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Ripoll is the capital of the comarca of Ripollès, in the province of Girona, Spain. It is located on confluence of the Ter River and its tributary Freser, next to the Pyrenees near the French border; the population was 11,057 in 2009. The first traces of humans inhabiting the area date from the Bronze Age and can be seen in form of dolmens such as those found in El Sot de Dones Mortes or in Pardinella; this area was used by peoples from the Atlantic culture to store bronze weapons and as a passway from the Catalan Central Depression to the Pyrenees. The area has tombs from the late Roman occupation age and some belonging to the Visigoths, it has a famous Benedictine monastery built in the Romanesque style, Santa Maria de Ripoll, founded by the count Wilfred the Hairy in 879. The count used it as a centre to repopulate the region after conquering it. In the High Middle Ages, its castle, the Castle of Saguardia, located in the county of Les Llosses was ruled by the Saguàrdia family, of which Ponç de la Guàrdia was a famous troubadour.

An abundance of coal and iron ore, coupled with the ample water supply of the rivers Ter and Freser, encouraged a metal-working industry in the early Middle Ages. The furnaces of Ripoll were a prime source of nails for the peninsula. Pole arms and crossbows, always in demand, were added to Ripoll’s exports. Ripoll enjoyed a reputation throughout Europe for the production of firearms; that success as a manufactory of firearms brought frequent trouble to the city. French invasions in 1794, 1809, 1812, 1813 crippled the city industries. However, the final and utter destruction of Ripoll, resulting from mines and blasting, occurred in 1839 during the Carlist Wars. Due to the loss of records and archives, not much is known of its industry to this day. Ethnographic Museum of Ripoll Official website Government data pages

Robert Morris

Robert or Bob Morris may refer to: Robert Hunter Morris, Lieutenant Governor of Colonial Pennsylvania Robert Morris, financier of the American Revolution and signatory to three of the United States' major founding documents Robert Morris, a 1923 statue of the American founding father and financier by Paul Wayland Bartlett Robert Morris, English politician Robert Morris, American federal judge Robert H. Morris, Mayor of New York City Page Morris, U. S. Representative from Minnesota Robert J. Morris, anti-Communist crusader and politician Robert Morris, mayor of Denver, Colorado Robert Morris, English writer on architecture Robert Tuttle Morris, U. S. surgeon and writer Robert Schofield Morris, Canadian architect Robert Morris, American contemporary artist Robert Morris, British actor Robert Morris, British-American composer Robert Morris-Nunn, Australian architect Robert Morris, American author Colonel Robert Morris, American musician Bob Morris, songwriter and guitarist of Stamps Robert Lee Morris, German-born jewelry designer Robert Michael Morris, American actor Rob Morris, retired American football linebacker Robbie Morris, English rugby union player Robert Morris and professional basketball head coach Robert Morris Colonials, the athletic program of Robert Morris University in Pennsylvania Bob Morris, touring car racer, winner of 1976 Bathurst 1000 Robert Morris, Welsh international Robert Morris, English footballer Robert Morris, Welsh cricketer Bob Morris, Papua New Guinean football manager Robert Morris University, Pennsylvania, named after financier Robert Morris Robert Morris University Illinois, Illinois, named after financier Robert Morris Robert L. Morris, first holder of the Koestler Chair of Parapsychology at the University of Edinburgh Robert Morris, American cryptographer and former chief scientist of the National Security Agency Robert Tappan Morris, son of the cryptographer, creator of the first Internet worm Robert Morris, early African-American attorney Robert Morris Robert Murray Morris, officer in the U.

S. Army and Union Army Robert Morris, English historian Rob Morris Bert Morris


Argyractis is a genus of moths of the family Crambidae. Argyractis argentilinealis Hampson, 1897 Argyractis berthalis Argyractis coloralis Argyractis dodalis Schaus, 1924 Argyractis drumalis Argyractis elphegalis Argyractis flavalis Argyractis iasusalis Argyractis lophosomalis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis obliquifascia Argyractis parthenodalis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis subornata Argyractis tapajosalis Schaus, 1924 Argyractis albipunctalis Argyractis argyrolepta Argyractis cancellalis Argyractis constellalis Argyractis fulvicinctalis Argyractis glycysalis Argyractis lanceolalis Argyractis leucostola Hampson, 1917 Argyractis leucostrialis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis multipicta Argyractis nandinalis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis nigerialis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis niphoplagialis Hampson, 1897 Argyractis nymphulalis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis pentopalis Hampson, 1906 Argyractis pavonialis Argyractis pervenustalis Argyractis supercilialis Argyractis ticonalis Dyar, 1914 Dyar, H. G. 1906: The North American Nymphulinae and Scopariinae.

