Resident Evil, known in Japan as Biohazard, is a Japanese horror media franchise created by Shinji Mikami and Tokuro Fujiwara, owned by the video game company Capcom. The franchise focuses on a series of survival horror games and includes live-action films, animated films, comic books, audio dramas, merchandise; the story follows outbreaks of zombies and other monsters created by the Umbrella Corporation. The first video game, Resident Evil, was released in 1996; the franchise has grown to encompass numerous sequels of various genres, incorporating elements of action and puzzle solving, storylines inspired by horror and action films. Resident Evil has been credited with popularizing survival horror games, as well as re-popularizing zombies in mainstream popular culture from the late 1990s onwards, leading to a renewed interest in zombie films during the 2000s. Resident Evil is Capcom's best-selling video game franchise, with over 95 million sold worldwide by 2019; the Resident Evil films are the highest-grossing film series based on video games.
The development of the first Resident Evil, released as Biohazard in Japan, began in 1993 when Capcom's Tokuro Fujiwara told Shinji Mikami and his co-workers to create a game using elements from Fujiwara's 1989 game Sweet Home. When in late 1994 marketing executives were setting up to release Biohazard in the United States, it was pointed out that securing the rights to the name Biohazard would be difficult as a DOS game had been registered under that name, as well as a New York hardcore punk band called Biohazard. A contest was held among company personnel to choose a new name. Resident Evil made its debut on the PlayStation in 1996 and was ported to the Sega Saturn; the first entry in the series was the first game to be dubbed a "survival horror", a term coined for the new genre it initiated, its critical and commercial success led to the production of two sequels, Resident Evil 2 in 1998 and Resident Evil 3: Nemesis in 1999, both for the PlayStation. A port of Resident Evil 2 was released for the Nintendo 64.
In addition, ports of all three were released for Microsoft Windows. The fourth game in the series, Resident Evil – Code: Veronica, was developed for the Dreamcast and released in 2000, followed by ports of Resident Evil 2 and Resident Evil 3. Resident Evil Code: Veronica was re-released for Dreamcast in Japan in an updated form as Code: Veronica Complete, which included slight changes, many of which revolved around story cutscenes; this updated version was ported to the PlayStation 2 and GameCube under the title Code: Veronica X. Despite earlier announcements that the next game in the series would be released for the PlayStation 2, which resulted in the creation of an unrelated game titled Devil May Cry, series' creator and producer Shinji Mikami decided to make the series for the GameCube; the next three games in the series—a remake of the original Resident Evil and the prequel Resident Evil Zero, both released in 2002, as well as Resident Evil 4 —were all released as GameCube exclusives.
Resident Evil 4 was released for Windows, PlayStation 2 and Wii. A trilogy of GunCon-compatible light gun games known as the Gun Survivor series featured first-person gameplay; the first, Resident Evil Survivor, was released in 2000 for the PlayStation and PC but received mediocre reviews. The subsequent games, Resident Evil: Survivor 2 Code: Veronica and Resident Evil: Dead Aim, fared somewhat better. Dead Aim is the fourth Gun Survivor game in Japan, with Gun Survivor 3 being the Dino Crisis spin-off Dino Stalker. In a similar vein, the Chronicles series features first-person gameplay, albeit on an on-rails path. Resident Evil: The Umbrella Chronicles was released in 2007 for the Wii, with a follow-up, Resident Evil: The Darkside Chronicles released in 2009. In 2009, Resident Evil 5 was released for PlayStation 3, Windows and Xbox 360, becoming the best selling game of the franchise despite mixed reviews. Resident Evil Outbreak is an online game for the PlayStation 2, released in 2003, depicting a series of episodic storylines in Raccoon City set during the same time period as Resident Evil 2 and Resident Evil 3.
It was the first in the first survival horror title to feature cooperative gameplay. It was followed by a sequel, Resident Evil Outbreak: File #2. Raccoon City is a metropolis located in the Arklay Mountains of the Midwestern United States that succumbed to the deadly T-virus outbreak and was destroyed via a nuclear missile attack issued by the United States government; the town served a critical junction for the series' progression as one of the main catalysts to Umbrella's downfall as well as the entry point for some of the series' most notable characters. Resident Evil Gaiden is an action-adventure game for the Game Boy Color featuring a role-playing-style combat system. There have been several downloadable mobile games based on the Resident Evil series in Japan; some of these mobile games have been released in North Europe through T-Mobile. At the Sony press conference during E3 2009, it was announced that Resident Evil Portable would be released for the PlayStation Portable, described as an all-new title being developed with "the PSP Go in mind" and "totally different for a Resident Evil game".
