Reginald Martinez Jackson is an American former professional baseball right fielder who played 21 seasons in Major League Baseball for the Kansas City / Oakland Athletics, Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees, California Angels. Jackson was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1993. Jackson was nicknamed "Mr. October" for his clutch hitting in the postseason with the Athletics and the Yankees, he helped Oakland win five consecutive American League West divisional pennants, three consecutive American League pennants and three consecutive World Series titles, from 1972 to 1974. Jackson helped New York win four American League East divisional pennants, three American League pennants and two consecutive World Series titles, from 1977 to 1981, he helped the California Angels win two AL West divisional pennants in 1982 and 1986. Jackson hit three consecutive home runs at Yankee Stadium in the clinching game six of the 1977 World Series. Jackson hit 563 career home was an American League All-Star for 14 seasons.
He won two Silver Slugger Awards, the AL Most Valuable Player Award in 1973, two World Series MVP Awards, the Babe Ruth Award in 1977. The Yankees and Athletics retired his team uniform number in 1993 and 2004. Jackson serves as a special advisor to the Yankees. Jackson led his teams to first place ten times over his 21-year career. Jackson was born in the Wyncote neighborhood of Cheltenham Township, just north of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, his father, Martinez Jackson, half Puerto Rican, worked as a tailor and was a former second baseman with the Newark Eagles of Negro league baseball. He was the youngest of four children from Clara, he had two half-siblings from his father's first marriage. His parents divorced. Martinez Jackson was a single father, theirs was one of the few black families in Wyncote. Jackson graduated from Cheltenham High School in 1964, where he excelled in football, basketball and track and field. A tailback in football, he injured his knee in an early season game in his junior year in the fall of 1962.
He was told by the doctors he was never to play football again, but Jackson returned for the final game of the season. In that game, Jackson fractured five cervical vertebrae, which caused him to spend six weeks in the hospital and another month in a neck cast. Doctors told Jackson that he might never walk again, let alone play football, but Jackson defied the odds again. On the baseball team, he threw several no-hitters. In the middle of his senior year, Jackson's father was arrested for bootlegging and was sentenced to six months in jail. For football, Jackson was recruited by Alabama and Oklahoma, all of whom were willing to break the color barrier just for Jackson. Jackson declined Alabama and Georgia because he was fearful of the South at the time, declined Oklahoma because they told him to stop dating white girls. For baseball, Jackson was scouted by Hans Lobert of the San Francisco Giants, desperate to sign him; the Los Angeles Dodgers and Minnesota Twins made offers, the hometown Philadelphia Phillies gave him a tryout but declined because of his "hitting skills".
His father wanted his son to go to college, where Jackson wanted to play both baseball. He accepted a football scholarship from Arizona State University in Tempe. After a recruiting trip, Kush decided that Jackson had the ability and willingness to work to join the squad. One day after football practice, he approached ASU baseball coach Bobby Winkles and asked if he could join the team. Winkles said he would give Jackson a look, the next day while still in his football gear, he hit a home run on the second pitch he saw, he was allowed to practice with the team, but could not join the squad because the NCAA had a rule forbidding the use of freshman players. Jackson switched permanently to baseball following his freshman year, as he did not want to become a defensive back. To hone his skills, Winkles assigned him to a Baltimore Orioles-affiliated amateur team, he broke numerous team records for the squad, the Orioles offered him a $50,000 signing bonus if he joined the team. Jackson declined the offer stating.
In the beginning of his sophomore year in 1966, Jackson replaced Rick Monday at center field. He broke the team record for most home runs in a single season, led the team in numerous other categories and was first team All-American. Many scouts were looking at him play, including Tom Greenwade of the New York Yankees, Danny Murtaugh of the Pittsburgh Pirates. In his final game at Arizona State, he showed his potential by being only a triple away from hitting for the cycle, making a sliding catch, having an assist at home plate. Jackson was the first college player to hit a home run out of Phoenix Municipal Stadium. In the 1966 Major League Baseball draft on June 7, Jackson was selected by the Kansas City Athletics, he was the second overall pick, behind 17-year-old catcher Steve Chilcott, taken by the New York Mets. According to Jackson, Winkles told him that the Mets did not select him because he had a white gi
Soorjo Coomar Goodeve Chuckerbutty spelled Surjo Kumar Chakraborty was the first Indian to pass the examination of the Indian Medical Service in 1855 and subsequently became the Professor of Materia Medica at Calcutta Medical College in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Orphaned at the age of six, his aspirations for an English education led him to the Hare School and entry into medicine at the Medical College of Bengal, under the guidance of retired professor of anatomy and obstetrics Henry Goodeve and funding from the government, he was one of the first four Brahmin medical students taken to England in 1845 for further medical training. Upon return to India in 1850, despite his achievements being celebrated and supported by some of his British colleagues, he was prohibited from taking up a senior post in the IMS; when the announcement to open the IMS examination to'all' came in 1854, Chuckerbutty took the opportunity to take it and passed in second place. Returning again to India, he became the first Indian professor of Medicine at the CMC.
