Cabagan the Municipality of Cabagan, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Isabela, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 50,174 people. Cabagan had been the business center of three nearby towns, it is locally known for its pancit Cabagan. Its people are called Ybanags. Nowadays, Ybanags are well educated and the source of the province's top politicians, professionals and a world class athlete. During Christmas, the Cabagan Square Park could be seen flashing brightly with many Christmas lights and lanterns. Cabagan's top schools are Cabagan Science Elementary School; the Malasi Lake is a sanctuary for migratory birds located in barangay San Antonio and has been hailed by the DENR. The biggest gymnasium in Isabela and in the whole Region 2 is located in this town and the century-old well, built by the Spaniards, located at St. Ferdinand College, Cabagan Campus; the carousel in Cabagan Square Park has been dubbed by the townspeople as the largest in the Philippines.
Cabagan is politically subdivided into 26 barangays. Etymologically, the name Cabagan may have originated from the native word bag or bajaque, not because "G-strings" were used here or made in Cabagan, but most because there were stores in the village, Cabagan could have been derived from the word cabbagang, meaning "pilgrim" or stranger. Based on the fact that Cabagan at the time, was in constant contact with members of the "pagan tribes" from Diffun, namely southern Isabela as well as with the "Kalingas", of the neighboring Cordillera mountains; the Cabagan of old, that existed from 1646 to 1877 was called, "Cabagan". In 1877, the Spaniards decided to transfer present-day Cabagan to a new site, abandoning the old Cabagan. In 1888, the Spaniards resurrected the abandoned Cabagan, into a new town. With this development, there were now two Cabagans; the Spaniards rectified the predicament by naming the first Cabagan as Cabagan Viejo, the second Cabagan as Cabagan Nuevo or the new Cabagan. The name was not to the liking of the new rulers, the Americans.
When the Americans came to rule the Philippines after the Spaniards, they renamed Cabagan Nuevo as "Cabagan", the old namesake, as the town of San Pablo. The old Cabagan, Cabagan Viejo, now called "San Pablo", was the key town in the colonization of the Irrayas and to some extent Diffun, i.e. southern Isabela. The Irraya rebelled and the only ones that the Spaniards could claim, were some three hundred families who agreed to establish the village of Maquilla, near Tuguegarao City. Cabagan became a charter town in November 30, 1646 and ecclesiastically in May 15, 1647 with Saint Paul the Apostle as the patron saint; the new Cabagan came to exist, because the Spanish government decreed that in January 25, 1877, the old Cabagan or San Pablo of today, be transferred from its old site, to the one, now occupying. The brainchild of the transfer of Cabagan, was parish priest Pedro Ricart, who made representations with the Spanish government, for the transfer. Father Jose Burgues History of Cagayan Valley gave the unhealthiness of the old site, the reason for the transfer.
Others had stated though, that Cabagan was transferred because progress appeared to be bypassing the old Cabagan, in favor of the villages to the south, near Cabagan's present site. The new site was the area between the villages of Ugad and Luquilu, villages that exists up to this day; the site is not far from the old, with the church of the new Cabagan just some three kilometers or so, south from that of the old. The transfer was not without friction though. A number of Cabagan's inhabitants opposed the transfer, but the missionary's will had prevailed. In contempt, as it were of the natives' opposition, the missionary uprooted the Church of the old Cabagan and brought the images and other vestments, to the new Cabagan; when the Spaniards established a new town, they endeavored to build a massive church and convent made of stone and mortar. From 1877, when the new Cabagan was established, culminating with the Philippine Revolution that deposed the ruling Spaniards 19 years the governing Spaniards were still not able to complete all constructions needed, for the new Cabagan.
