The Radcliffe Camera is a building of Oxford University, designed by James Gibbs in neo-classical style and built in 1737–49 to house the Radcliffe Science Library. It is sited to the south of the Old Bodleian, north of the Church of St Mary the Virgin, between Brasenose College to the west and All Souls College to the east; the Radcliffe Camera's striking circularity, its position in the heart of Oxford, its separation from other buildings make it the focal point of the University of Oxford, as such it is always included in shorthand visual representations of the university. The library's construction and maintenance was funded from the estate of John Radcliffe, a notable doctor, who left £40,000 upon his death in 1714. According to the terms of his will, construction only began in 1737, although the intervening period saw the complex purchase of the site; the exterior was complete in 1747 and the interior finished by 1748, although the library's opening was delayed until 13 April 1749. Upon completion, Francis Wise was appointed as its first librarian.
Until 1810, the library housed books covering a wide range of subjects, but under George Williams it narrowed its focus to the sciences. Williams brought the library from a state of neglect up to date, although by 1850 the Radcliffe Library still lagged behind the Bodleian, it was at this point that Henry Wentworth Acland librarian, laid out plans for the Radcliffe Library building to merge with the university and the library's collection of books to be moved to the newly constructed Radcliffe Science Library, which were accepted by the library's trustees and the university. It was at this point that the building became known as the Radcliffe Camera, serving as a reading room for the Bodleian; some visitors and tourists erroneously believe the Radcliffe Camera houses the Bodleian's collection of rare books. John Radcliffe attended University College from the age of thirteen, becoming a fellow of Lincoln College at eighteen, he had a successful career in medicine, serving a number of high-profile, wealthy patients including William III and Queen Anne.
He died childless. He is buried in Oxford, it was known that he intended to build a library in Oxford at least two years before his death in 1714. It was thought that the new building would be an extension westwards of the Selden End of the Bodleian Library. Francis Atterbury, Dean of Christ Church, writing in December 1712 describes plans for a 90 ft room on the site of neighbouring Exeter College, that the lower storey would be a library for Exeter College and the upper story Radcliffe's Library. Radcliffe dedicated £100 a year to furnishing his proposed library with books. Plans are now held in the Ashmolean Museum. By 1714, Radcliffe had settled on a different site for his new library, to the south of the existing Bodleian. William Pittis, Radcliffe's first biographer, ascribes the change of heart to excessive demands from the Rector and Fellows of Exeter College. Radcliffe died on 1 November 1714, his will, proved on 8 December, provided for the building of a new library on the new site, stating: And will that my executors pay forty thousand pounds in the terme of ten years, by yearly payments of four thousand pounds, the first payment thereof to begin and be made after the decease of my said two sisters for the building a library in Oxford and the purchaseing the houses between St Maries and the scholes in Catstreet where I intend the Library to be built, when the said Library is built I give one hundred and fifty pounds per annum for to the Library Keeper thereof for the time being and one hundred pounds a year per annum for for buying books for the same Library.
It provided £100 a year to maintain the new library, but only once 30 years had elapsed from his death. The library-keeper was to be chosen by several influential figures: the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Chancellor of the University of Oxford, the Bishop of London and the Bishop of Winchester, the Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench and the Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, the Master of the Rolls; the first payment was to be made after the death of Radcliffe's two sisters, Hannah Redshaw and Millicent Radcliffe. The latter lived until 1736, although it appears between the death of Redshaw in 1716 and Millicent Radcliffe in 1736, much preparatory work was done acquiring the site for the library. A number of tenement houses fronting Catte Street, built right up to the Schools, some gardens, Brasenose College outbuildings and Black Hall occupied the site required for the library. A number of colleges became involved in the development of the site.
An added problem was that Brasenose required an equal amount of land fronting High Street in return for the land they were being asked to give up. As a consequence, the Trustees had to negotiate with the tenants of the houses. An Act of Parliament was passed in 1720 that enabled any corporations within the University to sell ground for building a library; the negotiations dealing with Catte Street took over twenty years, with the final payments being made to Oriel and University Colleges in 1737. Radcliffe had placed four men in charge of his estate: William Bromley, sometime Speaker of the House of Commons.
