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Republic of Ireland national football team

The Republic of Ireland national football team represents Ireland in international football. It is governed by the Football Association of Ireland and stages its home fixtures at the Aviva Stadium in Dublin; the team made their debut at the 1924 Summer Olympics. Between 1924 and 1936, the team competed as the Irish Free State and from until 1950, it was referred to by the FAI as Éire or Ireland. In 1953, FIFA decreed that for competitive matches in tournaments that both Irish teams may enter, the FAI team would be called the Republic of Ireland while the IFA team was to be named Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland was allowed to use the title Ireland by FIFA in the Home International Competition until it was discontinued in 1984; the Republic of Ireland was the first nation from outside the United Kingdom to defeat England at home in a fixture played at Goodison Park, Liverpool, in 1949. The team reached the quarter-final stage of the 1964 European Nations' Cup, where they lost to the eventual champions Spain.

Under the guidance of Jack Charlton, the team enjoyed its most successful era, reaching their highest FIFA world ranking at sixth in August 1993, qualifying for UEFA Euro 1988 in their first appearance at the UEFA European Championship, reaching the quarter-finals of the 1990 FIFA World Cup in their first appearance at the finals, as well as making the last 16 at the 1994 edition. Charlton's successor Mick McCarthy lost out on the next two major tournaments but qualified for the 2002 World Cup, making it to the last 16. Under Giovanni Trapattoni, the team narrowly lost out on qualification for the 2010 World Cup during a controversial play-off, but went on to qualify for Euro 2012; the team failed to qualify for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, marking the end of Trapattoni's tenure as manager. The Republic of Ireland fell to a record low FIFA ranking of 59th a record low of 70th in June 2014. For the next Euro qualifying campaign under manager Martin O'Neill, the Republic of Ireland finished third behind Germany and Poland, but went on to qualify for Euro 2016 after a 3–1 aggregate win over Bosnia and Herzegovina in the play-offs.

The Boys in Green reached the Round of 16 stage at that tournament and were knocked out by the hosts and eventual runners-up France after losing 2–1. Between 1882 and 1924, Ireland was represented by a single national football team organised by the Belfast-based Irish Football Association. In 1920, Ireland was partitioned into Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State Following the initial political upheavals surrounding Partition, a Dublin-based organisation calling itself the Football Association of the Irish Free State split from the IFA in 1921 and began organising its own league and national football team. In 1923, the FAIFS was recognised by FIFA as the governing body of football in the Irish Free State and at the 1924 Summer Olympics, the Irish Free State made their international debut. On 28 May, at the Stade Olympique, they beat Bulgaria 1–0, with Paddy Duncan scoring the team's first goal; as a result, they qualified for the quarter-finals. On 14 June 1924, the Irish Free State made their home debut against the United States, who had embarked on a brief European tour after competing in the same Summer Olympics.

Ed Brookes scored a hat-trick in a 3–1 home win at Dalymount Park. The Irish Free State did not play their next game until 21 March 1926, an away game against Italy lost 3–0. In subsequent years, the status of the Olympic Games football competition was downgraded and as a result, this game is regarded as the Irish Free State's first official game. On 25 February 1934, the Irish Free State made their FIFA World Cup debut, drawing 4–4 with Belgium at Dalymount Park in a 1934 FIFA World Cup qualifier. Paddy Moore scored all four of the Free State's goals and became the first player to score four goals in a World Cup game. After 1936, they reverted to the designation "Football Association of Ireland" and began to refer to their team as Éire or "Ireland". During this entire period, there were two Irish international football teams, chosen by two rival Associations. Both Associations, the Northern Ireland-based IFA and the Irish Free State-based FAI claimed jurisdiction over the whole of Ireland and considered themselves entitled to select players from the entire island.

