Richmond is a city in east central Indiana, United States, bordering on Ohio. It is the county seat of Wayne County, in the 2010 census had a population of 36,812. Situated within Wayne Township, its area includes a non-contiguous portion in nearby Boston Township, where Richmond Municipal Airport is. Richmond is sometimes called the "cradle of recorded jazz" because the earliest jazz recordings, records were made at the studio of Gennett Records, a division of the Starr Piano Company. Gennett Records was the first to record such artists as Louis Armstrong, Bix Beiderbecke, Jelly Roll Morton, Hoagy Carmichael, Lawrence Welk, Gene Autry; the city has twice received the All-America City Award, most in 2009. Richmond is located at 39°49′49″N 84°53′26″W. According to the 2010 census, Richmond has a total area of 24.067 square miles, of which 23.91 square miles is land and 0.157 square miles is water. Richmond is located about 12 miles S of the highest point in Indiana; as of the census of 2010, there were 36,812 people, 15,098 households, 8,909 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,539.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 17,649 housing units at an average density of 737.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 83.9% White, 8.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.9% from other races, 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population. There were 15,098 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 16.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.3% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.0% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91. The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 39,124 people, 16,287 households, 9,918 families residing in the city.
The population density was 1,685.3 people per square mile. There were 17,647 housing units at an average density of 760.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.78% White, 8.87% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.80% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.03% of the population. There were 16,287 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.89. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.7 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $30,210, the median income for a family was $38,346. Males had a median income of $30,849 versus $21,164 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,096. About 12.1% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over. In 1806 the first European Americans in the area, Quaker families from North Carolina, settled along the East Fork of the Whitewater River; this was part of a general westward migration in the early decades after the American Revolution. John Smith was one of the earliest settlers. Richmond is still home to several Quaker institutions, including Friends United Meeting, Earlham College and the Earlham School of Religion; the first post office in Richmond was established in 1818 with Robert Morrison as the first postmaster. The town was incorporated in 1840, with John Sailor elected the first mayor.
Early cinema and television pioneer Charles Francis Jenkins grew up on a farm north of Richmond, where he began inventing useful gadgets. As the Richmond Telegram reported, on June 6, 1894, Jenkins gathered his family and newsmen at his cousin's jewelry store in downtown Richmond and projected a filmed motion picture for the first time in front of an audience; the motion picture was of a vaudeville entertainer performing a butterfly dance, which Jenkins had filmed himself. Jenkins filed for a patent for the Phantoscope projector in November 1894 and it was issued in March 1895. A modified version of the Phantoscope was sold to Thomas Edison, who named it Edison's Vitascope and began projecting motion pictures in New York City vaudeville theaters, raising the curtain on American cinema. Joseph E. Maddy is credited with founding the country's first complete high school orchestra at Richmond, founded the National High School Orchestra Camp, which became the Interlochen Center for the Arts in Michigan.
Frederick Douglass visited. On October 5, 1843, he was pelted with “evil-smelling eggs" at an abolitionist meeting. On February 15, 1858, he spoke to an audience about "Slavery" without incident; the third time, September 2, 1880, he spoke at both the city’s railroad depot and on Main Street
Nicholas Pennell was an English actor who appeared on film and television in the 1960s and emigrated to Stratford, Canada, where he became a stalwart of the Stratford Festival. He was educated at Allhallows College, Lyme Regis, trained at RADA, he appeared in repertory theatre. On television he appeared in The Saint, The Flaxton Boys, The Forsyte Saga as Michael Mont and in six episodes of Doctor Who entitled Colony in Space. On film he appeared as Bedford in Isadora, in Only When I Larf as Spencer, as an RAF pilot in Battle of Britain, as Julien in Mr. Forbush and the Penguins. In 1972, he joined the Stratford Festival company upon the urging of William Hutt. In his first season, he appeared as Orlando in opposite Carole Shelley as Rosalind; the following year he returned to star as Pericles in 1973 in a production designed by Leslie Hurry and directed by Jean Gascon. When Robin Phillips became artistic director in 1975, he found a familiar face; the two had worked together in the 1969 TV film of David Copperfield, Phillips too was in The Forsyte Saga.
