SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung

Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung is a book of statements from speeches and writings by Mao Zedong, the former Chairman of the Communist Party of China, published from 1964 to about 1976 and distributed during the Cultural Revolution. The most popular versions were printed in small sizes that could be carried and were bound in bright red covers, becoming known internationally as the Little Red Book. Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung was compiled by an office of the PLA Daily as an inspirational political and military document; the initial publication covered 23 topics with 200 selected quotations by the Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party, was entitled 200 Quotations from Chairman Mao. It was first given to delegates of a conference on 5 January 1964. In response to the views of the deputies and compilers of the book, the work was expanded to address 25 topics with 267 quotations, the title was changed to Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung. On 10 January, the work was re-issued to the delegates and sent to select units of the People's Liberation Army who received their advance copies for educating troops as well as for their comments.

In May 1964, the PLA General Political Department, the chief political organ under Central Military Commission, revised Quotations, adding a half title page with the slogan "Workers of the world, unite!" in bold red letters, endorsement leaves written by Lin Biao, Mao's chosen successor, that included three lines from the diary of revolutionary soldier Lei Feng, considered a hero in China. This version was issued "for internal use" to the military leaders. Following discussions that expanded the book twice more—finally closing on 33 topics and 427 quotations by Mao—the commission began publishing the definitive version in May 1965. At the end of 1965, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the book for publication by the People's Publishing House and for distribution within China by the Xinhua Bookstore; the Ministry of Culture held special study meetings to develop a distribution plan. It sought assurances that the book would receive publishing priority and that there would be sufficient paper and printing presses available.

The goal was for "ninety-nine percent read Chairman Mao's book", according to a catalogue of publication records of the People's Publishing House. Provinces and autonomous regions across China were ordered to build hundreds of new printing houses to publish the Quotations during the second half of 1966 which pushed the limits of the Chinese printing industry; this disrupted plans for publishing any new volumes of The Complete Works of Marx and Engels, in progress. It halted distribution of other ideological works; as late as 1970, more than 8 million copies of the 4-volume set of Selected Works of Marx and Engels, printed remained undistributed in storage warehouses on the grounds that other works "should not interfere with learning Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung". On the other hand, several other works by Mao had large printings during the same period though these editions were not produced in the huge numbers of Quotations from Chairman Mao; these include Selected Works of Mao Zedong, Selected Articles of Mao Zedong, single article books, works of poetry.

In 1966, the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China approved Quotations from Chairman Mao for export. To meet overseas requirements, the editors of the Chinese Foreign Languages Press made revisions necessitated by the situation, they added a "second edition preface" endorsement by Lin Biao, dated 16 December 1966. On the last page, they listed the names of the publisher without an ISBN, the printer and distributor, the publication year. By May 1967, bookstores in 117 countries and territories around the world – including Great Britain, Spain, the Soviet Union, Italy, Indonesia, Iran and African nations and others – were distributing Mao's Quotations. Foreign presses operating in 20 countries contributed to the publication of 20 translations in 35 versions; the Little Red Book has produced a wide array of sales and distribution figures. Some sources claim that over 6.5 billion printed volumes have been distributed in total, others contend that the distribution ran into the "billions", others cite "over a billion" official volumes between 1966 and 1969 alone as well as "untold numbers of unofficial local reprints and unofficial translations."The book's popularity may be because it was an unofficial requirement for every Chinese citizen to own, to read, to carry it at all times during the latter half of Mao's rule during the Cultural Revolution.

The most produced editions of the Quotations of Chairman Mao were published with a printed red vinyl cover wrapper over cardboard with pages bound in 64 folios that included colour photos of Mao. Other editions of the book were covered in cloth, leather and other materials. Most editions were produced in a functional, compact size that fitted into a pocket, were easy to carry, could be taken out at any time "for practice, application." It was published in 32 other common sizes the largest f

Anna Colas P├ępin

Anna Colas Pépin or Anne-Nicolas "Annacolas" Pépin, was a Euro-African signare businesswoman. She belongs to the most famous examples of the signares of Gorée, but has been confused with her paternal aunt Anne Pépin, she was the daughter of Nicolas Pépin and Marie-Thérèse Picard, married François de Saint-Jean and became the mother of Mary de Saint Jean, wife of the first Senegalese member of the French Parliament, Barthélémy Durand Valantin: the famous painting made by Edward Augustus Nousveaux could depict either Anna Colas Pépin or her daughter. Pépin was described as a leading and influential member of the Signare community, invested in land and buildings on Gorée in cooperation with the French authorities; as a leading member of the local elite, she famously received François d'Orléans, Prince of Joinville on his visit to Gorée in 1842, a scene depicted by Édouard Auguste Nousveaux

