North Algona Wilberforce
North Algona Wilberforce is a township in Renfrew County, Canada. It has a population of 2,873; the township was formed in 1999 when the North Wilberforce townships were amalgamated. Wilberforce Township was named in 1851; the township contains the communities of Allans Corners, Beef Town, Budd Mills, Crooked Rapids, Dore Bay, Duquette's Farm, Fourth Chute, Golden Lake, Green Lake, Higginson's Hill, Lake Dore, Lett's Corners, Mink Lake, Mud Lake, Slabtown, Trevor Ouellette Lake and Woito. Canadian National Railway served Golden Lake on the Locksley subdivision. Rail service was discontinued in 1961. Population trend: Population in 2016: 2915 Population in 2011: 2873 Population in 2006: 2840 Population in 2001: 2729 Population in 1996: North Algona: 664 Wilberforce: 1931 Population in 1991: North Algona: 636 Wilberforce: 1792Mother tongue: English as first language: 92.5% French as first language: 2.9% English and French as first language: 0.0% Other as first language: 4.6% List of townships in Ontario
Admaston/Bromley is an incorporated township in Renfrew County, Eastern Ontario, Canada. It was formed on January 2000, when Admaston and Bromley Townships were amalgamated, it takes part of its name from a small English hamlet. The township comprises the communities of Admaston, Balsam Hill, Belangers Corners, Bulgers Corners, Douglas, Fremo Corners, Kellys Corner, Martins Corner, McDougall, Moores Lake, Mount St. Patrick, Oakgrove, Payne, Pine Valley, Renfrew Junction, Rosebank and Wolftown. According to the Canada 2006 Census, Admaston/Bromley is predominately English speaking with 89% speaking English as first language, 1% speaking French as first language and 9% speaking another first language. List of municipalities in Ontario List of townships in Ontario Official website
The Ottawa River is a river in the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. For most of its length, it defines the border between these two provinces, it is a major tributary of the St. Lawrence River; the river rises at Lac des Outaouais, north of the Laurentian Mountains of central Quebec, flows west to Lake Timiskaming. From there its route has been used to define the interprovincial border with Ontario; the river reaches great depths of nearly 460 feet in some places. From Lake Timiskaming, the river flows southeast to Ottawa and Gatineau, where it tumbles over Chaudière Falls and further takes in the Rideau and Gatineau rivers; the Ottawa River drains into the Lake of the St. Lawrence River at Montreal; the river is 1,271 kilometres long. The average annual mean waterflow measured at Carillon dam, near the Lake of Two Mountains, is 1,939 cubic metres per second, with average annual extremes of 749 to 5,351 cubic metres per second. Record historic levels since 1964 are a low of 529 cubic metres per second in 2005 and a high of 8,190 cubic metres per second in 1976.
The river flows through large areas of deciduous and coniferous forest formed over thousands of years as trees recolonized the Ottawa Valley after the ice age. The coniferous forests and blueberry bogs occur on old sand plains left by retreating glaciers, or in wetter areas with clay substrate; the deciduous forests, dominated by birch, beech and ash occur in more mesic areas with better soil around the boundary with the La Varendrye Park. These primeval forests were affected by natural fire started by lightning, which led to increased reproduction by pine and oak, as well as fire barrens and their associated species; the vast areas of pine were exploited by early loggers. Generations of logging removed hemlock for use in tanning leather, leaving a permanent deficit of hemlock in most forests. Associated with the logging and early settlement were vast wild fires which not only removed the forests, but led to soil erosion. Nearly all the forests show varying degrees of human disturbance. Tracts of older forest are uncommon, hence they are considered of considerable importance for conservation.
