Reefer Madness is a 1936 American film about drugs revolving around the melodramatic events that ensue when high-school students are lured by pushers to try marijuana—from a hit and run accident, to manslaughter, attempted rape and descent into madness from marijuana addiction. The film was directed by Louis J. Gasnier and featured a cast of little-known actors. Financed by a church group under the title Tell Your Children, the film was intended to be shown to parents as a morality tale attempting to teach them about the dangers of cannabis use, but soon after the film was shot, it was purchased by producer Dwain Esper, who re-cut the film for distribution on the exploitation film circuit, exploiting vulgar interest while escaping censorship under the guise of moral guidance, beginning in 1938–1939 through the 1940s and 1950s. The film was "rediscovered" in the early 1970s and gained new life as an unintentional satire among advocates of cannabis policy reform. However, critics have called it one of the worst films made.
Today, it is in the public domain in the United States. Mae Coleman and Jack Perry are a cohabitating couple to; the unscrupulous Jack sells it to teenagers over Mae's objections. Ralph Wiley, a sociopathic college dropout-turned-dealer, siren Blanche help Jack recruit new customers. Ralph and Jack lure high-schoolers Bill Jimmy Lane to Mae and Jack's apartment. Jimmy takes Bill to a party where Jack runs out of reefer and Jimmy, who has a car, drives him to pick up more; when they get to Jack's boss' "headquarters," Jimmy asks for a cigarette as Jack gets out and he gives him a joint. By the time Jack returns, Jimmy is unknowingly high. A few days Jack tells Jimmy that the man died of his injuries and agrees to keep Jimmy's name out of the case--if Jimmy will agree to "forget he was in Mae's apartment." As the police did not have enough specific details to track Jimmy down, he indeed escapes punishment. Bill, whose once-pristine record at school has declined, has a fling with Blanche while high.
Mary, Jimmy's sister and Bill's girlfriend, goes to Mae's apartment looking for Jimmy and accepts a joint from Ralph, thinking it's a regular cigarette. When she refuses Ralph's advances, he tries to rape her. Bill comes out of the bedroom and, still high, attacks Ralph; as the two are fighting, Jack knocks Bill unconscious with the butt of his gun, which inadvertently fires, killing Mary. Jack puts the gun in Bill's hand; the dealers lie low for a while in Blanche's apartment. Over the objections of a skeptical juror, Bill is found guilty. By now Ralph is paranoid from his guilty conscience. Blanche is high; the boss tells Jack to shoot Ralph to prevent him from confessing, but when Jack arrives, Ralph recognizes him and beats him to death with a stick as Blanche laughs uncontrollably in terror. The police arrest Ralph and Blanche. Mae's confession leads to the boss and other gang members being arrested. Blanche explains that Bill was innocent and agrees to serve as a material witness for the case against Ralph.
Instead, she jumps out a window and falls to her death, traumatized by her own adultery and its role in Mary's death. Bill's conviction is overturned, Ralph, now nearly catatonic, is sent to an asylum for the criminally insane "for the rest of his natural life." The film's story is told in bracketing sequences at a lecture given at a Parent Teacher Association meeting by high-school principal Dr. Alfred Carroll. At the film's end he tells the parents he has been told that events similar to those he has described are to happen again points to random parents in the audience and warns that "the next tragedy may be that of your daughter...or your son...or yours or yours..." before pointing straight at the camera and saying emphatically "..or YOURS!" as the words "TELL YOUR CHILDREN" appear on the screen. In 1936 or 1938, Tell Your Children was financed and made by a church group and intended to be shown to parents as a morality tale attempting to teach them about the dangers of cannabis use, it was produced by George Hirliman.
