chemistry and Analysis of the Large Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. New York: Wiley
Feldbach is a village near Rapperswil, Switzerland. It is located on the north bank of the lake of Zurich and is part of the political municipality of Hombrechtikon. In the local dialect it is called Fäldbach. Situated on Zürichsee lake shore, Feldbach is neighboured by Kempraten, nearby the Seedamm, an isthmus between the Zürichsee and the Obersee lake area; the Prehistoric pile dwelling site Seegubel was in close vicinity to the prehistoric lake crossings, neighboured by three other Prehistoric pile dwelling settlements: Freienbach–Hurden Rosshorn, Freienbach–Hurden Seefeld and Rapperswil-Jona–Technikum. Because the lake has grown in size over time, the original piles are now around 4 metres to 7 metres under the water level of 406 metres; as well as being part of the 56 Swiss sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, the Prehistoric settlmemnt Seegubel is listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class object.
Baruch Barzel is an Israeli physicist and applied mathematician at Bar-Ilan University. His main research areas are statistical physics, complex systems, nonlinear dynamics and network science. Barzel completed his Ph. D. in physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel as a Hoffman Fellow. He pursued his postdoctoral training at the Center for Complex Network Research at Northeastern University and at the Channing Division of Network Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Barzel is the Krill prize of the Wolf Foundation. Barzel is an active public lecturer on science and on Judaism, presents a weekly corner on Jewish thought on Israel National Radio. Dr. Barzel's research focuses on the dynamic behavior of complex networks, uncovering universal principles that govern the dynamics of diverse systems, such as disease spreading, gene regulatory networks, protein interactions or population dynamics. Barzel, B.. "Binomial Moment Equations for Stochastic Reaction Systems". Physical Review Letters. 106: 150602.
ArXiv:1011.0012. Bibcode:2011PhRvL.106o0602B. Doi:10.1103/physrevlett.106.150602. PMID 21568538. Barzel, B.. "Universality in Network Dynamics". Nature Physics. 9: 673–681. Bibcode:2013NatPh...9..673B. Doi:10.1038/nphys2741. PMC 3852675. PMID 24319492. Barzel, B.. "Network link prediction by global silencing of indirect correlations". Nature Biotechnology. 31: 720–725. Doi:10.1038/nbt.2601. PMC 3740009. PMID 23851447. Barzel, Y.-Y. Liu. "Constructing minimal models for complex system dynamics". Nature Communications. 6: 7186. Bibcode:2015NatCo...6.7186B. Doi:10.1038/ncomms8186. PMID 25990707. Yan, G.. J.. "Spectrum of controlling and observing complex networks". Nature Physics. 11: 779–786. ArXiv:1503.01160. Bibcode:2015NatPh..11..779Y. Doi:10.1038/nphys3422. J. Gao, B. Barzel and A.-L. Barabási, "Universal resilience patterns in complex networks", Nature 530, 307 U. Harush and B. Barzel, "Dynamic patterns of information flow in complex networks", Nature Communications 8, 2181 C. Hens, U. Harush, S. Haber, R. Cohen and B. Barzel, "Spatiotemporal signal propagation in complex networks", Nature Physics Interview on Ynet on Universal resilience patterns in complex networks "" Bar-Ilan Nitzotzot meeting 2015 "Connecting the world in six steps" Interview on Channel 20, 2019 "" Network Earth, 2019 ""More here.
Professional Website Research Publications
Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey is a 2011 American documentary film about Kevin Clash, the puppeteer behind the Sesame Street character Elmo who became a rising star and created a global sensation. “Being Elmo: A Puppeteer’s Journey” was one of the most talked about documentaries coming out of the 2011 Sundance Film Festival. The film chronicles the journey of puppeteer Kevin Clash, the unlikely voice and mastermind behind Elmo. Focusing on Clash's childhood dreams and early career in Baltimore, Maryland. Sesame Street camera man James Miller filmed Kevin Clash with Elmo looking at photos of Miller's 2 year-old daughter. After showing the footage to Constance Marks, she started thinking maybe this would be a good documentary, seeing the performer behind the muppet, they brought the idea to Kevin Clash who thought it was a great opportunity to talk about the work he loves. Whoopi Goldberg - Narrator Kevin Clash - Himself George Clash - Himself Gladys Clash - Herself Bill Barretta - Himself Martin P. Robinson - Himself Tau Bennett - Himself Fran Brill - Herself Joan Ganz Cooney - Herself Cheryl Henson - Herself Jim Henson - Himself Caroll Spinney - Himself Frank Oz - Himself Jack Black - Himself Hugh Jackman - Himself Oprah Winfrey - Herself Arsenio Hall - Himself Kermit Love - Himself Michelle Obama - Herself Martha Stewart - Herself Dick Cavett - Himself Ricky Gervais - Himself Kathie Lee Gifford - Herself Rosie O'Donnell - Herself Regis Philbin - Himself Rove McManus - Himself Kofi Annan - Himself Emilio Delgado - Himself Richard Hunt - Himself Peter Jennings - Himself Robert Keeshan - Himself Stu Kerr - Himself Will Lee - Himself LL Cool J - Himself Sonia Manzano - Herself Bob McGrath - Himself Jerry Nelson - Himself Roscoe Orman - Himself Matt Robinson - Himself Don Sahlin - Himself Steve Whitmire - Himself Princess Diana - Herself Ria Borzak Rickey Boyd Ewan Gotfryd Mike Halsey Mark M. Magner The film premiered at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival and was a Grand Jury Prize nominee, but went on to win the Special Jury Prize.
