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Richmond Football Club

The Richmond Football Club, nicknamed the Tigers, is a professional Australian rules football club playing in the Australian Football League, the sport's premier competition. Between its inception in the Melbourne suburb of Richmond in 1885 and 1907, the club competed in the Victorian Football Association, winning two premierships. Richmond joined the Victorian Football League in 1908 and has since won twelve premierships, most in 2019. Richmond's headquarters and training facilities are located at its original home ground, the Punt Road Oval, which sits adjacent to the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the club's playing home since 1965. Richmond traditionally wears a black guernsey with a yellow sash; the club song, "We're From Tigerland", is well known for its "black" refrain. The club is coached by Damien Hardwick and its current captain is Trent Cotchin. Five Richmond players have been inducted into the Australian Football Hall of Fame as "Legends" of the sport: Kevin Bartlett, Jack Dyer, Royce Hart, Kevin Sheedy and Ian Stewart.

A short-lived football club named Richmond formed in 1860 with Tom Wills, one of the founders of Australian rules football, serving as its inaugural secretary and captain. Wills' cousin H. C. A. Harrison captained Richmond in the early 1860s before moving to Geelong; this club has no continuity to the present club. A number of teams formed in Richmond during the game's rapid expansion in early 1880s. However, all played at a junior level and it was considered an anomaly that Richmond, one of Melbourne's most prominent suburbs, did not boast a senior side; the wait ended when the Richmond Football Club was formed at the Royal Hotel in Richmond on 20 February 1885. A successful application for immediate admission to the Victorian Football Association followed; the club shared the Punt Road Oval with the Richmond Cricket Club, one of the strongest cricket clubs in Australia, playing on the ground since 1856. At first the team wore blue guernseys and caps with yellow and black stripes in the style of the Richmond Cricket Club.

The football club soon adopted black as its official colours. The team was variously called the "Richmondites", the "Wasps" or, most the "Tigers". During the late 1880s, Richmond struggled to make an impression in the VFA, after a promising season in 1888, the club slipped backwards, in the process losing players to more successful sides; as the local economy slipped into severe depression in the early 1890s and the crowds began to dwindle, some of the VFA's strongest clubs began to agitate for a reform of the competition. Richmond was not considered part of this elite group, which voted as a bloc at VFA meetings. In 1896, Richmond walked off the field in a match against South Melbourne to protest the umpiring, in the season, the Tigers had their half-time score annulled against Essendon when it was discovered that they had too many men on the ground. In the closing three weeks of the season, Richmond's cut of the gate takings amounted to just five pounds, they finished the season with the wooden spoon.

In October 1896, the cabal of six strong clubs broke with the association to form the Victorian Football League. As a struggling club with a poor following, Richmond was not invited to join the new league. Richmond's performances did not improve in the emaciated VFA until the turn of the century; the Tigers were boosted by a significant country recruit in 1901. George "Mallee" Johnson was the first true star player at the club. Richmond leapt to third place and in 1902, with Johnson dominating the ruck, Richmond entered the closing weeks of the season neck and neck with Port Melbourne at the head of the ladder, but Port Melbourne faltered against Williamstown to hand Richmond its first flag. Having missed a potential bonanza from a premiership play-off, the VFA decided to emulate the VFL and introduce a finals series in 1903, a fateful decision for the Tigers. After recruiting the competition's leading goalkicker, Jack Hutchinson, finishing the season as minor premier, Richmond lost both finals and were runner-up.

The following season, the club became embroiled in a feud with umpire Allen, whom the Tigers accused of failing to curb field invasions or the dubious tactics of arch-rival North Melbourne. When the two clubs were scheduled to meet in the 1904 VFA Grand Final, Richmond announced that they wouldn't play with Allen as umpire; the VFA called Richmond's bluff, appointed Allen as umpire for the match, meaning that the Grand Final was scratched and North Melbourne won the premiership on forfeit. Richmond were now at odds with the VFA, matters failed to improve in the next few years; the club was campaigning against violence, ungentlemanly conduct and poor sportsmanship, issues that plagued the VFA to a far greater extent than the rival VFL since the 1896 split. Richmond cultivated links with some VFL clubs by playing. Richmond knew that they were a major asset to the VFA, had built up a large following and played on one of the best grounds in the competition, where they remained unbeaten for five years.

In 1905, Richmond confirmed their status with a second premiership, this time overcoming bitter rivals North Melbourne, "Mallee" Johnson had moved to Carlton, but youngster Charlie Ricketts dominated the season and won plaudits among the pressmen, who voted him the best player in the VFA. However, Ricketts was lost to the VFL and injury hit the club hard. In 1906–07, the Tigers played finals without looking to win the flag; the club earned a rebuke from the VFA for scheduling a

Charles Herman Helmsing

Charles Herman Helmsing was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as bishop of the Diocese of Kansas City–St. Joseph. Helmsing was born to Louisa Helmsing, he entered St. Louis Preparatory Seminary and went on to Kenrick-Glennon Seminary before being ordained a priest for the Archdiocese of St. Louis on June 10, 1933, he became a papal chamberlain on February 15, 1946. On April 19, 1949, Helmsing was consecrated auxiliary bishop of St. Louis under Cardinal Ritter, he took a marked interest in the propagation of the faith, the instruction of converts, the work of the Legion of Mary, as well as both foreign and home missions. He worked as secretary and master of ceremonies for Cardinal Ritter and took on a number of other positions, including Director of the Diocesan Society for the Propagation of the Faith. In 1956, when Pope Pius XII divided Missouri into four dioceses, Helmsing was appointed first bishop of the Diocese of Springfield–Cape Girardeau, he was installed as bishop there on November 28, 1956.

