Robert Leroy Johnson was an American blues singer and musician. His landmark recordings in 1936 and 1937 display a combination of singing, guitar skills, songwriting talent that has influenced generations of musicians. Johnson's poorly documented life and death have given rise to much legend; the one most associated with his life is that he sold his soul to the devil at a local crossroads to achieve musical success. He is now recognized as a master of the blues the Delta blues style; as an itinerant performer who played on street corners, in juke joints, at Saturday night dances, Johnson had little commercial success or public recognition in his lifetime. He participated in only two recording sessions, one in San Antonio in 1936, one in Dallas in 1937, that produced 29 distinct songs recorded by famed Country Music Hall of Fame producer Don Law; these songs, recorded at low fidelity in improvised studios, were the totality of his recorded output. Most were released as 78 rpm singles from 1937 -- 1938, with a few released after his death.
Other than these recordings little was known of him during his life outside of the small musical circuit in the Mississippi Delta where he spent most of his life. His music had a small, but influential, following during his life and in the two decades after his death. In late 1938 John Hammond sought him out for a concert at Carnegie Hall, From Spirituals to Swing, only to discover that Johnson had died. Brunswick Records, which owned the original recordings, was bought by Columbia Records, where Hammond was employed. Musicologist Alan Lomax went to Mississippi in 1941 to record Johnson not knowing of his death. Law, who by worked for Columbia Records, assembled a collection of Johnson's recordings titled King of the Delta Blues Singers, released by Columbia in 1961, it is credited with bringing Johnson's work to a wider audience. The album would become influential on the nascent British blues movement, just getting started at the time. Musicians such as Bob Dylan, Keith Richards, Robert Plant have cited both Johnson's lyricism and musicianship as key influences on their own work.
Many of Johnson's songs have been covered over the years, becoming hits for other artists, his guitar licks and lyrics have been borrowed and re-purposed by many musicians. Renewed interest in Johnson's work and life led to a burst of scholarship starting in the 1960s. Much of what is known about him today was reconstructed by researchers such as Gayle Dean Wardlow. Two films, the 1991 documentary The Search for Robert Johnson by John Hammond, Jr. and a 1997 documentary, Can't You Hear the Wind Howl, the Life and Music of Robert Johnson, which included reconstructed scenes with Keb' Mo' as Johnson, were both attempts to document his life, demonstrated the difficulties arising from the scant historical record and conflicting oral accounts. Johnson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in its first induction ceremony, in 1986, as an early influence on rock and roll, he was awarded a posthumous Grammy Award in 1991 for The Complete Recordings, a 1990 compilation album. His single "Cross Road Blues" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998, he was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006.
In 2003, David Fricke ranked Johnson fifth in Rolling Stone magazine's "100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Johnson was born in Hazlehurst, Mississippi on May 8, 1911, to Julia Major Dodds and Noah Johnson. Julia was married to Charles Dodds, a prosperous landowner and furniture maker, with whom she had ten children. Charles Dodds had been forced by a lynch mob to leave Hazlehurst following a dispute with white landowners. Julia left Hazlehurst with baby Robert, but after two years sent the boy to Memphis to live with her husband, who had changed his name to Charles Spencer. Robert rejoined his mother around 1919 near Tunica and Robinsonville, they lived on the Leatherman Plantation. Julia's new husband, known as Dusty Willis, was 24 years her junior. Robert was remembered by some residents as "Little Robert Dusty", but he was registered at Tunica's Indian Creek School as Robert Spencer. In the 1920 census, he is listed as Robert Spencer, living in Lucas, with Will and Julia Willis. Robert was at school in 1924 and 1927.
The quality of his signature on his marriage certificate suggests that he was well educated for a boy of his background. A school friend, Willie Coffee, interviewed and filmed in life, recalled that as a youth Robert was noted for playing the harmonica and jaw harp. Coffee recalled that Robert was absent for long periods, which suggests that he may have been living and studying in Memphis. After school, Robert adopted the surname of his natural father, signing himself as Robert Johnson on the certificate of his marriage to sixteen-year-old Virginia Travis in February 1929, she died in childbirth shortly after. Surviving relatives of Virginia told the blues researcher Robert "Mack" McCormick that this was a divine punishment for Robert's decision to sing secular songs, known as "selling your soul to the Devil". McCormick believed that Johnson himself accepted the phrase as a description of his resolve to abandon the settled life of a husband and farmer to become a full-time blues musician. Around this time, the blues musician Son House moved to Robinsonville, where his musical partner Willie Brown lived.