The Ottawa River has large areas of wetlands. Some of the more biologically important wetland areas include, the Westmeath sand dune/wetland complex, Mississippi Snye, Breckenridge Nature Reserve, Shirleys Bay, Ottawa Beach/Andrew Haydon Park, Petrie Island, the Duck Islands and Greens Creek; the Westmeath sand dune/wetland complex is significant for its pristine sand dunes, few of which remain along the Ottawa River, the many associated rare plants. Shirleys Bay has a biologically diverse shoreline alvar, as well as one of the largest silver maple swamps along the river. Like all wetlands, these depend upon the seasonal fluctuations in the water level. High water levels help create and maintain silver maple swamps, while low water periods allow many rare wetland plants to grow on the emerged sand and clay flats. There are five principal wetland vegetation types. One is swamp silver maple. There are four herbaceous vegetation types, named for the dominant plant species in them: Scirpus, Eleocharis and Typha.
Which type occurs in a particular location depends upon factors such as substrate type, water depth, ice-scour and fertility. Inland, south of the river, older river channels, which date back to the end of the ice age, no longer have flowing water, have sometimes filled with a different wetland type, peat bog. Examples include Alfred Bog. Major tributaries include: Communities along the Ottawa River include: The Ottawa River lies in the Ottawa-Bonnechere Graben, a Mesozoic rift valley that formed 175 million years ago. Much of the river flows through the Canadian Shield, although lower areas flow through limestone plains and glacial deposits; as the glacial ice sheet began to retreat at the end of the last ice age, the Ottawa River valley, along with the St. Lawrence River valley and Lake Champlain, had been depressed to below sea level by the glacier's weight, filled with sea water; the resulting arm of the ocean is known as the Champlain Sea. Fossil remains of marine life dating 12 to 10 thousand years ago have been found in marine clay throughout the region.
Sand deposits from this era have produced vast plains dominated by pine forests, as well as localized areas of sand dunes, such as Westmeath and Constance Bay. Clay deposits from this period have resulted in areas of poor drainage, large swamps, peat bogs in some ancient channels of this river. Hence, the distribution of forests and wetlands is much a product of these past glacial events. Large deposits of a material known as Leda clay formed; these deposits become unstable after heavy rains. Numerous landslides have occurred as a result; the former site of the town of Lemieux, Ontario collapsed into the South Nation River in 1993. The town's residents had been relocated because of the suspected instability of the earth in that location; as the land rose again the sea coast retreated and the fresh water courses of today took shape. Following the demise of the Champlain Sea the Ottawa River Valley continued to drain the waters of the emerging Upper Great Lakes basin through Lake Nipissing and the Mattawa River.
Owing to the ongoing uplift of the la
A municipality is a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns and hamlets; the term municipality may mean the governing or ruling body of a given municipality. A municipality is a general-purpose administrative subdivision, as opposed to a special-purpose district; the term is derived from French Latin municipalis. The English word municipality derives from the Latin social contract municipium, referring to the Latin communities that supplied Rome with troops in exchange for their own incorporation into the Roman state while permitting the communities to retain their own local governments. A municipality can be any political jurisdiction from a sovereign state, such as the Principality of Monaco, to a small village, such as West Hampton Dunes, New York.
The territory over which a municipality has jurisdiction may encompass only one populated place such as a city, town, or village several of such places only parts of such places, sometimes boroughs of a city such as the 34 municipalities of Santiago, Chile. Powers of municipalities range from virtual autonomy to complete subordination to the state. Municipalities may have the right to tax individuals and corporations with income tax, property tax, corporate income tax, but may receive substantial funding from the state. In various countries, municipalities are referred to as "communes", notably in Romance languages such as French commune, Italian comune, Romanian comună, Spanish comuna, in Germanic languages such as German Kommune, Swedish kommun, Faroese kommuna, Norwegian, Danish kommune. However, in Moldova and Romania exist both municipalities and communes, a commune may be part of a municipality. Similar terms include Spanish ayuntamiento called municipalidad, Polish gmina, Dutch/Flemish Gemeente and Luxembourgish Gemeng.