At least 38 dual internationals were selected to represent both teams, however the overwhelming majority of these were Southerners who agreed to play for the IFA team, with only a bare handful "crossing the border" in the other direction. A 2–0 win over England at Goodison Park on 21 September 1949 was the first time England suffered a home defeat by a team outside the Home Countries of Scotland and the Ireland team run by the Belfast-based Irish FA. FIFA intervened when both teams entered 1950 World Cup qualification, the first time they had entered the same competition. Four players – Tom Aherne, Reg Ryan, Davy Walsh, Con Martin – played for the two different teams in the same FIFA World Cup tournament. All four players concerned had been born in the Irish Free State and made their full international debut in FAI colours before agreeing to represent the IFA team; this may have alarmed the FAI, since they subsequently lobbied FIFA to prevent the IFA from picking Southern-born players. FIFA's response was to restrict the eligibility of players on the basis of the border, further ruling in 1953 tha

1975–76 Cypriot Cup

The 1975–76 Cypriot Cup was the 34th edition of the Cypriot Cup. A total of 35 clubs entered the competition, it began on 8 May 1976 with the preliminary round and concluded on 27 June 1976 with the final, held at Tsirio Stadium. APOEL won their 9th Cypriot Cup trophy after beating Alki Larnaca 6–0 in the final. In the 1975–76 Cypriot Cup, participated all the teams of the Cypriot First Division, the Cypriot Second Division and the Cypriot Third Division; the competition consisted of six knock-out rounds. In all rounds each tie was played as a single leg and was held at the home ground of the one of the two teams, according to the draw results; each tie winner was qualifying to the next round. If a match was drawn, extra time was following. If extra time was drawn, there was a replay at the ground of the team who were away for the first game. If the rematch was drawn extra time was following and if the match remained drawn after extra time the winner was decided by penalty shoot-out; the cup winner secured a place in the 1976–77 European Cup Winners' Cup.

In the preliminary round participated 2 teams of each category. The teams were decided by drawing. Achilleas Kaimakli, a team of 1975–76 Cypriot Third Division did't want to participate to 1975–76 Cyprus Cup, so only 7 of the 8 teams of the 1975–76 Cypriot Third Division were participated. 8 clubs from the 1976–77 Cypriot First Division, 7 clubs from the 1976–77 Cypriot Second Division and 7 clubs from the 1976–77 Cypriot Third Division were added. "1975/76 Cyprus Cup". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation. 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2017-09-08. Gavreilides, Michalis. Ένας αιώνας Κυπριακό ποδόσφαιρο. Nicosia: The writer. Pp. 98–99. ISBN 9963-8720-1-8. Stephanidis, Giorgos. 40 χρόνια κυπριακές ομάδες στην Ευρώπη. Nicosia: Haravgi. P. 93. ISBN 9963-8841-1-3. Cypriot Cup 1975–76 Cypriot First Division

Idols South Africa (season 7)

Idols South Africa VII was the seventh season of South African reality interactive talent show based on the British talent show Pop Idol. It premiered on 5 June 2011; the judges returned with the addition of Unathi Msengana in the place of Mara Louw and were supported by a guest judge in every casting city. After the auditions, call backs were held in Sun City for the golden ticket holders. After the theater and special guest The Parlotones rounds the final number of contestants were brought down to 16. Auditions began February 2011, were held in the following cities: Every season the worst auditions voted for by the viewers to be part of their own Top 10 for the Wooden Mic trophy. After the Parlotones performance the judges let 14 contestants know that they were through to the Top 15. With the last two contestants Josslynn Hlenti from Durban and Kerry Sanssoucie from Johannesburg left the judges let the public vote for who they wanted to see in the Top 15; the following week the results were revealed and Kerry was chosen to take up the last place in the Top 15.

The Top 15 contestants performed a song of their own choice. The show air on 24 July 2011 and viewers had the week to vote for their Top 10; the Top 10 performance was recorded live on Friday 5 August 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 7 August 2011. The results show was aired live on Tuesday 9 August 2011. With guest acts from Idols season 6's The Black Hotels. Guest Judge: Ziyon The Top 9 performance was recorded live on Friday 12 August 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 14 August 2011; the results show was aired live on Tuesday 16 August 2011. Guest Judge Cofield Mundi performed during the results show and sang a song she specially composed for Idols. Guest Judge: Cofield Mundi The Top 8 were mentored in the finer points of R’n’B by South African legend Loyiso Bala, who performed with them as a special guest artist; the Top 8 performance was recorded live on Friday 19 August 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 21 August 2011.

