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Reggio Emilia

Reggio nell'Emilia referred to as Reggio Emilia or colloquially Reggio by its inhabitants, is a city in northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region. It is the main comune of the Province of Reggio Emilia; the inhabitants of Reggio nell'Emilia are called Reggiani, while the inhabitants of Reggio di Calabria, in the southwest of the country, are called Reggini. The old town has a hexagonal form, which derives from the ancient walls, the main buildings are from the 16th–17th centuries; the commune's territory lies on a plain, crossed by the Crostolo stream. Reggio began as a historical site with the construction by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus of the Via Aemilia, leading from Piacenza to Rimini. Reggio became a judicial administration centre, with a forum called at first Regium Lepidi simply Regium, whence the city's current name. During the Roman age Regium is cited only by Festus and Cicero, as one of the military stations on the Via Aemilia. However, it was a flourishing city, a Municipium with its own statutes and art colleges.

Apollinaris of Ravenna brought Christianity in the 1st century CE. The sources confirm the presence of a bishopric in Reggio after the Edict of Milan. In 440 the Reggio diocese was placed under the jurisdiction of Ravenna by Western Roman Emperor Valentinianus III. At the end of the 4th century, Reggio had decayed so much that Saint Ambrose included it among the dilapidated cities. Further damage occurred with the Barbarian invasions. After the deposition of Romulus Augustulus in 476 Reggio was part of Odoacer's realm. In 489 it came under Ostrogothic control. Reggio was chosen as Duchy of Reggio seat. In 773 the Franks took Reggio. Charlemagne gave the bishop the authority to exercise royal authority over the city and established the diocese' limits. In 888 Reggio was handed over to the Kings of Italy. In 899 the Magyars damaged it, killing Bishop Azzo II; as a result of this, new walls were built. On 31 October 900 Emperor Louis III gave authority for the erection of a castrum in the city's centre.

In 1002 Reggio's territory, together with that of Parma, Modena and Ferrara, were merged into the March of Tuscany held by Matilde of Canossa. Reggio became a free commune around the beginning of the 12th century. In 1167 it took part in the Battle of Legnano. In 1183 the city signed the Treaty of Konstanz, from which the city's consul, Rolando della Carità, received the imperial investiture; the subsequent peace spurred a period of prosperity: Reggio adopted new statutes, had a mint, schools with celebrated masters, developed its trades and arts. It increasingly subjugated the castles of the neighbouring areas. At this time the Crostolo stream was deviated westwards; the former course of the stream was turned into an avenue called Corso della Ghiara, nowadays Corso Garibaldi. The 12th and 13th century, were a period of violent internal struggle between the Scopazzati and Mazzaperlini parties, those of Ruggeri and Malaguzzi, involved in a bitter domestic rivalry. In 1152 Reggio warred with Parma and in 1225 with Modena, as part of the general struggle between the Guelphs and Ghibellines.

In 1260 25,000 penitents, led by a Perugine hermit, entered the city, this event calmed the situation for a while, spurring a momentous flourishing of religious fervour. But disputes soon resurfaced, as early as 1265 the Ghibellines killed the Guelph's leader, Caco da Reggio, gained preeminence. Arguments with the Bishop continued and two new parties formed, the Inferiori and Superiori. Final victory went to the latter. To thwart the abuses of powerful families such as the Sessi and Canossa, the Senate of Reggio gave the city's rule for a period of three years to Obizzo II d'Este; this choice marked the future path of Reggio under the seignory of the latter's family, as Obizzo continued to rule de facto after his mandate has ceased. His son Azzo was expelled by the Reggiani in 1306. In 1310 the Emperor Henry VII imposed Marquis Spinetto Malaspina as vicar, but he was soon driven out; the republic ended in 1326. The city was subsequently under the suzerainty of John of Bohemia, Nicolò Fogliani and Mastino I della Scala, who in 1336 gave it to Luigi Gonzaga.

Gonzaga built a citadel in the St. Nazario quarter, destroyed 144 houses. In 1356 the Milanese Visconti, helped by 2,000 exiled Reggiani, captured the city, starting an unsettled period of powersharing with the Gonzaga. In the end the latter sold Reggio to the Visconti for 5,000 ducats. In 1405 Ottobono Terzi of Parma seized Reggio, but was killed by Michele Attendolo, who handed the city over to Nicolò III d'Este, who therefore became seignor of Reggio; the city, maintained a relevant autonomy, with laws and coinage of its own. Niccolò was succeeded by his illegitimate son Lionello, from 1450, by Borso d'Este. In 1452 Borso was awarded the title of Duke of Modena and Reggio by Frederick III. Borso's successor, Ercole I, imposed heavy levies on the city and appointed the poet Matteo Maria Boiardo, born in the nearby town of Scandiano, as its governor. Another famous Italian writer, Francesco Guicciardini, held the same position. In 1474, Ludovico Ariosto, author of Orlando Furioso, was born in the Malag

Skye Chandler

Skye Chandler Quartermaine is a fictional character from the ABC soap operas All My Children, One Life to Live, General Hospital. Portrayed by Antoinette Byron, the role was portrayed by Robin Christopher for most of the next 25 years, with the exception of the mid-1990s, when Carrie Genzel portrayed the character. After her final departure from All My Children in 1997, the character crossed over to One Life to Live, appearing for two years until 2001 when she joined General Hospital for another seven years until 2008. Christopher went on to reprise the role in 2010 and 2011, before returning once again on November 21, 2012. In accord with Skye's nomadic journey through the ABC soaps and ultimate independence, Robin Christopher has been referred to by fans as the'Greta Garbo of soap opera,' evoking in her performance the glamour and emotional depth of Classical Hollywood cinema. Skye arrived in Pine Valley as a singer and it was discovered that she was Adam Chandler's daughter by his first wife.