Cabagan is a known meeting place among revolutionaries during the Spanish occupation. In the 2015 census, the population of Cabagan, was 50,174 people, with a density of 120 inhabitants per square kilometre or 310 inhabitants per square mile. Cabagan, as part of the Irraya region and its language, was Irraya; the Spaniards however, made the Ibanag "The Official Language of the Valley", had exerted all efforts that everyone speak the dialect. Since the Irraya tongue disappeared from the Cabagan psyche; when some people utter Irraya before, they were discouraged or forbidden to speak, because, the language of the "pagans" at that time, the Kalingas. Whenever the townsfolk enter the poblacion, none would speak of Irraya, for they would be considered despicably as, a "Kalinga" or as "ignorant persons", living in the mountains. Today, no one speaks Irraya. There are however, a few barrios in Cabagan today, like San Bernardo and Tallag, wherein the Ibanag dialect gets interspersed with Irraya. However, some older generation townsfolk, could remember sentences in Irraya.
Ilocano is spoken in parts of Cabagan because of migration of poor Ilocanos from other parts of Luzon to seek opportunities. Cabagan is famous for its eponymously named'Pancit Cabagan' a local dish, in
Tropical rainforest climate
A tropical rainforest climate is a tropical climate found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator, has at least 60 mm of rainfall every month of the year. Regions with this climate are designated Af by the Köppen climate classification. A tropical rainforest climate is hot and wet. Tropical rain forests have a type of tropical climate in which there is no dry season&mash. In rain forest climates the dry season is short, rainfall is heavy throughout the year. One day in a tropical rain forest climate can be similar to the next, while the change in temperature between day and night may be larger than the average change in temperature during the year. A tropical rain forest climate is found at latitudes within 15 degrees North and South of the equator, which are dominated by the Inter tropical Convergence Zone; the climate is most found in South America, Central Africa, Southeast Asia and Oceania. These rain forests are monotonously wet throughout the year. Locations in Oceania, areas along the coast of South and Central America, from Ecuador to Belize, parts of Central Africa, much of Indonesia have this type of climate.
When tropical rain forest climates are more dominated by the ITCH than the trade winds, so located near the equator, they are called equatorial climates. Otherwise, when they are more dominated by the trade winds than the ITCH, they are called tropical trade-wind climates. In the last case there are a number of instances where this climate is found some distance away from the equator. For instance, Santos and Palm Beach, Florida are not only far removed from the equator, but are located just outside the tropics. Both cities feature a tropical trade-wind rain forest climate, with noticeably cooler and warmer periods of the year. Tropics Köppen climate classification
2016 Philippine general election
A general election in the Philippines took place on May 9, 2016, for executive and legislative branches for all levels of government – national and local, except for the barangay officials. At the top of the ballot was the election for successors to Philippine President Benigno Aquino III and Vice President Jejomar Binay. There were elections for: 12 seats to the Senate; the regional election for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao were scheduled for May 9, but that would have changed if the Bangsamoro political entity had replaced the ARMM. The ARMM elections pushed through, as scheduled. Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan elections were scheduled for October 2016, but were postponed to 2017. Congress postponed anew to barangay elections to May 2018. Elections are organized and adjudicated by the Commission on Elections better known as COMELEC with appeals under certain conditions allowed to the Regional Trial Courts, the Congress of the Philippines, or the Supreme Court of the Philippines sitting as the House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, the Senate Electoral Tribunal, or the Presidential Electoral Tribunal.
On May 4, 2015, President Benigno Aquino III appointed Presidential Commission on Good Government chairman Andres D. Bautista as chairman, former Commission on Audit member Rowena Ganzon and Bangsamoro Business Club's board chairman Sherif Abas as commissioners. Bautista replaced Sixto Brillantes, while Guanzon and Abas replaced Lucenito Tagle and Elias Yusoph, who all retired in February 2015. All appointees will serve until February 2022. A few days after the announcement, it was revealed that Abas is a nephew of Mohagher Iqbal, the chief negotiator of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Bautista said. Iqbal neither confirmed nor denied their relationship, calling it is a non-issue, that there's nothing wrong if his nephew is appointed to a sensitive position. Bautista was confirmed by the Commission on Appointments on September 21; the commission started voter registration for the elections on May 6, 2014, to October 31, 2015. Under the law, the 9.6 million registered voters who do not have biometrics attached their registration will not be allowed to vote.