Journal of the New York Entomological Society 14: 77–107. Dyar, H. G. 1917: Notes on North American Nymphulinae. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus, 5: 75–79. Hampson, G. F. 1897: On the classification of two subfamilies of moths of the family Pyralidae: The Hydrocampinae and Scoparianae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London': 127–240. Hampson, G. F. 1906: Descriptions of new Pyralidae of the subfamilies Hydrocampinae and Scopariinae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, including Zoology and Geology, 18: 373–393, 455–472. Hampson, G. F. 1917: Descriptions of new Pyralidae of the subfamilies Hydrocampinae, Scoparianae, & c. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, including Zoology and Geology, 19: 361–376, 457–473. Schaus, W. 1906: Descriptions of new South American moths. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 30: 85-141. Schaus, W. 1924: New species of Pyralidae of the subfamily Nymphulinae from tropical America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 26: 93-130.

Walker, F. 1859: Pyralides. List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum, 19: 799–1036. Warren, W. 1889: On the Pyralidina collected in 1874 and 1875 by Dr. J. W. H. Trail in the basin of the Amazons. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1889: 227–295

Moira Wallace

Moira Paul Wallace, OBE is a former British civil servant and academic administrator. She was Provost of Oriel College, Oxford from 2013 to 2018; until October 2012 she was the first Permanent Secretary of the Department of Energy and Climate Change, having moved from her role as Director General of the Crime Reduction and Community Safety Group the Home Office in November 2008. Wallace was born on 15 August 1961, she studies modern languages at Emmanuel College, graduating in 1983, studied comparative literature at Harvard University as a Kennedy Scholar, completing her Master of Arts in 1985. Wallace was appointed Permanent Secretary of the Department of Energy and Climate Change on 13 November 2008. Before that Wallace had undertaken 10 years in HM Treasury, including three years as Private Secretary to Nigel Lawson and John Major when each was Chancellor of the Exchequer, she was Economic Affairs Private Secretary to the Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997. She established and led the Cabinet Office Social Exclusion Unit from 1997 to 2002, joined the Home Office in 2002.

From 2002 to 2005 she ran the Office for Criminal Justice Reform, a joint venture between the three criminal justice departments. From 2005 she was Home Office Director General for Policing, she was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 1997 Prime Minister's Resignation Honours in August 1997. She announced her resignation from the DECC on 19 July 2012, it was rumoured that her departure was prompted by the conflicting views of various politicians in charge of the DECC over subsidies for renewable energy, promoting the continued use of gas. She was given a'golden goodbye' of £500,000, thought to be the most paid to a civil servant to quit early. On 25 February 2013 it was announced that Wallace would be the first female Provost of Oriel College, Oxford University, she took up the post in September 2013. In January 2016 there was criticism that there had been a lack of proper leadership over the handling of the Rhodes Must Fall campaign demanding the removal of a statue of Cecil Rhodes, Oriel College's most important benefactor and supporter.

It was reported that donors might withhold some £100m in anger at the suggestion that the College might give in to the campaign, the chair of the Commons Select Committee on Education said that she should consider her position, as the College had allowed the issue to spiral out of control. There have been calls from academics for her to resign, it was reported that the College might have to make staff redundant as a result of the loss of donor income. She stepped down as Provost in August 2018, was succeeded by Neil Mendoza

Righteous army

Righteous armies, sometimes called irregular armies or militias, are informal civilian militias that have appeared several times in Korean history, when the national armies were in need of assistance. The first righteous armies emerged during the Khitan invasions of Korea and the Mongol invasions of Korea, they subsequently rose up during the Japanese invasions of Korea, the first and second Manchu invasions, during the Japanese occupation and preceding events. During the long period of Japanese invasion and occupation from 1890 to 1945, the disbanded imperial guard, Confucian scholars, as well as farmers, formed over 60 successive righteous armies to fight for Korean freedom on the Korean peninsula; these were preceded by the Donghak movement, succeeded by various Korean independence movements in the 1920s and beyond, which declared Korean independence from Japanese occupation. The righteous armies were an irregular military that fought the Japanese army that twice invaded Korea during the Japanese invasions of Korea.