In Australia, the term local government area is used in place of the generic municipality. Here, the "LGA Structure covers only incorporated areas of Australia. Incorporated areas are designated parts of states and territories over which incorporated local governing bodies have responsibility." In Canada, municipalities are local governments established through provincial and territorial legislation within general municipal statutes. Types of municipalities within Canada include cities, district municipalities, municipal districts, parishes, rural municipalities, townships and villes among others; the Province of Ontario has different tiers of municipalities, including lower and single tiers. Types of upper tier municipalities in Ontario include regional municipalities. Nova Scotia has regional municipalities, which include cities, districts, or towns as municipal units. In India, a Municipality or Nagar Palika is an urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. However, there are exceptions to that, as Municipality were constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000, so all the urban bodies which were classified as Municipality were reclassified as Municipality if their population was under 100,000.
Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government, though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Municipality. Municipality are a form of local self-government entrusted with some duties and responsibilities, as enshrined in the Constitutional Act,1992. In the United Kingdom, the term was used until the 1972 Local Government Act came into effect in 1974 in England and Wales, until 1975 in Scotland and 1976 in Northern Ireland, "both for a city or town, organized for self-government under a municipal corporation, for the governing body itself; such a corporation in Great Britain consists of a head as a mayor or provost, of superior members, as aldermen and councillors". Since local government reorganisation, the unit in England, Northern Ireland and Wales is known as a district, in Scotland as a council area. A district can retain its district title. In Jersey, a municipality refers to the honorary officials elected to run each of the 12 parishes into which it is subdivided.
This is the highest level of regional government in this jurisdiction. In Trinidad and Tobago, "municipality" is understood as a city, town, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. A town may be awarded borough status and on may be upgraded to city status. Chaguanas, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Point Fortin are the 5 current municipalities in Trinidad and Tobago. In the United States, "municipality" is understood as a city, village, or other local government unit, formed by municipal charter from the state as a municipal corporation. In a state law contex
For other places with the same name, see Horton. Horton is a township in eastern Ontario, Canada, at the confluence of the Bonnechere River and the Ottawa River in Renfrew County; the Town of Renfrew was part of Horton Township. Robert A. Johnson was re-elected as Reeve in 2006; the township comprises the communities of Castleford, Castleford Station, Fergusons Beach, Lochwinnoch and Thompson Hill. Storyland List of townships in Ontario Horton Township official website
Deep River, Ontario
Deep River is a town in Renfrew County, Canada. Located along the Ottawa River, it lies about 200 kilometres north-west of Ottawa on the Trans-Canada Highway. Deep River is opposite the Province of Quebec; the name Deep River purportedly derives from the fact that the Ottawa River reaches its greatest depth of 402 feet just outside the township. However, the Ottawa River reaches a depth of 565 feet in Moose Bay, located on the Holden Lake section west of Deux-Rivières; the primary industry centres on research at the Chalk River location of Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, a facility of the Chalk River Laboratories about 10 km east of Deep River on Highway 17. The facility is named for, accessed via, the nearby town Chalk River, although the site is technically in Deep River. Property taxes make up the majority of Deep River's budget. Plans for the construction of this planned community began in 1944 by the federal government as part of the Manhattan Project, to accommodate employees of the nearby Chalk River Nuclear Research Laboratories.
Along with Los Alamos, New Mexico and Oak Ridge, Chalk River was an offshoot of the nuclear effort for the allies and scientists and tradesmen from around the world who came to work on the Manhattan project. After World War II, Canada continued on with research into the atom, dedicated the country to the peaceful uses that could be derived from putting the atom to use. Deep River was situated far enough upwind and upriver of the Chalk River research reactors to avoid radioactive fallout. John Bland, an architecture professor at McGill University, developed the town's first master plan in 1944. Bland located the town between the Ottawa River, he designed a system of streets which followed the contours of the area's topography. Residential neighborhoods stretched out from a service-sector core. Straight and broad avenues ran along contour lines, while narrower and winding streets lay at right angles, discouraging non-local traffic from entering neighborhoods. Parks and schools were scattered strategically throughout the town.
