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Rhenish Hesse

Rhenish Hesse or Rhine-Hesse is a region and a former government district in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate, made up of those territories west of the Upper Rhine river that from 1816 were part of the Grand Duchy of Hesse and of the People's State of Hesse until 1945. The hilly countryside is devoted to vineyards, comprising the Rheinhessen wine region. Rhenish Hesse, stretches from the Upper Rhine Plain on the west bank of the Rhine up to the Nahe and Alsenz rivers in the west and down to the mouth of the Isenach in the south; the region borders on the Rhineland in the northwest, on the Palatinate in the southwest, on South Hesse beyond the Rhine. The Rhenish-Hessian Hills along the Selz river called the "land of the thousand hills", reach up to 358 m at the summit of the Kappelberg and about 330 m in Rhenish-Hessian Switzerland; the Mainz Basin, a Cenozoic marine basin, covered the area about 38 to 12 million years ago. The landscape is characterised by large Marl deposits. Due to the favourable climatic conditions of Rhenish Hesse, agriculture covers most of the region.

As the Hunsrück and Taunus ranges protect it from cold winds and fruit production is practised on a large scale. The region comprises the cities of Mainz – the Rhineland-Palatinate capital – and Worms, surrounded by the administrative districts of Mainz-Bingen and Alzey-Worms. Other towns include Bingen, Nieder-Olm, Nierstein and Osthofen. Many inhabitants commute to work in Mainz or Wiesbaden and Frankfurt in the neighbouring state of Hesse; the importance of the Rhenish-Hessian lands increased when they were allotted to King Louis the German by the 843 Treaty of Verdun. The region was part of the core territory of Rhenish Franconia, it comprised the Imperial Cathedrals of Worms and Mainz. The Worms Synagogue and the Jewish Cemetery count among the oldest in Europe. Devastated by the Thirty Years' War, the area became a patchwork of possessions of the Catholic Electorate of Mainz and the Prince-Bishopric of Worms as well as of the Protestant Electoral Palatinate. Rhenish Hesse was occupied by Revolutionary France in 1792.

At the Congress of Vienna in 1814-15, Grand Duke Louis I of Hesse was obliged to give up his Westphalian territories. In compensation, he received the district on the left bank of the Rhine; because of this addition, he amended his title to Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine and the name of the region was created. In Allied-occupied Germany, the Rhenish-Hessian lands were incorporated as a district into the newly established state of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946; each region has developed its own cuisine dependent on geography, soils and wealth. These vary from plain home cooking with simple dishes to culinary specialities for festive occasions. Rhenish Hesse has a large number of specialities, with Weck, Worscht un Woi, not least through the Mainz carnival, has achieved supra-regional fame. Backesbroode – a roast filled with potatoes and bacon Backesgrumbeere – spiced potato casserole with bacon and sour cream Bremser or Bitzler – Federweißer Dibbehas – hare stew, with hare and optionally with wine Asparagus Hackesweck – bread roll with spiced Mett and onions Handkäs with music – marinaded cheese, a Mainzer Roller marinaded in vinegar and onions Kräppel, fried dough for Carnival Schales Spundekäs – consists of fresh cheese, paprika and other spices Weck, Worscht un Woi, well known Rhenish Hessian snack Weingelee Weinsuppe Wingertsimbs – typical vineyard snack Wingertsknorze – rye bread roll with bacon and onions Woihinkelsche from the Alsace, but must include chicken and white wine.

Outside Germany, it is best known as the home of Liebfraumilch. Most is made from white varieties such as Riesling, Silvaner, Müller-Thurgau and Scheurebe; the best-known white wine area is the Rhine Terrace near Nierstein. Some red varieties are grown around Ingelheim and Gundersheim, including Pinot noir, Blauer Portugieser and the established Regent. Official website of Rheinhessen with information about wine and culture Website on the history of Rheinhessen

Peeblesshire (Parliament of Scotland constituency)

