Robert Albert Bloch was an American fiction writer of crime, horror and science fiction, from Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He is best known as the writer of Psycho, the basis for the film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock, his fondness for a pun is evident in the titles of his story collections such as Tales in a Jugular Vein, Such Stuff as Screams Are Made Of and Out of the Mouths of Graves. Bloch wrote hundreds of over 30 novels, he was one of the youngest members of the Lovecraft Circle and began his professional writing career after graduation, aged 17. He was a protégé of H. P. Lovecraft, the first to encourage his talent. However, while Bloch started his career by emulating Lovecraft and his brand of "cosmic horror", he specialized in crime and horror stories dealing with a more psychological approach. Bloch was a contributor to pulp magazines such as Weird Tales in his early career, was a prolific screenwriter and a major contributor to science fiction fanzines and fandom in general, he won the Hugo Award, the Bram Stoker Award, the World Fantasy Award.
He served a term as president of the Mystery Writers of America and was a member of that organization and of Science Fiction Writers of America, the Writers Guild of America, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences and the Count Dracula Society. In 2008, The Library of America selected Bloch's essay "The Shambles of Ed Gein" for inclusion in its two-century retrospective of American true crime, his favorites among his own novels were The Kidnapper, The Star Stalker, Night-World, Strange Eons. His work has been extensively adapted into films, television productions and audiobooks. Bloch was born in Chicago, the son of Raphael "Ray" Bloch, a bank cashier, his wife Stella Loeb, a social worker, both of German Jewish descent. Bloch's family moved to a Chicago suburb, when he was five, he attended the Methodist Church there, despite his parents' Jewish heritage, attended Emerson Grammar School. In 1925, at eight years of age, living in Maywood, he attended a screening of Lon Chaney, Sr.'s film The Phantom of the Opera.
The scene of Chaney removing his mask terrified the young Bloch. It sparked his interest in horror. Bloch found himself in fourth grade when he was eight, he obtained a pass into the adult section of the Public Library, where he read omnivorously. Bloch considered himself a budding artist and worked in pencil sketching and watercolours, but myopia in adolescence seemed to bar art as a career, he had passions for silent cinema. In 1929, Bloch's father Ray Bloch lost his bank job, the family moved to Milwaukee, where Stella worked at the Milwaukee Jewish Settlement settlement house. Robert attended Washington Lincoln High School, where he met lifelong friend Harold Gauer. Gauer was editor of The Quill, Lincoln's literary magazine, accepted Bloch's first published short story, a horror story titled "The Thing". Both Bloch and Gauer graduated from Lincoln in 1934 during the height of the Great Depression. Bloch was involved in the drama department at Lincoln and wrote and performed in school vaudeville skits.
During the 1930s, Bloch was an avid reader of the pulp magazine Weird Tales, which he had discovered at the age of ten in 1927. In the Chicago Northwestern Railroad depot with his parents and aunt Lil, his aunt offered to buy him any magazine he wanted and he picked Weird Tales off the newsstand over her shocked protest, he began his readings of the magazine with the first instalment of Otis Adelbert Kline's "The Bride of Osiris" which dealt with a secret Egyptian city called Karneter located beneath Bloch's birth city of Chicago. The Depression came in the early 1930s, he recalled, in accepting the Lifetime Achievement Award at the First World Fantasy Convention, how "times were hard. Weird Tales cost twenty-five cents in a day. I remember that meant a lot to me." He went on to relate how he would get up early on the last day of the month, with twenty-five cents saved from his monthly allowance of one dollar, would run all the way to a combination tobacco/magazine store and buy the new Weird Tales issue, sometimes smuggling it home under his coat if the cover was risqué.