Shelford Girls' Grammar

Shelford Girls' Grammar is an independent, day school for girls, located in Caulfield, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia. The school was established in 1898, is a member of Girls Sport Victoria, the Junior School Heads Association of Australia and the Alliance of Girls' Schools Australasia, it is a non-selective entry school, with more than 600 students from pre-school to year 12. As the Vicar of St Mary's Anglican Church in Caulfield, Henry Langley, who became the Dean of Melbourne, had been giving the pupils of the respected Shelford Girls' School weekly lessons in religious instruction for quite a number of years; the school was established in 1898 by Emily Dixon. The school was relocated to 77 Allison Road, Elsternwick, by Dora Mary Petrie Blundell, who served as the school's second principal from 1904 to 1921. Dora was assisted and supported by her sisters, Lucy Annie Blundell, Fanny Blundell, Margaret Helen Petrie Blundell, in performing her wide range of duties. In 1922, Langley was responsible for the relocation of the school from 77 Allison Road, Elsternwick to St Mary's Church, from thence, to "Helenslea" in Hood Crescent, Caulfield North opened by Archbishop Lees on 22 February 1923 — adjacent to St Mary's Church — and its re-establishment, as the Shelford Girls' Grammar School.

In the process, he appointed Ada Mary Thomas as its head mistress. There was a large gathering of residents of Caulfield and Elsternwick, including several of the neighbouring clergy, to witness the formal reopening of Shelford Girls' School, a long-established Elsternwick school, as a girls' school and kindergarten in connection with St. Mary's Church, Caulfield. Bishop Green, in declaring the school open, congratulated the vicar on an initial enrolment of 60 pupils; the mayor of Caulfield and the Rev. Patton, of Sydney spoke. Canon Langley said that the school is to be called by the old name of Shelford, but will be carried on as a Church of England school, under a local council, with A. M. Thomas as principal, it is proposed to build up-to-date school buildings at a site for a branch church near the Caulfield Town Hall, but for the present the school will meet in the existing school buildings at St. Mary's, Caulfield. — The Argus, 23 February 1922. The daughter of Thomas Thomas, Mary Thomas, née Nichol, Ada Mary Thomas was born in 1885.

Thomas served as Shelford's headmistress from 1922 to 1945, died in Beechworth, Victoria, at the age of 64, in April 1949. The School's motto is Quaerite Primo Regnum Dei; the educational philosophy is aspire and achieve. Shelford's Mission Statement is Shelford strives to provide a quality education that encompasses the moral, intellectual, social and aesthetic development of all students within a safe and supportive community that acknowledges its rich heritage and Christian traditions, Shelford has a coeducational Early Learning Centre, which caters for Toddlers from 18 months, as well as providing groups for 3- and 4-year-old children. Consistent with the principles of the Reggio Emilia philosophy, which Shelford has adopted, parents are formally and informally encouraged to support the Early Learning Centre's Staff in their teaching and learning programs; the Shelford curriculum is offered through learning programs that focus on the nature and experience of every student. Shelford offers students the Victorian Certificate of Education program, as well as the Vocational Education and Training course.

In 2014, there were 7 perfect study scores of 50, Shelford was ranked 3rd in the state of Victoria based on its VCE results, with 37.5% of study scores over 40. In 2015, there were 4 perfect study scores of 50, Shelford was ranked 3rd in girls' school in Victoria based on its VCE results. In 2016, there were 7 perfect study scores of 50, Shelford was ranked 1st in independent girls' school in Victoria based on its VCE results. In 2017, there were 4 perfect study scores of 50, 12% achieved an ATAR over 99. For the 17th year in a row, 100% of Shelford students have received a first round offer for a tertiary institution; as with most Australian schools, Shelford uses a house system through which students participate in inter-house competitions. The four school houses are: Blundell - Red Lloyd - Purple Langley - Green and yellow Thomas - Blue Anna Cordingly, set designer Brigitte Duclos - Television and radio presenter. Julie Kalman, historian Olympia Valance - Neighbours actor Krystal Weir, Olympian List of schools in Victoria Victorian Certificate of Education Henry Langley Mr. F.

W. Eggleston, M. L. A. Opens New Tennis Court at Shelford Girls' School, Table Talk, p.22. Schools & Colleges: Shelford Girls' School, Table Talk, p.30. The Woman's World, The Herald, p.14. New Wing at Shelford Girls' Grammar School, The Argus, p.10. Mrs. Dorothea Hann, née Clutterbuck, "Shelford Girls' School", The Age, p.2. Little Girl Ha