Rhodes is the largest of the Dodecanese islands of Greece and is the island group's historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality within the Rhodes regional unit, part of the South Aegean administrative region; the principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes. The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011, it is located northeast of Crete, southeast of Athens. Rhodes' nickname is The Island of the Knights, named after the Knights of Saint John of Jerusalem, who ruled the island from 1310 to 1522. Rhodes island was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World; the Medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes has been declared a World Heritage Site. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe; the name of the U. S. state of Rhode Island is thought to be based on this island. The island has been known as Ρόδος in Greek throughout its history, it was called Lindos. In addition, the island has been called Rodi in Italian, Rodos in Turkish, רודי or רודיס in Ladino.
The name of the island comes from the ancient Greek Rhódon. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville incorrectly reports that Rhodes was called "Collosus", through a conflation of the Colossus of Rhodes and Paul's Epistle to the Colossians, which refers to Colossae; the island's name might be derived from erod, Phoenician for snake, since the island was infested with snakes in antiquity. The island of Rhodes is shaped like a spearhead, 79.7 km long and 38 km wide, with a total area of 1,400 square kilometres and a coastline of 220 km. Limestone is the main bedrock; the city of Rhodes is located at the northern tip of the island, as well as the site of the ancient and modern commercial harbours. The main air gateway is located 14 km to the southwest of the city in Paradisi; the road network radiates from the city along the west coasts. Outside the city of Rhodes, the island is dotted with small villages and spa resorts, among them Faliraki, Kremasti, Pefkos, Afantou, Koskinou, Embona and Trianta. There are mineral-rich spring water used to give medicinal baths and the spa resorts offer various health treatments.
Rhodes is situated 363 km east-south-east from the Greek mainland, 18 km from the southern shore of Turkey. The interior of the island is mountainous, sparsely inhabited and covered with forests of pine and cypress. While the shores are rocky, the island has arable strips of land where citrus fruit, wine grapes, vegetables and other crops are grown; the Rhodian population of fallow deer was found to be genetically distinct in 2005, to be of urgent conservation concern. In Petaloudes Valley, large numbers of tiger moths gather during the summer months. Mount Attavyros, at 1,216 metres, is the island's highest point of elevation. Earthquakes include the 226 BC earthquake. On 15 July 2008, Rhodes was struck by a 6.3 magnitude earthquake causing minor damage to a few old buildings and one death. Rhodes has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate; the island was inhabited in the Neolithic period. In the 16th century BC, the Minoans came to Rhodes. Greek mythology recalled a Rhodian race called the Telchines and associated the island of Rhodes with Danaus.
In the 15th century BC, Mycenaean Greeks invaded. After the Bronze Age collapse, the first renewed outside contacts were with Cyprus. Homer mentions. In the 8th century BC, the island's settlements started to form, with the coming of the Dorians, who built the three important cities of Lindos and Kameiros, which together with Kos and Halicarnassus made up the so-called Dorian Hexapolis. In Pindar's ode, the island was said to be born of the union of Helios the sun god and the nymph Rhodos, the cities were named for their three sons; the rhoda is a pink hibiscus, native to the island. Diodorus Siculus added that one of the sons of Helios and Rhode, travelled to Egypt, he taught the Egyptians astrology. In the second half of the 8th century, the sanctuary of Athena received votive gifts that are markers for cultural contacts: small ivories from the Near East and bronze objects from Syria. At Kameiros on the northwest coast, a former Bronze Age site, where the temple was founded in the 8th century, there is another notable contemporaneous sequence of carved ivory figurines.
The cemeteries of Kameiros and Ialyssos yielded several exquisite exemplars of the Orientalizing Rhodian jewelry, dated in the 7th and early 6th centuries BC. Phoenician presence on the island at Ialysos is attested in traditions recorded much by Rhodian historians; the Persians invaded and overran the island, but they were in turn defeated by forces from Athens in 478 BC. The Rhodian cities joined the Athenian League; when the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, Rhodes remained neutral, although it remained a member of the League. The war lasted until 404 BC, but by this time Rhodes had withdrawn from the conflict and decided to go her own way. In 408 BC, the cities
Carmen Agra Deedy is an author of children’s literature and radio contributor. Born in Havana, she migrated to the United States with her family in 1963 after the Cuban Revolution. Deedy grew up in Georgia; as a storyteller, Deedy has performed across the United States and Canada including the Disney Institute, the New Victory Theater, the Folger Shakespeare Library and the Kennedy Center as well as numerous storytelling festivals including the St. Louis Storytelling Festival, the Athens Storytelling Festival, the Timpanogos Storytelling Festival, the Southern Ohio Storytelling Festival and as a Featured Teller at the National Storytelling Festival, she delivered the 2010 commencement address for the women's college of Brenau University in Gainesville, where she was awarded an honorary doctorate. Deedy is the author of nine children’s books written in English, with two titles published in Spanish. All of her books were published by Peachtree Publishers, they are listed below. Some with the honors they have received.