In addition, he co-founded the Bethune Society and became the president of the Bengal Branch of the British Medical Association. As one of the earliest Indians to contribute to western medicine, he published in medical journals including The Lancet, the British Medical Journal and The Indian Medical Gazette. Embracing the British ways of life, his lectures, "Popular Lectures on Subjects of Indian Interest", following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, reflected his changed opinion and criticism of European interest, he died in Kensington during a visit to London in 1874. Soorjo Coomar Goodeve Chuckerbutty was born a Brahmin, as Soorjo Coomar Chuckerbutty, in either 1824, 1826 or 1827 in Kanaksar, British India, to pleader, Radhamadhab Chuckerbutty. Orphaned at the age of six, he completed his early education in Bengali and Persian at his home village school. Subsequently, at the age of 13, he became influenced by an official visit and his first experience of hearing English; as a consequence, he travelled the sixty mile journey to Comilla where he was taken under a district court official, Golok Nath Sen, attended the English school where in order to pay his way, he exchanged working as a cook for English lessons.
He gained admission to the Hare School in Kolkata. Challenging Hindu prejudices against touching dead bodies had been instigated in the previous decade when CMC’s first anatomy professor, Henry Goodeve demonstrated anatomy to his first cohort of Hindu students in the 1830s, it was most as a result of his influence that Chuckerbuttty himself added "Goodeve" to his own name, inserting it before his surname, his recommendation that he gained entry into the new Medical College of Bengal, at his second attempt in 1844. The College had been established in 1835 by M. J. Bramley, an advocate of travelling fellowships for bright students, at the request of Professor Goodeve, proposing the extension of medical training to certain Hindus and who had offered to bear costs for one student, plans materialised for one such trip. In 1845, the government sponsored Chuckerbutty's travel to England for further medical education. Together with Bholanath Bose from Barrackpore and Gopal Chunder Seal, who were sponsored by a regional entrepreneur, Dwarkanath Tagore and another student, Dwarka Nath Basu, the four travelled by ship with Professor Goodeve.
Chuckerbutty was the youngest of them. Chuckerbutty was professor Goodeve's favourite student, and much of Chuckerbutty's account of life in England comes from memoirs of Professor Goodeve, who described how he embraced and was charmed by the British ways of life and of Christianity, views that years Chuckerbutty had changed opinion of. Having travelled to London with professor Goodeve, the four students resided with him at 7 Upper Woburn Place. Chuckerbutty passed the first M. B. examination in the first division in 1847. He became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1848. At one point during his training, he was awarded the gold medal for comparative anatomy, before completing his M. D. in 1849, in the first division and achieving the second place in order of merit. Minimum age requirements for the examinations meant that he attained his qualifications two years after the other students. On Chuckerbutty's behalf, Professor Goodeve had requested for further funding and an extension to stay.
In 1848, he reported to the Medical College in Calcutta, his spontaneous conversion to Christianity and his adoption of his new name Soorjo Coomar "Goodeve" Chuckerbutty. Chuckerbutty had a particular close tie with the professor of comparative anatomy, Robert Edmond Grant, who taught Charles Darwin. Professor Grant mentored Chuckerbutty and allowed him to be involved in three of his natural history expeditions around Europe. By the end of these trips, he had taught himself French and German, some of his notes from these voyages were published, he would have taken a fourth journey, had the French Revolution of 1848 not interrupted its plans. Once, Chuckerbutty took one of Professor Grant's lectures, teaching comparative anatomy to a class of more than five hundred. Before 1855, Indians were not permitted to take senior appointments in the IMS; the recommendation by barrister and advocate of educating higher caste Hindus Sir Edward Ryan, after whom Chuckerbutty named his elder son, proposed that Chuckerbutty should be appointed to the covenanted medical service and a professorship at the CMC on his return to India in 1850.