The Hollywood Reporter's Sundance Review for the film stated, "Being Elmo is a rare documentary that will connect across generations and cultures to delight viewers worldwide for years to come." Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 95% based on reviews from 78 critics. The film received warm-hearted reviews by critics. Roger Ebert noted "We...learn a lot of the tricks behind giving the muppets such distinctive personality." The New York Post reported: "One of the chief pleasures of Sundance is wandering into a movie that you think couldn't amount to anything much and being knocked out by it. The documentary'Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey,' which should make Kevin Clash a household name, is an inspiring and joyous celebration of art, skill and making kids happy... Clash is a remarkable talent, a true master of his field, the importance of what he does is considerable. Sick children have asked to meet Elmo as their dying wish. If you can watch one such encounter without crying, you're a stronger man than I.
Clash, pro that he is, doesn't cry. Because where there is Elmo, there must be happiness." Look at OKC praised: "As director Constance Marks proves in her detailed and emotional documentary Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey, Clash's love of the art form led him to create one of the most popular characters in children's television." Official website Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey on IMDb Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey at AllMovie Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey at Rotten Tomatoes Being Elmo: A Puppeteer's Journey at Metacritic
Fernando Alfageme Roldán is a Spanish dermatologist. He introduced the diagnostic technique of cutaneous ultrasound in Spain, is an associate professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid, is responsible for the Dermatological Ultrasound Unit at the Puerta de Hierro University Hospital in Majadahonda, he has authored several essays and academic articles about dermatology. Roldán received a doctorate in Medicine and Surgery with the thesis Children's Dermatological Surgery at the Gregorio Marañon Hospital: clinical analysis, economic profitability and post-surgical satisfaction in 2010 and is a graduate in Medicine from the Autonomous University of Madrid, he specialized in diagnostic imaging in its applications. In publishing the article "Cutaneous Ultrasound" in the journal Actas Dermo-Sifiliográficas, Roldán introduced the diagnostic technique of cutaneous ultrasound in Spain, used for the first time in the Hispanic world by the radiologist Dr. Wortsman in Chile. New investigations and applications of this diagnostic technique allowed for the detection of pathologies, including skin cancer or cutaneous malignant melanoma.
Cutaneous ultrasound is used to diagnose inflammatory processes, nail disorders, hair diseases and derma-aesthetics. Roldán is a member of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, the Spanish Society of Ultrasound, the International Dermoscopy Society, the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, the European Nail Society. "Manual de Ecografía Cutánea". ISBN 1480262706. "Handbook Of Skin Ultrasonography". ISBN 1480262846. "Ecografía cutánea Facial Práctica" ISBN 1492994545 Alfageme F. Cerezo E. Roustan G. "Real-Time Elastography in Inflammatory Skin Diseases: A Primer. Ultrasound" in Medicine & Biology, Volume 41, Issue 4, April 2015, Pages S82-S83. Alfageme Roldán F, Mollet Sánchez J, Cerezo López E. "Physical principles and general considerations". Actas Dermosifiliogr. 2015 Nov. Doi: 10.1016/S0001-731030002-3. Dermatologic Ultrasound with Clinical and Histological Correlation. Dra Wortsman Chapter. Ultrasound margin assessment. Dr. Alfageme ISBN 1461471834 Ecocutanea. Http://www.ecocutanea.com/
The Berkshire was a New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad named train running from New York City's Grand Central Terminal to Pittsfield, Massachusetts. It was the longest-running north–south train in Litchfield Hills of western Connecticut and the Berkshires of Massachusetts. From New York City it followed the New Haven Line to South Norwalk, the Danbury Line to Danbury and the Berkshire Division to Pittsfield, it began in the 1940s and ran until 1968. The train was preceded by the Berkshire Express, of 1939-1941, it terminated at Pittsfield Union Station until 1960, when the New Haven moved it to another station in the city. While the route operated each day excepting Sunday, there were local stops unnamed trains available on Sundays. At peak years of post-World War II service the route was supplemented by other named trains for the New Haven's Berkshire Division route: Housatonic, Mahaiwe, Taconic; the route served as a path to country homes of New Yorkers, as well as to towns such as Canaan and New Milford in the transportation service-neglected northwest Connecticut, an area lacking Interstate highways or major airports.
The route south of Danbury Union Station towards South Norwalk station was electrified until 1961. North from New Milford to Canaan, short of the Connecticut-Massachusetts state line, the route followed the Housatonic River. In summer months the train made stops in Lenox, the town hosting the Tanglewood Music Festival. By 1961 the Berkshire was cut to a Friday north-bound run; the diner-lounge was eliminated by 1961 in favor of parlor cars. In 1968, the Berkshire name was dropped, unnamed trains served the route until 1971 when the New Haven successor Penn Central discontinued service on the line. A contemporary description of the route, in the section,'THE HOUSATONIC RAILROAD'