Voter registration was suspended from October 12 to 16 to give way to the filing of candidacies. From October 17 to 31, the commission would extend its hours up to 9:00 p.m. to accommodate last minute registrants. Voter registration was suspended in Puerto Princesa from April 20 to May 17, 2015, because of the 2015 mayoral recall election; the Voters' Registration Act prohibits voter registration during recall elections. In June 2015, the commission denied reports that some voters' biometrics were lost, saying that they were only "degraded," and that "two thousand" voters would have to have their biometrics taken again. A month the commission opened booths in Metro Manila and Luzon to further registration. By that time, there were still 4.3 million voters with incomplete biometrics. The commission, seeing the successful turnout for registration at the malls, mulled holding the elections itself inside such malls; the commission's en banc had approved "in principle" the mall voting process. Near the end of the month, the commission said that the number of voters without biometrics has decreased to 3.8 million.
By mid-August, the commission announced that they had purged 1.3 million records from the voters' list, including the deceased and voters who did not vote in the two immediate preceding elections, the 2013 general and 2013 barangay, that voters without biometrics had fallen to 3.5 million. By August 30, the number of registered voters without biometrics data had fallen to 3.1 million. The Commission on Elections concluded the 17-month registration on October 31, offered no extension, except for voters in Cagayan Valley, devastated by Typhoon Lando, who were given until the next day to finish theirs; this was despite a petition to the Supreme Court by the Kabataan party-list to extend registration until January 8, 2016. Acting on the said petition, the Supreme Court issued a restraining order on the No Bio, No Boto mandatory voters biometrics campaign on December 1, it was lifted after 16 days. The Philippines began using technology to streamline vote counting in 2010 when it automated its general elections.
During the 2013 Mid Term elections it used the same technology, processing 760 million votes cast by some 50 million voters. The 2016 general elections represented the largest electronic vote counting exercise in history as 92,509 vote counting machines were used to digitize voter-marked ballots and transmit the results to the Municipal Board of Canvassers; the counting machines were leased from London-based Smartmatic after the Supreme Court of the Philippines invalidated the 300 million-peso contract between the Commission and the Smartmatic-TIM consortium for diagnostics and repair of 80,000 Precinct Count Optical Scan machines in April 2015. The court said that the commission "failed to justify its resort to direct contracting."Two months the Commissi
Poblacion or población is the common term used for the central, old town or central business district area of a Philippine city or municipality, which may take up the area of a single barangay or multiple barangays. It is sometimes shortened to Pob. During the Spanish rule, the colonial government founded hundreds of towns and villages across the archipelago modeled on towns and villages in Spain; the authorities adopted a policy of Reducción, for the resettlement of inhabitants in far-flung scattered barangays to move into a centralized cabecera where a newly built church and an ayuntamiento were situated. This allowed the government to defend and Christianize the indigenous population, to conduct population counts, to collect tributes; the población is considered the industrial center of the city or municipality. Most citizens of a city or municipality residing in the outlying barangays and satellite sitios flock to the población on market days because most local products and goods from the barrios are brought to the public market located in the población.
