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Redaction is a form of editing in which multiple sources of texts are combined and altered to make a single document. This is a method of collecting a series of writings on a similar theme and creating a definitive and coherent work; the term is used to describe removal of some document content, replacing it with black rectangles which indicate the removal, although this usage was not documented by authorities such as the Oxford English Dictionary as of 2016, though earlier editions gave only this definition. For example classified documents released under freedom of information legislation may have sensitive information redacted in this way; this usage is discussed in the article on an alternative name for sanitization. On occasion, the persons performing the redaction add brief elements of their own; the reasons for doing so are varied and can include the addition of elements to adjust the underlying conclusions of the text to suit the redactor's opinion, adding bridging elements to integrate disparate stories, or the redactor may add a frame story, such as the tale of Scheherazade which frames the collection of folk tales in The Book of One Thousand and One Nights.

Sometimes the source texts are interlaced when discussing related details, things, or people. This is common when source texts contain alternative versions of the same story, slight alterations are made in this circumstance to make the texts appear to agree, thus the resulting redacted text appears to be coherent; such a situation is proposed by the documentary hypothesis, which proposes that multiple redactions occurred during the creation of the Torah combining texts, which have rival political attitudes and aims, together. Redactional processes are documented in numerous disciplines, including ancient literary works and biblical studies. Much has been written on the role of redaction in creating meaning for texts in various formats. Fix-up Redaction criticism Textual criticism

Enniskillen Royal Grammar School

Enniskillen Royal Grammar School, located in Enniskillen, County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland, is an academically selective, co-educational, non-denominational voluntary grammar school. The school opened its doors on 1 September 2016. Two former Enniskillen grammar schools were amalgamated to form the school, it is located on two sites. A proposal by the Department of Education to merge Portora Royal School with the Enniskillen Collegiate Grammar School to form "Enniskillen Royal Grammar School" was approved by the Minister of Education, John O'Dowd, in June 2015, but the matter was taken to the High Court in October 2015 due to a lot of local opposition. However, the High Court bid to stop the amalgamation of the two Enniskillen grammar schools failed. Subsequently, Portora Royal School and the Enniskillen Collegiate Grammar School closed at the end of the 2015/2016 school year. Enniskillen Royal Grammar School opened on 1 September 2016; the school is operating on two sites. However, there are plans to build a single new school at the current Lough Shore site.

Rowing and rugby are the biggest sports at Enniskillen Royal Grammar School. The school’s rowing club has established itself as one of the top rowing clubs in all of the UK and Ireland; the club is based at the Portora Boat House. Students from all schools in the local area are allowed to join the club. Around 8 volunteers, supported by the head coach, coach the club. 2 members of the coaching team, Derek Holland and Iain Kennedy, are former Olympians. On Friday 22 September 2017, the outstanding level of success achieved by the boat club was recognised in an event at Enniskillen Castle Museum where the Chairman of Fermanagh and Omagh District Council, Stephen McCann, presented the rowing coach, Derek Holland, with a trophy to mark the occasion. Portora Castle Portora Royal School Enniskillen Collegiate Grammar School

Ghulam Ali (singer)

Ustad Ghulam Ali is a Pakistani ghazal singer of the Patiala Gharana. He was a prominent playback singer. Ghulam Ali was a disciple of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan. Ali was trained by Bade Ghulam Ali's younger brothers- Barkat Ali Khan and Mubarak Ali Khan. Ghulam Ali is considered to be one of the best ghazal singers of his era, his style and variations in singing Ghazals has been noted as unique, as he blends Hindustani classical music with ghazals, unlike any other ghazal singer. Popular in Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, as well as among South Asian diaspora in the US, the UK and the Middle Eastern countries. Many of his hit ghazals have been used in Bollywood movies, his famous ghazals are Chupke Chupke Raat Din, Kal Chaudhvin Ki Raat Thi, Hungama Hai Kyon Barpa, Chamakte Chand Ko, Kiya Hai Pyar Jisé, May Nazar Sé Pee Raha Hoon, Mastana Peeyé, Yé dil yé pagal dil, Apni Dhun Mein Rehta Hoon a ghazal by Nasir Kazmi, "Ham Ko Kiske Gham Ne Maara". His recent album "Hasratein" was nominated in the Best Ghazal Album category at Star GIMA Awards 2014.