After the Diocese of Kansas City–St. Joseph was left vacant upon the appointment of Bishop Cody as coadjutor of the Archdiocese of New Orleans, Pope John XXIII looked south for his successor. Helmsing was appointed bishop of the Diocese of Kansas CitySt. Joseph on January 31, 1962. In his installation homily on April 3, 1962, Helmsing explained his motto: "In the sacrifice of the Cross, Christ our Lord identified Himself with the Old Testament servant of Yahweh, the slave of Almighty God, foretold by the prophets, it was this realization that impelled me to take as the motto of my life and work as a Bishop, the inspired words of the 115th Psalm,Servus tuus, filius anciliae“O Lord, I am Thy slave and the son of Thy handmaid”. It is in this spirit that I come to you with humble determination aided by our Lord’s grace to imitate Him as the slave of the Lord Who became obedient unto death the death of the Cross. At the time of his installation, Helmsing was making preparations for his participation in the Second Vatican Council, to convene for its first session that coming fall.

He took with him William Wakefield Baum, vice chancellor at the time, as a peritus. Although it is difficult to trace Helmsing's activities at the council, some incidents are recorded in histories and commentaries. During the initial debate on the schema for liturgy, a note is made of his intervention on point no. 39 on the importance of the homily in the liturgy. Mathijis Lamberigts notes that Helmsing argued that the homily ought to be systematic and theologically well founded. Helmsing took part in all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council and was most influential in the composition of the Decree on Ecumenism. In November 1963, Helmsing was elected with eight other bishops to the Secretariat for Christian Unity which worked under Cardinal Bea to collect statements to the secretariat concerning the schema; the result was 1,063 pages published in six volumes. This helped to prepare revisions to the schema. In 1968 the National Catholic Reporter was condemned by Helmsing for "their policy of crusading against the Church's teachings".

When the paper was first founded, Bishop provided diocesan office space and funds until the paper was able to move to the building where it continues to this day. In the late 1960s, Helmsing objected most to the paper's strong stands on birth control, priestly celibacy and criticism of the hierarchy, citing an imbalance in news coverage. 66 Catholic journalists signed a petition during this time to support the stances of NCR. Helmsing returned to Kansas City, where he supported civil rights and brought home the documents of the Second Vatican Council and was responsible for implementing them in the diocese. Helmsing served as bishop of Kansas City – St. Joseph until 1977, he died December 20, 1993, aged 85. In the fall of 2006, Robert W. Finn, bishop of Kansas City – St. Joseph, named a new adult faith formation initiative of his diocese after Helmsing; the Bishop Helmsing Institute offers a three-year faith formation program and has four full-time instructors. Mathijs Lamberigts, "The Liturgy Debate" in Giuseppe Alberigo and Joseph Komonchak, History of Vatican II, Volume II quoting the council records Acta Synodalia Sacrosancti Concilii Vaticani II I/2, 46 Bishop Helmsing Institute

Sportsworld (radio programme)

Sportsworld is the flagship weekend sports program on BBC World Service radio and winner of two Sony Radio Academy Awards. Sportsworld can be heard on BBC World Service radio, on many of the BBC's FM partner stations who simulcast the program and from August 2010 online. Sportsworld is produced by BBC Sport for BBC World Service along with Sport Today, World Football and Stumped; the programme began as Saturday Special for one hour in the summer of 1959. Its scope expanded to include the winter months to cover football; the name was changed to Sportsworld in 1979. A Sunday edition was added in 1996; the programme is now broadcast every Saturday 1400-1800 and Sunday 1600-1900 GMT. During the programme news summaries are only aired at 1430 and 1630 on Saturday, at 1730 on Sunday. In November 2011 Sportsworld moved out of BBC Television Centre with the rest of the BBC Sport department to MediaCityUK. Sportsworld brings the biggest sporting events to a global audience, using the full resources of the BBC.

The programme features live commentary from the Premier League every weekend during the English football season. Correspondents in Spain and Italy cover La Liga and Serie A. Live sport is mixed with debate and analysis of the leading sport stories of the week by the Sportsworld Panel; the big football events on the global sporting calendar always feature such as African Cup of Nations, World Cup and European Championships, as do the multi-sport events like the Olympics and Asian Games. The regular events on the annual calendar are a feature point of the year such as the Grand Slam's in Tennis, the Golfing Majors, Test cricket, Formula One, Diamond League Athletics, the NBA, the Baseball World Series and Moto GP. A global audience of 188 million, the reputation of the programme, ensures Sportsworld is able to secure exclusive interviews with the biggest names in world sport; the programme leaves its base at MediaCityUK in Salford. In 2010 Sportsworld was presented from the 2010 African Nations Cup in Angola, the Jamaican Schools Athletics Championships in Kingston, the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium, the 2010 World Cup in South Africa, the European Champions League final in Madrid, the 2010 World Basketball Championships in Turkey and the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi.

