Request for Comments, in information and communications technology, is a type of text document from the technology community. An RFC document may come from many bodies including from the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Research Task Force, the Internet Architecture Board, or from independent authors; the RFC system is supported by the Internet Society. An RFC is authored by engineers and computer scientists in the form of a memorandum describing methods, research, or innovations applicable to the working of the Internet and Internet-connected systems, it is submitted either for peer review or to convey new concepts, information, or engineering humor. The IETF adopts some of the proposals published as RFCs as Internet Standards. However, many RFCs are not standards; the RFC system was invented by Steve Crocker in 1969 to help record unofficial notes on the development of ARPANET. RFCs have since become official documents of Internet specifications, communications protocols and events.
According to Crocker, the documents "shape the Internet's inner workings and have played a significant role in its success", but are not well known outside the community. Requests for Comments are produced in a non-reflowable document format, but work began to change the format to a reflowable one, so that documents can be viewed in devices with restricted size. Outside of the Internet community, Requests for Comments have been published in U. S. Federal government work, such as the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; the inception of the RFC format occurred in 1969 as part of the seminal ARPANET project. Today, it is the official publication channel for the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Architecture Board, – to some extent – the global community of computer network researchers in general; the authors of the first RFCs typewrote their work and circulated hard copies among the ARPA researchers. Unlike the modern RFCs, many of the early RFCs were actual Requests for Comments and were titled as such to avoid sounding too declarative and to encourage discussion.
The RFC is written in a less formal style. This less formal style is now typical of Internet Draft documents, the precursor step before being approved as an RFC. In December 1969, researchers began distributing new RFCs via the newly operational ARPANET. RFC 1, titled "Host Software", was written by Steve Crocker of the University of California, Los Angeles, published on April 7, 1969. Although written by Steve Crocker, the RFC had emerged from an early working group discussion between Steve Crocker, Steve Carr, Jeff Rulifson. In RFC 3, which first defined the RFC series, Crocker started attributing the RFC series to the Network Working Group. Rather than being a formal committee, it was a loose association of researchers interested in the ARPANET project. In effect, it included anyone who wanted to join the discussions about the project. Many of the subsequent RFCs of the 1970s came from UCLA, because UCLA is one of the first of what were Interface Message Processors on ARPANET; the Augmentation Research Center at Stanford Research Institute, directed by Douglas Engelbart, is another of the four first of what were ARPANET nodes and the source of early RFCs.
The ARC became the first network information center, managed by Elizabeth J. Feinler to distribute the RFCs along with other network information. From 1969 until 1998, Jon Postel served as the RFC editor. On his death in 1998, his obituary was published as RFC 2468. Following the expiration of the original ARPANET contract with the U. S. federal government, the Internet Society, acting on behalf of the IETF, contracted with the Networking Division of the University of Southern California Information Sciences Institute to assume the editorship and publishing responsibilities under the direction of the IAB. Sandy Ginoza joined USC/ISI in 1999 to work on RFC editing, Alice Hagens in 2005. Bob Braden took over the role of RFC project lead, while Joyce K. Reynolds continued to be part of the team until October 13, 2006. In July 2007, streams of RFCs were defined. IETF documents came from IETF working groups or submissions sponsored by an IETF area director from the Internet Engineering Steering Group.
The IAB can publish its own documents. A research stream of documents comes from the Internet Research Task Force, an independent stream from other outside sources. A new model was proposed in 2008, published in August 2009, splitting the task into several roles, including the RFC Series Advisory Group; the model was updated in 2012. The streams were refined in December 2009, with standards defined for their style. In January 2010 the RFC editor function was moved to a contractor, Association Management Solutions, with Glenn Kowack serving as interim series editor. In late 2011, Heather Flanagan was hired as the permanent RFC Series Editor. At that time, an RFC Series Oversight Committee was created; the RFC Editor assigns. Once assigned a number and published, an RFC is never modified. Therefore, some RFCs supersede others. Together, the serialized RFCs compose a continuous historical record of the evolution of Internet standards and practices; the RFC process is documented in RFC 2026. The RFC production process differs from the standardization process of formal standards organiza
Lindsay Carole Ellis is an American film critic, YouTuber and author. From 2008 to 2014, Ellis was part of the Channel Awesome production company under the web name "The Nostalgia Chick", a counterpart to the Nostalgia Critic. In 2014, she ended her affiliation with Channel Awesome to focus more on long-form video essays. Ellis grew up in Johnson City and received her BA in Film Studies from New York University in 2007 and MFA from USC School of Cinematic Arts in 2011. Along with her friends Elisa Hansen and Antonella "Nella" Inserra, she wrote Awoken, a paranormal romance parody of Twilight featuring a woman falling in love with Cthulhu, under the alias Serra Elinsen. In 2010, she wrote and directed the documentary short film "The A-Word" about women's experience with abortion. While studying for her MFA, Ellis was selected to host The Nostalgia Chick, a web series based on the Nostalgia Critic. On her YouTube channel, Ellis makes videos about Walt Disney Pictures films. Other works include "The Whole Plate," a long-running series examining the Transformers film series and the work of Michael Bay which has received more than 4 million views, a three-part series about the production of The Hobbit trilogy and its effect on the New Zealand film industry.