He has a daughter Manjari Ghulam Ali. In 2015, due to protest by Shiv Sena at Mumbai, his concert was cancelled. After this, he received invitations from Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav. After this cancellation, he performed at India. New Delhi and in Trivandrum, Kozhikode, India. In a news item reported in 2015, Ghulam Ali has said, he said. His name'Ghulam Ali' was given by his father, a great fan of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan who, in the past, used to live in Lahore, British India. Ghulam Ali had always been listening to Khan since childhood. Ghulam Ali encountered Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, for the first time, when he was in his early teens. Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan had toured Kabul, Afghanistan and, on the way back to India, Ghulam Ali's father requested the Ustad to take his son as a disciple, but Khan insisted. But after repeated requests from Ghulam Ali's father, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan asked the young Ghulam Ali to sing something.

It wasn't easy to have the courage to sing before him. He mustered the courage to sing the Thumri "Saiyyan Bolo Tanik Mose Rahiyo Na Jaye..". After he finished, Ustad made him his disciple. Ghulam Ali started singing for Radio Pakistan, Lahore in 1960. Along with singing ghazals, Ghulam Ali composes music for his ghazals, his compositions sometimes include a scientific mixture of ragas. He is known for blending gharana-gaayaki into ghazal and this gives his singing the capability to touch people's hearts, he sings Punjabi songs too. Many of his Punjabi songs have been part of Punjab's own cultural diaspora. Though from Pakistan, Ghulam Ali remains as popular in India as in Pakistan. Asha Bhosle has done joint music albums with him, he was introduced to Hindi cinema with a Hindi film song Chupke Chupke Raat Din written by the poet Hasrat Mohani in B. R. Chopra's film, Nikaah. Other popular ghazals include Awaargi, he tends to select the ghazals of famous poets. On being questioned about Pakistani pop groups, Ghulam Ali replied, "Frankly, I am bewildered at their style of singing.

How can you sing a song by running and jumping around the stage? The stage is meant for performing not for acrobatics." Ghulam Ali has sung some Nepali ghazals like Kina kina timro tasveer, Gajalu tee thula thula aankha, Lolaaeka tee thula and Ke chha ra diun in Nepali language with Narayan Gopal, a well known Nepali singer, composer Deepak Jangam. Those songs were written by King Mahendra of Nepal; these songs were compiled in an album entitled Narayan Gopal, Ghulam Ali Ra Ma, are popular among Nepali music lovers to this day. One of his memorable concerts was at the Taj Mahal. On being asked about the future of ghazal singers, he said he enjoyed popular ghazal singer Adithya Srinivasan's ghazals, who performed the opening act at his concert in 2012 at Bangalore. In February 2013, the maestro became the first person to receive the Bade Ghulam Ali Khan award. Commenting on this, he said," I am indebted to the Indian government for giving me this award. For me, it is the greatest award I have received because it is named after my guru."

He got the first Swaralaya Global Legend Award at Trivandrum, India. Ghulam Ali was the singer of choice for His late Majesty the king of Nepal Mahendra Birbikram Shah Dev. Ghulam Ali sang number's of popular songs written by King Mahendra. Aah ko chahiyye ek umr asar honey tak Ae husn-e-beparwah tujhe shola kahoon ya shabnam kahoon Apni Dhun Mein Rehta Hun, Mai Bhi Tere Jaisa Hun Apni Tasveer Ko Aankhon Se Arz-e-gham say bhi faaida tou nahin Awaargi Teri Yaad Yaad Saaqi Sharab Laa Baharon ko Chaman Barsan Lagi Sawan Bundiya Raja Bata do tum humein bedaad karna Bechain bahut phirna ghabraaye huye rehna Chamakte Chand Ko Tuta Hua Tara Bana Dala Chhup Chhupa Ke Piyo Chupke Chupke Raat Din Dard-e-dil dard aashna jaane Dareeche Be-sada Koi Nahin Hai Dil Buk Buk Ahro Dil Jala Ke Mera Muskuraate Hain Woh Dil dhadakne ka sabab yaad aaya Dil Mein Ek Leher Si Uthi Hai Abhi Fasle Aise Bhi Honge Gajalu Ti Thula Thula