Righteous armies were most active in the Jeolla Province in the southwestern area of Korea. Righteous armies included peasants, former government officials, Buddhist warrior monks as well. Righteous armies were important during the war because a significant portion of the expected government organized resistance had been destroyed in Gyeongsang and Chungcheong Provinces in the south by the force of Japanese arms at the outset; the natural defenders had been stripped away and the residue had been called north to help protect the fleeing king. Moreover, many of the district officers had obtained their commissions not through merit, but by bribery or influence, were incompetent or cowards; this was highlighted in their performance and in the performance of their units in the early days of the conflict. This kind of resistance was unexpected by the Japanese invaders. In Japanese warfare, when the leaders fall, civilians would submit. However, after they learned that people were forming organized resistance against them, they were shocked.

Japanese strategies were based on the premise that the people of Korea would submit to them and assist their supply line by giving their food. However, this was not the case and righteous armies continued to interrupt the Japanese supply line. People's voluntary resistance movements were one of the major reasons why Japanese invasion was not successful. Hapcheon: Kim Myeon and Jeong In-hong against Mōri Terumoto Chogye: Son In-gap against Mōri Terumoto Ucheokhyeon: Kim Myeon and Kim Seong-il against Kobayakawa Takakage Yeongcheon: Gwon Ung-su and Park Jin against Fukushima Masanori Uiryeong: Gwak Jae-u against Kobayakawa Takakage Hyeonpung: Gwak Jae-u against Hashiba Hidekatsu Yeongsan: Gwak Jae-u against Hashiba Hidekatsu Damyang: Go Gyeong-myeong and Yang Dae-park Naju: Kim Cheon-il Gwangju: Kim Deok-nyeong Geumsan: Go Gyeong-myeong and Gwak Yong against Kobayakawa Takakage Okcheon: Jo Heon Geumsan: Yeonggyu and Jo Heon Cheongju: Yeonggyu and Jo Heon Yeonan: Yi Jeong-am Mountain Myohyang: Seosan Gilju: Jeong Mun-bu Late Joseon dynasty period Korean nationalism outgrew the unplanned and disorganized Donghak movement, became more violent as the Japanese occupation began a brutal regime throughout the Korean peninsula and pursued repressive policies against the Korean people.

The Japanese occupiers fought with state-of-the-art cannons, machine guns, mounted cavalry reconnaissance units in the mountains, an entrenched class of informers and criminals developed over the previous decade before the battles began. Koreans fought with antique muzzle-loaders, iron bars, their hands. There were rare instances of modern weapons, a few enemy weapons captured. For at least thirteen years after 1905, small irregular forces led by regular army commanders, fought skirmishes and battles throughout Korea against Japanese police and underworld mercenaries who functioned to support Japanese corporations looting Korea, as well armed Japanese settlers who seized Korean farms and land. In one period, according to Japanese records in Boto Tobatsu-shi, between October 1907 and April 1908, over 1,908 attacks were made by the Korean people against the invaders. While most attacks were done using available weapons, bare hands, international arms dealers profited. Arms dealers and governments who supplied the Korean resistance included Chinese arms dealers from across the Yalu and in coastal waters.

