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Qatar Airways

Qatar Airways Company Q. C. S. C. Operating as Qatar Airways, is the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar. Headquartered in the Qatar Airways Tower in Doha, the airline operates a hub-and-spoke network, linking over 150 international destinations across Africa, Europe, The Americas, Oceania from its base at Hamad International Airport, using a fleet of more than 200 aircraft. Qatar Airways Group employs more than 43,000 people; the carrier has been a member of the Oneworld alliance since October 2013, the first Gulf carrier to sign with one of the three airline alliances. Qatar Airways was established on November 22, 1993. Amman was first served in May 1994. In April 1995, the airline's CEO was the Sheikh Hamad Bin Ali Bin Jabor Al Thani who employed a staff of 75. By this time the fleet consisted of two Airbus A310s that served a route network including Abu Dhabi, Cairo, Khartoum, London, Manila, Osaka, Taipei and Trivandrum. During 1995, two ex-All Nippon Airways Boeing 747s were bought from Boeing.

The airline acquired a second-hand Boeing 747SP from Air Mauritius in 1996. Services to Athens, Istanbul and Tunis were suspended in late 1996, whereas Calcutta and Muscat were removed from the route network in January and September 1997, respectively. Flights to London were launched during 1997; the airline took delivery of two second-hand 231-seater Airbus A300-600R aircraft on lease from Ansett Worldwide Aviation Services during the year. The entering of these two A300s into the fleet marked the introduction of a new logo. A third A300-600R joined the fleet shortly afterwards on lease from AWAS. In July 1998 the carrier placed a firm order with Airbus for six Airbus A320s, slated for delivery between 2001 and 2005. In 1998, the carrier struck a deal with Singapore Aircraft Leasing Enterprise for the lease of four Airbus A320s, with deliveries scheduled between February and April 1999; the airline took delivery of the first A320 powered by Aero Engines V2500 on lease from SALE in February 1999.

A fourth A300-600R on lease from AWAS joined the fleet in April 2000. In October 2000, Qatar Airways ordered an International Aero Engines V2500-powered Airbus A319CJ and took an option for another aircraft of the type; the airline became the Airbus A380's ninth customer in 2001 when two aircraft of the type were ordered, plus two options. That year, the airline resumed services to Jakarta. In 2002, the government of Qatar withdrew from Gulf Air. In June 2003, a Qatar Airways Airbus A320 was the first aircraft that resumed the international services to Iraq when it flew the Doha–Basra route; that month, Qatar Airways incorporated its first dedicated cargo aircraft to the fleet. It was an Airbus A300-600R, converted to freighter in Germany for US$10 million. In June 2003, at the Paris Air Show, the carrier placed an order with Airbus valued at US$5.1 billion for two Airbus A321s, 14 Airbus A330s and two Airbus A340-600s. The deal included six -300 s; the first aircraft were scheduled to enter the fleet in 2004, with the A340-600 slated for delivery in 2006.

During the year the airline started serving the Chinese market with the introduction of flights to Shanghai. In 2003, the carrier expanded its portfolio of destinations with the commencement of services to Manchester in April, Tripoli in November, Cebu and Singapore in December. During the 2003 Dubai Air Show the airline firmed up an earlier commitment for two Airbus A380s and took options for another two of these aircraft; the value of the transaction was US$1.2 billion. It was in 2003 that Qatar Airways became the first airline to be audited under the new IATA operational audit programme, IOSA; the Qatar Airways Group —which included Qatar Airways, Doha International Airport and corporate business air services, ground handling and in-flight catering companies— reported its first profit for the fiscal year that ended on March 2004. The FY2004 saw the airline transporting 3.35 million passengers. Zurich became the carrier's 53rd destination worldwide in July 2004. A new service to Osaka was launched in March 2005.

Its first A340 was delivered on September 8, 2006. In May 2007, Qatar Airways and Airbus signed a memorandum of understanding for the acquisition of 80 Airbus A350 XWBs, including 20 A350-800s plus 40 and 20 aircraft of the –900 and –1000 variant with the first aircraft slated for delivery in 2013; the agreement was firmed up in June during the 2007 Paris Air Show. In July the same year, during the unveiling ceremony of the Boeing 787 in Everett, Qatar Airways was recognised as a future customer for the type when its logo appeared on one side of the brand new aircraft. By that time, the airline had not acknowledged it had placed an order for a number of these new aircraft. In November the same year, a firm order for 30 Boeing 787-8s, plus options for 35 more aircraft of the –9 or –10 variant, was confirmed; the order included 14 Boeing 777-300ERs, six Boeing 777-200LRs and seven Boeing 777Fs, whereas five more aircraft of the type were on opti


In electrical engineering, admittance is a measure of how a circuit or device will allow a current to flow. It is defined as the reciprocal of impedance; the SI unit of admittance is the siemens. Oliver Heaviside coined the term admittance in December 1887. Admittance is defined as Y ≡ 1 Z where Y is the admittance, measured in siemens Z is the impedance, measured in ohmsResistance is a measure of the opposition of a circuit to the flow of a steady current, while impedance takes into account not only the resistance but dynamic effects. Admittance is not only a measure of the ease with which a steady current can flow, but the dynamic effects of the material's susceptance to polarization: Y = G + j B where Y is the admittance, measured in siemens. G is the conductance, measured in siemens. B is the susceptance, measured in siemens. J 2 = − 1 The dynamic effects of the material's susceptance relate to the universal dielectric response, the power law scaling of a system's admittance with frequency under alternating current conditions.