However, as of 2012, no further announcements have been made, the game is considered to have been canceled. In March 2011, Capcom revealed the third-person shooter Resident Evil: Operation Raccoon City, developed by Slant Six Games for the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows and released in March
The One-Year Mission was a scientific research project aboard the International Space Station, which studied the health effects of long-term spaceflight. Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko spent 342 days in space, with scientists performing medical experiments. Kelly and Kornienko launched on 27 March 2015 on Soyuz TMA-16M along with Gennady Padalka; the mission encompassed Expeditions 43, 44, 45 and 46. The pair safely landed in Kazakhstan on March 2, 2016, returning aboard Soyuz TMA-18M with Sergey Volkov; the mission supported the NASA Twins study, which helps shed light on the health effects of long duration spaceflight, of interest for Mars missions especially. On 12 April 2019, NASA reported medical results, from the NASA Twins study, which demonstrated several long-lasting changes, including those related to alterations in DNA and cognition, when one twin was compared with the other. In November 2012, NASA, the Russian Federal Space Agency, their international partners selected two veteran spacefarers for a one-year mission aboard the International Space Station in 2015.
The mission included collecting scientific data important to future human exploration of the Solar System. Kelly and Korniyenko had a connection; the goal aboard the orbiting laboratory was to understand better how the human body reacts and adapts to the harsh environment of space. Data from the mission was intended to help inform current assessments of crew performance and health and determine better and validate countermeasures to reduce the risks associated with future exploration as NASA plans for missions around the Moon and Mars. On 12 April 2019, NASA reported medical results, from the NASA Twins study, which demonstrated several long-lasting changes, including those related to alterations in DNA and cognition, when one twin was compared with the other; the study required the astronauts to keep a journal, investigated the psychological effects of living in a confined space for an extended length of time. Kornienko said of his experiences on Expedition 23/24: "The thing you miss there most of all is the Earth itself, I missed smells.
I missed trees, I dreamt of them. I hallucinated. I thought I smelled a real fire and something being barbecued on it! I ended up putting pictures of trees on the walls to cheer up. You do miss the Earth there."Scott stated that he missed feeling changes in the weather while on the ISS. The International Space Station developed exercise equipment, including treadmills and resistance devices to limit muscle atrophy in a low gravity environment. Weightlessness causes body fluids in astronauts to accumulate in the upper half of the body, leading to facial edema and unwelcome side effects. One problem may be the low gravity affecting the body in unforeseen ways and it can be hard detect the cause and effect of gravity on the body. Space seems to cause trouble for a number of body parts including bone, sometimes the eyes, a classic problem is space sickness. Vladimir Titov and Musa Manarov spent 365 days in space on Mir from December 1987 to December 1988. Sergei Avdeyev spent 379 days on Mir in 1999 and Valeri Polyakov spent 437 days on Mir in 1994-1995.
Prior to the Year Long Mission, the longest mission on the ISS was 215 days, by Mikhail Tyurin and Michael López-Alegría. Christina Hammock Koch holds the record for the longest single spaceflight by a woman at around 328 days.<ref>https://www.nasa.gov/astronauts/biographies/christina-h-kochyes Scientific research on the International Space Station Timeline of longest spaceflights Spaceflight records Human mission to Mars One-Year Mission - NASA NASA - One-Year Mission Investigators Debut Preliminary Results at NASA Workshop
Lotus Word Pro is a word processor software produced by IBM's Lotus Software group for use on Microsoft Windows-compatible computers and on IBM OS/2 Warp. Word Pro can be obtained as part of the Lotus SmartSuite office suite. Word Pro was based upon Ami Pro, but was rewritten; the predecessor to Ami Pro, Amí, was released in 1988, was the first functional Windows word processor. Shortly after the release of Amí, the development team added support for tables and renamed the product Ami Pro. Lotus obtained Ami Pro to round out their office suite by acquiring Samna in 1990. Lotus continued to develop Ami Pro further with version 3 released in 1992. Version 3.1 is the last version of Ami Pro released. The Windows versions of Ami Pro were bundled with Adobe Type Manager for Windows, as Windows had poor support for scalable fonts before the introduction of TrueType. In 1994, Joe Guthridge was one of seven awarded the Windows Pioneer Award for feedback the Amí development team gave to Microsoft during the early development of Windows.
