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Riding Mountain National Park

Riding Mountain National Park is a national park in Manitoba, Canada. The park sits atop the Manitoba Escarpment. Consisting of a protected area 2,969 km2, the forested parkland stands in sharp contrast to the surrounding prairie farmland, it was designated a national park because it protects three different ecosystems that converge in the area. It is most reached by Highway 10 which passes through the park; the south entrance is at the townsite of Wasagaming, the only commercial centre within the park boundaries. A trading post was first established on Lake Dauphin north of present-day Riding Mountain National Park by the Hudson Bay Company in 1741. Pierre de la Verendrye and sons explored the region and traded with First Nations, who hunted and fished in the area for many years. In 1858 Henry Youle Hind, a professor of Biology and Chemistry at the University of Toronto, became one of the first Canadian explorers to reach the area now encompassed by Riding Mountain National Park during his surveying of present-day Manitoba and Saskatchewan.

Hind described "pitching trails which lead from one part of the area to the other, following ridges, the only dry areas around" upon his ascent from Dauphin Lake. Hind, who travelled with several assistants and First Nations peoples described a final ascent upon Riding Mountain as "abrupt, consisting of a steep escarpment of drift clay and boulders covered with white spruce and aspen." His early explorations helped inform the Government of Canada of the ecological diversity and potential of the Riding Mountain region. In 1895, 3,975 square kilometres of land in Riding Mountain was designated as a timber reserve by the Department of the Interior, due to the quality of resources available to locals; the Dominion Forest Reserve Act, passed in 1906, the Dominion Forest Reserve and Parks Act, passed in 1911, were among the first binding protection of the area. In 1906 the superintendent of forestry monitored permits for cutting timber, which were intended only for settlers of the region. At the same time, it was recognized that trees needed to be protected due to their aesthetic properties and ability to hinder floods and erosion.

First Nation groups in the area include the Rolling River groups. On October 27, 1927, a meeting of representatives from the surrounding communities were called to the Court House in Neepawa, Manitoba to discuss a proposal to designate the Riding Mountain Forest Reserve a national park. Led by J. N. McFadden, the meeting aimed to highlight to residents the differences between a forest reserve and national park. One major difference is that its natural resources would be protected from development. Since 1918 reforestation had proceeded in the park, it was planned as a destination for tourists to continue to invest money in the local economy. Although some wanted a national park to be located in the Whiteshell, a majority voted in favour of locating it in Riding Mountain; as a consequence of this decision logging operations were halted and the value of Duck Mountain increased. The forest reserve was set aside as a national park in 1929 declared Riding Mountain National Park on May 30, 1933; the park opened to visitors on July 26 of that year, with Manitoba Lieutenant-Governor James D. McGregor unveiling a cairn and giving a speech at a dedication ceremony.

In attendance were Manitoba Premier John Bracken, Minister of Natural Resources J. S. McDiarmid, Thomas G. Murphy, Minister of the Interior. According to the Winnipeg Evening Tribune, over one thousand vehicles were registered at various park entrances and over four thousand people had been admitted inside the park forty-five minutes after McGregor arrived. Ten thousand people attended the ceremony. Much of the public infrastructure in Riding Mountain National Park was created during the 1930s by labourers participating in Canada's great depression relief programs. Ten relief camps were supervised by James Wardle. Funding for these relief programs was provided by the 1930 Unemployment Relief Act and the 1934 Public Works Construction Act. In 1932 most relief workers were British and over half were from Winnipeg. At this time the ​1 1⁄2-storey interpretive centre and several other buildings were built of log, many featuring a rustic architectural style. A lot of this early construction survives.

In the early days of Riding Mountain National Park, Parks Branch Commissioner James Harkin offered Archibald Belaney a job in the region. Belaney, who adopted the name Grey Owl when he took upon a First Nations identity as an adult, was a writer and became one of Canada's first conservationists. On April 17, 1931, Grey Owl arrived with his two beavers at a secluded lake several kilometres north of Wasagaming, selected by the park staff, he spent six months living in a cabin in Riding Mountain National park studying and working with wildlife, including two beavers named Jelly Roll and Rawhide. His main goal in the park was to re-establish beaver colonies in areas. Riding Mountain National Park was found to be an unsuitable habitat for the beavers, as a summer drought resulted in the lake water level sinking, becoming stagnant. Both the beavers and Belaney were unhappy with the situation, causing Belaney to search, with the support of the Dominion Parks Branch, for better living conditions, he relocated to Prince Albert National Park, where there was a greater sized waterway and a lower risk of the lakes freezing to the bottom in the winter.

