Groupe Renault is a French multinational automobile manufacturer established in 1899. The company produces a range of cars and vans, in the past has manufactured trucks, tanks, buses/coaches and aircraft engines, autorail vehicles. According to the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles, in 2016 Renault was the ninth biggest automaker in the world by production volume. By 2017, the Renault–Nissan–Mitsubishi Alliance had become the world's biggest seller of light vehicles, bumping Volkswagen AG off the top spot. Headquartered in Boulogne-Billancourt, near Paris, the Renault group is made up of the namesake Renault marque and subsidiaries, Automobile Dacia from Romania, Renault Samsung Motors from South Korea, AvtoVAZ from Russia. Renault has a 43.4% controlling stake in Nissan of Japan, a 1.55% stake in Daimler AG of Germany. Renault owns subsidiaries RCI Banque, Renault Retail Group and Motrio. Renault has various joint ventures, including Renault Pars; the French government owns a 15% share of Renault.
Renault Trucks known as Renault Véhicules Industriels, has been part of AB Volvo since 2001. Renault Agriculture became 100% owned by German agricultural equipment manufacturer CLAAS in 2008. Together Renault and Nissan invested €4 billion in eight electric vehicles over three to four years beginning in 2011. Renault is known for its role in motor sport rallying, Formula 1 and Formula E, its early work on mathematical curve modeling for car bodies is important in the history of computer graphics. The Renault corporation was founded in 1899 as Société Renault Frères by Louis Renault and his brothers Marcel and Fernand. Louis was a bright, aspiring young engineer who had designed and built several prototypes before teaming up with his brothers, who had honed their business skills working for their father's textile firm. While Louis handled design and production and Fernand managed the business; the first Renault car, the Renault Voiturette 1CV, was sold to a friend of Louis' father after giving him a test ride on 24 December 1898.
In 1903, Renault began to manufacture its own engines. The first major volume sale came in 1905 when Société des Automobiles de Place bought Renault AG1 cars to establish a fleet of taxis; these vehicles were used by the French military to transport troops during World War I which earned them the nickname "Taxi de la Marne." By 1907, a significant percentage of London and Paris taxis had been built by Renault. Renault was the best-selling foreign brand in New York in 1907 and 1908. In 1908 the company produced 3,575 units; the brothers recognised the value of publicity that participation in motor racing could generate for their vehicles. Renault made itself known through succeeding in the first city-to-city races held in Switzerland, producing rapid sales growth. Both Louis and Marcel raced company vehicles, but Marcel was killed in an accident during the 1903 Paris-Madrid race. Although Louis never raced again, his company remained involved, including Ferenc Szisz winning the first Grand Prix motor racing event in a Renault AK 90CV in 1906.
Louis took full control of the company as the only remaining brother in 1906 when Fernand retired for health reasons. Fernand died in 1909 and Louis became the sole owner, renaming the company Société des Automobiles Renault. Renault fostered its reputation for innovation from early on. At the time, cars were luxury items; the price of the smallest Renaults at the time were 3000 francs. In 1905, the company introduced mass production techniques and Taylorism in 1913. Renault manufactured commercial cargo vehicles in the pre-war years; the first real commercial truck from the company was introduced in 1906. During World War I, it branched out into ammunition, military aircraft engines and vehicles such as the revolutionary Renault FT tank; the company's military designs were so successful that Louis was awarded the Legion of Honour for his company's contributions. The company exported engines to American automobile manufacturers for use in such automobiles as the GJG, which used a Renault 26 horsepower or 40 hp four-cylinder engine.
Louis Renault enlarged Renault's scope after 1918, producing industrial machinery. The war led to many new products; the first Renault tractor, the Type GP was produced between 1919 and 1930. It was based on the FT tank. Renault struggled to compete with the popular small, affordable "people's cars," while problems with the stock market and the workforce slowed the company's growth. Renault had to find a way to distribute its vehicles more efficiently. In 1920, Louis signed one of its first distribution contracts with Gustave Gueudet, an entrepreneur from northern France; the pre-First World War cars had a distinctive front shape caused by positioning the radiator behind the engine to give a so-called "coalscuttle" bonnet. This continued through the 1920s. Only in 1930 did all models place the radiator at the front; the bonnet badge changed from circular to the familiar and continuing diamond shape in 1925. Renault introduced new models at the Paris Motor Show, held in September or October of the year.