His parents were not impressed with Hugh Doak Rankin's sexy covers for the magazine, when the Bloch family moved to Milwaukeee in 1928 young Bloch abandoned his interest. But by the time he had entered high school, he returned to reading Weird Tales during convalescence from flu. H. P. Lovecraft, a frequent contributor to Weird Tales, became one of his favorite writers; the first of Lovecraft's stories he had read was "Pickman's Model," in Weird Tales for October 1927. Bloch wrote: "In school I was forced to squirm my way through the works of Oliver Wendell Holmes, James Lowell and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. In'Pickman's Model', the ghouls ate all three. Now that, I decided, was poetic justice." As a teenager, Bloch wrote a fan letter to Lovecraft, asking where he could find copies of earlier stories of Lovecraft's that Bloch had missed. Lovecraft lent them to him. Lovecraft gave Bloch advice on his early fiction-writing efforts. Asking whether Bloch had written any weird work and, if so, whether he might see samples of it.
Bloch took up Lovecraft's offer in late April 1
Word Rescue is an educational platform DOS game written by Karen Crowther of Redwood Games and released by Apogee Software in March, 1992. It was re-released in 2015 for Steam with support for Windows and Mac OS; the game can allow the player interact with a pair of Stereoscopic Vision Glasses. Like many Apogee games of the time, Word Rescue includes 3 episodes, with only the first episode playable in the shareware version. Episode 1 - Visit Gruzzleville and the Castle Episode 2 - Explore GruzzleBad Caverns Episode 3 - See the spooky Haunted HouseApogee still sells the registered version of this game; the game is followed by Word Rescue Plus. The story centers on creatures called "The Gruzzles"; because the Gruzzles cannot read, they steal words out of books, preventing others from reading as well. Playing as a boy or girl, the player must help Benny Bookworm take back all the stolen words and match them with their meanings so he may put them back in the books; the player moves around the screen in a platform shooter style environment.
He/she tries to match words with their corresponding pictures, located randomly in the level. In addition, the player must avoid both dangers. Touching them will result in having to start the level over. Once all 7 words are matched, Benny Bookworm magically turns the player's collected words into a key, used to open the door in the level which takes the player to the next level. If the player matches a word with the wrong picture, a "Gruzzle" appears. To deal with a Gruzzle the player must press the Space bar to order Benny the Bookworm to pour slime on it; the player only has a limited supply of slime but slime can be replenished by collecting slime buckets or completing the mystery word. One word from the level is randomly chosen at the beginning of each level to be the mystery word, the letters of that word are placed in a random order around the level, despite the fact that they are in the same places every time. If the player completes the word by collecting the letters of that word in order, bonus points and full slime are awarded.
Bonus points can be earned by collecting books, sliming Gruzzles and matching words with their pictures. Depending on the difficulty level, there are a set number of Gruzzles on each level; the Easy difficulty is easy for young players, as there is only one predetermined Gruzzle in the level. The Hard difficulty, however has as many or more Gruzzles as there are words to find and 20 books must be collected to reveal the mystery word; this makes the game challenging for adults. Computer Gaming World called Word Rescue and Math Rescue "excellent choices for younger children... though us older'kids' will still find them entertaining. They are difficult to keep playing". ^ Word Rescue page at Classic DOS Games Redwood Games Official webpage at 3D Realms Word Rescue at MobyGames Apogee Legacy Interview with Karen Crowther at 3D Realms
Mary Diana Dods was a Scottish writer of books, short stories and other works, who adopted a male identity. Most of her works appeared under the pseudonym David Lyndsay. In private life she used the name Walter Sholto Douglas; this may have been inspired by her grandfather's name, Sholto Douglas, the fifteenth Earl of Morton. She was a close friend and confidante of Mary Shelley, lived a portion of her life as the husband of Isabella Robinson. In 1980, scholar Betty T. Bennett sensationally revealed that Dods performed both male identities for various literary and personal reasons; the illegitimate daughters of George Douglas, the sixteenth Earl of Morton, Mary Diana Dods and her older sister Georgina were raised at two residences, one being Dalmahoy House, the seat of her father's Scottish estate, the other being in London. The literary success of works published under her male pseudonym, David Lyndsay, suggests Mary Diana Dods received a substantial education. Education for women was still paltry.