Phillips recruited Pennell to join his young company and perform in The Comedy of Errors and The Two Gentlemen of Verona. 1976 brought Ariel in The Tempest. He said he worshipped Phillips as an actor. Pennell was now a leading member of the company and passionate about the festival and acting Shakespeare became his vocation, he was a generous company member mentoring young actors. In 24 seasons he played a wide range of characters from Stephano in The Tempest, Richard II, the Fool in Lear, Sassoon in Not About Heroes to King John, he can be seen on DVD in the role of Malvolio in a production of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night CBC Home Video, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, based on the 1985 Stratford Shakespeare Festival production. Pennell died on 22 February 1995, of lymphatic cancer, at the age of 56. Little is known about Pennell's private life beyond his homosexuality. A biography was published in 2005 by Mary Z. Maher. Nicholas Pennell on IMDb
The Golden Horns known in English as Baba Yaga, is a 1973 Soviet fairy tale film. His last film he directed before his death the same year While collecting mushrooms in the forest, sisters Dashenka and Mashenka get turned into does by the evil Baba Yaga, their mother Yevdokia goes in search of them, while their brother Kiryusha attempts to find the sisters. In the forest lives a magnificent deer with golden antlers, who protects the poor and the weak, but prefers to avoid the evil. In the village near the forest lives the widow Yevdokia with her twins Maschenka and Daschenka, their big brother Kiryushka and the ancient grandfather. One day, while mushrooming, the twins see the stag. A short time despite their mother's prohibition, they decide to go deeper into the forest to find more mushrooms. Forest spirits lure them deeper into the forest until they find the "king's mushroom" that they want to take along; the witch Baba Yaga finds them and is angry about their behavior — she transforms them into deer fawns with a magic spell.
The worried widow goes with her dog in search of her daughters. On the way she meets the "deer with the golden antlers" and rescues him from the robbers by sending them in the wrong direction. In gratitude, the deer gives her a magic ring and recommends her to go to the "Red Sun" to find her daughters. In the meanwhile, Kiryushka decides to seek his sisters on his own with the cat Vaska; when the mother comes to the "Red Sun", it sends her to its little brother, the "Clear Moon", but this one can not help her and sends her to the "Wind", who sees everything and knows everything. Meanwhile, the gang of robbers enjoys a hearty celebration, it turns out. The witch sees Yevdokia come from afar and starts a forest fire. At night, Baba Yaga, disguised by a cloak of invisibility, goes hunting with her walking "witch's house on chicken legs", she meets Kiryushka, whom she turns into a goat, but the cat Vaska manages to escape and finds Yevdokia whom he leads to the witch. When the widow meets Baba Yaga, the fight between "good" and "evil" takes place.
Yevdokiya gets a little "Russian soil" out of a sack, given to her and transforms into a Valkyrie with the words "Homeland, save us!", starts her fight against Satan's devotee Baba Yaga. She breaks the witch's spell and frees her children; the inhabitants of the forest, redeemed by the witch, drive away the robbers and poor Baba Yaga is thrown into the swamp together with her witch's house. Raisa Ryazanova: Yevdokia Volodya Belov: Kirill Ira Tchigrinova: Mashenka Lena Tchigrinova: Dashenka Georgiy Millyar: Baba Yaga Aleksei Smirnov: Old Wood Spirit Kapytonich Yuri Kharchenko: Wood Spirit Khokhrik Ivan Baida: Wood Spirit Tyap Anatoli Gorbachyov: Wood Spirit Lyap Mikhail Pugovkin: Robber Chief Irod Vera Altayskaya: Cook Valentin Bryleev: Moon Aleksandr Khvylya: Wind Margarita Korabelnikova: Zadorinka Saveliy Kramarov: Sunduk Lev Potyomkin: Water spirit Boris Sichkin: Dandellion Zoya Tolbuzina: House spirit Suchok Roman Yurev-Lunts: Bandit Anastasiya Zuyeva: Storyteller Baba Yaga on IMDb