Smugglers from Japan as well supplied Murada weapons, with links to anti-Meiji forces who hoped to see Ito and his clan toppled in the wake of disasters in the Japanese economy. After the Russian revolution, some weaponry was diverted from the White forces into what is now North Korea, supporters built there, however this was sparse and while white Russian mercenaries fought against the Japanese, this was a minor element; the Righteous Army was formed by other Confucian scholars during the Peasant Wars. Its ranks swelled after the Queen's murder by Koreans. Under the leadership of Min Jeong-sik, Choe Ik-hyeon and Shin Dol-seok, the Righteous Army attacked the Japanese army, Japanese merchants and pro-Japanese bureaucrats in the provinces of Gangwon, Chungcheong and Gyeongsang. Choe Ik-hyeon was captured by the Japanese and taken to Tsushima Island where he went on hunger strike and died in 1906. Shin Dol-seok, an uneducated peasant commanded over 3,000 troops. Among

Dipper Pines

Mason "Dipper" Pines is a fictional character and the protagonist of the Disney Channel animated series Gravity Falls. The character is voiced by Jason Ritter, designed by and loosely based on the childhood of series creator Alex Hirsch; the character first appeared on the unreleased, unnamed pilot created by Hirsch with which he pitched the show. Dipper, along with his twin sister Mabel Pines, stars in every episode of the show. Dipper is the star of the Gravity Falls series of shorts titled "Dipper's Guide to the Unexplained" and appears in the shorts "Fixin' it with Soos" and "Mabel's Guide to Life". Dipper is a 12-year-old boy who, along with his twin sister Mabel, is sent to spend his summer vacation in his great uncle's tourist trap, "The Mystery Shack", he endeavors to uncover the secrets of the fictional town of Gravity Falls and to find explanations for assorted strange situations. He is helped by the Shack's handyman Soos, they end up dealing with or encountering various supernatural or legendary creatures, like gnomes, demons, extraterrestrials and Vampires.

Dipper tackles these mysteries with the aid of a journal—a large, red-bound book with a gold six fingered hand and number "3" on the front cover—that he found in the forest. This journal describes many of the supernatural occurrences of Gravity Falls. In "Scary-oke", he discovers another layer of knowledge in the journal only visible under black light. Dipper is uncommonly brave and determined for a pre-teen, struggles with growing up, he is singularly devoted to solving the mysteries of Gravity Falls that he has discovered, which puts him at odds with Grunkle Stan. The adventures of Dipper and his sister are inspired by the childhood of series creator Alex Hirsch and his own twin sister, Ariel Hirsch; as a character, Dipper has been critically well received. He appears in video games. Dipper Pines is a curious and inventive boy from Piedmont, forced to spending his summer together with his great uncle Stan in the fictional town of Gravity Falls, Oregon, he is accompanied by his twin sister Mabel Pines.

He is portrayed as smart, gentle and logical, showing knowledge in various areas like history, puzzle-solving, etc. Although Dipper can find his twin sister Mabel pesky and annoying, he will do anything to protect her from danger, he first arrives in Gravity Falls upset with going to a small, boring town, with his twin sister Mabel for the summer, but because of interest in mysteries and lust for adventure after finding the third of the three journals written by his great uncle Stanford "Ford" Pines, he starts to adjust to life in town and encourages his sister to join him in unraveling its supernatural secrets. Dipper is shown as a organized child and comes up with well-thought-out plans for his friends and family to follow. Throughout the series, Dipper wears a trademark white and blue cap with a symbol of a blue pine tree on the front, which he takes from the Shack's gift shop, he wears a navy blue vest, orange T-shirt, gray shorts, black sneakers, a wristwatch. "Double Dipper" reveals that his nickname comes from a birth mark on his forehead in the form of the Big Dipper, which he hides with his bangs.

His given first name, Mason, is seen one time in the series briefly: in "Dungeons, Dungeons & More Dungeons", it is written messily on the bottom right corner of a piece of graph paper when Mabel comments on Dipper's spending a lot of time with Ford. In the book Gravity Falls: Journal 3, a guide book about the series intended to be a replica of the fictional journal, Dipper tells Ford his name is Mason. Starting with "The Inconveniencing", Dipper is shown to have a crush on 15-year-old Mystery Shack cashier Wendy Corduroy. However, his attempts to win her over are sidetracked by accidents or supernatural phenomena. In the episode "Into the Bunker", Wendy confirms her suspicions of Dipper's crush, though she explains that she is too old for Dipper, they remain close friends. Official website of Gravity Falls - Characters