At most, women learned basic household upkeep from hired governesses. Mary's education is attributed to the Scottish parish school system. Unlike Edinburgh University, parish schools educated both sexes. Another theory is. Another supporting detail in Bennett's research is a letter from Lyndsay to his publisher saying he had been educated by the "best Masters"; some dramas of hers appeared in Blackwood's Magazine, as were several of her stories, which have been seen as "very much in the vein of Byron's Oriental tales". Dods, communicating as Lyndsay, admitted to admiring Byron for his writing, but adamantly denied that she plagiarized from his work. Lyndsay had at least six contributions published in Blackwood's Magazine; those confirmed include "The Death of Isaiah – a Fragment". No. I. Raynouard's States of Blois". Another key work was Dramas of the Ancient World, written at William Blackwood's invitation, which appeared in 1822 as written by David Lyndsay. Tales of the Wild and the Wonderful was published pseudonymously, with support from Lyndsay's close friend Mary Shelley.
This contributed to the then-current popularization of German fairy-tales. During her lifetime Dods, publishing under the pseudonym Lyndsay, rose to the higher literary circles of both England and France. There is evidence that she was acquainted with General Lafayette, Lord Byron, Frances Wright, she published pseudonymously for reasons explained to her father in a letter of 26 June 1822: "I sometimes, about once a quarter, write a criticism for the Reviewers upon some popular work, any that happen to be the fashion, for which, I am esteem'd one of the cleverest and keenest of that race of Vipers. I am paid ten Guineas per sheet, but this not under my own name. I dare not acknowledge the Fact lest the angry Authors whose works I am compelled to maul in the course of my vocation should return the compliment and maul me in return." Writing as an ostensibly male author in the Victorian era of England's history gave Dods invaluable freedom. As a young woman her wealthy father had ignored her petitions for money – her sister Georgiana was given a larger sum, more often.
This shows that Mary's father did not trust her financial responsibility in the same way as her sister's, a limitation which kept both young women in perpetual debt. The debt receipts and bills, provide much evidence for the research on Mary in relation to her false personae – Lyndsay and Douglas. Writing under the pseudonym of David Lyndsay, Mary developed her literary ingenuity and avoided the constraints of working in the more acceptable role of a governess. Through her writing she began to reach into the literary circles of Mary Shelley; the letters of Mary Shelley, the original focus of Bennett's research, reveal details of both the male identities Dods adopted in her life and career. Dods's original pseudonym was David Lyndsay, for the purpose of supporting herself as a writer while living with her sister Georgiana Carter. Carter's husband died soon after their marriage, the two sisters lived together in London. In August 1821, the first of many letters appears between Lyndsay and the publisher of Blackwood's Magazine, William Blackwood.
As Lyndsay, Dods received praise for her published work in the magazine. She was recognized as a well-read writer by the magazine's critics. In 1822, letters began to make mention of a liver illness that kept Lyndsay occupied and prevented her work from being completed on time; these correspondences reveal some biographical details. Dods, writing as Lyndsay, relates details such as her Scottish heritage, her linguistic prowess, the fact that she is a good critic of theatre performance; the connection between Dods and her male persona is clear. Other small details give support to the relationship. Dods lived under the male identity of a diplomat and scholar she named Walter Sholto Douglas, ostensibly the spouse of one Isabella Robinson and a friend of Mary Shelley; the marriage was concocted in part as a veil for Robinson's illegitimate pregnancy. When the child was born and Robinson named the little girl Adeline Douglas. Correspondence betw
During the 2001–02 English football season, Aston Villa competed in the Premier League. Aston Villa's early season form was good and the Midlanders went top at the end of October, but followed that with a run of eleven games with only one win, falling out of the title race. Still, it came as a shock when John Gregory announced his resignation after four years as Villa manager on 24 January. A host of names were linked with the vacancy, but in the end it was Graham Taylor, who took Villa to promotion in 1988 and second place in the league in 1990, appointed manager. Taylor was unable to improve Villa's form, but two wins against Southampton and Chelsea at the end of the season where enough to see Villa finish eighth: this was hardly amazing, but it at least meant that Villa would be finishing in the top 10 for the seventh year in succession. Aston Villa's score comes first Squad at end of seasonNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the following players made most of their appearances for the reserves this season, but may have appeared for the reserves or the U-17s, or may have appeared for the first team in a friendly. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the following players made most of their appearances for the U-19s this season, but may have appeared for the reserves or the U-17s. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the following players made most of their appearances for the U-17s this season, but may have appeared for the reserves or the U-19s. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality; the following players did not play for any Aston Villa team this season.