However, this was denied by authorities and he therefore, took up a post as an assistant physician to the uncovenanted service at the Calcutta
"Nevertheless, she persisted" is an expression adopted by the feminist movement in the United States. It became popular in 2017 after the United States Senate voted to silence Senator Elizabeth Warren's objections to confirmation of Senator Jeff Sessions as U. S. Attorney General. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell made this remark in defense of the silencing, during his comments following the vote; the expression went viral as feminists posted it on social media with hashtag references to other women. Its meaning has expanded to refer more broadly to women's persistence in breaking barriers, despite being silenced or ignored. On February 7, 2017, the U. S. Senate debated confirmation of Senator Jeff Sessions of Alabama to become Attorney General. Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts spoke against confirmation, criticizing his record on civil rights. Senator Warren quoted a statement from 1986 by former Senator Ted Kennedy regarding Senator Sessions' nomination to federal court judge, "'He is, I believe, a disgrace to the Justice Department, he should withdraw his nomination and resign his position.'"
Senator Warren said she "will stand with Senator Kennedy, like he did, I will cast my vote against the nomination of Senator Sessions."Senator Warren continued by reading a letter that Coretta Scott King had written to the Senate Judiciary Committee in 1986: Civil rights leaders, including my husband and Albert Turner, have fought long and hard to achieve free and unfettered access to the ballot box. Mr. SESSIONS has used the awesome power of his office to chill the free exercise of the vote by black citizens in the district he now seeks to serve as a federal judge; this cannot be allowed to happen. Mr. SESSIONS' conduct as U. S. Attorney, from his politically-motivated voting fraud prosecutions to his indifference toward criminal violations of civil rights laws, indicates that he lacks the temperament and judgment to be a federal judge. While Senator Warren was reading the letter from Mrs. King, Presiding Senate Chair Steve Daines of Montana interrupted her, reminding her of Senate Rule XIX, which prohibits ascribing "to another senator or to other senators any conduct or motive unworthy or unbecoming a senator".
Senator Warren stated that she had said that only former Senator Kennedy had called Senator Sessions a disgrace, she asked whether reading King's letter, admitted into the Senate Record in 1986, was a violation of Senate Rules. Presiding Senate Chair Daines again quoted Rule XIX. Senator Warren asked to continue reading Mrs. King's letter, Presiding Senate Chair Daines allowed her to do so. While Senator Warren continued reading the letter, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell of Kentucky interrupted, saying, "The senator has impugned the motives and conduct of our colleague from Alabama, as warned by the chair." Senator McConnell objected to a line from Ms. King's letter, "Mr. Sessions has used the awesome power of his office to chill the free exercise of the vote by black citizens", which Senator Warren had quoted prior to the warning. Senator Warren said she was "surprised that the words of Coretta Scott King are not suitable for debate in the United States Senate" and requested to continue.
Senator Daines asked. Senator McConnell objected, Senator Daines called for a vote, saying, "The senator will take her seat", preventing Senator Warren from continuing; the Senate voted to sustain McConnell's objection along party lines, 49–43, silencing Warren for the duration of the Sessions confirmation hearings. Thirty hours remained in the hearings, Democrats objected to Senator Warren's silencing. Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon subsequently read the letter from Coretta Scott King without objection. Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey pointed out that the letter was in the 1986 Congressional Record. Following the Senate ruling to silence Senator Warren, Senator McConnell said on the Senate floor: Senator Warren was giving a lengthy speech, she had appeared to violate the rule. She was warned, she was given an explanation. She persisted. Feminists and supporters of Senator Warren adopted as a rallying cry the three-word sentence, "Nevertheless, she persisted." It has been referenced with hashtags such as "#Shepersisted", "#LetLizspeak", it has been called a "hashtag-ready motto for women at the ready to break barriers".
According to BuzzFeed, the quotation was shared on social media along with pictures of strong women "who refused to be silenced". Amy Wang of The Washington Post observed, If the Republican senators had intended to minimize Warren's message, the decision backfired—severely, her supporters seized upon McConnell's line—giving Warren a far bigger megaphone than if they had let her continue speaking in what had been a empty chamber, some pointed out. CNN reported, "For Warren's supporters, it was a textbook case of mansplaining followed by males silencing a woman". On National Public Radio's All Things Considered, Scott Detrow said that "Nevertheless, she persisted" had become the new "nasty woman", which had become a rallying cry derived from Donald Trump's description of Hillary Clinton in 2016. Megan Garber of The Atlantic wrote that "Nevertheless, she persisted" appeared on the internet next to "images not just of Warren and King, but of Harriet Tubman, Malala Yousafzai, Beyoncé, Emmeline Pankhurst, Gabby Giffords, Michelle Obama, Hillary Clinton, Princess Leia.
It accompanied tags that celebrated #TheResistance". Hillary Clinton tweeted, "She was warned, she was given an explanation. She persisted. So must we all." It appeared on merchandise: Reebok produced tee shirts with the expression and gave the proceeds to the Women's March. Hoodies and mugs with the meme were produce