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Qarshi

Qarshi is a city in southern Uzbekistan. It is the capital of Qashqadaryo Region and has a population of 197,600; the population of Qarshi on April 24, 2014 is 222,898. It is about 520 km south-southwest of Tashkent, about 335 km north of Uzbekistan's border with Afghanistan, it is located at latitude 38° 51' 48N. The city is important in natural gas production, but Qarshi is famous for its production of woven flat carpets; the Sogdian city of Nakhshab, the Islamic Uzbek city of Nasaf, the Mongol city of Qarshi, Qarshi was the second city of the Emirate of Bukhara. It is in the center of a fertile oasis that produces wheat and silk and was a stop on the 11-day caravan route between Balkh and Bukhara; the Mongol Chagataid khans Kebek and Qazan built palaces here on the site of Chinggis Khaan's summer pasture. In 1364, Timur built a fortified palace with moats in what is now the southern part of the city; the modern name "Qarshi" means fort. With the decline of Shahrisabz in the 18th century, Qarshi grew in importance, was the seat of the Crown Prince to the Emirate of Bukhara.

The city had a double set of 10 caravanserais and 4 madrassahs during this time. By 1868, the Russians had annexed the Zarafshan Valley, in 1873, the treaty turning Bukhara into a Russian protectorate was signed in Qarshi, much to the dismay of the Emir's son, Abdul Malik, who took to the hills in rebellion. In the early 1970s, the first section of a major irrigation project was completed to divert water from the Amu Darya River in Turkmenistan eastward into Uzbekistan in order to irrigate the land surrounding Qarshi. All of these irrigated lands around Qarshi are planted with cotton. Köppen climate classification system classifies its climate as cold semi-arid. A gas-to-liquids plant, located 40 km south of Qarshi, is under construction; this plant will be based on Sasol’s GTL technology and will have a capacity of 1.4 million metric tons per year, with following product slate: GTL diesel, kerosene and liquid petroleum gas. The total cost of the project is around $4 billion and it is the first such a high-tech plant on the Eurasian continent.

The joint project GTL Uzbekistan, where Sasol and Uzbekistan’s state oil company Uzbekneftgas each hold 44.5% interest, the rest 11% belonging to Malaysian Petronas, was founded in 2009. The plant will be built on the basis of the Shurtan chemical complex. Qarshi is home to FC Nasaf, founded in 1986. Nasaf plays its home matches at the Markaziy Stadim, built in 2006. One university and one institution of higher learning: Karshi State University Karshi engineering-economics institute Qarshi is served by Karshi Airport with flights to Tashkent and some major Russian cities. Khoja Adbul Aziz Madrassah - largest in town, now housing the Regional Museum Rabiya Madrassah - a late 19th-century female madrassah Kok Gumbaz Mosque - part of a 16th-century complex of buildings World War II Memorial - Perhaps one of the ex-Soviet Union's most monumental monuments Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi. Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi was a Muslim jurist, mufassir and historian. A Persian scholar born in Transoxiana, he wrote in Arabic.

Grousset, René. The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Trans. Naomi Walford. New Jersey: Rutgers, 1970. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9

Aires Puros

Aires Puros is a barrio of Montevideo, Uruguay. It borders Lavalleja and Paso de las Duranas to the northwest, Casavalle to the northeast and Brazo Oriental to the southeast and Prado to the southeast, its northwest border is the Miguelete creek with Millan Avenue crossing it over the historic Paso de las Duranas bridge. Just south of the bridge, is the northeast end of Prado park, where the famous Juan Manuel Blanes Museum and the Japanese Garden are located. Across them is the Parque Posadas residential complex of buildings. Colegio y Liceo Clara Jackson de Heber, Luis Alberto de Herrera 4142 Parish Church of the Holy Family, popularly known as "Capilla Jackson" Parish Church of St. Madeleine Sophie Barat known as "Parroquia Aires Puros" Barrios of Montevideo