Parts of this article or section rely on the reader's knowledge of the complex impedance representation of capacitors and inductors and on knowledge of the frequency domain representation of signals. The impedance, Z, is composed of real and imaginary parts, Z = R + j X where R is the resistance, measured in ohms X is the reactance, measured in ohms Y = Z − 1 = 1 R + j X = Admittance, just like impedance, is a complex number, made up of a real part, an imaginary part, thus: Y = G + j B where G and B are given by: G = ℜ = R R 2 + X 2 B = ℑ = − X R 2 + X 2 The magnitude and phase of the admittance are given by: | Y | = G 2 + B 2 = 1 R 2 + X 2 ∠ Y = arctan ⁡ = arctan ⁡ where G is the conductance, measured in siemens B is the susceptance measured in siemensNote that the signs of reactances become reversed in the admittance domain. In the context of electrical modeling of transformers and transmission lines, shunt components that provide paths of least resistance in certain models are specified in terms of their admittance.

Each side of most transformer models contains shunt components which model magnetizing current and core losses. These shunt components can be referenced to the secondary side. For simplified transformer analysis, admittance from shunt elements can be neglected; when shunt components have non-negligible effects on system operation, the shunt admittance must be considered. In the diagram below, all shunt admittances are referred to the primary side; the real and imaginary components of the shunt admittance and susceptance, are represented by Gc and B, respectively. Transmission lines can span hundreds of kilometers, over which the line's capacitance can affect voltage levels. For short length transmission line analysis, which applies to lines shorter than 80 kilometers, this capacitance can be ignored and shunt components are not necessary in the model. Lines between 80 and about 250 kilometers considered to be in the medium-line category, contain a shunt admittance governed by Y = y l =

Alice Weidel

Alice Elisabeth Weidel is a German politician and has been the Leader of the far-right Alternative for Germany in the Bundestag since October 2017. She has been a member of the Bundestag since the 2017 federal election during which she was the AfD's lead candidate together with Alexander Gauland. Weidel was born in Gütersloh and grew up in Versmold, where she graduated from a Christliches Jugenddorfwerk Deutschlands gymnasium in 1998, she studied economics and business administration at the University of Bayreuth and graduated as one of the best in the year in 2004. After receiving her undergraduate university degree, Weidel went to work for Goldman Sachs from July 2005 to June 2006 as an analyst in asset management in Frankfurt. In the late 2000s, she worked at the Bank of China, she speaks Mandarin. Subsequently, she wrote a doctoral thesis with the health economist Peter Oberender at the Faculty of Law and Economics in Bayreuth on the future of the Chinese pension system. In 2011 she received her doctorate summa cum laude and became a doctor of philosophy in international development.

Her doctorate was supported by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. From March 2011 to May 2013 she worked at Allianz Global Investors in Frankfurt, she was employed in 2014 at Heristo, a Bad Rothenfelde-based animal feed supplier. Since 2014 she has worked as a freelance business consultant. In 2015, she worked for Rocket Foodora. Weidel is a member of the Friedrich A. von Hayek Society. Weidel joined the Alternative for Germany in October 2013. According to Weidel, she was first attracted to the party due to her opposition to the Euro, she was elected to the federal executive committee of the AfD in June 2015. In April 2017 she was elected co-Lead Candidate of the party, she is the first lesbian to serve as a lead candidate of her party. Weidel has criticized the immigration policies of Angela Merkel, stating that "the country will be destroyed through this immigration policy. Donald Trump said that Merkel is insane and I agree with that, it is a nonsensical form of politics, being followed here". She has called for the German government to invest in "special economic zones" in the Middle East to encourage educated and skilled persons to remain in their home countries and avoid the possibility of brain drain, but says she supports a "Canadian-style system" which would privilege skilled, over unskilled, immigrants.

Weidel supports continued German membership in the European Union. And, though supporting the EU, she believes Germany should withdraw from the Euro single currency. Weidel has stated her opposition to discussion of sexuality prior to puberty saying that "I don’t want anyone with their gender idiocy or their early sexualisation classes coming near my children", she has expressed her opposition to legalization of same-sex marriage, stating that she supports protection of the "traditional family" while supporting "other lifestyles". She has said she supports civil partnership for gay and lesbian couples, noting she is a lesbian herself. In April 2017, Weidel railed against political correctness, claiming that it belonged in the "dustbin of history". In response, on 27 April, TV presenter Christian Ehring of the satire program extra 3 addressed this, saying "That’s right! Let’s put an end to political correctness; the Nazi slut is right. Was this incorrect enough? I hope so!" Weidel sued the channel seeking to forbid re-airing of the program, on 17 May the Hamburg District Court ruled against her, stating that a public figure must stand against exaggerated criticism.