The results show was aired live on Tuesday 23 August 2011. Guest Performer: Loyiso Bala The Top 8 took to the stage again after Kelly was saved by the judges; the Top 8 got a little help from the Mzansi Youth Choir, who provided the backing vocals for the Idols. James Blunt performed during the show; the Top 8 performance was recorded live on Friday 19 August 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 21 August 2011. The results show was aired live on Tuesday 23 August 2011. Two Contestants were eliminated, due to the judges using there one safe vote the week before. Backing Vocals: Mzansi Youth Choir Guest Performer: James Blunt Guest Judge: Chante Moore The Top 6 will take to the stage after Erin and Dene was voted off the previous week in a double elimination; the Top 6 performance will be recorded live on Friday 2 September 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 4 September 2011. The results show will be aired live on Tuesday 6 September 2011. Guest Judge: LeAnne Every Contastant will perform two songs.

The Top 5 performance will be recorded live on Friday 9 September 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 11 September 2011. The results show will be aired live on Tuesday 13 September 2011. Guest Judge: Locnville Every Contastant will perform two songs, and there will be two duets The Top 4 performance will be recorded live on Friday 16 September 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 18 September 2011. The results show will be aired live on Tuesday 20 September 2011. Guest Judge: Craig David Every Contastant performed three songs. One of each contestant's songs has been chosen for them based on the year. Sterling EQ accompanied the Idols in two of their three songs; the Top 3 performance was recorded live on Friday 23 September 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 25 September 2011. The results show was aired live on Tuesday 27 September 2011. Guest Judge: HHP The Top 2 Contestants performed three songs. Both Dave and Mark were allowed to choose their favourite performance from any stage of the Idols competition.

The Top 2 were accompanied by The Parlotones. And both of them performed their single; the Top 2 performance was recorded live on Friday 30 September 2011 at the Mosaïek Teatro in Fairlands and aired on Sunday 2 October 2011. The results show was aired live on Tuesday 4 October 2011. Guest Judge: Idols website

Matsudaira Sadanobu

Matsudaira Sadanobu Japanese daimyō of the mid-Edo period, famous for his financial reforms which saved the Shirakawa Domain, the similar reforms he undertook during his tenure as chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa shogunate, from 1787 to 1793. Sadanobu was born in Edo Castle on January 1759, into the Tayasu branch of the Tokugawa house; the Tayasu was one of the gosankyō, the senior-most of the lesser cadet branches of the Shōgun's family, which still bore the name Tokugawa. His father was the son of the reform-minded eighth shōgun Tokugawa Yoshimune; the Tayasu house stood apart from the other cadet branches resident in Edo Castle, living a more austere lifestyle, following the example set by Yoshimune—in Munetake's words, the praise of manly spirit as opposed to feminine spirit. It set itself apart from the other branches due to its history of thwarted political ambition—the founder, had hoped to become his father's heir but was passed over for Yoshimune's eldest son, Ieshige; as a result, Sadanobu was brought up from a young age with the hopes of being placed as the next shogunal heir.

His education was thorough, being done along Confucian lines, by his teens Sadanobu had read and memorized much of the Confucian canon. As he matured, there was a further onus on Sadanobu for success as several members of the Tayasu house began to die young. Further attempts were made by the family to place Sadanobu as the next shogunal heir, but they were thwarted by the political clique of Tanuma Okitsugu, in power as the chief rōjū. Following the last failed attempt at adoption by the shōgun, Sadanobu was adopted by Matsudaira Sadakuni, head of one of the Hisamatsu-Matsudaira houses, which ruled the Shirakawa Domain in southern Mutsu Province, succeeding to headship in late 1783 following his stepfather's protracted illness, he was faced with his domain's economically disastrous position: of 110,000 koku that it was supposed to be able to produce, 108,600 had been reported "lost". Sadanobu worked ceaselessly to fix the economic situation in Shirakawa saving it and bringing its finances and agriculture back to stability.