In this way their products could be sold faster by a wide range of buyers, though there are instances where some citizens would choose to go to another town's poblacion because it is closer to their residences. In some cities and towns, the población doubles as an old town district that features one or more of a few remaining Spanish-built structures in the country; the cabecera has a basic plan, with a plaza mayor and attached convento, civic buildings such as the town hall, houses of prominent Spaniards. Other features include the public market, the central elementary school and high school, police station, hospital. Barangay Purok Sitio
Pasil the Municipality of Pasil is a 5th class municipality in the province of Kalinga, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 9,644 people. Pasil is politically subdivided into 14 barangays. In the 2015 census, the population of Pasil, was 9,644 people, with a density of 51 inhabitants per square kilometre or 130 inhabitants per square mile. In an earlier time, Kabunian–the supreme deity of the Kalinga–left a drop of water upon an ancient tree he passed on one of his travels; this drop trickled down and with a great force akin to magnetism, attracted nearby brooks and rivulets to form what is now called the Pasil River. Pasil LGU Profile on the Local Governance Performance Management System Philippine Census Information
Quezon the Municipality of Quezon, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Isabela, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 25,860 people. Quezon is a border town of Isabela with the province of Kalinga, it is bordered in the west by the City of Tabuk. Unlike some parts of Isabela like Santiago City and Alicia the history of the municipality of Quezon is recent; the former municipalities have long been seats of rich and colorful historical events that influenced the lives of the people of Isabela since its creation on May 1, 1856 through a Royal Decree issued in honor of Queen Isabella II of Spain. It was in these places where decisions that governed the lives of the local people were made by Spanish authorities. Prior to its creation, Quezon was once part of a vast track of agricultural land called the Mallig Plains. At that time, the area, now under the political jurisdiction of the municipality was sparsely populated. Historians believe that the precursor of the present inhabitants of Quezon were the Igorots and the Kalingas of the Cordilleras.
Although the Igorots and the Kalingas are upland dwellers, historians have observed that these natives come down from the highlands from time to time to hunt for low-landers the Kanyaw rituals. When Manuel L. Quezon was elected as the President of the Philippine Commonwealth, one of his administration's main programs was to promote development in the other areas in the country aside from Manila. In order to achieve this objective, President Quezon opened up vast uninhabited areas for settlement hoping that these would be developed by those who will decide to settle in those areas. Aside from Mindanao, other parts of Luzon were offered for settlement and development including the province of Isabela the north-western portion of the province, called Mallig Plains. Citing for the potential of the area for settlement and agricultural development, President Quezon declared the entire land area of Mallig Plains as project site for his program on rural development. In support of this declaration, he created the Office of National Land Settlement Administration, renamed to Land Settlement Development Corporation.
Subsequently, this corporation was reorganized. At that time, the primary objective of LaSeDeCo was to oversee and facilitate the distribution of lands to qualified settlers. With the development of this opportunity for rural and agricultural development and with the completion of the Balete Pass Road in the 1920s that runs through the hinterlands of the Caraballo Mountains, hundreds of inhabitants from the Ilocos and Central Luzon regions opted to settle and avail of the program of the government in the Mallig Plains area. A few years after the declaration of the area as site for settlement and agricultural development, World War II broke out and the region was placed under Japanese control, Although the extent of damage on properties and the number of lives lost during the war was nothing compared to other areas in the Philippines, early settlers of the region had difficulty rebuilding their lives after the war for they were not spared from the wrath inflicted by the members of the Kalinga tribes from the north.
One of those who fiercely and bravely fought the onslaught of the Kalinga was Jesus Estrada for whom a barangay was named after him. It was only after the government and leaders of the tribes negotiated and agreed to end hostilities that the threat to the lives of early settlers of the region was dispelled. With the attainment of peace and security in the area, the exodus of settlers to the area increased in the area of Barrio Narra where the future site of Quezon is located, but the continued influx of new settlers into the area increased the demand for basic requirements of the local residents. Officials of Isabela Representative Delfin Albano of the lone district of Isabela saw the urgency and the need to create a new municipality out of Mallig. House Bill No. 736 authored by Albano was approved by the Philippine Senate and President Carlos P. Garcia in 1959 through Republic Act No. 2418. The name of the municipality was in honor of the last President Manuel L. Quezon, instrumental in the development of the municipalities of Mallig and Quezon.
Hildebrando Pécson was appointed as the first mayor of the newly created municipality from 1960 until 1967 when after his term limit allowed by law he was succeeded by Hermogenes Padilla in the 1967 local elections. In 1971 local elections, Gavino Gascon was popularly elected by people. In 1976, he was replaced by William Corpuz and was in turn unseated in 1978. Oniate Tabangcura, a former officer of the military replaced Corpuz; when President Ferdinand Marcos was overthrown on 1986 through the 1986 EDSA Revolution, President Corazon Aquino issued and executive order replacing all local executives all throughout the Philippines. Corpuz was appointed as Officer-In-Charge Mayor of Quezon. On 1988 local elections, Gavino Gascon had his seat back, again with popular votes, as mayor of Quezon, he was reelected in the 1995 local elections. Due to term limit as stated on the 1987 Philippine Constitution and the Local Government Code of 1991, the position of mayor was left as an open race in the 1998 elections.