Jermaine Lewis is a former American football wide receiver. He was signed as an undrafted free agent by the Detroit Lions in 2003, he played college football at Western Michigan. In his career, Lewis has played for the San Francisco 49ers, Tennessee Titans, Houston Texans, Amsterdam Admirals, Nashville Kats, Dallas Desperados, Grand Rapids Rampage. Lewis attended Waukegan High School, where he was an All-state and All-County selection for football, he lettered in basketball and track. His nickname in high school was J-Lew, his childhood heroes were Bo Jackson. Lewis attended Western Michigan where he was a safety and wide receiver on the football team and was a three-year sprinter and a four-time Central Collegiate Conference champion in track and field; as a sophomore in 2000, Lewis was a Second-team All-MAC selection after leading Western Michigan in tackles-for-loss with eight. As a junior in 2001, he finished second on the team with 77 tackles as well as two interceptions. A performance which earned him Second-team All-MAC honors as a Safety.
As a senior in 2002, he switched to Wide Receiver and recorded 38 receptions for a team-leading 654 yards and four touchdowns. Lewis went unselected in the 2003 NFL Draft. However, he was signed as an undrafted free agent by the Detroit Lions, but was released before the regular season, he was signed to the practice squad of the San Francisco 49ers, the Tennessee Titans. In 2004, he was signed by the Houston Texans and allocated to the Amsterdam Admirals of NFL Europe. On October 4, 2004, Lewis signed with the Nashville Kats of the Arena Football League, he played his first two Arena football seasons for the Kats where he recorded 24 receptions for 233 yards and four touchdowns on offense, as well as 13 tackles, one sack, two forced fumbles, one interception, on defense. In 2007, he signed with the Dallas Desperados and spent some time on their practice squad, however, on February 26, 2007, he was traded to the Grand Rapids Rampage in exchange for wide receiver Jon Rodriguez. On August 15, 2007, he signed a three-year contract with the Rampage.
He played the next two seasons with the Rampage, recording 63 receptions for 678 yards, 11 touchdowns on offense, as well as 50 tackles, four passes defensed, two forced fumbles, two interceptions on defense. After the end of the regular season, it was announced that he had been named to the 2008 AFL All-Ironman team. On December 2, 2008, he was released by the Rampage. Lewis next played for the Amiens Spartiates as a wide receiver, he is an assistant coach at Central Methodist University. Lewis has Je'Taeia, his favorite movies are Troy. He has said his top football memory is his first game in college as a wide receiver, a game in which he recorded four receptions for 124 yards and a touchdown, he likes to play chess and Scrabble. He is scared of heights. List of National Football League and Arena Football League players Just Sports Stats
Paenibacillus polymyxa known as Bacillus polymyxa, is a Gram-positive bacterium capable of fixing nitrogen. It is found in plant tissues and marine sediments, it may have a role in forest ecosystems and potential future applications as a biofertilizer and biocontrol agent in agriculture. P. polymyxa can be grown in the laboratory on trypticase soy agar medium. P. polymyxa might have possible future applications as a soil inoculant in agriculture and horticulture. Biofilms of P. polymyxa growing on plant roots have been shown to produce exopolysaccharides which protect the plants from pathogens. The interactions between this bacterial species and plant roots cause the root hairs to undergo physical changes; some strains of P. polymyxa produce polymyxin antibiotic compounds. P. polymyxa var. colistinus produces the antibiotic colistin. Surfactant complexes isolated from P. polymyxa have been shown to be effective in disrupting biofilms of Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus bovis.
P. polymyxa is a source of dispase, an enzyme used to isolate cells from animal tissues. UniProt Taxonomy PATRIC: Paenibacillus polymyxa Type strain of Paenibacillus polymyxa at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase
Patrick Wilson is a professional Australian rules footballer playing for Adelaide in the Australian Football League. He made his debut in round 13 of the 2018 season against Hawthorn at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Wilson played for South Australian National Football League club Sturt and made his senior debut in the 2014 season, he left professional football for a year in 2015 after a series of injuries and inconsistent form. Reflecting on his decision, Wilson said that it helped built his resilience and gave him good life experience. On return, Wilson suffered a shoulder injury mid-season that required a reconstruction and missed Sturt's 2016 premiership. In 2017, encouraged by senior coach Martin Mattner, he shifted from defence to a midfield role. Wilson said, he was selected in the 2017 SANFL Team of the Year. Wilson was drafted by Adelaide with pick 17 in their first selection. Patrick Wilson's profile on the official website of the Adelaide Football ClubPatrick Wilson's playing statistics from AFL Tables