These reforms, coupled with Sadanobu's continued political maneuvering, brought him fame, he was named chief councilor of the Shogunate in the summer of 1787, regent to the 11th shōgun Tokugawa Ienari early the following year. This period of Sadanobu's strengthening of the faltering Tokugawa regime is known as the Kansei Reforms, his policies could as well be construed as a reactionary response to the excesses of his predecessor under Shōgun Ieharu. He recovered the finances of the Shogunate to some extent, had some success in rescuing its reputation. However, following the Title Incident and the visit of Adam Laxman, Sadanobu's credibility and popularity in the Tokugawa bureaucracy became overtaxed, true to the suggestion in his autobiography that "one should retire before discontent sets in", he resigned. Aside from his political reforms, Sadanobu was known as a writer and a moralist, working under the pen name Rakuō; some of his notable texts include Uge no Hitokoto, Tōzen Manpitsu, Kanko-dōri, Kagetsutei Nikki, Ōmu no Kotoba, among others.

Some time after his death, it was discovered that he had written a satirical text parodying daimyō life, titled Daimyō Katagi. Scholars have since been somewhat taken aback by this discovery, since the text falls into the category of gesaku, which Sadanobu opposed. Though Sadanobu resigned from his position on the senior council, he continued to keep up with political affairs keeping in close touch with Matsudaira Nobuaki, as well as the rector of the Shogunate's college, Hayashi Jussai, whom he had installed in that position. During these last few years of his rule in Shirakawa, he was involved in matters of national defense, taking up security duties on the Bōsō Peninsula in 1810 together with Matsudaira Katahiro of Aizu. In domainal matters, Sadanobu continued to devote himself to the reforms he had established, as well as to education, he retired from the family headship in 1819, was succeeded by his son Sadanaga. Sadanobu died in 1829, according to his will, his son petitioned the Yoshida family in Kyoto to grant him the deified title of Shukoku-daimyōjin.

This was granted in three stages, in 1833, 1834, 1855. Sadanobu was enshrined together with the Hisamatsu founder Sadatsuna, Sugawara no Michizane, two other figures, in the Chinkoku-Shukoku shrine; this shrine has branches both in Kuwana, where Sadanaga was transferred, in Sadanobu's former fief of Shirakawa, where the shrine was built in 1918. One of Sadanaga's sons, Itakura Katsukiyo, became as famous as his grandfather in the late Edo era, due to his attempted reforms of the Shogunate. Backus, Robert L; the Kansei Prohibition of Heterodoxy and Its Effects on Education. In Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 39, No. 1. Pp. 55–106. Backus, Robert L; the Motivation of Confucian Orthodoxy in Tokugawa Japan. In Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol. 39, No. 2. Pp. 275–338. Hall, John Wesley.. Tanuma Okitsugu: Forerunner of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Iwasaki Haruko. "Portrait of a Daimyo: Comical Fiction by Matsudaira Sadanobu" in Monumenta Nipponica, Vol. 38, No. 1. Pp. 1–19.

Matsudaira Sadanobu. "Daimyo Katagi" in Monumenta Nipponica, Vol. 38, No. 1. Pp. 20–48. Ooms, Herman.. Charismatic Bure

The Last Cartridges (painting)

The Last Cartridges is an 1873 painting by the French artist Alphonse de Neuville. It recreates an incident of the Franco-Prussian War, when the French defenders of Bazeilles fought to the last cartridge during the 1870 Battle of Sedan; the fighting at Bazeilles was celebrated by the French nation amidst an otherwise catastrophic defeat. The painting was featured in the turn-based strategy game Civilization V; the Last Cartridges, an 1897 film inspired by the painting Fermer, Douglas. Sedan 1870: The Eclipse of France. Pen and Sword, 2016. Thomson, Richard; the Troubled Republic: Visual Culture and Social Debate in France, 1889-1900. Yale University Press, 2004

1995–96 United States network television schedule

This was the United States broadcast television schedule on all six commercial television networks for the Fall season beginning in September 1995. All times are Pacific, with certain exceptions, such as Monday Night Football. New series highlighted in bold; each of the 30 highest-rated shows is listed with its rank and rating as determined by Nielsen Media Research. Yellow indicates the programs in the top 10 for the season. Cyan indicates the programs in the top 20 for the season. Magenta indicates the programs in the top 30 for the season. Note: This is the first fall season for The WB and UPN; the schedules of either network would not be constant until fall 1999, when the WB decided to air shows from Sunday through Friday and UPN would air Monday through Friday. This is the first television season to end in the month of May. From July 19 to August 4, 1996, all of NBC's primetime programming was preempted in favor of coverage of the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta. PBS is not included. Note: JAG was on Saturdays until February 3, 1996.