TreeMan, October 1993 1993 Georgia Author of the Year for Juvenile Literature Agatha’s Feather Bed: Not Just Another Wild Goose Story, September 1994 The Library Dragon, October, 1994 1997 Flicker Tale Children's Book Award Honor Book 1997-1998 Children's Book Award, Florida Reading Association 2002 Volunteer State Book Award 2003 Selected book for GA for National Book Festival by GA Center for the Book Georgia Top 25 Reading List, Georgia Center for the Book The Last Dance, September, 1995 The Yellow Star: The Legend of King Christian X of Denmark, September 2000 2000 Parent's Choice Gold Award 2000 Best Bets for the Classroom, Virginia Center for Children's Books 2000 Parent's Guide to Children's Media Award 2001 Book Sense 76, Book Sense 2001 Bologna Ragazzi Award 2001 Christopher Award 2001 ABC Children's Booksellers' Choices, Association of Booksellers for Children 2001 Notable Children's Books of Jewish Content, Association of Jewish Libraries 2001 Jane Addams Peace Association Honor Book Award 2001 Children's Literature Choice List 2001 Notable Books for a Global Society, IRA 2001 Teachers' Choices, IRA 2001 Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People, NCSS/Children's Book Council 2001 Combined Book Exhibit: Children's Books Mean Business, Children's Book Council 2002-2003 Texas Bluebonnet Master List 2001 Teacher's Choice, International Reading Association Selector's Choice, 2001 Notable Social Studies Trade Book for Young People 2001 Notable Books for a Global Society, International Reading Association 2001 Storytelling World Awards Stories for Adolescent Listeners 2002 National Literary Association of England WOW!
Award 2002-2003 Texas Bluebonnet Award 2003-2004 Land of Enchantment Book Awards The Secret of Old Zeb, September 2002 Award of Merit, Southern Books Competition, Southeastern Library Association Martina the Beautiful Cockroach: A Cuban Folktale, September 2007 2007 Cybils 2008 Pura Belpré Award 2008 Best Children's Books of the Year, Bank Street College of Education 2008 Society of School Librarians International Book Awards 2008 Irma Simonton and James H. Black Award for the Best Picture Book of the Year 2008 Kansas State Reading Circle Recommended Reading List 2008 Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People, NCSS/Children's Book Council 2008 International Latino Book Awards, Latino Book & Family Festival, Latino Literacy Now 2008 Americas Award for Children's and Young Adult Literature, National Consortium of Latin American Studies Programs 2008-2009 Children's Book Award, Florida Reading Association 2009 Storytelling World Resource Awards 2009 Read On Wisconsin! 2009-2010 Volunteer State Book Awards 2009-2010 Texas Bluebonnet Award 2011 California Young Reader Medal 14 Cows for America, 20092010-2011 Texas Bluebonnet Award The Cheshire Cheese Cat: A Dickens of a Tale - coauthor Randall Wright 2011 The Rooster Who Would Not Be Quiet!
La Cama De Plumas De Agata, Santillana USA Publishing Company Martina una Cucarachita muy Linda: Un Cuento Cubano 2008 Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People, NCSS/Children's Book Council A Junior Library Guild Selection Un Colchon de Plumas para Agata: Un Cuento de "ALAS" para Ninos]] Deedy has contributed to National Public Radio’s Weekend All Things Considered and Latino USA. Her audio collection of twelve short stories heard on NPR, Growing up Cuban in Decatur, was named Publishers Weekly 1995 Best Audiobook—Adult Storytelling and received the Parents' Choice Gold Award 1996. Deedy's most recent audio recording is her CD for Martina the Beautiful Cockroach, which includes a reading of the book in both English and Spanish, as well as a performance version of the story; that CD is an Odyssey Award Honor. Deedy is married to musician John McCutcheon, she lives
Scream & Whisper, Edwin McCain's sixth album, was released on June 22, 2004 by DRT Entertainment, McCain's second label in as many years. The album was his first all-new studio album in three years, was recorded at Sonica Studios, Atlanta and Dirtmachine Studios in Studio City, California. "Coming Down" – 3:33 "Shooting Stars" – 3:37 "Throw It All Away" – 4:01 "Say Anything" – 3:43 "Turning Around" – 3:40 "Couldn't Love You More" – 4:18 "Good Enough" – 4:04 "Farewell to Tinkerbell" – 2:59 "How Can You Say That to Me" – 4:08 "Day Will Never Come" – 4:27 "Save the Rain" – 3:38 "White Crosses" – 6:11 "Wild at Heart" – 2:58 "Maggie May" – 5:05 Edwin McCain – guitar, vocals Larry Chaney – guitar, guitar Pete Riley – guitar, guitar, vocals Craig Shields – clarinet, organ, wind controller Lee Hendricks – guitar Dave Harrison – percussion, drums Noel Golden – keyboards, engineer, mixing John Lancaster – piano, wurlitzer Maia Sharp – vocals Mike Froedge – drum technician George Marino – mastering John Briglevich – engineer Phillip Ducker – engineer Branon Thames – assistant engineer Christopher Wade Damerst – programming Mark Dobson – programming Bryce Alexender – photography Angie Little – photography Rodney Bursiel – cover photo Shawn Grove – digital editing Scott Johnson – art direction Colin Miller – assistant Edwin McCain's Scream & Whisper at AllMusic