Joseph Metcalf III

Vice Admiral Joseph Metcalf III was born in Holyoke, Massachusetts. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1951 and retired from active duty in 1987. Vice Admiral Metcalf had extensive leadership and operational experience in both sea and shore assignments, he held sea commands in Lieutenant through Vice Admiral. Among his early commands was the USS King County which fired the Regulus II, the forerunner of the present day cruise missiles, he commanded the USS Westchester County. He was in command of all the surface ships during the final evacuation of U. S. forces from Vietnam. Other Sea commands have been Commanding Officer of the USS Bradley, Commander Destroyer Squadron 33, Commander Naval Surface Group Mid – Pacific, Commander Destroyer Group Eight and Battle Group Two and Commander Second Fleet / Commander NATO Strike Fleet Atlantic / Commander Joint Task Force 120, he was the Operational Commander of all U. S. Forces during the successful campaign to rescue U. S. Citizens in the Invasion of Grenada.

Vice Admiral Metcalf's last active duty assignment was the Deputy Chief of Staff of Naval Operations for Surface Warfare. During this assignment he developed the concept of "revolution at sea" and the triad "up out and down" for missile deterrence. Other assignment ashore have included Instructor at the U. S. Naval Academy and the Office of the Secretary of Defense at the Advanced Research and Development Center in Bangkok, Thailand. In the office of the Chief of Naval Operations he served in a number of positions: Head of the planning Branch of the Programming Division, Deputy Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Personnel Planning and Programming and as Director of the General Planning and Programming Division. Vice Admiral Metcalf was a member of numerous boards: The Navy Federal Credit Union, the United States Naval Academy Foundation, the Board of Directors of the Navy Mutual Aid Association, he was a member of the Board of Directors of the USS Constitution Museum. He was the District Chairman of the Potomac Division of National Academy of Sciences Board.

He was a Member of vestry of St. Patrick's Episcopal Church in NW Washington D. C. Vice Admiral Metcalf wore the Distinguished Service Medal with two gold stars, Bronze Star Medal with Combat V and gold star, the Combat Action Ribbon, the Meritorious Service Medal and Meritorious Unit Commendation. Admiral Metcalf is a graduate of the U. S. Naval Postgraduate School, Operations Analysis Curriculum and the U. S. Army War College. At the conclusion of active combat operations following the Invasion of Grenada and several of his senior aides were caught attempting to bring captured Soviet-made AK-47s back to the US as war souvenirs, in violation of both military regulations and US customs law. Twenty-four AK-47s, along with 24 magazines, were seized by customs agents from the Vice Admiral's plane at Norfolk Naval Air Station, VA when Metcalf and his officers were returning from the Grenada theater. Metcalf received only a caution from the Navy regarding the incident, it did not prevent him from being assigned as Deputy Chief of Staff of Naval Operations for Surface Warfare.

Press accounts at the time noted that in the same conflict, six enlisted personnel and one junior officer, of which two were Marines and five were soldiers from the 82nd Airborne, all received reduction in rank, dishonorable discharges and at least one year of prison time for the same offense

European Amalfi Prize for Sociology and Social Sciences

The European Amalfi Prize for Sociology and Social Sciences is a prestigious Italian award in the social sciences. Established in 1987 on the initiative of the Section for Sociological Theories and Social Transformations of the Italian Association of Sociology, it is conferred annually in Amalfi to the author of a book or an article, published within the previous two years and has made an important contribution to sociology; the award ceremony is accompanied by an international sociological conference. The awardees are selected by a jury consisting of Margaret Archer, Allessandro Cavalli, Salvador Giner, Joachim Israel, Michel Maffesoli, Carlo Mongardini, Birgitta Nedelmann, Helga Nowotny, Piotr Sztompka. Previous members include Peter Gerlich and Friedrich H. Tenbruck; the award was suspended in 1993 and 1996, 1992 and 2011-2015 the jury decided not to assign the award. In 1999, a biennial special award for an outstanding first book was established and named after Norbert Elias, the first recipient of the Amalfi Award.

