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Richard Layton Butler

Sir Richard Layton Butler KCMG was the 31st Premier of South Australia, serving two disjunct terms in office: from 1927 to 1930, again from 1933 to 1938. Born on a farm near Gawler, South Australia, the son of former South Australian Premier Sir Richard Butler and his wife Helena, Butler studied at Adelaide Agricultural School before becoming a grazier at Kapunda and marrying Maude Draper on 4 January 1908. Inheriting his father's interest in politics, Butler joined the conservative Liberal Union while young and was elected to the South Australian House of Assembly for the rural electorate of Wooroora at the 1915 election, serving in the House alongside his father. Butler would lose his seat at the 1918 election but regained Wooroora at the 1921 election and retained the seat comfortably for the next seventeen years, he followed most of the Liberal Union into the Liberal Federation in 1922 when it joined forces with several pro-conscription Labor Party members. Butler made infrequent speeches in parliament and was in the habit of accidentally offending people through his choice of words.

He was, known for his convivial style outside parliament and his pugnacious style inside the house. In 1925 he became Liberal Federation party whip, becoming party leader shortly afterward following the retirement of former premier Henry Barwell from politics. At the 1927 election, Butler led the Liberal Federation to victory, winning 23 seats in the 46 seat Assembly, with the coalition Country Party winning five seats, the Labor Party 16, the Independent Protestant Labor Party one and an independent winning a seat. In becoming Premier and his father became the first father-son combination to serve as Premier of South Australia. In government, Butler passed the Drought Relief and Debt Adjustment Acts to assist drought stricken farmers but his reaction to other industries hit by the Great Depression in Australia was less sympathetic. By the 1930 election, South Australia faced severe drought as well as the Depression, leaving Butler to warn of hard times ahead and further belt-tightening required.

Labor leader Lionel Hill, on the other hand, promised a golden future. Not the Liberal Federation was reduced to 13 seats and the Country Party two as Labor swept to power and Butler returned to the opposition benches; the loss turned out to be a blessing in disguise to Butler, as Labor was forced to deal with the Depression. After the Hill government gave its support to the Premiers' Plan, the state executive expelled the cabinet and its supporters; the Hill cabinet formed the Parliamentary Labor Party known as Premiers' Plan Labor, which had to rely on support from Butler's Opposition to stay in office. Meanwhile, Butler set to work on his pet project: namely, the amalgamation of the Liberal Federation and the Country Party; the drive to merge South Australia's conservative forces gained further momentum when the state's non-Labor candidates ran in the 1931 federal election as the Emergency Committee of South Australia, which took all but one of the state's lower house seats and all of the state's available Senate seats.

A year the amalgamation was made final, resulting in the Liberal and Country League with Butler as leader. The newly united LCL went into the 1933 election as unbackable favourites following the self-destruction of the South Australian ALP over its handling of the Depression. Hill resigned nine months before the election and was succeeded by Robert Richards, who faced the nearly impossible task of holding on to power against the LCL. With the Labor vote split three ways—the official ALP, Premiers' Plan Labor, Lang Labor—the LCL won a resounding victory, taking 29 seats against only 13 for the three competing Labor factions combined. In addition to becoming Premier, Butler served as Immigration Minister. In Canberra, Butler achieved fame for his tough bargaining skills, which resulted in extra grants for South Australia, he was known in Canberra as a fierce opponent of federal control opposing the proposed Commonwealth wheat pool and the rationalisation of butter production. Butler's term in office saw the founding of the South Australian Housing Trust, designed to build cheap homes for those affected by the Depression and the successful enticing of Broken Hill Proprietary Company to build a blast furnace in Whyalla, General Motors Holden to maintain their Adelaide base, as well as major changes to the structure of Parliament.