Despite his eventual departure, he is regarded as a legend and major historical figure because o

Merchant Marine Combat Bar

The Merchant Marine Combat Bar is a decoration of the United States Merchant Marine. The decoration was established by an Act of Congress on 10 May 1943; the decoration is awarded to members of the Merchant Marine who served on a ship when it was attacked or damaged by an enemy or an instrument of war, such as a mine during the second World War. This award is a ribbon bar only. Further prescribed is the issuance a silver star to be attached to such bar to seamen who are forced to abandon ship when it is so attacked or damaged. For each additional abandonment, an additional star is attached, it is no longer awarded. Awards and decorations of the United States government Awards and Decorations of the United States Maritime Administration Awards and decorations of the United States Merchant Marine Awards and decorations of the United States military Laws Establishing Merchant Marine Medals

The Science of Breath

The Science of Breath is a 2002 album by Sandro Perri under the name Polmo Polpo. Fusing Dark Ambient and Ambient Techno music, the record was well-received critically, it was followed in 2003 by Like Hearts Swelling. The album cover is adorned with an underwater photo of an octopus; the pieces themselves, as implied by the title and artwork, are "watery". They make heavy use of muffled but driving 4/4 rhythms, distorted feedback, echoing synths or guitars; the music has been described as "opaque" and "darkly aquatic". There is a recurring breathing motif. In a manner akin to Boards of Canada, The Science of Breath alternates longer, more developed tracks with shorter ambient pieces. In this case the ambient pieces are "High Breathing", "Mid Breathing", "Low Breathing" and "Complete Breath"; each of these pieces is deeper in pitch than the last, giving the listener the impression of a deep-sea dive. "High Breathing" – 2:12 "Oarca" – 9:52 "Mid Breathing" – 2:33 "Acqua" – 9:10 "Low Breathing" – 1:42 "Rottura" – 6:59 "Complete Breath" – 3:03 "Riva" – 11:28

1972 Dahomeyan coup d'├ętat

The 1972 Dahomeyan coup d'état was a military coup staged on 26 October 1972 by Major Mathieu Kérékou, who took control of the Republic of Dahomey and ended a system of government established following the annulled 1970 presidential election, in which three members of the Presidential Council were to rotate in power. Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin served as the Chairman at the time of the coup; the coup was launched by soldiers of the Ouidah garrison and occurred during a Presidential Council meeting between Maga and Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin. According to reports at the scene, soldiers abruptly arrived in the Cabinet room of the Presidential Palace in the capital Porto-Novo and started firing bullets, but no one was injured. Kérékou led the first armed company of soldiers to break into the meeting, where he declared the end of the Presidential Council. Kérékou announced the coup on national radio by saying that the "three headed figure a monster" beset by "congenital deficiency...notorious inefficiency and...unpardonable incompetence."

To the 1963 coup d'état led by Christophe Soglo, the coup was viewed favorably by much of the population of the country. Kerekou named himself the new head of state, appointing military officers to the various ministerial posts; the members of the Presidential Council and other prominent political figures were arrested and imprisoned or placed under house arrest until 1981. After they were released from house arrest in 1981, Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin, Apithy all moved to Paris. Kérékou proclaimed the formal accession of his government to Marxism–Leninism on 30 November 1974, in a speech before an assembly of stunned notables in the city of Abomey, he soon aligned Dahomey with the Eastern Bloc. Kérékou declared the end of the Republic of Dahomey and the establishment of the People's Republic of Benin on 30 November 1975, named after the Kingdom of Benin that had once flourished in the south-central part of neighboring Nigeria; the People's Revolutionary Party of Benin, designed as a vanguard party, was created on the same day as the country's only legal party