Late in life, House
Tibor Fischer is a British novelist and short story writer. In 1993, he was selected by the literary magazine Granta as one of the 20 best young British writers while his novel Under the Frog was featured on the Booker Prize shortlist. Fischer's parents were Hungarian basketball players, who fled Hungary in 1956. Tibor's father studied economics at Manchester University, started work in the Hungarian section of the BBC taking the name "George Fischer," and ended up as Radio Four's head of talks and documentaries. Tibor Fischer was born in Stockport and grew up in Bromley, where he attended the local comprehensive school, he studied French at Peterhouse, Cambridge. The 1956 revolution, his father's background, informed Fischer's debut novel Under the Frog, about a Hungarian basketball team in the first years of Communism in Hungary; the title is derived from a Hungarian saying, that the worst possible place to be is "under a frog's arse down a coal mine."In 1992, the novel won a Betty Trask Prize for literature, was the first debut novel to be shortlisted for the Booker prize.
Fischer's subsequent novels include The Thought Gang, about a delinquent and alcoholic philosophy professor who hooks up with a failed one-armed bandit in France to form a successful team of bank robbers, The Collector Collector, about a weekend in South London, narrated by a 5000-year-old Sumerian pot. Voyage to the End of the Room was published in 2003, concerned an agoraphobic ex-dancer. Good to be God was published by Alma Books on 4 September 2008. In it a broke, unemployed, "habitual failure" uses his friend's credit card to start a new life in Florida where he decides that the fastest way to make a fortune would be to start a religion. Fischer, in 2000, published a short story collection entitled Don't Read This Book If You're Stupid, published in the U. S. as I Like Being Killed: Stories. In 2009, Fischer became the Royal Literary Fund writing fellow at City and Guilds of London Art School. In April 2017, Fischer wrote an opinion piece in The Guardian where he defended Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orbán's government against charges of authoritarianism and "antisemitism."
In the same context, he rejected notions of the government going after the George Soros funded Central European University, arguing that the relevant and controversial amendment to the law on higher education affects some 28 foreign institutions, 27 of which were found to be operating with “irregularities” and that none has been fined or shut down. Fischer posits that the CEU "is not being singled out for punishment" but "asking to be given privileged treatment."In response to it, the newspaper received letters from CEU president Michael Ignatieff, Brian Dooley, of Human Rights First, others, who expressed their opposition to Fischer's views, arguing that the amendment requires the operation of a campus in CEU's country of origin, something that "would make it impossible for CEU to operate in Hungary," and denying that the university has sought "special privileges." Under the Frog The Thought Gang The Collector Collector Voyage to the End of the Room Good to be God Don't Read This Book If You're Stupid Crushed Mexican Spiders Tibor Fischer at the complete review Interview of Tibor Fischer at the identitytheory literary website, 2004
The 1972–73 season was Port Vale's 61st season of football in the Football League, their third successive season in the Third Division. Their promotion efforts ended with a sixth-place finish, whilst in the two cup competitions they lost out to Newcastle United and West Ham United. Opposition managers condemned the players as overly physical, whilst off the pitch there were sporadic scenes of violence as football hooliganism gripped the club, the sport in general; the pre-season saw. The most significant was the signing of Ray Williams from Stafford Rangers, who had scored 47 goals for the non-league club the previous season. Williams was on a wage of £ 40 a week. Arriving was midfielder Freddie Goodwin. Ticket prices were raised to between 40 and 60 pence, whilst season tickets were priced between £8 and £10; the season opened with six victories in eight league games, though the third match was a huge 7–0 defeat at Millmoor to Rotherham United – the defeat was blamed on Boswell. After mid-September the "Valiants" struggled to score, recorded six draws in eight games, though they remained in the top three.
The club spent £8,500 on new floodlights and a public address system, however attendances dropped off from the crucial 6,000 break-even number. Lee complained about the lack of support, said "the people here are not genuinely interested in league football". Offered the management position at Shrewsbury Town, he rejected the offer as he believed the club'lacked potential' and that he had a'feeling of loyalty towards the players'. Going into the Christmas period Brian Horton was struck by injury, the team struggled, heading down the league with inconsistent play. In January, Lee sold John James to Chester for £5,000, Ray Harford to Colchester United for £1,750, Keith Lindsey to Gillingham for £750. To keep up the promotion bid, in February he spent £2,250 to bring'pacey' striker John Woodward from Walsall. Vale began to pick up wins, though their 2–1 win over Blackburn Rovers led to them being branded by Rovers manager Ken Furphy as'a brutal and physical side'. Vale lifted themselves into third place, though were out of the race after a'shattering' 5–0 defeat to Southend United at Roots Hall.
