SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

René Clément

René Clément was a French film director and screenwriter. Clément studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts where he developed an interest in filmmaking. In 1936, he directed his first film, a 20-minute short featuring Jacques Tati. Clément spent the latter part of the 1930s making documentaries in parts of the Middle East and Africa. In 1937, he and archaeologist Jules Barthou were in Yemen making preparations to film a documentary, the first of that country and one that includes the only known film image of Imam Yahya. Ten years passed before Clément directed a feature but his French Resistance film, La Bataille du rail, gained much critical and commercial success. From there Clément became one of his country's most successful and respected directors, garnering numerous awards including two films that won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, the first in 1950 for The Walls of Malapaga and the second time two years for Forbidden Games. Clément had international success with several films but his star-studded 1966 epic Is Paris Burning?, written by Gore Vidal and Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Paul Graetz was a costly box office failure.

He began directing Play Dirty but quit early in production due to disputes with the film's producer Harry Saltzman. In 1973 he was a member of the jury at the 8th Moscow International Film Festival. Clément continued to make a few films until his retirement in 1975, including an international success with Rider on the Rain that starred Charles Bronson and Marlène Jobert. In 1984 the French motion picture industry honored his lifetime contribution to film with a special César Award. Clément's second wife was Irish-born screenwriter Johanna Harwood whom he had met on the set of his 1954 film Monsieur Ripois. Clément died in 1996 and was buried in the local cemetery in Menton on the French Riviera where he had spent his years in retirement. 1946: International Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival - La Bataille du rail 1949: Cannes Film Festival Best Director award - Au-delà des grilles 1952: Lion d'or at the Venice Film Festival - Forbidden Games 1952: New York Film Critics Circle Awards for Best Foreign Language Film - Forbidden Games 1953: BAFTA Award for Best Film - Forbidden Games 1954: Prix du jury at Cannes Film Festival - Monsieur Ripois 1956: Lion d'or at the Venice Film Festival - Gervaise 1956: BAFTA Award for Best Film - Gervaise Soigne ton gauche, 1936 Paris la nuit, 1939 La Bataille du rail, 1946 Le Père tranquille, 1946 Les Maudits, 1947 Au-delà des grilles, 1949 Le Château de verre, 1950 Jeux interdits, 1952 Monsieur Ripois, 1954 Gervaise, 1956 This Angry Age, 1958 Plein soleil, 1960 Quelle joie de vivre, 1961 Le Jour et l'Heure, 1963 Les Félins, 1964 Paris brûle-t-il?, 1966 Le Passager de la pluie, 1969 La Maison sous les arbres, 1971 La Course du lièvre à travers les champs, 1972 La Baby-Sitter, 1975 Plein soleil - Le serveur maladroit The Joy of Living - French General Yoroppa tokkyu - René Clément on IMDb

Creon (butterfly)

Creon is a monotypic butterfly genus in the family Lycaenidae. Its sole species is Creon cleobis, the broadtail royal, found in South Asia. Creon cleobis cleobis Godart, 1824 - South India, West Bengal, Assam - Thailand and Bangladesh. Creon cleobis queda Corbet, 1938 - Peninsular Malaya Creon cleobis igolotiana Murayama & Okamura, 1973 Corbet, 1938 - Philippines Male. Upperside brilliant blue, sometimes dark sky-blue, but varying somewhat in shade of colour. Forewing with more than the apical third and the outer third of the cell black, the remaining short basal portion of the costa narrowly black; the outer margin from vein 2 to the hinder angle with little more than a thick black line. Hindwing with the glandular patch below the costa grey. Cilia of both wings black, with white tips on the lower part of the hindwing. Underside creamy-brown, a fine red-brown, somewhat sinuous discal line across both wings outwardly curved on both wings, becomes angular on the lower part of the hindwing, turns inwards in a regular curve to the abdominal margin a little above the anal angle.

Antennse black, ringed with white, club with a red tip. Female. Upperside pale blue. Forewing with blackish-brown costal band, which broadens at the apex, but not nearly so broad as it is in the male, narrowing on the outer margin, the inner margin of the blackish-brown band nearly evenly curved. Hindwing with the costal space blackish-brown, a series of blackish spots on the outer margin, abdominal fold grey. Underside paler than in the male, markings similar; the wingspan of Creon is 27-38 millimeter. Creon has a liking for flowers, it can be found near forest streams areas, comes to damp or wet patches

BTC (Bahamas)