Chhapar Mela

Chhapar Mela is celebrated in the village of Chhapar in the district of Ludhiana, India every year in September. This mela, held in the memory of Gugga Pir, is one of the most popular and spectacular festivals of the Malwa belt of Punjab. People worship the snake embodiment of Gugga at this fair; the fair falls on the fourth day of the month of Bhadas every year. It is believed that, the Chhapar Fair was started around 150 years ago by a small congregation of devotees. In recent years the number of people attending the fair has risen to millions; the Minor Chhapar Mela is held at the same place. The special trend of scooping the land is practised in this fair. People consider; the fair has much music and dance. The fair has emerged as a grand festival in the past few decades; the legend narrates the story of a boy and a snake born together in an agricultural family of Chhapar village. The serpent and the boy were so intimate. One day the mother of the child went to the fields after laying him on a cot.

To save him from the scorching sun, the snake stretched its hood over him. Thinking that the snake was going to bite the child, a passerby killed it with a stick; the child died after the death of the snake and the family was left in sorrow. The family was advised by the elders to perform religious ceremonies to worship Gugga and Sidh and a he-goat was left free to mark the place of worship by striking at a particular place; the place was recognised as Mari Gugga where people from all walks of life have been worshipping Gugga on the fourth day of the month of Bhadas every year. The farmers of the Malwa belt recognise the fair to the extent that they change the agricultural chores according to the dates of the mela. People narrate another story regarding the second fair known as Minor Chhapar Mela. At the beginning of the 20th century, the maharaja was said to have banned the mela because of a complaint by some farmers, but soon after the ruler banned the event, his horses started dying mysteriously and the misfortune stopped only after the ruler announced plans to organise the Minor Mela following the major one.

According to another story, a faqir once anchored a twig after cleaning his teeth. A local person uprooted the twig in fun; the faqir cursed the people of the local area so that the place would witness a heavy camp here, which would be followed by a deserted look. Http://www.unp.me/f16/mela-chappar-da-17681/#ixzz2ht86Xp00

Adam Heywood

Adam Heywood is a fictional character in the New Zealand soap opera Shortland Street, portrayed by Leighton Cardno from early 2001 until mid-2003. In 2000 an Australian consultant made several large changes to the show that would see a more working class hospital portrayed. Adam and his mother and brother, Marshall were introduced through the revamp; as part of the revamp, producers wished for a more community based cast with established family links, mimicking the past presence of the Warner and McKenna families. The Heywood's were created to fulfill this role. Leighton Cardno auditioned for the role and won it, he had little expectations but found he loved the job and relished the opportunity. Cardno was acting in a series based for teenagers called Being Eve and as such, Adam was portrayed with long dirty hair, something the character would traditionally not have. Although Cardno enjoyed his time on the show, upon arrival he decided to only stay short term so as not to become a "Ken Barlow".

Adam arrived to Ferndale alongside brother Marshall. He got a job at the hospital and dated Rachel McKenna before a brief fling with Robyn Stokes which ended when she slept with Marshall, he started a romance with Toni Thompson. However Adam discovered, he and Waverley got together as the year ended. Waverley dumped Adam and he returned to Toni, but Toni dumped. Adam was stabbed by Kurt. Adam developed a reliance on his medication. Adam reunited with Toni in the aftermath of his addiction but the two broke up indefinitely before Adam departed to the United States. Upon arrival, Adam was labelled the most responsible of the Heywood family and someone wiser than his years; the character's debut year set up the characters initial characterisation but the following year, Adam vastly changed with Cardno stating. So for someone, confident and supportive, he's become controlling and stuck in his ways." Cardno enjoyed portraying the darker side of the character saying. I felt like last year I was less a function, the nice guy.

I felt like I've been exploring new territory, going into areas that were interesting and challenging. That's when it starts to become fun." Upon arrival, Cardno opted that the Heywood family unit would be a positive for Shortland Street, stating. We're the middle-class striving family. We're good for the Street." Adam's declaration of love towards Waverley Wilson was viewed on positively, something producer – Harriet Crampton, believed was due to it being unexpected. After Adam was stabbed in the 2002 cliffhanger, a phone poll was taken and a majority of voters hoped Adam would not survive