Lawyer Eduardo Cabantac won as municipal mayor. He was reelected in 2001 local elections Cabantac was again reelected in the 2004 local elections leaving the 2007 local elections as an open race again. Gascon's son Daryl won as mayor in the said election. Daryl G. Gascon was re-elected in 2010 and again in 2013 for his thir
Philippine Statistics Authority
The Philippine Statistics Authority was created on September 12, 2013 when the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013 was signed by President Benigno S. Aquino III; the new government authority was created by merging the National Statistics Office, the National Statistical Coordination Board, the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, the Bureau of Labor and Employment Statistics. The PSA serves as the central statistical authority on primary data collection in the Philippines by conducting censuses on different sectors of the Philippine economy such as population, agriculture and business, it collects, compiles and publishes statistical information on economic, demographic, political affairs and general affairs of the people of the Philippines. It enforces the civil registration functions in the Philippines; the National Statistics Office known as Bureau of Census and Statistics is the Philippine government's major statistical agency responsible for collecting, classifying, producing and disseminating general-purpose statistics.
The NSO has the responsibility of carrying out and administering the provision of the Civil Registry Law including the archiving of birth and marriage and servicing requests for copies and certifications based on these documents as provided for in Act No. 3753 dated February 1931. The organization assumed its responsibilities when Commonwealth Act No. 591 was approved on 19 August 1940. It was known as the Bureau of the Census and Statistics, it became the National Census and Statistics Office in 1974 until was renamed to be the National Statistics Office. The Philippines' Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, is an agency of the Philippine government under the Department of Agriculture responsible for being the central information source and server of the National Information Network of the Department of Agriculture; the emergence of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics was spurred by government efforts to improve the agricultural database in the country. In the past, the agricultural data system suffered from significant gaps, some duplications and occasional issues on the relevance of some data series to users.
The major reasons were: the agency responsible for agricultural statistics, the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, was set up as a user rather than a producer of statistics, the development of agriculture statistics received low priority in the sharing of limited resources allotted to the statistical system, the widespread duplication of statistical activities among government agencies resulting in conflicting figures and confusion among data users. To address this situation, the BAS was established as one of the seven bureaus of the Department of Agriculture under Executive Order No. 116 issued on January 30, 1987, to take charge of the production of statistics on agriculture and related fields. The BAS has assumed most of the functions of the BAEcon. In year 2000, the BAS structural organization was strengthened and reoriented pursuant to the relevant provisions of DA Administrative Order No. 6 series of 1998 in compliance with the provisions of the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act or RA 8435 of 1997.
This law designates BAS as the central information source and server of the National Information Network of the Department of Agriculture. The National Statistical Coordination Board was created under Executive Order No. 121 issued on January 30, 1987. It was the highest coordinating body on statistical matters in the Philippines; the Executive Board was headed by the Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority or his/her designated representative as Chairman and assisted by the Undersecretary of the Department of Budget and Management as Vice-Chairman. Other members of the Board consist of Undersecretaries of the remaining Departments as well as the Deputy Governor of the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas, the Secretary General of the NSCB, the Administrator of the National Statistics Office, the Executive Director of the Statistical Research and Training Center, the Governor or City Mayor nominated by the League of Governors and City Mayors and a representative from the private sector, elected by the Board.
Among the products of NSCB are: statistical information such as the national accounts of the Philippines, poverty statistics and other indicator systems. It provides services through information centers, online statistical service, coordination of subnational statistical system, coordination of inter-agency concerns, statistical survey review and clearance system, international data requests, designation of statistics, technical services, interactive statistical databases, advocacy for statistical awareness and media services. Census in the Philippines Demographics of the Philippines Official website.