There are other auxiliary awards in various categories. 1987: Norbert Elias for Die Gesellschaft der Individuen 1988: Serge Moscovici for La machine à faire des dieuxMichael Mann for The Sources of Social Power. Volume I.1989 Elected to US Sociological 1989: Zygmunt Bauman for Modernity and the HolocaustBulzoni Editore Special Award: Michel Wieviorka for Société et terrorisme1990: M. Rainer Lepsius and Wolfgang J. Mommsen for Max Weber. Briefe 1906-1908Zygmunt Bauman for The Social Manipulation of Morality, Moralizing Actors, Adiaphorizing Action Chen Liangjin for Social Developmental Mechanisms and Social Security Functions Bulzoni Editore Special Award: Nicole Lapierre for Le silence de la mémoire1991: Louis Dumont for L'ideologie allemandeBulzoni Editore Special Award: Philippe Sarasin for Die Stadt der Bürger Honourable Mention: Ron Eyerman's and Andrew Jamison for Social Movements1992: main award not assignedSpecial Award of the Jury: Carlo Triglia for Sviluppo senza autonomia1993: award suspendedShortlisted: Harvie Ferguson for Religious Transformation in Western Society, The End of Happiness1994: Charles Tilly for European Revolutions Special Award of the Jury: Christoph Braun, Max Weber.

Musiksoziologie1995: Raymond Boudon for Le juste et le vrai. Luigi Sturzo Special Award for Political Studies: Michael Th. Greven for Die politische Gesellschaft Norbert Elias Amalfi Prize: Wilbert Van Vree for Meetings and Civilization: The Development of Modern Meeting Behaviour.2002: award suspended 2003: Norbert Elias Amalfi Prize: Nikola Tietze for Islamische Identitäten: Formen muslimischer Religiosität junger Männer in Deutschland und Frankreich 2004: award suspended 2005:Sociological Theories and Social Transformations Section: Suzanne Keller for Community: Pursuing the Dream, Living the Reality 2006: Sergio Fabbrini for America and its critics 2007: award suspended 2008: Pierre Rosanvallon Counter-Democracy: Politics in an Age of Distrust 2008: award suspended 2010 - Gérard Bronner per La Pensée Extrêmee List of social sciences awards European Amalfi prize - History of the Prize and Prize Winners

Joseph K├╝rschner

Joseph Kürschner was a German author and editor most cited for his critical edition of classics from German literature. At first engaged in mechanical engineering, he afterwards studied at the University of Leipzig, he lived several years in Berlin. He managed the Stuttgart periodical Vom Fels zum Meer. From 1880 to 1882, he was editor of Neue Zeit, official organ of German dramatical authors and composers from 1885 to 1886 he edited Deutsche Schriftstellerzeitung, he was moved in 1893 to Eisenach. In 1889, he was made professor by Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Besides several publications connected with the history of German theater, he edited successively in Berlin and Stuttgart a considerable number of literary monthlies, year-books, other periodicals, he was editor of the Deutsche Nationallitteratur, a critical collection in 220 volumes of classics from German literature. He was widely known as the editor, after 1883, of the Allgemeiner deutscher Litteraturkalender, an annual biographical record of all German authors and their works.

Konrad Ekhof Bayreuther Tagebuchblätter Heil Kaiser Dir! Frau Musika China Kaiser Wilhelm II als Soldat und Seemann This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. "Kürschner, Joseph". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed.. "Kürschner, Joseph". Encyclopedia Americana. Hans Lülfing, "Kürschner, Joseph", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 13, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 234–236