Before the Acts of Union 1707, the barons of the shire of Peebles elected commissioners to represent them in the unicameral Parliament of Scotland and in the Convention of the Estates. From 1708 Peeblesshire was represented by one Member of Parliament in the House of Commons of Great Britain. 1608 and 1609: Sir John Murray of Blackbarony 1617 and 1625: Sir Archibald Murray of Blackbarony 1621–25: Sir John Stewart of Traquair 1628–33: John Hay of Smithfield, Esquire of the Body 1628–33: 1630 convention: James Naismith of Posso 1630 convention, 1643, 1644–45, 1648: Laird of Dawick 1639–41: Sir Alexander Murray of Blackbarony 1639-41, 1644–45: David Murray of Stanehopes 1643: Sir James Hay of Smithfield 1645, 1648: Laird of Prestongrange 1649-50: John Dickson of Hartrie, Senator of College of Justice 1649–51: Sir James Murray of Skirling 1661–63, 1665 convention, 1667 convention: Sir William Murray of Stanhope and Broughton 1661–63, 1665 convention, 1667 convention, 1669–74, 1678 convention, 1681–82, 1685–86, 1689 convention, 1689–98: Sir Archibald Murray of Blackbarony 1678 convention: John Veitch the younger of Dawick 1681–82, 1689 convention, 1689–93: Sir David Murray of Stanhope and Broughton 1685–86: James Douglas of Skirling 1693–98: Alexander Murray of Halmyre 1700–02: Sir Alexander Murray of Blackbarony 1702-07: William Morison of Prestoungrange 1702-07: Alexander Horseburgh of that Ilk List of constituencies in the Parliament of Scotland at the time of the Union

Open Marxism

Open Marxism is a school of thought which draws on libertarian socialist critiques of party communism and stresses the need for openness to praxis and history through an anti-positivist method grounded in the "practical reflexivity" of Karl Marx's own concepts. The "openness" in open Marxism refers to a non-deterministic view of history in which the unpredictability of class struggle is foregrounded; the sources of open Marxism are many, from György Lukács' return to the philosophical roots of Marx's thinking to council communism and from anarchism to elements of Autonomism and situationism. Intellectual affinities with autonomist Marxism were strong and led to the creation of the journal The Commoner following in the wake of previous open Marxist journals Arguments and Common Sense. In the 1970s and 1980s, state-derivationist debates around the separation of the economic and the political under capitalism unfolded in the San Francisco-based working group Kapitalistate and the Conference of Socialist Economists journal Capital & Class, involving many of the theorists of Open Marxism and influencing its theoretical development.

Three volumes entitled Open Marxism were published by Pluto Press in the 1990s. Recent work by open Marxists has included a revaluation of Theodor W. Adorno; those associated with open Marxism include John Holloway, Simon Clarke, Werner Bonefeld, Ana C Dinerstein, Richard Gunn, Kosmas Psychopedis, Adrian Wilding, Peter Burnham, Mike Rooke, Hans-Georg Backhaus, Helmut Reichelt, Harry Cleaver, Johannes Agnoli, Kostas Axelos and Henri Lefebvre. Kostas Axelos' variant of open Marxism makes explicit connections to the existentialist critique of systems theory, he uses Martin Heidegger's phenomenology to reveal an open system of relations rather than a closed and deterministic totality that could be known and predicted by Marxist theory. For example, Axelos critiques theories of globalization that assume a closed world picture,as opposed to an open-ended process of world-forming in which the neoliberal project to restructure a crisis-ridden capitalism lacks a firm structural foundation. Axelos tries to maintain the unity of knowledge if he sees the world as multidimensional and unrepresentable.

This was a departure from the Heideggerian Marxism of the early Herbert Marcuse which was, like others in the Frankfurt School, influenced by Hegelianism. While most open Marxists have rejected Hegelian Marxist approaches, there is a tendency to interpret the work of Antonio Gramsci as non-Hegelian, or a departure from orthodox theory and practice. Thus, open Marxism has served as the basis for neo-Gramscian research in international relations by Stephen Gill and Robert W. Cox, although some question the openness of metaphors such as "war of position" and "historic bloc" for analysis of micro-interactions and resistance within contemporary neoliberalism; some critics have alleged that open Marxism is only loosely Marxist. Thus, there may be more conceptual dissonance between Marx's analysis of 19th century problems and 20–21st century problems of technoscience and the domination of nature by modern civilization. Others claim that open Marxist accounts tend to treat the national capitalist state abstractly, without reference to uneven and combined development and international forms of class struggle in the capitalist "world-system".

