Regional rail

Regional rail known as local trains and stopping trains, are passenger rail services that operate between towns and cities. These trains operate with more stops over shorter distances than inter-city rail, but fewer stops and faster service than commuter rail. Regional rail services operate beyond the limits of urban areas, either connect similarly-sized smaller cities and towns, or cities and surrounding towns, outside or at the outer rim of a suburban belt. Regional rail operates with an service load throughout the day, although increased services may be provided during rush-hour; the service is less oriented around bringing commuters to the urban centers, although this may generate part of the traffic on some systems. Other regional rail services operate between two large urban areas, but make many intermediate stops. In the United States, "regional rail" more refers to commuter rail systems that offer bidirectional all-day service and may provide useful connections between suburbs and edge cities, rather than transporting workers to a central business district.

The main difference between regional rail and commuter rail is that the latter is focused on moving people between where they live and where they work on a daily basis. Regional rail operates outside major cities. Unlike inter-city, it stops at all stations, it provides a service between smaller communities along the line, connections with long-distance services. Regional rail operates throughout the day but at low frequency, whereas commuter rail provides a high-frequency service within a conurbation. Regional rail services are much less to be profitable than inter-city and hence require government subsidy; this is justified on social or environmental grounds, because regional rail services act as feeders for more profitable inter-city lines. Since their invention, the distinction between regional and long-distance rail has commonly been the use of multiple-unit propulsion, with longer-distance trains tending to be locomotive-hauled, although the development of trains such as the British Rail Class 390 and V/Line VLocity has blurred this distinction.

Shorter regional rail services still be operated by multiple units where they exist, which have a shorter range and operate at lower average speeds than services on inter-city rail networks. Not using a locomotive provides greater passenger capacity in the commuter role at peak periods. There are trains that are something in between regional and inter-city, like the Oresundtrain with stopping pattern like a regional train and pass prices attracting work commuters; this list describes the terms used for regional rail in various countries. Train categories in Europe Passenger rail terminology

HMS Goldfinch (1910)

HMS Goldfinch was an Acorn-class destroyer of the Royal Navy, built in 1910. She was wrecked in fog on Start Point, one of the northern Orkney Isles, on the night of 18–19 February 1915, she was broken up for scrap in April 1919. Goldfinch was laid down at Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company's Govan, Glasgow shipyard on 23 February 1910 and was launched on 12 July 1910 and was completed in February 1911. On commissioning, Goldfinch joined the Second Destroyer Flotilla. On the night of 11 March 1911, a fire broke out in the radio room of Goldfinch, destroying the radio equipment. Colledge, J. J.. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. Dittmar, F. J.. J.. British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7. Friedman, Norman. British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. "Acorn Class". History of the World's Navies.

Retrieved 28 January 2008. Photo of HMS Goldfinch Bow/forefoot of HMS Goldfinch on Start Point


Partinico is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo, southern Italy. It is 71 kilometres from Trapani. Church of San Giuseppe, housing 17th-century paintings. Neo-Classicist Chiosco della Musica. Baroque fountain. Real Cantina Borbonica; the father of American musician Frank Zappa was born in Partinico. The street Via Zammatà where the Zappa family once lived, was renamed to Via Frank Zappa. In 2015 Zappa's son Dweezil released an album titled Via Zammata'; the Italian prime minister Vittorio Emanuele Orlando represented Partinico in the Italian Parliament from 1897 until 1925. The local, family-run, anti-Mafia television station Telejato is based in the town. Comune di Partinico