Her Loose Canon series explores derivations of literary and film characters over time. Since 2017, her focus on her channel has been on video essays about films. Ellis says she most enjoys thinking about "things that are flawed but have this interesting potential." Her videos are created alongside a small team of part-time staff. In addition to covering film topics, she has created videos on being a YouTube content creator. Ellis hosts the It's Lit! Web series for PBS Digital Studios, which explores trends in American literature as a companion piece to The Great American Read on PBS itself; the three-part documentary The Hobbit Duology, which Ellis wrote and edited with Angelina Meehan, received a nomination for the 2019 Hugo Awards in the Best Related Work category. Throughout her career online, Ellis has been subject to multiple campaigns of harassment. In 2019, Ellis announced her debut novel, titled Axiom's End, to be released in July of 2020. Ellis is bisexual. List of LGBT YouTubers Lindsay Ellis's channel on YouTube Lindsay Ellis on IMDb
John Buchanan Floyd was the 31st Governor of Virginia, U. S. Secretary of War, the Confederate general in the American Civil War who lost the crucial Battle of Fort Donelson. John Buchanan Floyd was born on June 1, 1806 at Smithfield estate, Virginia, he was her husband, Governor John Floyd. His brother Benjamin Rush Floyd served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly but failed to win election to the U. S. Congress, his sister Nicketti married U. S. Senator John Warfield Johnston; the elder Floyd served as a representative in Congress from 1817 to 1829 and as governor of Virginia from 1830 to 1834. Young Floyd graduated from South Carolina College in 1826, where he was a member of the Euphradian Society, he married his cousin, Sarah Buchanan Preston, daughter of Francis Preston, on June 1, 1830. They had no children; some claimed Floyd had a daughter, who married Robert James Harlan in 1852. Harlan may have been James' son. In the 1850s, Robert Harlan was living as a free person in Ohio. Admitted to the Virginia bar in 1828, Floyd practiced law in his native state and at Helena, where he lost a large fortune and his health in a cotton-planting venture.
In 1839, Floyd settled in Washington County. Voters elected him to the Abingdon town council in 1843 and the Virginia House of Delegates in 1847, he won re-election once resigned in 1849 upon being elected governor of Virginia; as governor, Floyd commissioned the monument to President George Washington in Virginia Capitol Square, laid the cornerstone in the presence of President Zachary Taylor on February 22, 1850. The second Governor Floyd recommended the Virginia General Assembly pass a law taxing imports from states that refused to surrender fugitive slaves owned by Virginian masters, which would have violated the Interstate Commerce Clause; when he left statewide office in 1852, Washington County voters again elected to the Virginia House of Delegates. Floyd bought the Abington Democrat from Leonidas Baugh when the paper's founder won appointment as postmaster, he had J. M. H. Brunet of Petersburg publish it, but Brunet died and the paper was sold at auction to pay the debts incurred by its next printer, Stephen Pendleton, in 1857.
Active in Democratic Party politics, the former Governor was a presidential elector for James Buchanan after the presidential election of 1856. In March 1857, Floyd became Secretary of War in Buchanan's cabinet, where his lack of administrative ability was soon apparent, including the poor execution of the Utah Expedition. Floyd is implicated in the scandal of the "Abstracted Indian Bonds" which broke at the end of 1860 as the Buchanan Administration was reaching its end, his wife's nephew Godard Bailey, who worked in the Interior Department and who removed bonds from the Indian Agency safe during 1860, was implicated. Among the recipients of the money was Russell and Waddell, a government contractor that held, among its contracts, the Pony Express. In December 1860, on ascertaining that Floyd had honored heavy drafts made by government contractors in anticipation of their earnings, the president requested his resignation. Several days Floyd was indicted for malversation in office, although the indictment was overruled in 1861 on technical grounds.