The streets were named after local flora, Canadian politicians and famous scientists such as Rutherford and Darwin. At the same time, its economy and development was further boosted by the construction of the Des Joachim Hydroelectric Generating Station and dam on the Ottawa River at Rolphton, which opened on June 28, 1950; the town was the subject of a Maclean's Magazine article in 1958 by the noted Canadian journalist and author Peter C. Newman. Entitled, "Deep River: Almost the Perfect Place to Live," the article took a sardonic take on the town as a odd and isolated place populated by young, male educated and bored scientists and technicians struggling to find things to do with their time: "The Utopian town where our atomic scientists live and play has no crime, no slums, no unemployment and few mothers-in-law." In 1962, the experimental Nuclear Power Demonstration or NPD power reactor started up as a prototype for CANDU reactors. This was operated by Ontario Hydro which used it as a training facility for new employees in their Nuclear division.
This brought many more temporary residents to the town. Deep River is located at a latitude of 46°06' north and longitude 77°30' west, in the Boreal Forest biozone, has an area of 50.87 square kilometres. The town sits on the section of the Ottawa River referred to as "La Rivière Creuse" by 17th-century French explorers, and, at the heart of Canada's 19th-century timber trade. Deep River boasts many active clubs. Among the numerous community accomplishments is the creation of the Deep River Symphony Orchestra, formed in 1951, making Deep River one of the smallest towns to have a symphony orchestra. Cross-country skiing is a popular winter recreation. Avid skiers of the Deep River Cross-Country Ski Club created the Silver Spoon trails and an annual race that brings contestants from across Ontario. Another popular event is Summerfest, a festival held once every two years, hosting many local and famous artists including Sloan, Wide Mouth Mason, Amanda Wilkinson, Daniel Lanois, K'naan; the festival organizes many recreational events including the Cross-River Swim.
Deep River is known to have picturesque scenery, excellent boating along the broad river, good hiking in the hills across the Ottawa River. Deep River has a community pool, fire department, police department, ski hill, golf course, curling rink, yacht club, a library, as well as the Canadian Clock Museum, home to an extensive collection of clocks from The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company. Deep River was last home to four schools in 2005, for students from Junior Kindergarten through Grade 12: T. W. Morison Public School - now closed, it used to be for students JK to grade 6; as decided by the school board on October 26, 2009, Morison Public School was closed down and moved into Mackenzie High School for the 2011-2012 school year in favour of making Mackenzie a JK-12 "education centre." Keys Public School - now closed, it used to house students grade 5 to grade 8. At the end of the 2004-2005 school year, Keys Public School was closed down due to budget cuts in the school board; the Junior half of Keys was moved to Morison Public School, the Intermediate half joined Mackenzie, separated by name only.
It was predicted Morison would close down at the end of the 2006-2007 school year and would join Mackenzie High School as well, but was delayed in a decision to close until October 2009. In 2011, with the creation of
Laurentian Valley is a township municipality in Renfrew County in eastern Ontario, Canada. It borders on the city of Pembroke and the town of Petawawa; this township was created on January 1, 2000 from the former townships of Stafford-Pembroke and Alice and Fraser. The township comprises the communities of Alice, Cotnam Island, Davis Mills, Forest Lea, French Settlement, Gorr Subdivision, Government Road, Hiam, Huckabones Corners, Kathmae Siding, Lower Stafford, Pleasant View, Shady Nook and Trautrim Subdivision. According to the Canada 2016 Census: Population: 9,387 % Change: -2.8 Total Private Dwellings: 3,887 Area: 551.43 Density: 17.0Population trend: Population in 2016: 9387 Population in 2011: 9657 Population in 2006: 9265 Population in 2001: 8733 Population in 1996: 8978 For the 2010–2011 fiscal year, the township will spend C$2,700,000. List of townships in Ontario Official website County of Renfrew: Township of Laurentian Valley