The parliamentary term was expanded from three years to five years, the House of Assembly was changed from a 46-member chamber elected from multi-member districts to a 39-member chamber elected from single-member districts. This had the effect of increasing the significant rural overweighting, written into the state constitution, which called for two rural seats for every one seat in Adelaide; the resulting malapportionment became known as the Playmander. Not all was rosy for Butler, though; the conditions laid down by the Country Party as part of agreeing to the merger left former Country Party politicians with more influence in the LCL than their numbers in parliament would have otherwise merited. Not only was Butler forced to give a ministerial post to Country Party p

This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb

This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb were a folk punk band from Pensacola, United States. Their first recording was released in 1997 on Ghostmeat Records, their releases have been on Plan It X Records and No Idea Records, but now appear on their own label Plan-It X South. This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb started as a new wave band, with folk singer David Dondero on drums, they switched to playing country music, but their punk roots were evident enough in their music that they became one of the premiere bands at the forefront of the folk-punk genre. They did several US tours including an Alaska tour 2003, played at Geekfest, toured to Europe. On February 3, 2011, This Bike Is A Pipe Bomb announced. Rymodee and Terry still play together in Zippers To Nowhere, based out of Chattanooga. Much of their music is politically oriented; this Bike Is a Pipe Bomb is staunchly pacifist and concerned with the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and racial equality in general. Rymodee - guitar, harmonica Terry Johnson - bass, vocals Teddy "Ted" Helmick - drums, vocals Zine author Aaron Cometbus has been known to play drums for the band on occasion.

Spot - fidola S/T 7" Ghost Meat Records, 1997 Out Of Print Dance Party With... CD Plan-It-X Records, 1999 Dance Party With... 10" Troy from Vancouver, 2004 Of Chivalry and Romance in a Dumpster 10" Fab Records, 1999 Out Of Print Black Panther Party 7" Arkam Records, 2001 This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb/The Devil Is Electric Split 7" Risk Records, 2001 Out Of Print Front Seat Solidarity LP Plan-It-X Records, 2002 Out Of Print Front Seat Solidarity CD Plan-It-X Records, 2002 Songs Of Our Soil CD and zine, 2002 This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb/Carrie Nations Split 7" Shake/Plan-It-X Records, 2004 Out Of Print Three Way Tie for a Fifth CD Plan-It-X Records, 2004 Three Way Tie for a Fifth LP No Idea Records, 2005 Convertible CD Plan-It-X Records, 2008 Convertible LP No Idea Records, 2009 Radon/This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb/Vaginasore Jr./King Friday Split Fast Crowd Records, 2008 On March 2, 2006 at 5:30 am an Ohio University police officer spotted a bicycle attached to the Oasis restaurant bearing a promotional sticker for the band.

The officer became concerned. The area was cordoned off, part of the campus was closed for several hours; the bicycle was subsequently destroyed by the Athens bomb squad despite assurances from the bike's owner that it was just a sticker. The owner, a graduate student, was charged with inducing panic, a misdemeanor. However, the charges were dropped a few days later; the student was awarded money for the damages to his bicycle. A similar incident occurred in 2001, when a police officer spotted and detained a woman at an Austin, Texas peace rally, her bicycle was labeled with the band's sticker. The woman was released. On March 14, 2006 Bellarmine Hall at Saint Joseph's University in Philadelphia, PA was evacuated because of another bicycle with the band's name painted on it. No charges were filed. On February 16, 2009, Terminal C at Memphis International Airport was evacuated because of a bicycle with the band's sticker on it. A pilot notified police when he saw the bike, with the band's sticker on it, parked outside of the terminal.