Xavier Dupré i Raventós

Xavier Dupré i Raventós was a Spanish archaeologist and historian of classical antiquity. He was the first provincial archaeologist appointed by the archaeological division of the Generalitat de Catalunya in Tarragona, he was director of Taller–Escola d’Arqueologia de Tarragona, director of excavations of the Roman city of Tusculum and deputy director of the Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología in Rome. Xavier Dupré became interested in archaeology from a early age. While studying at Instituto de BachilleratoJoanot Martorell” high school in Barcelona, he took part in activities at the Museo Arqueológico de Barcelona and in excavations in Empúries under the direction of Eduardo Ripoll Perelló, he studied at Universitat de Barcelona and graduated in Prehistory, Ancient History and Archaeology in 1979. After being awarded a grant from the Comisión Mixta Hispano-Italiana in 1980, he enrolled in La Università degli Studi di RomaLa Sapienza” to follow the first year in advanced studies at the Scuola Nazionale di Archeologia.

The grant brought him into contact with the Escuela Española de Historia y Arqueología en Roma, part of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas run at the time by Martín Almagro Gorbea. With Almagro Gorbea, Dupré studied the Spanish excavations carried out in Gabii in 1981, his dissertation was on “The architectural terracottas of Juno’s sanctuary in Gabii ” and his dissertation advisor was Miquel Tarradell. At the end of 1981 he won a place as provincial archaeologist for the province of Tarragona, working for the Servei d’Arqueologia del Departament de Cultura de la Generalitat de Catalunya, created in December 1980. In this role, he instigated various research and restoration projects at the circus and provincial forum of Tarraco, the ancient Roman capital of Tarraconensis, he exercised careful control over the urban archaeology of the city and over the archaeological sites under his jurisdiction. In December 1986, he became director of the Taller-Escuela de Arqueología; the school was managed by Tarragona local council, under the leadership of the mayor, historian Josep Maria Recasens.

TED’A was part of the trade schools and workshops programme run by the Ministry of Labour and the European Social Fund, between January 1987 and April 1990 it transformed Tarragona into a benchmark for urban archaeology in Spain. TED’A had three main goals; the first was to train different specialists in Tarragona’s archaeological heritage, preparing them to find employment by furnishing them with the necessary theoretical knowledge and practical experience. The second was to excavate and study of the top end of the Roman circus and the amphitheatre for conservation and restoration purposes; the third goal of the school was to strengthen the relationship between the people of Tarragona and the field of archaeology by rendering archaeological heritage more accessible. In this respect, the publications issued by TED’A during its years of operation are a model of best practice in Spanish archaeology. After TED’A, Xavier Dupré joined EEHAR, first as a pre-doctoral scholarship holder as a post-doctoral scholarship holder as head scientist and as deputy director.

During this time, he continued to study the archaeology of Tarragona, in 1992 he finished his doctoral thesis on the Berà Roman arch. In 1993, the thesis was awarded the XII Premi Josep Puig i Cadafalch prize by the Institut d’Estudis Catalans, it was published by the institute the following year. Together with Josep Maria Carreté, Dupré published a study of the excavations at the Antigua Audiencia in Tarragona during this period; as scientific secretary, he was involved in preparing the XIV International Congress of Classical Archaeology in Tarragona in September 1993, organized by AIAC. Josep Maria Recasens and Xavier Dupré had proposed Tarragona to host the event during the XIII International Congress of Classical Archaeology in Berlin in 1988. Dupré’s work at EEHAR centred around the scientific investigation of the ancient city of Tusculum in Lazio, Italy. Extensive excavation projects were undertaken in various sections of the city. A range of Spanish institutions and Italian organizations took part in the Tusculum project, coordinated by EEHAR and led by Dupré.

The site became a nexus of scientific exchange between Italian archaeology. It was important to Dupré to share the results of the excavations with the scientific community, so from 1994 onwards he published reports on the works undertaken during each archaeological campaign in a series of publications by EEHAR. From Rome, he facilitated numerous meetings and international conferences on aspects of Spanish and Italian archaeology, he welcomed all scholarship students and Spanish researchers who approached the school in search of work or support, whether they were affiliated with CSIC or not. He ran masterclasses in classical archaeology in Rome for young Spanish archaeologists, he was advisor or co-advisor for various doctoral and undergraduate theses. In 2004, he created the prestigious series ‘Ciudades