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Considering starts in all competitions
Patrick Painter, is an Irish-American art dealer who runs Patrick Painter Inc. which includes two art galleries in Bergamot Station, Santa Monica, California. Painter was mentored by curator Walter Hopps. In 1991, he began Patrick Painter Editions in Vancouver, British Columbia and Hong Kong, with his first edition being two prints by Roy Arden; the next year, he made editions for Richard Prince, Larry Johnson, Jeff Wall, among others. Since its inception, Patrick Painter Editions has made small editions of works by John Baldessari, Mike Kelley, Ed Ruscha, Paul McCarthy, Anish Kapoor, Peter Doig, Richard Hawkins, Glenn Brown, Andrea Zittel, Christopher Wool, Collier Schorr, Harmony Korine, Douglas Huebler, Felix Gonzalez-Torres, Art & Language and John Miller. Although Patrick Painter Editions was established in a depressed market, he managed to build his business upon the success he had turning editions. Fine art prints, or multiple editions, were looked down upon at the time by many critics and collectors.
In 1996, twenty galleries in several countries had shows of Patrick Painter Editions. Painter opened Patrick Painter Inc. an art gallery in Santa Monica, CA, in 1997 with the backing and support of Mike Kelley and Paul McCarthy, while continuing to maintain his fine art editions activities. Today, Patrick Painter Inc. represents and shows work by both new and established artists including David Onri Anderson, Georg Baselitz, Tim Berresheim, Glenn Brown, André Butzer, Greg Colson, Liz Craft, Valie Export, Bernard Frize, Francesca Gabbiani, Chaz Guest, Salomón Huerta, Jörg Immendorff, Larry Johnson, Mike Kelley, Won Ju Lim, John Miller, John Newsom, Albert Oehlen, Philippe Pasqua, Peter Saul, Mattias Schaufler, Christoph Schmidberger, Jim Shaw, Melanie Smith, Meyer Vaisman, Marnie Weber, Toby Ziegler, Thomas Zipp, as well as the estate of Bas Jan Ader. Official website Final Offer http://tv.nytimes.com/2012/05/31/arts/television/final-offer-on-discovery-looks-at-memorabilia-sales.html
JGSDF East Fuji Maneuver Area is the major training grounds for the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force on Honshū, Japan. It is one of several military facilities located in the foothills of Mount Fuji and extends over parts of Gotemba and Oyama, in Shizuoka Prefecture, its total area is 88.09 square kilometers. The area around the base of Mount Fuji has been associated with the military since medieval times; the samurai of the Kamakura Shogunate conducted military training in this area in the 13th century. In the modern era, the Imperial Japanese Army began using the sparsely populated area as a training ground since 1898; the "Fuji-Susono Maneuver Area" was formally established in 1912. To support training activities, a number of military bases were established in the vicinity, including Camp Takigahara, Camp Itazuma, Camp Komakado. After the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II, these bases were occupied by the United States Army, continued to be used for training. In 1951, the area was formally returned to the control of the Japanese government, but continued to be used by the American military under the status of forces agreement.
The post-war Japanese Ground Japan Self-Defense Force lacked suitable training facilities, but was only granted access to the East Fuji Maneuver Area in 1959 after four years of legal action over the opposition of local landholders and reluctance by the American military. On July 31, 1966, the East Fuji Maneuver Area and its surrounding bases were formally returned to the control of the Japanese government and the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force; the East Fuji Maneuver Grounds is the location for the annual Fuji Live Firing Exercises, which occurs throughout the month of August. On public days, the event is attended by the Minister of Defense and military attachés from various foreign nations