Weidel promised to bring it to the Oberlandesgericht. As of September 2017, no further action had taken place. A September 2017 report by Die Zeit claimed that Weidel had illegally hired a Syrian refugee to do housework at her home in Switzerland; the report alleged that the asylum seeker did not have a written work contract, nor were there invoices for her work. Weidel responded in a tweet that the Die Zeit report was “fake news” and “false" and Weidel’s lawyer stated that Weidel had a Syrian stay at her home as a guest but not as a worker. Weidel is in a relationship with a female Swiss film producer, who lives in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. Weidel lives in Berlin, but lives part-time in Einsiedeln, they have two adopted children. Das Rentensystem der Volksrepublik China. Reformoptionen aus ordnungstheoretischer Sicht zur Erhöhung der Risikoresistenz. Verlag P. C. O. Bayreuth 2011, ISBN 978-3-941678-25-5. Official website

Particle method

In the field of numerical analysis, particle methods discretize fluid into particles. Particle methods enable the simulation of some otherwise difficult types of problems, at the cost of extra computing time and programming effort; some of particle methods are meshfree vice versa. One of the earliest particle methods is smoothed particle hydrodynamics, presented in 1977. Libersky et al. were the first to apply SPH in solid mechanics. The main drawbacks of SPH are inaccurate results near boundaries and tension instability, first investigated by Swegle. In the 1990s a new class of particle methods emerged; the reproducing kernel particle method emerged, the approximation motivated in part to correct the kernel estimate in SPH: to give accuracy near boundaries, in non-uniform discretizations, higher-order accuracy in general. Notably, in a parallel development, the Material point methods were developed around the same time which offer similar capabilities. During the 1990s and thereafter several other varieties were developed including those listed below.

The following numerical methods are considered to fall within the general class of "particle" methods. Acronyms are provided in parentheses. Smoothed particle hydrodynamics Dissipative particle dynamics Reproducing kernel particle method Moving particle semi-implicit Particle-in-cell Moving particle finite element method Cracking particles method Immersed particle method Continuum mechanics Boundary element method Immersed boundary method Stencil code Meshfree methods Partcle Methods

Distant Shadow

Distant Shadow is a 1999 film. A thriller made in the UK, it was directed by Howard J. Ford. Michelle witnesses the brutal murder of her mother. Sixteen years she is still traumatized by memories, living in poverty at a boarding house, struggling to pay the rent, she befriends a mysterious man. Something doesn't seem right about him and Michelle decides to investigate, she discovers. His mission is to retrieve government files about a top secret operation, stolen, he has been instructed to dispose anyone associated with these documents. Michelle believes. While trying to figure out the mystery, Michelle is dragged into a world of violence and revenge where she soon discovers that nothing is as it seems and that no one can be trusted. Stephen Tiller as Charles Paskin Rosie Fellner as Michelle Wallace Zig Byfield as John Clay Andrew Faulkner as Steve Terrence Hardiman as The Svit Mark Little as The Landlord Shane Richie as Paul Mark Chapman as Jimmy Scarface Gary Smith as Deaf Nick Paul Maddocks as Vince Gillian Tully as Tina James Healing as Mike Andrew Pleavin as Collins Distant Shadow on IMDb

Miss Philippines Earth 2016

Miss Philippines Earth 2016 was the 16th edition of the Miss Philippines Earth pageant, held on June 11, 2016 at the University of the Philippines Theater in Quezon City, Philippines. Miss Philippines Earth 2015 and Miss Earth 2015 winner Angelia Ong crowned Imelda Schweighart of Puerto Princesa, Palawan as her successor at the end of the coronation night; the coronation night was supposed to be held at the Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite but due to severe weather conditions, this was moved to the UP Theater in Quezon City. Due to the controversies prior to and after Miss Earth 2016, Imelda resigned from her duties as Miss Philippines Earth. Miss Philippines Earth-Water 2016 Loren Mar Artajos assumed, it was supposed to be handed over to Kiera Giel Gregorio but declined due to her law school commitments in London, therefore relinquishes her crown as well. Henceforth, those who are under Artajos move 2 steps higher and two semi-finalists are now part of the elemental court; this is the first edition where the reigning Miss Philippines Earth and Miss Philippines Earth-Air resigned.

Color keys The following is the list of the 46 official delegates of Miss Philippines Earth 2016 representing various cities, municipalities and Filipino communities abroad, namely: the National Capital Region, Northern Luzon, Central Luzon, Southern Tagalog, Minparom, Metro Manila, Eastern Visayas, Central Visayas, Western Visayas, Northern Mindanao, Southern Mindanao, Zamboanga with the addition of 2 International representatives. Minparom will move towards the Visayan region due to its geographical location, closer to Visayas than the Luzon mainland. Miss Philippines Earth official website