She became the protector of her uncle Stuart Chandler. She had an affair with Tad Martin before "marrying Tom Cudahy; as part of an AIDS hate group, Skye set fire to the house where AIDS victim Cindy Parker lived with her son, Scott. When she learned, inside, Skye decided to brave the flames and rescue those trapped inside. Overcome by fumes while trying to rescue Cindy, Skye fell into a coma for over three months. Skye regained consciousness, but upon doing so she learned that her husband Tom had grown quite fond of Barbara Montgomery. So, Skye decided to continue pretending to be in a coma, began lurking through the secret passages in the Chandler mansion to spy on everyone, she "awoke" from her coma, but faked paralysis in a futile attempt to guilt Tom to stay with her. When she learned Tom and Barbara were still seeing each other, she kidnapped Barbara, an action that prompted Tom to have Skye committed to the Oak Haven sanitarium, where she flirted with fellow patient Travis Montgomery. Upon her release from Oak Haven, Skye took up with Jeremy Hunter.

However her eternal feelings of inadequacy and not being able to live up to Jeremy's expectations led her to drink, she became an alcoholic. After overcoming her addiction, her father, concocted a plan to use Skye to spy on his old enemy Palmer Cortlandt. Adam wanted Skye to date Palmer's nephew Will and thereby learn corporate secrets that would allow him to destroy his rival. Little known to them Palmer had the same idea to use Will to gain information on Adam through Skye; the two spies fell in love and convinced their families that no useful information could be gained by continuing this maneuver. Adam and Palmer forbade them from seeing each other, forcing them to set up secret meetings. Both Adam and Palmer reluctantly accepted their relationship. However, when Will was suspected of poisoning Palmer, Skye admitted to Will that she wasn't sure whether or not he was telling the truth about having nothing to do with it, broke off their relationship. Skye ignored Will's pleas for her to stay in Pine Valley and decided to move to Minnesota to work with recovering addicts..

In an "off screen" development, Skye left for New York City where she met and married the villainous Dr. Jonathan Kinder. Upon finding out that Kinder was using experimental drugs on, subsequently killing, his patients, Skye planned to report Jonathan to the authorities. Kinder found out, drugged her, locked her up; when Kinder came to Pine Valley, he brought Skye along with him and hid her in a mansion outside of town. In a twist of fate, fellow town pariah, Janet Green, was captured by Jonathan when she became suspicious of him when she was his secretary, found that Skye was being held captive. Janet didn't know that Skye was Adam's daughter because she was going by the name Toni- short for Antoinette. While Janet went for help, Skye stumbled onto the Hunting Lodge. On this particular night, Dimitri was having an affair with Maria. Subsequent to her gained freedom, Skye was introduced to Edmund Grey. Skye remembered seeing Dimitri and Maria making love, Skye developed a crush on Edmund. Skye's crush turned to obsession.

She thought if she could split up Edmund and Maria, Edmund would be hers. Skye bribed a lab tech, got access to Maria's paternity test and changed the father's name from Edmund to Dimitri. After the birth of Maria's baby, Dimitri was still believed to be the father of the child. Edmund never got back together with Maria to raise Maddie. Skye made a promise to herself to tell Edmund, she tried telling him, but she just couldn't bring herself to say it, so she wrote it in a letter and sent it to Maria. Maria did not read it. Maria never got the chance to tell Edmund the good news. After Edmund returned home from the hospital, Skye devoted her time to helping him out. Little did; every time she tried to tell him about the paternity test, he couldn't hear her. Dimitri won. Dimitri took Maddie to the hospital for a check up and found out that Maddie's blood type was different than his. Dimitri found out that Skye had changed the paternity test and threatened to kill Skye if she told Edmund about the results swap.

Dimitri ended up taking Maddie to Vadzel, his family castle

Austin Kleon

Austin Kleon is a New York Times bestselling author of three books: Steal Like an Artist. Kleon's works focus on creativity in today's world, he has spoken at organizations such as Pixar, TEDx, at conferences such as The Economist's Human Potential Summit and SXSW. On June 16, 1983, Kleon was born in Circleville, United States. Kleon's father was an associate professor for Ohio State. Kleon's mother was a school counselor and a school principal. Kleon has a step sister. Kleon graduated as a valedictorian in high school. Kleon attended Miami University in Ohio. Kleon started his career in a public library in Ohio. While working in a library, Kleon posted his poems. Kleon taught library users how to use computers. Kleon taught himself HTML and CSS. In Austin, Kleon became a web designer for the law school at University of Texas. Kleon published his poems as Newspaper Blackout. After Kleon's first book was published, he became a copywriter for a digital ad agency. Kleon's work has been featured on major media.

Kleon moved to Cleveland with his wife. Kleon lives in Texas with his family. Austin Kleon's official site Austin Kleon's official Facebook Austin Kleon's official Twitter Austin Kleon on NPR