Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus known as the Ringling Bros. Circus, Barnum & Bailey Circus, Ringling Bros. Barnum & Bailey or Ringling was an American traveling circus company billed as The Greatest Show on Earth, it and its predecessor shows ran from 1871 to 2017. Known as Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Combined Shows, the circus started in 1919 when the Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth, a circus created by P. T. Barnum and James Anthony Bailey, was merged with the Ringling Bros. World's Greatest Shows; the Ringling brothers had purchased Barnum & Bailey Ltd. following Bailey's death in 1906, but ran the circuses separately until they were merged in 1919. After 1956, the circus no longer exhibited under its own portable "big top" tents, instead using permanent venues such as sports stadiums and arenas. In 1967, Irvin Feld and his brother Israel, along with Houston Judge Roy Hofheinz bought the circus from the Ringling family. In 1971, the Felds and Hofheinz sold the circus to Mattel, buying it back from the toy company in 1982.
Since the death of Irvin Feld in 1984, the circus had been a part of Feld Entertainment, an international entertainment firm headed by his son Kenneth Feld, with its headquarters in Ellenton, Florida. With weakening attendance, many animal rights protests, high operating costs, the circus performed its final show on May 21, 2017, at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum and closed after 146 years. Hachaliah Bailey appears to have established one of the earliest circuses in the United States after he purchased an African Elephant, whom he named "Old Bet", around 1806, just 13 years after John Bill Ricketts first brought circus to America from Great Britain. Barnum, who as a boy had worked as a ticket seller for Hachaliah Bailey's show, had run the Barnum's American Museum from New York City since 1841 from the former Scudder's American Museum building. Besides building up the existing exhibits, Barnum brought in animals to add zoo-like elements, a freak show. During this time, Barnum took the Museum on road tours, named "P.
T. Barnum's Grand Traveling American Museum"; the Museum burned down in July 1865. Though Barnum attempted to re-establish the Museum at another location in the city, it too burned down in 1868, Barnum opted to retire from the museum business. In 1871, Dan Castello and William Cameron Coup persuaded Barnum to come out of retirement as to lend his name, know-how and financial backing to the circus they had created in Delavan, Wisconsin; the combined show was named "P. T. Barnum's Great Traveling Museum, Menagerie and Hippodrome"; as described by Barnum and Coup "had a show, immense, combined all the elements of museum, variety performance, concert hall, circus", considered it to be "the Greatest Show on Earth", which subsequently became part of the circus's name. Independently of Castello and Coup, James Anthony Bailey had teamed up with James E. Cooper to create the Cooper and Bailey Circus in the 1860s; the Cooper and Bailey Circus became the chief competitor to Barnum's circus. As Bailey's circus was outperforming his, Barnum sought to merge the circuses.
The two groups agreed to combine their shows on March 28, 1881. Named "P. T. Barnum's Greatest Show On Earth, And The Great London Circus, Sanger's Royal British Menagerie and The Grand International Allied Shows United", it was shortened to "Barnum and Bailey's Circus". Bailey was instrumental in acquiring Jumbo, advertised as the world's largest elephant, for the show. After Jumbo died, Barnum donated his taxidermied remains to Tufts University on whose Board of Trustees Barnum served as one of Tufts' first trustees; the Barnum Museum of Natural History opened in 1884 on the Tufts campus and Jumbo was a prominent part of the display. To this day the Tufts athletic mascot is Jumbo and its athletic teams are referred to as the "Jumbos". Barnum died in 1891 and Bailey purchased the circus from his widow. Bailey continued touring the eastern United States; that tour started on December 27, 1897, lasted until 1902. Separately, in 1884, five of the seven Ringling brothers had started a small circus in Baraboo, Wisconsin.
This was about the same time that Bailey were at the peak of their popularity. Similar to dozens of small circuses that toured the Midwest and the Northeast at the time, the brothers moved their circus from town to town in small animal-drawn caravans, their circus grew and they were soon able to move their circus by train, which allowed them to have the largest traveling amusement enterprise of that time. Bailey's European tour gave the Ringling brothers an opportunity to move their show from the Midwest to the eastern seaboard. Faced with the new competition, Bailey took his show west of the Rocky Mountains for the first time in 1905, he died the next year, the circus was sold to the Ringling Brothers. The Ringlings purchased the Barnum & Bailey Greatest Show on Earth in 1907 and ran the circuses separately until 1919. By that time, Charles Edward Ringling and John Nicholas Ringling were the only remaining brothers of the five who founded the circus, they decided that it was too difficult to run the two circuses independently, on March 29, 1919, "Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Combined Shows" debuted in New York City.
The posters declared. World's Greatest Shows and the Barnum & Bailey Greatest Show on Earth are now combined into one record-breaking giant of all exhibitions." Charles E. Ringling died in 1926. John Ringling had the circus move its headquarters to Sarasota, Florida in 1927. In 1929, the American Circus Corporation signed a contract to perform in New York City. John Ringling purchas
The Lion's Share is a 1971 French-Italian crime-thriller film written and directed by Jean Larriaga and starring Robert Hossein, Charles Aznavour, Michel Constantin, Raymond Pellegrin and Elsa Martinelli. Robert Hossein as Maurice Ménard Charles Aznavour as Éric Chambon Michel Constantin as Inspector Michel Grazzi Raymond Pellegrin as Marcati Elsa Martinelli as Annie Albert Minski as Jacques Michel Peyrelon as David René-Jean Chauffard as Bank Director Louis Arbessier as Cornille Robert Berri as Le patron du bistrot Marcel Pérès as Un clochard Coline Serreau The Lion's Share on IMDb
Turki bin Abdulmohsen bin Abdul Latif Al-Sheikh, is an adviser at the Royal Court under the rank of Minister and the current Chairman of General Authority for Entertainment under a Royal Decree. Al-Sheikh graduated from King Fahad Security College in 2001 with a bachelor's degree in Security Sciences, he worked in several government sectors including the Interior Ministry, the Emirate of Riyadh and the office of the Defense Minister and the Crown Prince. He was appointed an adviser to the royal court in 2015 and in 2017, he was promoted to be a royal advisor with the rank of minister. In September 2017, a royal decree was issued to appoint him as the new chairman of the General Sports Authority. In December 2018, he was appointed as chairman of the General Authority for Entertainment. Al-Sheikh is Chairman of the Islamic Solidarity Sports Federation, Honorary President of Al-Taawoun in Buraidah, he used to be the owner of the Egyptian club Pyramids FC from 2018 to 2019. On 2 August 2019 he became the owner of UD Almería.
He named Mohamed El Assy as general director of the club. In addition to his official and honorary career, Turki Al-Sheikh was known for his artistic writing, his lyrics were enriched by a number of Arab artists. Madawi al-Rasheed noted about Sheikh: "Sheikh is revealing himself to be much like the other coterie of aides that the crown prince has ushered in to lead his many new initiatives" "We now have Sheikh, mixing entertainment with the vulgarity of the new Saudi nationalism, his portfolio is to entertain Saudis, but he is doing it with bad taste, excessive hype and populist propaganda." The most influential Arab sports personality of the year 2017 at the 12th Dubai International Sports Conference. The Arab Sports Personality Award in Mohammed bin Rashid Award of the year 2018; the Arab Sport Culture Award of 2017