Qazi Muhammad

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Qazi Muhammad
قازی محەممەد
Qazi Muhammad.jpg
President of the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad
In office
January 22, 1946 – December 15, 1946
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born 1893
Mahabad, Iran
Died (1947-03-31)March 31, 1947[1]
Mahabad, Iran
Citizenship Iran
Political party PDKI
Children Efat and Ali Qazi, Pavin Qazi
Profession Lawyer
Qazi Muhammad was sentenced to death by the Iranian military court, and was hanged in Chwarchira Square in the center of city of Mahabad on March 31, 1947.

Qazi Muhammad (Kurdish: قازی محەممەد / Qazî Mihemed‎) (1893–1947) was a Kurdish separatist leader who headed the Republic of Mahabad. He was hanged by Pahlavi dynasty for treason. He was one of the main Kurdish leaders. In addition, he unified the Kurdish cities in western What today called Iran. His rule continued almost a year and made the first Kurdish state. Today, All the Kurds worldwide look for another opportunity to create their own unified Kurdistan Republic containing all the 4 divided regions of Kurdistan.


Kurdish Mahabad Republic was established in 1947 - The President Qazi Muhammad In The Middle

Qazi Muhammad acted as the President of the Republic of Kurdistan in 1946.[2] He was also the founder of the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran, that was established after the need for a more transparent party was felt by its adherents. (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurd existed prior to that, as a secret organization.) Mustafa Barzani, one of the "leaders" of the nationalist Kurdish movement in Iraqi Kurdistan, was also the commander of its army. His cousin Mohammed Hossein Saif Qazi was a minister in his cabinet. A year later, after the Soviets withdrew from Iran, the Kurdish Republic was crushed by Iran's central government. An Iranian military court sentenced Qazi and two of his associates to death by hanging in Chwarchira Square, in the center of the city of Mahabad, on March 31, 1947.[1] They were left hanging for more than two days.


One of his sons, Ali Qazi, is today an active member in the Kurdish movement. One of his daughters, Efat Ghazi, was killed by a letter bomb in Västerås, Sweden, in 1990.[3] The bomb was addressed to her husband, the Kurdish activist Emir Ghazi.[4] Some analysts speculated that the Iranian government might have been involved in the assassination.[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b McDowall, David (2004). A Modern History of the Kurds (3rd ed.). I.B.Tauris. p. 245. ISBN 9781850434160. 
  2. ^ Portal, Kurdistan (2008-12-20). "Das Vermächtnis des kurdischen Märtyrers Qazi Mohammed". Kurdmania (in German). Retrieved 2009-02-22. 
  3. ^ Fälth, Gun (1990-09-07). "Kvinna sprängd till döds" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 
  4. ^ Westmar, Bo (1990-09-07). "Bomben var avsedd för maken" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 
  5. ^ Rahimi, Babak (2002-11-19). "Offer för Irans dödspatruller" (in Swedish). Mana. Retrieved 2007-12-30. [dead link]
  6. ^ Darvishpour, Mehrdad (2003-09-30). "Säpo skyddar Irans flyktingspioner" (in Swedish). Svenska Dagbladet. Retrieved 2007-12-30.