In 1938 or 1939, Esper began distributing it on the exploitation circuit where it was released in at least four territories, each with their own title for the film: the first territory to screen it was the South, where it went by Tell Your Children. West of Denver, the film was known as Doped Youth. In New England, it was known as Reefer Madness, while in the Pennsylvania/West Virginia territory it was called The Burning Question; the film was screened all over the country during the 1940s under these various titles and Albert Dezel of Detroit bought all rights in 1951 for use in roadshow screenings throughout the 1950s. Such education-exploitation films were common in the years following adoption of the stricter version of the Production Code in 1934. Other films included Esper's own earlier Marihuana and Elmer Clifton's Assassin of Youth and the subject of cannabis was popular in the hysteria surrounding Anslinger's 1937 Marihuana Tax Act; the concept of after-market films in film distribution had not yet been developed for films that ex
The United States Senate special election of 1962 in Massachusetts was held on November 6, 1962. The election was won by Ted Kennedy, the youngest brother of then-President John F. Kennedy, who would remain Senator until his death in 2009. Senator John F. Kennedy resigned the seat to become President of the United States after winning the presidential election in 1960. Benjamin A. Smith II, a Kennedy family friend, was appointed to succeed Kennedy, serving as a placeholder for Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy, who at the time was too young to be constitutionally eligible for the seat. Edward M. Kennedy, younger brother of President John F. Kennedy and United States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy Edward J. McCormack Jr. Massachusetts Attorney General Benjamin A. Smith II, incumbent Senator Ted Kennedy first faced a Democratic Party primary challenge from Edward J. "Eddie" McCormack Jr. the state Attorney General. Kennedy's slogan was "He can do more for Massachusetts", the same one John had used in his first campaign for the seat ten years earlier.
McCormack had the support of many liberals and intellectuals, who thought Kennedy inexperienced and knew of his suspension from Harvard, a fact which subsequently became public during the race. Kennedy faced the notion that with one brother the President and another the United States Attorney General, "Don't you think that Teddy is one Kennedy too many?" But Kennedy proved to be an effective street-level campaigner with great personal appeal. A delegate at the state Democratic convention said, "He's unqualified and inexperienced, and I'm going to be with him". Kennedy won on the first ballot at the convention. In a televised debate, McCormack said "The office of United States senator should be merited, not inherited", that if his opponent's name was Edward Moore rather than Edward Moore Kennedy, his candidacy "would be a joke". A Kennedy supporter said that "McCormack was able to make a millionaire an underdog". With the public's sympathy and the family political machine, Kennedy won 69% of the vote in the September 1962 primary.
Source: Our Campaigns - MA US Senate - D Primary Race - Sep 18, 1962 Laurence Curtis, U. S. Representative from Massachusetts's 10th congressional district George C. Lodge, former member of the Eisenhower administration and son of Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. H. Stuart Hughes, Harvard University historian Mark R. Shaw, perennial candidate Lawrence Gilfedder, perennial candidate In the November special election, Kennedy defeated Lodge, whose father had lost this seat to then-Representative John F. Kennedy in 1952. In winning, Kennedy gained 55 percent of the vote. Murray Levin stated that Kennedy's youth and political inexperience made him an innocent outsider, his wealth made him incorruptible; the prosecutor had become a Senator, Levin said, "with one year of frantic campaigning and 30 years of experience as a Kennedy". For most of the campaign, independent candidate Hughes was taken even engaging in two televised debates with Lodge. Any chance that Hughes might have had of winning the election or receiving widespread support was destroyed in the aftermath of the Cuban Missile crisis, only weeks before the election, in which the President and his brother Robert F. Kennedy took the nation "to the brink" of nuclear confrontation with the Soviet Union.
A candidate favoring nuclear disarmament seemed unrealistic and out of touch. Source
James "Jim" Stott was an English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. He played at representative level for Great Britain and Lancashire, at club level for United Glass Bottle ARLFC, St Helens, as a centre, i.e. number 3 or 4. Jim Stott was a Private in the British Army during World War II, appeared for Wigan as a World War II guest player. Stott was born in Prescot, England, he was a pupil at Merton Bank School, St. Helens, he died aged 74. Jim Stott won caps for England while at St. Helens, in a 1943 match against Wales and in 1946 and 1947 matches against France, won caps for Great Britain while at St. Helens, in a 1947 match against New Zealand. Jim Stott played in United Glass Bottle's 5-48 defeat by Hunslet in the 1938–39 Challenge Cup first-round match at Parkside, Hunslet on Saturday 4 February 1939, he was a reserve for Northern Command XIII against a Rugby League XIII at Thrum Hall, Halifax on Saturday 21 March 1942. Jim Stott is a St Helens R.