Police sent in K9 units. Police arrested the owner of the bike but let the owner go a few hours because he had not committed a crime. After hearing about the incident, the band's lead singer urged fans to use caution when they applied the stickers. Ghostmeat Records This Bike Is a Pipe Bomb collection at the Internet Archive's live music archive


Severino dos Ramos Durval da Silva or Durval, is a former Brazilian central defender. On November 13, 2012, Durval was called up, by Mano Menezes, for seleção brasileira that played the Superclásico de las Américas; as of 3 April 2018. Games for Brazilian team Botafogo-PBCampeonato Paraibano: 2003BrasilienseCampeonato Brasiliense: 2004Atlético ParanaenseCampeonato Paranaense: 2005SportCampeonato Pernambucano: 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2014 Copa do Brasil: 2008 Copa do Nordeste: 2014SantosCampeonato Paulista: 2010, 2011, 2012 Copa do Brasil: 2010 Copa Libertadores: 2011 Recopa Sudamericana: 2012 Durval at Sambafoot Sport Club do Recife Official Site CBF

Factory Star

Factory Star are an English post-punk group, formed in Manchester in December 2008. The group was formed by singer/songwriter/guitarist Martin Bramah. Factory Star began life as Tim Lyons and Brian Benson. In April 2009 they were replaced by Steve Hanley, Paul Hanley, John Paul Moran of Gnod & Rapid Pig. Bramah had two stints in The Fall - 1976 to'79 and'89 to'90 - and fronted several incarnations of Blue Orchids from 1979 - 2005; the Hanley brothers were previously members of The Fall - Steve from 1979 to'98 and Paul from 1980 to'85. They got in touch with Bramah through Dave Simpson, thanks to Simpson's book The Fallen; the band performed in Anglesey on New Year's Eve in 2008, playing tracks from Bramah's solo album The Battle of Twisted Heel. Their first single "Lucybel" was made available on iTunes in 2009; the band performed a live session and were interviewed by Marc Riley on his BBC 6 Music show in July 2009. The Hanley brothers parted company with the band in April 2010, were replaced by Chris Dutton on bass and Tom Lewis on drums.

In January 2011 the band was taken on board by Occultation Records and entered Parr Street studios in Liverpool to record what was supposed to be a single. Due to the band being so well rehearsed they managed to record an album in the allotted time; the resulting album was named "Enter Castle Perilous" and was released on CD, LP and download in March 2011. In November 2011, the Christmas single "Lucybel" was released on CD and 7", coming from the same Parr St sessions. Following Tom Lewis' departure, Joe McKechnie joined on drums in January 2012. Following gigs in Manchester and London, this lineup recorded 6 songs in Liverpool; the resultant mini-album is expected in July 2012. Factory Star on Myspace

Richard Klein (television executive)

Richard Henry Klein is a British television executive, the former controller of BBC Four. He became controller in 2008, he was born in Burwash Common in Sussex to Bernadine Thorne. He attended Prior a Roman Catholic independent school near Bath in Somerset. From the University of Aberdeen he gained an MA in English in 1983, from City University London he gained a Diploma of Journalism in 1985, he was a director on Weekend World on LWT from 1987 to 1990. He joined the BBC in 1996 as a current affairs producer director, having worked as a freelancer for some years before. From 2005 to 2007 he was a commissioning editor for documentaries, he was succeeded by Charlotte Moore. From 2007 to 2008 he was Head of Independent Commissioning for Factual TV, of the BBC, he became Controller of BBC Four in December 2008. In November 2009, his salary was revealed by the BBC to be £195,000. Following his departure from BBC Four he was Head of Factual commissioning for ITV and is now on the executive board of the independent production company Plimsoll Productions.

Klein has one daughter, is divorced. BBC Press Office biography Meet the controller Future of BBC4 Northern Film Media

Supreme Court of Queensland

The Supreme Court of Queensland is the highest court in the Australian State of Queensland. The original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court allows its trial division to hear civil matters involving claims of more than A$750,000. A jury is used to decide whether the defendant is not guilty; the division hears all civil matters involving amounts of more than A$750,000. A jury may be used to decide these disputes; the appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court allows its Court of Appeal to hear cases on appeal from the District Court, the trial division of the Supreme Court, a number of other judicial tribunals in Queensland. Decisions made by the Supreme Court may be heard on appeal to the High Court of Australia in Canberra; the Supreme Court of Queensland was founded on 7 August 1861, with the assent of the Supreme Court Constitution Amendment Act 1861. Two subsequent pieces of legislation, including the Additional Judge Act 1862 and the Supreme Court Act 1863, were necessary to establish the court's operating system.