This led to confusion about model years. For example, a "1927" model
Yoshiyuki Baba, known professionally as Togo Igawa, is a Japanese actor who works in British films and television. In recent years, he has had roles in major motion pictures such as Revolver, Memoirs of a Geisha and The Last Samurai, he has appeared in the Israeli movie A Matter of Size and the Thomas & Friends movies Hero of the Rails and Misty Island Rescue in 2010. Additionally, Igawa provides the voice for the character Professor Moshimo on the cartoon series Robotboy and the voice for the character Hiro, who first appeared in Hero of the Rails, in Thomas and Friends, he appears in 2011's Johnny English Reborn, the sequel to Johnny English, as English's Tibetan guru and is in the 2012 film Gambit playing businessman Takagawa. Igawa voiced the main villain Colonel Lee in the video game Crysis Warhead and the Yakuza character Jiro in the video game Payday 2. Igawa lives in England with his wife Adrienne Baba, he became the first Japanese member of The Royal Shakespeare Company in 1986. Kagirinaku toumei ni chikai blue as Okinawa The Man Who Shot Christmas as koji Half Moon Street as Japanese Waiter Just like a Woman as Akira Watanabe Incognito as Agachi Eyes Wide Shut as Japanese Man #1 The Nine Lives of Tomas Katz as Japanese Scuba Diver Code 46 as a Driver Irish Jam as Mr. Suzuki Speed Racer as Tetsuo Togokahn The Hedgehog as Kakuro Ozu Hero of the Rails as Hiro A Matter of Size as Kitano Ninja as Sensei Takeda Misty Island Rescue as Hiro Johnny English Reborn as Ting Wang Gambit as Takagawa King of the Railway as Hiro 47 Ronin as Tengu Lord Hector and the Search for Happiness as Old Monk Street Fighter: Assassin's Fist as Gotetsu Everly as Sadist The Confessions as Japanese minister Gems as Mr. Horikoshi/Mr.
Jima Never the Twain as Japanese tourist Small World as Prof. Motakazu Umeda Forever Green as Mr. Okisawa Screen Two as Hiroto Lovejoy as Mr. Kashimoto Yu-Gi-Oh! as Jafar Shin Robotboy as Professor Moshimo The IT Crowd as Japanese Boss Thomas & Friends as Hiro Casualty as Than Sein Archer as Kentaro Sato Doctor Who as Secretary General The Amazing World of Gumball as Mr Yoshida & Mystical Narrator Origin as Eiichi Yagami The Crown as Emperor Hirohito Perfect Dark Zero as Zhang Li Genji: Days of the Blade as Musashibo Benkei Crysis Warhead as Colonel Lee Payday 2 as Jiro Total War: Shogun 2 as game's narrator Official site
"Where Did It All Go Wrong?" is a song and single by the English rock band Oasis released on their 2000 album, Standing on the Shoulder of Giants. Written by guitarist Noel Gallagher, it is one of two songs on Standing on the Shoulder of Giants that features him on lead vocals. In explaining why front man Liam Gallagher did not sing the song, Noel claimed that: " Liam just couldn't get that one; the melody shifts quite a lot... Liam hasn't got that dynamism in his voice."Noel stated that the song's lyrics are about a circle of friends that he was involved with at one time in his life, as well as being semi-autobiographical. Q Magazine stated that the song is "Easily a stand-out moment in the vast pantheon of Gallagher anthems... evocative heartbreak record for the disaffected middle youth, still a vulnerable youngster at the core..."An early demo of the track featured flutist Charlotte Glasson, but when the album was re-recorded the flute part was not included. Glasson featured on Gas Panic! from the same album.
Although not released as a commercial single, the song was released as a radio-single in the United States, where the song received airplay but failed to chart due in part to no official release. The video features Liam being interviewed whilst Noel sings whilst reading a newspaper and looking at what is going on in the building opposite where he and the band are. Noel Gallagher – lead vocals, lead guitars, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar, keyboards Liam Gallagher – tambourine, piano Alan White – drums Paul Stacey – additional acoustic guitar CD Epic Promotional Release ESK 12875"Where Did It All Go Wrong?" - 4:31 "Where Did It All Go Wrong?" - 4:28 Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics