National Defence Headquarters (Canada)
National Defence Headquarters consists of the military headquarters for the Canadian Armed Forces, as well as hosts the majority of the civilian Department of National Defence staff. NDHQ comprises a collection of offices spread in buildings across the National Capital Region, although it is most identified with the Major-General George R Pearkes Building on Colonel By Drive in Ottawa. From 2017, the various locations will begin to be consolidated at the Carling Campus on Carling Avenue. Completed in 1974, the George R Pearkes Building was built for Transport Canada until a plan for a new NDHQ in LeBreton Flats was cancelled. Transport Canada instead moved to the newly completed Place de Ville Tower C; the Carling Campus was Nortel's research and development site until it was purchased by the Federal Government in 2010. Falling under the Minister of National Defence, NDHQ includes the office of the Chief of the Defence Staff, the senior military commander within the Canadian Armed Forces. Reporting to the CDS are the headquarters of all Canadian Armed Forces commands:Royal Canadian Navy Canadian Army Royal Canadian Air Force Canadian Joint Operations Command Canadian Special Operations Forces Command Reporting to the DM are several Assistant Deputy Ministers: ADM ADM ADM ADM ADM Media related to Department of National Defence Headquarters at Wikimedia Commons
La Maison Simons
La Maison Simons known as Simons, is a fashion retailer in Canada, based in the province of Quebec. It is a family business operated by Richard and Peter Simons; the business was established in 1840 by the son of a Scottish immigrant to Quebec as a dry goods store. In the 1960s, the focus of the business changed to a department store, incorporating youth-oriented brands. Beginning in 1981, La Maison Simons began an expansion across Quebec. In 2012, the company expanded its business to the West Edmonton Mall in Alberta first, before opening up several more stores across Canada; the success of the location at the West Edmonton Mall led to the company being sought out as an key anchor tenant at malls across Canada. A held firm, La Maison Simons received outside investment for the first time in its history in 2018 when it sought to open a distribution centre in Quebec City. Peter Simons, born in Scotland in 1785, arrived in Lower Canada in 1812, settling on a small farm near Quebec City at Beauport.
Peter Simons raised a family of five, including a son, John Simons, who went on to open a small dry goods shop in Quebec City in 1840 at the age of 17. Placing an emphasis on quality merchandise, he made more than 70 crossings of the Atlantic Ocean in order to seek out quality English and Scottish goods to stock as merchandise. In 1870, John Simons moved his shop to 20 Côte de la Fabrique. Business increased following the move, in 1952 the post-World War II boom brought new market opportunities; this is when Donald Simons entered the company and led the store into a new era, transforming it into a department store where it became leader in popular fashion with the introduction of youth-centred and fashion forward brands such as Twik, based on Twiggy, a cultural icon of the time. 1961 marked a turning point for La Maison Simons as it entered a growth phase with its new store in Place Sainte-Foy where home decor was introduced as well as new brands for men and women in their thirties and forties.
In 1981, a new store opened in Galeries De La Capitale in Quebec City. La Maison Simons opened new locations in Sherbrooke and Montreal, Quebec in 1999. Two years in 2001, a store was opened at Promenades Saint-Bruno; the final new location in the burst of expansion was in 2002, when La Maison Simons opened a new store opened in Laval, Quebec. In 2012, Simons expanded to its seventh and largest location at West Edmonton Mall and first outside of Quebec, it spent nearly $50 million on the store alone. The success of the location led other shopping malls to seek out La Maison Simons as an anchor tenant. On March 27, 2013, Simons announced it would open a new location in Ottawa, Ontario's Rideau Centre in 2015; this was followed by an announcement on December 6, 2013 stating that a flagship store was to opened at Square One Shopping Centre in Mississauga, in the spring 2016. The new store, which opened in March 2016, occupies a large portion of the former Sears Canada store. A new store in Gatineau, Quebec opened on August 2015, investing $21 million in the location.
Furthermore, in 2015, a location opened in the Park Royal mall in West Vancouver, British Columbia. A store in Calgary, Alberta opened on March 16, 2017 in the Lancaster Building as part of The Core shopping mall. In August 2017, La Maison Simons opened a new store in Alberta at Londonderry Mall. In May 2018, La Maison Simons received outside investment for the first time in its history as part of efforts to open a new distribution centre in Quebec City; the chain includes 15 stores throughout Canada. It has business offices in London and Hong Kong; the Core Shopping Centre, Calgary Londonderry Mall, Edmonton West Edmonton Mall, Edmonton Les Promenades Gatineau, Gatineau Carrefour Laval, Laval Downtown Montreal, Montreal Galeries d'Anjou, Montreal Galeries de la Capitale, Quebec City Old Quebec, Quebec City Place Sainte-Foy, Quebec City Promenades Saint-Bruno, Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville Carrefour de l'Estrie, Sherbrooke Square One Shopping Centre, Mississauga Rideau Centre, Ottawa Park Royal Shopping Centre, West Vancouver 2021: Fairview Pointe-Claire, Montreal As a gift to the city of Quebec for its 400th anniversary, La Maison Simons offered a restored fountain, the Fontaine de Tourny, imported from France.
The fountain was positioned in Bordeaux's Allées de Tourny, named after Aubert Tourny, a French intendant remembered for his contribution to the beautification of Bordeaux, Quebec City's sister city. It was built in the mid-19th century and won a gold medal at the Paris world exposition of 1855; the Fontaine de Tourny was installed in front of the National Assembly of Quebec in April 2007. In August 2008, the retailer chose to withdraw its fall catalogue after complaints its models were too thin. Simons store locations are each uniquely designed; the current CEO, Peter Simons, said in an interview with Canadian Business "We’re trying to hold on to this belief in creativity and architecture and art. We’re working with Doug Coupland, for instance, on an art piece in Vancouver, we try to do that with all the stores we build." All stores incorporate unique architectural elements. List of Canadian department stores Holt Renfrew, another fashion store founded in Quebec City in the mid-19th century Official website
The Confederation Line is a light metro line under construction in Ottawa, Canada. The Confederation Line will be part of the O-Train network operated by OC Transpo along with the existing diesel-powered Trillium Line. While using light rail rolling stock and technology, the Confederation Line is grade separated; the project was approved by Ottawa City Council and the contract was awarded in December 2012. Construction began in 2013 and the line is expected to open between April and June 2019. At a cost of just over $2.1 billion, it is the largest infrastructure project awarded in the history of the city. The line was approved unanimously by the City Council on December 19, 2012, after many years of debate on a rapid transit network for the city, it represents the initial phase of the network and will be implemented through a 30-year Design-Build-Finance-Maintenance agreement with the Rideau Transit Group. The Citadis Spirit light train will be used to provide passenger service. On June 8, 2016, a sinkhole opened in the middle of Rideau Street near its intersection with Sussex Drive, 25 metres above the LRT tunnel construction, swallowing three lanes of the street and a parked van.
The collapse forced evacuation of the Rideau Centre and the closing of a number of local streets and businesses. Repairs were completed, the city was cleared of any wrong-doing. Testing of the line’s rolling stock began in late 2016, was planned to continue through most of the following year before the line was expected to open to the public in November 2018. In September 2018, it was announced that the line would not open on schedule and would instead open in early 2019. In March 2019, this was pushed back to sometime between April and June 2019; the Confederation Line reaches from Tunney's Pasture station in the west to Blair station in the east, a distance of 12.5 kilometres including a 2.5-kilometre tunnel running under Queen Street in the central business district. The line connects to the existing Bus Rapid Transitway at both ends, to the O-Train Trillium Line at Bayview station. With the grade separation, it is expected that travel time, from one end to another, will be less than 25 minutes.
There are 13 stations in Stage 1 of the project. The three downtown subway stations have 120-metre platforms. There are no concrete plans for more stations to be built on the Confederation Line, however an environmental assessment to extend the line to Kanata and Stittsville was completed and recommended that stations be built at Eagleson, Kanata Town Centre, Terry Fox, Campeau, Maple Grove, Hazeldean; these stations could be built in up to three separate stages. Another study to extend the line into Barrhaven is currently underway; as part of the winning consortium for the project, Alstom will provide 34 Citadis Spirit LRVs. It is the company's first order for modern light rail vehicles in North America, competing directly with similar models such as the Siemens S70. Derived from the earlier Citadis X-04 series used in Europe, they will be assembled in Alstom's plant in Hornell, New York with final assembly in Ottawa at a new depot and rail yard at Belfast Road and St-Laurent Boulevard, directly behind OC Transpo's headquarters and main bus depot.
Signalling on the line will be handled by Thales' SelTrac semi-automatic communication-based train control technology. Thales will design, maintain the system, support its installation and commissioning; as part of a contest organized by OC Transpo, each train set was named with names that relate to local or Canadian history. An additional 38 Citadis Spirit vehicles were ordered by the city as part of the Stage 2 extension project with four of them being assembled well in advance to supplement the Stage 1 fleet; the system has encountered operational issues with the train set during winter storms, including heating systems failing to work, communications systems failing, body work on cars dropping off. The SNC-Lavalin-led Rideau Transit Group will need to complete testing before the system can be transferred to OCTranspo, this is expected to result in a delayed opening of the system. All cars will be stored at the Belfast Yard at 805 Belfast Road, with connecting track to the Confederation Line.
Part of the 6.5-hectare site was an existing OC Transpo facility. The yard site was created by combining this facility with the properties of a number of private business. All existing structures were demolished in 2013, the new facilities were completed in 2016; the facility has maintenance facilities and an administration office. Final assembly for some of the LRVs was completed here. In mid-April 2015, OC Transpo posted a list of bus route changes as a result of the closure of the Transitway between Hurdman station and Blair station; as a result of the closure, many new routes are being created, such as route 91, existing routes modified, most notably routes 61, 62, 94 and 95. Many routes will use new bus-only lanes on Highway 417, several others will be altered or shortened to avoid serving the construction area; the changes are meant to provide extra service to those in areas affected by the Transitway closure, to avoid as many delays as possible while construction on the Confederation Line progresses.
A side project on the 417 highway was completed in 2016. In November 2013, the City of Ottawa rele
ByWard Market is a district in Lower Town located east of the government and business district, surrounding the market buildings and open-air market on George, York, ByWard and William streets. The district is bordered on the west by Sussex Drive and Mackenzie Avenue, on the east by Cumberland Street, it stretches northwards to Cathcart Street. The name refers to the old'By Ward' of the City of Ottawa; the district comprises the main commercial part of the historic Lower Town area of Ottawa. According to the Canada 2011 Census, the population of the area was 3,063; the market itself is regulated by a City of Ottawa municipal services corporation named Marchés d'Ottawa Markets, which operates the smaller west-end Parkdale Market. The corporation is run by a nine member board of directors; the market building is open year-round, open-air stalls are operated in the warmer months offering fresh produce and flowers. Traditionally, the ByWard Market area has been a focal point for Ottawa's French and Irish communities.
The large Catholic community supported Notre Dame Cathedral, one of the largest and oldest Roman Catholic churches in Ottawa. The shape of the cathedral was taken into account in the design of the National Gallery of Canada, built across Sussex Drive; the ByWard Market has been an area of fluid change, adapting to the cosmopolitan nature of downtown Ottawa, as well as trends in Canadian society as a whole. A multitude of restaurants and specialty food stores have sprouted around the market area, making this neighbourhood one of the liveliest in Ottawa outside of normal business hours. A four-block area around the market provides the most dense concentration of eating places and nightclubs in the National Capital Region; the areas beyond this zone offer boutiques and restaurants in abundance, are frequented by a considerable number of buskers. Having acquired a reputation as the city's premier bar district, Byward Market is thronged at night with university students and other young adults. Over the years the city has developed a series of five small, human-scale, open air courtyards east of Sussex Drive, stretching from Saint Patrick Street to George Street.
These cobblestone courtyards are filled with flowers, park benches and sculptures. Several of the houses surrounding them are historic buildings. At the other extreme on the west side of Sussex Drive is the United States Embassy; the building's design, by noted architect David Childs, was somewhat controversial in Ottawa. Others complained; the neighbourhood is today markedly heterogeneous, being visited by a mix of young professionals, many families and some homeless people. At one time, the area had a serious prostitution problem, remedied by a controversial rerouting of traffic through much of the residential area; the area is English-speaking but there exists a significant francophone population as well. The Market is located in close proximity to the downtown, to the Rideau Centre shopping mall, to Parliament Hill and to a number of foreign embassies. In 1826, Lieutenant Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers was sent from England to oversee the construction of the Rideau canal system, designed to connect the Ottawa River to Kingston, on the St. Lawrence River.
It was out of this massive project that the small community of Bytown grew into a flourishing commercial and economic centre. Colonel By prepared plans for two village sites: one on the west side of the Rideau canal, known as Upper Town; the land was surveyed. Both villages were divided into building lots; the Village of Lower Town was bounded by the Rideau River and Sussex and Rideau Streets. This town plan included an area designated as a commercial section within the block bounded by George, Sussex and King Streets. Lt.-Col By designed George and York Streets 132 feet wide in order to leave room for a proposed market building and courthouse, to leave room for the flow of the By Wash. Most of the Lower Town site was covered with swampland. Excess water from the canal was released through a sluice gate; this became known as the By Wash and emptied into the Rideau River. From the beginning Bytown was divided, not only physically by the canal but ethnically and economically. Upper Town was settled by officers and professionals, most of whom were Protestants and Anglicans of English or Scottish descent.
On the other hand, Lower Town was settled by labourers who had come to Bytown seeking employment during the building of the canal. These inhabitants were Catholic Irish immigrants and French Canadians. In 1827, the two towns were connected along Rideau Street by Sappers Bridge, which spanned the canal. In 1827, Colonel By used 160 pounds of revenue from property rents to build a market building with a courthouse behind it on George Street; this was the original market building, large for the time, constructed of timber with dovetailed corners, a veranda on each side, an attached weighing machine. This building served both as a centre for market activities, as a public hall for political and religious meetings. In the 1830s, Lower Town enjoyed a period of rapid commercial growth. Stores of every description, hotels and industrial buildings sprang up all ar
Fairview Mall is a large shopping centre in Toronto, Canada of about 80,000 m2. Opened in 1970, the centre has over offices and a cinema complex, it is located several kilometres north-east of downtown, at the northeast corner of Don Mills Road and Sheppard Avenue East in the former borough of North York. The mall is on two levels east to west with a vacant space at the west end and the Hudson's Bay at the east end, its 170 stores include speciality shops and kiosks. The mall has a multiplex cinema, a food court and a few restaurants connected to the mall; the shopping centre provides a personal style program that offers clients individual image consultations, personal shopping sessions, other customized services for a fee. Nearby, the Toronto Public Library's Fairview Public Library branch is located to the north of the mall. A community health centre is located next to the mall along Don Mills Road, it includes a pharmacy, various doctors offices and dentist offices, eye exam clinics. Fairview Mall is located near the intersections of two major highways: Highways 401 and 404.
The mall is surrounded on all sides by parking parking garages. Parking is free; the shopping centre is served by a Toronto Transit Commission subway line and a York Region bus rapid transit line. The mall is jointly owned by Cadillac Fairview and Ivanhoé Cambridge, two of Canada's largest real estate property managers and developers. Cadillac Fairview Corporation owns and operates Fairview Park Mall in Kitchener, co-owns Fairview Pointe-Claire with Ivanhoé Cambridge, in Pointe-Claire, Quebec. Fairview Mall opened in 1970 with The Bay and Simpsons as its department store anchors, at the time was the fourth enclosed, as well as the first multi-level, shopping centre in Metropolitan Toronto. In 1991, the Hudson's Bay Company sold its Simpsons store at Fairview Mall to Sears Canada. From 1987 to 1989, the Cadillac Fairview Corporation and previous co-owner Markborough Properties Ltd spent CAD$90M to provide Fairview Mall's first major expansion. Renovations at that time included a glass-tiered ceiling, similar to Toronto's Eaton Centre, which opened much of its interior to natural lighting.