BTC is the primary telecommunications provider for the Bahamas, headquartered in Nassau, New Providence. It is government owned and offers telephone and wireless services. BTC is an acronym for the Bahamas Telecommunications Company and offers telephone and wireless services. In New Providence and Grand Bahama, it operates a GSM based HSPA, HSPA + and LTE network. Dual-class shares are 49% economic shares/49% voting shares of BTC are owned by the Government of the Bahamas, with 49% economic shares/51% voting shares owned by Cable & Wireless Communications and 2% economic shares in a national trust. In 1892, a telegraph cable was laid between Jupiter and the western district of New Providence, coming ashore in Goodman’s Bay, Bahamas; the area became known as “Cable Beach.” On October 5, 1906, the first telephone system was introduced with 150 subscribers in Nassau. Bimini got wireless telegraphy in 1920 and Grand Bahama opened its first Telegraph Station in West End in 1925. On December 16, 1933, the first telephone service to the United States from the Bahamas was introduced.

After World War II, the Telecommunications Department, of The Bahamas began to make steady progress in its development. Frequency shifters, the first in the Caribbean, were installed in 1946. An automatic time of day announcer was installed in Nassau in 1951, the first outside of the continental US. Nine years in 1960, a Forward Tropospheric Scatter was installed between Delaporte and Florida City, the second of its kind in this hemisphere, the first being in Cuba. In 1966, the Government of The Bahamas, by an Act of Parliament, incorporated the Telecommunications Department as the Bahamas Telecommunications Corporation, a quasi-governmental corporation, known as Batelco. In 1967, the expatriate-run Batelco got its first all-Bahamian Executive team, under the direction of R. E. Knowles, the first Bahamian General Manager. In 1971, direct distance dialing was introduced for Batelco operators and in 1972, under new General Manager Aubrey E. Curling, a $7 million submarine cable was installed from West Palm Beach to Eight Mile Rock through a joint venture agreement between AT & T and Batelco.

Robert Bartlett took the reins of the Corporation on October 15, 1979, when he became General Manager. Under Mr. Bartlett’s administration, Batelco moved from its rented location in the Chase Building on Thompson Boulevard to its own offices on John F. Kennedy Drive, where the company’s headquarters is located. In 1986 the Corporation joined the Caribbean Association of National Telecommunications Organizations and hosted its annual meeting and trade show, as well as acquiring the assets of The Grand Bahama Telephone Company, it was in the late eighties that Cellular Telephone Service was inaugurated in The Bahamas. In 1990, Robert Bartlett retired and Barrett Russell succeeded him as General Manager. In February 1992, fibre optics became a part of the Batelco system, enabling system upgrades throughout the archipelago, including Inagua where service was introduced in March of that year. Sir Albert Miller took over as Executive Chairman of Batelco in 1995; the following year, on April 10, 1996, an agreement was signed for the engineering and installation of the Bahamas II Submarine Cable and, on August 26, Batelco entered the internet market with the introduction of Batelnet.

The 1990s ended with the introduction of CLASS to residential customers, bringing them caller id, automatic recall and a number of other features. The end of the millennium saw significant upgrades to its fiber optic system, including a 26 million dollar cable between Vero Beach and Eight Mile Rock owned by a consortium with Batelco and AT&T as the Terminal parties; the new millennium marked a change from the name Batelco. On September 4, 2002, the company transitioned to the acronym BTC. In the mid-2000s, the GSM telephone system was introduced and replaced TDMA. During this time, the submarine BDSNI cable was introduced. In 2006, the BHi or Bahamas Haiti International marked the first time BTC partnered with another nation. Using the BDSNI cable, BTC links Port-au-Prince, Haiti with Matthew Town, Inagua providing the neighbouring nation with Vibe, I-Connect, GSM, WiFi and other products and services. In 2007 BTC partnered with Cisco Networks to build a new Multiprotocol Label Switching backbone.

This new network allowed BTC to provide new internet-protocol services to their customers. In late 2007, in conjunction with the Ministry of Health, BTC tested a pilot program that allowed medical experts in New Providence to read the vital signs of a patient located at a Ministry of Health clinic in Coopers Town, Abaco. During 2007 the Six Sigma program was created to reduce the response time to both fault resolution and the installation of services; the Universal Customer Service Representative, was designed to allow a CSR to work across different technologies and services, serving as a “one-stop shop” for BTC customers. In 2008, a new online directory, bahamasypages. Com was introduced. On April 6, 2011, the Government of The Bahamas and Cable & Wireless Communications signed a document, privatizing The Bahamas Telecommunications Company - BTC and transferred 51% of the public corporation to the London-based company for a purchase price of $210 million. New payment methods including online minute-loading were introduced.

A single number call centre was launched. The elimination of long distance charges between islands for calls originating from cell phones was introduced and a half million dollar expansion transformed what had been an administrative complex into the largest CWC store in the Caribbean. BTC began a mu