Prior to separation of Queensland from New South Wales, the former naval officer, Captain John Clements Wickham, tried minor crimes in the Moreton Bay District. More serious cases were tried at the Supreme Court of New South Wales in Sydney. Two years before separation from New South Wales, the Moreton Bay Supreme Court Act 1857 established the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of New South Wales in the Moreton Bay District and Samuel Milford served as Judge. Milford resigned in February 1859, was replaced by Alfred Lutwyche; the Brisbane Supreme Court served as the Supreme Court for all of Queensland. As the colony's population grew, two other courts were constructed; the first sittings of the Northern Supreme Court were held at Bowen in 1874 and the Bowen Court House was built in 1880 in classical revival style. The Central Supreme Court was opened at Rockhampton in 1896. After the opening of the Central Supreme Court at Rockhampton, the Northern Supreme Court moved from Bowen to Townsville.

Justice Virgil Power, who served as the first Judge of the Central Supreme Court, was the first Queensland-born Supreme Court Judge. As the population of Queensland has grown, additional courts have been built at locations such as Bundaberg, Cairns, Maryborough and Townsville. Although the Brisbane Supreme Court served the needs of the entire colony of Queensland, it did not occupy a purpose-built building until 1879; until the Brisbane Court sat at the Old Convict Barracks in Queen Street. These barracks were in disrepair and a number of improvements, including new sets of windows, had to be constructed to allow the continued sitting of the Court. Furthermore, on Sundays, the area of the barracks used by the Court was used as a church. Although the Court's surroundings were not elaborate, Parliament did provide an annual grant towards the establishment of a Supreme Court Library from 1861 to 1879. By 1870, despite minor building modifications to the convict barracks, it had become clear that a new building was required to house the Brisbane Supreme Court.

A site on George Street was selected and the prominent colonial architect, Francis Drummond Greville Stanley, submitted plans for an elaborate neoclassical building, two storeys tall. These original plans featured other sophisticated detail, they were modified for financial reasons and in 1875 John Petrie tendered to construct the building. On 6 March 1879, the new Supreme Court opened; the entrance on the North Quay frontage had been designed as the main entrance but this was soon superseded by the George Street entrance. In 1880, iron gates were added to the building. In 1931, the Queensland Public Works Department provided funds for the renovation of the interior of the Brisbane Supreme Court. On the night of 2 September 1968, the building that housed the Brisbane Supreme Court was damaged by arson, it was subsequently demolished, in 1976, it was replaced with a building designed by Bligh Jessup Bretnall and was opened by Queensland Governor Sir James Ramsay on 3 September 1981. In 1989, Justice Angelo Vasta was removed from the court by Queensland Governor on the request of the Parliament.

This was the first time since federation that any state had used that method to remove a sitting judge from a Supreme Court. Vasta was found to be not "a fit and proper person to continue in office" after giving false evidence to an investigation related to the Fitzgerald Inquiry. In 2008, a A$600 million building program began to create a new Brisbane Supreme Court and District Court building, designed by Architectus Brisbane, led by Prof John Hockings; the building is known as the Queen Elizabeth II Courts of Law and was opened on Friday 3 August 2012 by Queensland Governor Penelope Wensley incorporating a public plaza and links to the existing Brisbane Magistrates Court building. The precinct occupies an entire city block between George and Turbot streets. In 1991 the Queensland Supreme Court was restructured into two divisions, the Trial Division and the Court of Appeal; the Court is headed by the Chief Justice of Queensland who sits in both the Trial Division and the Court of Appeal. The Court of Appeal comprises the President and four Judges of Appeal, who sit only in the Court of Appeal.

Proceedings in the Court of Appeal are heard by three judges. The Trial Division comprises a number of trial judges, is headed by the Senior Judge Administrator. Proceedings in the