There is no proof. Although he had opposed secession before the election of Abraham Lincoln, his conduct after the election after his breach with Buchanan, fell under suspicion, he was accused in the press of having sent large stores of government arms to Federal arsenals in the South in the anticipation of the Civil War. Grant in his postwar Personal Memoirs wrote: Floyd, the Secretary of War, scattered the army so that much of it could be captured when hostilities should commence, distributed the cannon and small arms from Northern arsenals throughout the South so as to be on hand when treason wanted them. After his resignation, a congressional commission in the summer and fall of 1861 investigated Floyd's actions as Secretary of War. All of his records of orders and shipments of arms from 1859 to 1860 were examined, it is recorded that in response to John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, he bolstered the Federal arsenals in some Southern states by over 115,000 muskets and rifles in late 1859.
He ordered heavy ordnance to be shipped to the Federal forts in Galveston Harbor and the new fort on Ship Island off the coast of Mississippi. In the last days of his term, he had an intention to send these heavy guns, but his orders were revoked by the president, his resignation as secretary of war, on December 29, 1860, was precipitated by the refusal of Buchanan to order Major Robert Anderson to abandon Fort Sumter, which led to the start of the war. On January 27, 1861, he was indicted by the District of Columbia grand jury for conspiracy and fraud. Floyd appeared in criminal court in Washington, D. C. on March 7, 1861, to answer the charges against him. According to Harper's Weekly, the indictments were thrown out. THE INDICTMENTS AGAINST FLOYD QUASHED; the indictments against Ex-Secretary Floyd have been quashed in the Court at Washington, on the ground—first, that there was no evidence of fraud on his part.
He Chao is a Chinese footballer who plays for Chinese Super League side Jiangsu Suning on loan from Guangzhou Evergrande. He Chao started his football career when he joined Changchun Yatai's youth academy in 2006. In December 2011, He went to Portugal for the Chinese Football Association's 500.com Stars Project and joined Casa Pia's youth academy. He was promoted to Changchun's first team squad in 2014, he made his debut for the club on 12 April 2014 in a 1–0 away loss against Shanghai East Asia. On 7 February 2019, He transferred to Chinese Super League side Guangzhou Evergrande after Changchun was relegated to the second tier, he made his debut for the club on 1 March 2019 in a 3–0 home win against Tianjin Tianhai. On 9 July 2019, He was loaned out to fellow top tier side Jiangsu Suning for the remainder of the 2019 season, he made his debut for the Chinese national team on 9 December 2017 in a 2–2 draw against South Korea in the 2017 EAFF E-1 Football Championship. As of 31 December 2019, he Chao at National-Football-Teams.com He Chao at Soccerway
The Big Bamboo Lounge was a bar in Kissimmee, Florida known as a popular after work hangout for players and fans of the Houston Astros during spring training in nearby Osceola County Stadium and year-round for employees of the Walt Disney World Resort. It was located at 4849 W. Irlo Bronson Highway, Kissimmee, FL 34746, it was known as "The Boo" by regulars. The front of the bar was decorated with a World War II era ambulance and spotting tower which were maintained by customer and employee volunteers; the bar opened in 1977 when Bruce Muir, a former World War II fighter pilot, bought the former home of a doctor and modeled the bar after those he had experienced in the South Pacific. The walls were decorated with Disney employee name tags and business cards from visitors. In keeping with the theme of the South Pacific of the 1930s bartenders wore Hawaiian shirts and featured swing music; the Big Bamboo was closed in 2004 due to hurricane damage. In December 2005, a fire destroyed the building, believed by officials to be started by vagrants trying to keep warm.
Boletus variipes is a species of mycorrhizal bolete fungus in the family Boletaceae, native to North America. It was described by American mycologist Charles Horton Peck in 1888. A 2010 paper analyzing the genetic relationships within Boletus found that what was classified at the time as B. variipes was not monophyletic. Populations from east of the Rocky Mountains were sister to B. hiratsukae of Japan, with those from Central America and southeastern North America were sister to that combined lineage. This required the latter group to be renamed. A third population—from the Philippines—that has been known as B. variipes was more distantly related. B. variipes is related to Boletus edulis, is a dry, velvety to patchy tan or brown-gray mushroom with prominent white to off-white reticulation on its darker brown stipe. It is found under oaks and in mixed deciduous forests of aspen and beech in eastern North America. First described by C. H. Peck in 1888, with Boletus variipes var. fagicola described by Smith and Thiers in 1971.
B. variipes has a broad, convex to flat cap between 6 and 20 cm, with a tendency to become cracked or finely patched in maturity, the flesh is white underside pore surface is white with pores which appear full when young, yellowing to olive as spores mature with a density of 1 to 2 pores per mm. The stipe is between 8 and 15 cm long and from 1 to 3.5 cm thick with narrower ends or a widening base. The flesh of the cap and stipe does not discolor when bruised. Spore prints are olive/brown, it has been documented in Costa Rica. Not distinctive. List of Boletus species List of North American boletes Boletus variipes in Index Fungorum