In the 1990s, a major portion of the shopping centre's parking lot was redeveloped into a large bus terminal as part of the Toronto Transit Commission's Don Mills subway station, as the southern terminus of York Region Transit's Viva Green bus rapid transit line. In late 2008, Fairview Mall completed a CAD$90 million three-phase full renovation and redevelopment project, started in July 2006; the redevelopment phases included an expanded Shoppers Drug Mart and a large format Liquor Control Board of Ontario store. The food court was moved to the lower level under a 60-foot high skylight near The Bay. All entrances to the mall were updated to incorporate hands-free technology and the common areas inside the centre were transformed with greater open spaces and wood finishes. Elevators serving the third floor offices were added for the first time, located near entrance #4. In 2009, retailers Bath & Body Works, Forever 21, Hollister Co. and Zara opened within the mall. The facade along Sheppard Avenue received a complete facelift by Fall 2009, including Fairview Mall's new "dining experience" area.
The Rainbow Cinema had been an older style Cineplex theatre. The Sears store closed in late 2017 as part of the liquidation of Sears Canadian operations; the space does not yet have a long-term tenant. List of largest enclosed shopping malls in Canada List of shopping malls in Canada List of shopping malls in Toronto
Harry Rosen Inc.
Harry Rosen Inc. is a Canadian retail chain of 17 luxury men's clothing stores. A owned company, Harry Rosen accounted for 40 percent of the Canadian market in high-end menswear in 2008. Founded by Harry Rosen in 1954, as a single 500-square-foot store in Cabbagetown, Harry Rosen now operates stores in Toronto. There is an outlet store at Heartland Town Centre in Mississauga and at Tsawwassen Mills in Delta, British Columbia. Harry Rosen stores offer several collections of fine menswear labels, including Armani, Brioni, BOSS Hugo Boss, Canali, Dolce & Gabbana and Ermenegildo Zegna. After working in a clothing factory and in a quality menswear store, Harry Rosen and his brother Lou open a small made-to-measure store on Toronto’s Parliament Street with a $500 down payment. By 1961, success allowed them to relocate to larger premises closer to their clientele on Richmond Street in Toronto’s Financial District. With little retailing in this area, skeptics criticize the move, but the store soon becomes a destination for customers from across Toronto and the United States.
Rosen credits much of his early success to Stann Burkhoff. This customer of his, offered to create advertisements in exchange for two suits - one for him and one for his art director, Reid Bell. Burkhoff and Bell developed the successful "Ask Harry" campaign; this campaign featured provocative text with simple, yet eye catching, graphics in a Canadian national newspaper, The Globe and Mail. Under Rosen's direction, the company "spends more than any Canadian retailer on its employee training...on the nuances of designer fashion, including the art of'clothesmanship' - that is, determining the right garment for a man's body shape". Staff are provided training on how "to manage client lists, how to assess a client's needs, how men shop in general, how to build and maintain long-term relationships with clients"; the stores have a large number of long-term employees. National growth began in 1981 when Harry Rosen opened the first store outside of Toronto at West Edmonton Mall. During this time, Harry Rosen began signing exclusive deals with top designers in Europe and the United States to sell their menswear in Canada.
Many top designers still sell at Harry Rosen, with Tom Ford as the most recent addition. In 1987, Harry opened a three-level, 32,000 sq ft. flagship store on Toronto’s Bloor Street. The store became known for its exclusive collections of fine menswear; that same year, The Retail Council of Canada presented Harry Rosen with its first Retail Marketer of the Year Award. Harry Rosen introduced the award-winning newspaper ad campaign featuring such celebrities as David Cronenberg, Norman Jewison, Christopher Plummer, Remy Shand, Rick Mercer and more in 1996. Larry Rosen, Harry’s eldest son, joined the company in 1984, after stints in store operations and buying, he became President and Chief Operating Officer in 1997. Larry became Chairman and Chief Executive Officer in 2000, succeeding Harry who had stepped down after 51 years but still remains as with the company as an advisor. In 1997, harry magazine was launched. With two issues a year, this men’s lifestyle magazine covers fashion advice and offers readers guidance in many areas of their life.