Luke Alexander Blackaby is an English cricketer. Blackaby is a left-handed batsman, he was born in Farnborough and was educated at Wildernesse School. While studying for his degree in Sports at Durham University, Blackaby made his first-class debut for Durham MCCU against Durham in 2010, he made four further first-class appearances for the team, the last of which came against Yorkshire in 2011. In his five first-class matches, he scored 116 runs at an average of 16.57, with a high score of 38. With the ball, he took a single wicket. A member of MCC, since 2017 Blackaby has worked for Shell Energy in London. Marylebone Cricket Club Luke Blackaby at ESPNcricinfo Luke Blackaby at CricketArchive
Leaves' Eyes is a German symphonic metal band from Germany and Norway. They were formed in 2003 by Liv Kristine, the former lead singer of Theatre of Tragedy and the entire line-up of Atrocity. To date, the band has released seven studio albums, a single, six EPs, one live album and a DVD. Most of Leaves' Eyes' lyrics, written by concern Norse mythology and the Viking Age; the melodic singing vocals of Liv Kristine are backed up by death growled vocals from Krull, identified under the vocal style Kristine refers to as "beauty and the beast". Leaves' Eyes have featured naturalistic themes in their music since the release of their 2004 debut album, Lovelorn. Many of the lyrics to this album were inspired not only by nature, but by sagas and legends drawn from Norse mythology; the band was received well at the band's stage premiere. Every band member had previous professional experience in other musical endeavors for years before joining Leaves' Eyes, thus making it a supergroup. Frontwoman Liv Kristine sang in the band Theatre of Tragedy in the mid 1990s.
This Norwegian band was one of the first to feature a female voice in the metal scene, their club hit Tanz der Schatten became synonymous with the direction and expression of a whole musical genre. In addition, Liv Kristine was present in the pop music scene and sang the songs to TV hits such as Tatort and Schimanski; the supporting members of the band hail from the death metal band Atrocity. One year after Lovelorn, Leaves' Eyes released the follow-up album Vinland Saga in 2005, inspired by Viking Leif Eriksson; the album's first single, charted in Germany for four consecutive weeks. Television station ProSieben used Elegy as the official song for the TV series NUMB3RS. In addition to their studio endeavors, Leaves' Eyes tours extensively. In the course of four years, the band traveled through four continents and 34 countries and played 222 concerts; the Live DVD We Came with the Northern Winds: En Saga i Belgia entered the German DVD charts at number 11 in 2009. This exclusive package documented the history of the band and features the concert at the Metal Female Voices Festival in 2007.
This headline show was performed including a Viking longship on stage. Njord was released in 2009; the album's first single My Destiny soon became the successor to the anthem Elegy. Njord was critically acclaimed as "an epic masterpiece"; the album was done in a much more modern style than those previous, featured symphonic metal tracks of increasing complexity with the help of the Lingua Mortis Orchestra directed by Victor Smolski. Many of the lyrics were inspired by the English traditional "Scarborough Fair"; the band's live performances were as successful throughout Europe and North America as their studio work. For the Special Fan Edition of Njord, Leaves' Eyes recorded the At Heaven's End EP in 2010. One year Leaves' Eyes released their fourth studio album, Meredead. Produced by Alexander Krull, the artists combined folk elements from previous albums to inspire the mood of Meredead; the opening track, "Spirits' Masquerade", uses folk instrumentation to refine the album's varied sound. The tracks Étaín and Sigrlinn lyrically recount the mysticism of past cultures and are supported by uileann pipes.
The album features more traditional-sounding songs, such as Nystev and Kråkevisa. The latter makes use of the Scandinavian keyed fiddle. Present on the album is a cover of To France, an interpretation of the tragedy and emotion of Mike Oldfield's classic track. Maite Itoiz and John Kelly, Carmen Elise Espenæs, the Norwegian Anette Guldbrandsen, Victor Smolski's Lingua Mortis Orchestra once again provide supporting vocals and instrumentation; the EP Melusine in 2011 was a special release in co-operation with German Sonic Seducer Magazine. It was announced through an interview with Valkryian Music, that Leaves Eyes had begun writing new material for their fifth studio album which they hoped to release spring 2013. On January 7, 2013 the band announced on their official Facebook page that the title of their fifth studio album would be Symphonies of the Night. On March 23, 2013 Leaves' Eyes announced on their official Facebook page that vocal recording had begun, with the statement: At the moment Liv Kristine is tracking vocals for the up-coming Leaves' Eyes album: "The recording sessions at Mastersound studios are so much fun, as well as being intense.
Today I recorded an classically influenced new song. We are all excited about the songs for the new album." On May 9, 2013 the band announced that the vocal recordings were finished and that Alexander Krull had begun the mix of the album: Good news from Mastersound Studio: The vocal recordings for all songs of our up-coming release "Symphonies of the Night" have just been completed. Moreover, Alex is busy with the mix of the album. We have taken a great inspirational step since the production of "Meredead", both sound-wise and vocal-wise, it has been such a pleasure evolving in my singing techniques and knowledge and I thank my band members for "giving me an inspirational kick" when I needed to gain momentum behind the microphone. "Symphonies of the Night" is hauntingly dream-like and heavy to the core! " The band premiered the first new song off of the album, titled "Hell to the Heavens", at Summer Breeze Festival. Artwork for the new album was released on August 26, 2013. A few days the band released a video saying that they would be performing in Metal Female Voices Fest 2013.
A teaser of the studio version of Hell to the Heavens was in the video. Leaves' Eyes stated that in 2015, they will release a new album, entitled King of Kings