Sportsworld uses texts, e-mails, blogs and calls to interact with the audience. The programme text number is + 44 7786 20 2004; the programme e-mail address is and you can call the programme on + 44 161 874 13 77 Paddy Feeny presented the programme from the start in 1959 through to his retirement in 1995. Other presenters have included Mike Costello and Russell Fuller; the current presenters are Lee James for Sarah Mulkerrins for Sunday. The current producers are Ross Mitchell; the programme editor is Matt Davies. A three hour daily Olympic Sportsworld has been broadcast from the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, the 2008 Olympics in Beijing and the 2012 Olympic Games in London. A one hour highlights programme, Sportsworld at Wimbledon, has been broadcast from the Wimbledon Championships since 1992; the Wimbledon coverage was cut as a cost-saving measure in September 2010. Sportsworld at BBC Programmes Sportsworld on Facebook

Spleen (Chinese medicine)

The Spleen is one of the zàng organs stipulated by traditional Chinese medicine. It is a functionally defined entity and not equivalent to the anatomical organ of the same name; as a zàng, the Spleen is considered to be a yin organ. Its associated yang organ is the Stomach. Both Spleen and Stomach are attributed to the Earth element. Regarding its stipulated functions, the Spleen governs "transportation and absorption", i.e. the extraction of jīng weī – and water – from food and drink, the successive distribution of it to the other zàng organs. The jīng weī constitutes a large part of the body's acquired qì. In this spirit, the Spleen is called "root of the postnatal" – as opposed to the congenital qì, stored by the Kidney zàng; the Spleen absorbs jīng weī from the food after it has been preprocessed by the Stomach and the Small Intestine, distributes it to the whole body upwards to the Lung and Heart, where jīng weī is transformed into qì and xuě. Thus, TCM describes the Spleen as the source of "production and mutual transformation" of qì and xuě. the Spleen distributes the water extracted from the food and distributes it to the whole of the body to the Lung and Kidney zàng, thus assists the body's water metabolism.

"contains" the blood inside the vessels governs muscles and limbs opens into the lips houses the yì governs pondering Its associated body fluid is saliva. The Spleen's function is said to be strongest between 11 am; when the Spleen is functioning well, digestion will be good, the muscles will be strong and circulation will be efficient. Dysfunction of the Spleen presents as diarrhea, edema, weak/atrophic muscles, greasy taste in the mouth, or excessive bleeding; the Spleen is weakened by the Pathogenic Factor"Dampness". 中医世家, "第一节 五脏", 中医基础理论, retrieved 2010-12-18 Cultural China, "Chinese Medicine: Basic Zang Fu Theory", Kaleidoscope → Health, retrieved 2010-12-21 Val Hopwood. "Introduction to Traditional Chinese Medicine theory". In Val Hopwood. Acupuncture and Related Techniques in Physical Therapy. Elsevier Health Sciences. P. 11. ISBN 9780443055935. Christopher M. Norris. Acupuncture. Elsevier Health Sciences. Pp. 17–18. ISBN 9780750651738

Goshen and Little North Mountain Wildlife Management Area

Goshen and Little North Mountain Wildlife Management Area is a protected area located in Rockbridge and Augusta counties, Virginia. At 33,697 acres, it is the largest Wildlife Management Area managed by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries; the area comprises two parcels of land bisected by the Maury River. Three major mountains are found within the forested area, in addition to a lesser amount of native herbaceous habitat. Goshen and Little North Mountain Wildlife Management Area lies adjacent to George Washington National Forest and the Goshen Pass Natural Area Preserve, it is open to the public for hunting, fishing, horseback riding, primitive camping. Access for persons 17 years of age or older requires a valid hunting or fishing permit, or a WMA access permit. List of Virginia Wildlife Management Areas Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries: Goshen and Little North Mountain Wildlife Management Area

Alone at Montreux

Alone at Montreux is a live solo album by American jazz pianist Ray Bryant recorded at the Montreux Jazz Festival in 1972 and released on the Atlantic label. AllMusic awarded the album 4 stars with its review by Scott Yanow stating "This solo outing finds Bryant playing swing standards, soulful versions of a couple of current pop tunes and a bit of boogie". All compositions by Ray Bryant except as indicated "Gotta Travel On" - 4:45 "Blues #3/Willow Weep for Me" - 6:40 "Cubano Chant" - 4:35 "Rockin' Chair" - 4:32 "After Hours" - 3:28 "Slow Freight" - 5:08 "Greensleeves" - 2:00 "Little Suzie" - 2:30 "Until It's Time for You to Go" - 3:23 "Blues #2" - 3:30 "Liebestraum Boogie" - 3:30 Ray Bryant - piano