In the fall of 2008, Harry Rosen unveiled an expansion of the Bloor Street flagship location in Toronto that represented the largest capital investment made by the company. This major storewide renovation added two new stories to the building, providing five floors of retail space within 50,000 square feet; the chain’s flagship store at TD Square in Calgary is doubling its size, a second store was added in suburban Calgary at Chinook Centre in 2010. Harry Rosen began selling merchandise online on May 2009 via its website. Shipping is limited to Canadian addresses. Official website
A department store is a retail establishment offering a wide range of consumer goods in different product categories known as "departments". In modern major cities, the department store made a dramatic appearance in the middle of the 19th century, permanently reshaped shopping habits, the definition of service and luxury. Similar developments were under way in Paris and in New York. Today, departments include the following: clothing, home appliances, cosmetics, gardening, sporting goods, do it yourself and hardware. Additionally, other lines of products such as food, jewelry, stationery, photographic equipment, baby products, products for pets are sometimes included. Customers check out near the front of the store, although some stores include sales counters within each department; some stores are one of many within a larger retail chain retailers. In the 1970s, they came under heavy pressure from discounters, have come under heavier pressure from e-commerce sites since 2010. Big-box stores and discount stores are comparable to historical department stores.
The origins of the departmental store lay in the growth of the conspicuous consumer society at the turn of the 19th century. As the Industrial Revolution accelerated economy expansion, the affluent middle-class grew in size and wealth. Urbanized social groups, sharing a culture of consumption and changing fashions, were the catalyst for the retail revolution; as rising prosperity and social mobility increased the number of people women, with disposable income in the late Georgian period, window shopping was transformed into a leisure activity and entrepreneurs, like the potter Josiah Wedgwood, pioneered the use of marketing techniques to influence the prevailing tastes and preferences of society. Department stores often featured post services, childcare services and other services that appealed to female shoppers. One of the first department stores may have been Bennett's in Derby, first established as an ironmonger in 1734, it still stands to trading in the same building. However, the first reliably dated department store to be established, was Harding, Howell & Co, which opened in 1796 on Pall Mall, London.
An observer writing in Ackermann's Repository, a British periodical on contemporary taste and fashion, described the enterprise in 1809 as follows: The house is one hundred and fifty feet in length from front to back, of proportionate width. It is fitted up with great taste, is divided by glazed partitions into four departments, for the various branches of the extensive business, there carried on. At the entrance is the first department, appropriated to the sale of furs and fans; the second contains articles of haberdashery of every description, muslins, gloves, &etc. In the third shop, on the right, you meet with a rich assortment of jewelry, ornamental articles in ormolu, french clocks, &etc.. The fourth is set apart for millinery and dresses; this concern has been conducted for the last twelve years by the present proprietors who have spared neither trouble nor expense to ensure the establishment of a superiority over every other in Europe, to render it unique in its kind. This venture is described as having all of the basic characteristics of the department store.
This pioneering shop was closed down in 1820. All the major British cities had flourishing department stores by the mid-or late nineteenth century. Women became the main customers. Kendals in Manchester lays claim to being one of the first department stores and is still known to many of its customers as Kendal's, despite its 2005 name change to House of Fraser; the Manchester institution dates back to 1836 but had been trading as Watts Bazaar since 1796. At its zenith the store had buildings on both sides of Deansgate linked by a subterranean passage "Kendals Arcade" and an art nouveau tiled food hall; the store was known for its emphasis on quality and style over low prices giving it the nickname "the Harrods of the North", although this was due in part to Harrods acquiring the store in 1919. Other large Manchester stores included Lewis's. In London, department stores were established in Oxford Street and Regent Street in the mid 19th-century; these were distinctly modern stores with lavish displays of imported goods Oriental shawls and furniture and served a wealthy clientele.
Harrods of London can be traced back to 1834, while the current store on Brompton Road on a site they acquired in 1849, was constructed between 1894 and 1905. Liberty & Co. gained popularity in thre 1870s for selling Oriental goods. Gamages was founded in London's High Holborn by Arthur Walter Gamage in 1878. In Bayswater, the draper, William Whiteley established a department store with more of a mass market appeal. Bainbridge's dates back to 1838, when Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge went into partnership with William Alder Dunn and opened a drapers and fashion shop in Newcastle's Market Street. In 1849 there were 23 separate departm