Antipositivism Neo-Marxism Parametric determinism Post-Marxism Axelos, K.. Alienation and Praxis in the Thought of Karl Marx. Trans. R. Buzina. Austin: University of Texas Press. Axelos, K.. Systematique ouverte. Les Editions de Minuit: Paris. Bonefeld, W. Gunn, R. Psychopedis, K.. Open Marxism, vol. 1: Dialectics and History. London: Pluto Press. Bonefeld, W. Gunn, R. Psychopedis, K.. Open Marxism - vol. 2: Theory and Practice. London: Pluto Press. Bonefeld, W. Holloway, J. Psychopedis, K.. Open Marxism - vol. 3: Emancipating Marx. London: Pluto Press. Bonefeld, W. and Psychopedis, K... Human Dignity: Social Autonomy and the Critique of Capitalism. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Clarke, S.. "State, Class Struggle, the Reproduction of Capital". Kapitalistate. Vol. 10: pg. 118-33. Clarke, S. ed.. The State Debate. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Cleaver, H.. Reading Capital Politically. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. Holloway, J. Matamoros, F. Tischler, S.. Negativity and Revolution: Adorno & Political Activism.

London: Pluto Press Holloway, J.. Change the World Without Taking Power: The Meaning of Revolution Today. London: Pluto Press; the Commoner journal Common Sense journal

Parijatham (1950 film)

Parijatham is a Tamil language film released in 1950 with T. R. Mahalingam, M. V. Rajamma and B. S. Saroja in the lead roles; the film has three story lines. The first line, the first part is about the well known myth of Naragasura. Naragasura, the demon king has invincible powers due to the boons he had received from Devas and with all that he wreaks havoc on everyone. Narada knows that only Bama, the wife of Krishna, Naragasura's mother in the previous birth can annihilate him. Narada adept in his covert ways to achieve his goals subtly gifts a parijatham flower to Krishna and make him in turn gift it to his first wife Rukmani; as expected the demon king dies at the hands of Bama but not before making a request that his day of death be celebrated by people as Deepavali. The next story line has the same parijatham, she understands that Rukmani's devotion to Krishna far exceeds her own, a humbling experience. There is a third line, a comic interlude that intersects the film throughout. N. S.krishnan, T.

A. Mathuram and side kicks Kaka Pulimootai Ramasamy take care of that. Cast according to the opening credits of the film The film was produced by S. K. Sundararama Iyer under the banner Lavanya Pictures and was shot at Newtone and Vauhini studios; the film was directed by K. S. Gopalakrishnan B. A. Screenplay and dialogues were written by Elangovan. Jithen Banerji was in charge of cinematography. Editing was done by A. V. Subba Rao. Dinsha K. Tehrani was in charge of audiography. Art direction was done by F. Nagoor. Music was composed by C. R. Subbaraman and S. V. Venkatraman Lyrics were written by Santhanakrishna Naidu, Papanasam Sivan, Udumalai Narayana Kavi and K. D. Santhanam. Singers are N. S. Krishnan & T. A. Madhuram. Playback singers are M. L. Vasanthakumari, T. V. Rathnam, K. V. Janaki, P. Leela, Jikki, S. V. Venkatraman & C. R. Subbaraman. N. S. Krishnan stole the film right under the nose of all the stars in the film with his brand of reformist and irony-rich comedy track. Randor Guy says the film is remembered for the satire-rich comedy of NSK

York Club

The York Club is a private social club, incorporated on November 22, 1909. It is located at 135 St. George Street in The Annex neighbourhood of central Toronto, Canada, close to the University of Toronto; the club's building was constructed between 1889 and 1892 as a residence for businessman George Gooderham Sr. and his large family. Gooderham was a son of William Gooderham and served as president of the Gooderham and Worts distillery; the house was designed in the Romanesque Revival style by architect David Roberts Jr. who designed the Gooderham Building downtown. After Gooderham died in May 1905, at the age of 75, his widow Harriet Gooderham sold the house and moved to a smaller home nearby at 224 St. George Street; the York Club has owned the building since 1910. Media related to The York Club at Wikimedia Commons Official website Lost Rivers – York Club

Era Quhila

Era Quhila is a reservoir located in the Inderta woreda of the Tigray Region in Ethiopia. The earthen dam that holds the reservoir was built in 1997 by the Tigray Bureau of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Dam crest length: 180 metres Spillway width: 15 metres Original capacity: 1 185 000 m³ Designed irrigated area: 87 ha Actual irrigated area in 2002: 25 ha The catchment of the reservoir is 12.86 km² large, with a perimeter of 14 km and a length of 4550 metres. The reservoir suffers from rapid siltation; the lithology of the catchment is a bit of Mekelle Dolerite. Part of the water that could be used for irrigation is lost through seepage.