Their final home game of the season was a 2–2 draw with champions Bolton Wanderers, in which'frenzied scenes' included police dogs separating the two sets of fans at the Bycars End, two attempted pitch invasions, the referee kicked to the ground at the final whistle. They finished in sixth spot with 53 points, four short of promoted Notts County; the 69 goals conceded. On the financial side, a £14,304 profit was made after donations of £16,029 from the Sportsmen's Association and the Development Fund. Gate receipts had risen massively from £36,323 to £67,202; the wage bill stood at £59,663, whilst the club's debt was at £44,721, along with £57,860 owed to the directors. At the end of the season Freddie Goodwin was let go, he joined Macclesfield Town. In the FA Cup, Vale progressed past Fourth Division Southport and Third Division Wrexham with home victories. In the Third Round they faced Second Division West Ham United at Vale Park, where the "Hammers" won'an epic battle' 1–0 in front of a season-best crowd of 20,619.
The match raised £8,600, but the issue of violence, as two Londoners were stabbed, two policemen assaulted, thirty fans ejected from the stadium. West Ham manager Ron Greenwood claimed that the Vale players attempted'the most blatant calculated intimidation I have seen anywhere in the world'. In the League Cup, the club recorded their first away victory in the competition with a 1–0 win over Tranmere Rovers at Prenton Park; the Second Round held a home tie with First Division Newcastle United, the "Magpies" left Stoke-on-Trent having won 3–1 in front of 10,370 spectators. P = Matches played; the Port Vale Record 1879-1993. Witan Books. ISBN 0-9508981-9-8
Marta Carcana is a former Adjutant General of the Puerto Rico National Guard, serving during the administration of Puerto Rican governor Alejandro Garcia Padilla from 2015 to 2017. She is the first woman to hold that billet. Carcana was born in Puerto Rico, she graduated from Eastern District High School in New York. She has an associate degree in nursing from New York City College of Technology and a bachelor's degree from the Metropolitan University of Puerto Rico and a master's degree in business administration from the University Central of Michigan in Puerto Rico. General Carcana received her direct commission as second lieutenant in 1986, she has an MS in Strategic Studies from the U. S. Army War College. Carcana began her broad and extensive military career in the 1986 in United States Army Reserve serving as a clinical nurse with the MC HSP FLD, Puerto Nuevo, Puerto Rico. Entered the Puerto Rico National Guard in 1996, served as RSS Chief, 101st Troop Command FWD, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Pristina Kosovo, Military Assistant to Chief of Staff and military missions as a nurse.
In October 2014, Carcana was appointed Acting-Adjutant General of the Puerto Rico National Guard, after the resignation of Brigadier General Juan José Medina Lamela. Jan 2017 - present Director, Joint Staff - Joint Force Headquarters, Joint Force Headquarters, San Juan, Puerto Rico Jul 2015 - Jan 2017 The Adjutant General, Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico Mar 2013 - Jun 2015 Director, Joint Staff - Joint Force Headquarters, San Juan, Puerto Rico Jan 2013 - Feb 13 Chief of Joint Staff, PRARNG Element JFHQ, San Juan, Puerto Rico Apr 2011 - Dec 12 Deputy Commander of CL, PRARNG Element JFHQ, San Juan, Puerto Rico Apr 2010 - Mar 11 RSS Chief, 101st Troop Command FWD, San Juan, Puerto Rico, Pristina Kosovo, Military Assistant to Chief of Staff Oct 2009 - Mar 10 Deputy Commander of CL, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Jan 2009 - Sep 09 Chief-Case Management, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Oct 2007 - Dec 08 Deputy Commander of CL, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Dec 2005 - Sep 07 Deputy Commander-Chief Nurse, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Feb 2003 - Nov 05 Executive Officer, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Dec 2001 - Jan 03 Head Nurse, PRARNG Medical Command, Puerto Rico Aug 2001 - Nov 01 Clinical Nurse, PRARNG Element JFHQ, San Juan, Puerto Rico Oct 1998 - Jul 01 Clinical Nurse, HQ STARC, Medical Detachment, Puerto Rico Jul 1996 - Sep 98 Clinical Nurse, 201st EVAC Hospital, Puerto Rico Feb 1995 - Jun 96 Clinical Nurse, USAR MEDDAC Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, North Carolina Feb 1986 - Jan 95 Clinical Nurse, USAR MC HSP FLD, Puerto Nuevo, Puerto Rico Over the year, Carcana has received multiple awards and decorations including: List of Puerto Ricans List of Puerto Rican military personnel Puerto Rico Adjutant General History of women in Puerto Rico
Speciesism or specism is a form of discrimination based on species membership. It involves treating members of one species as morally more important than members of other species when their interests are equivalent. More speciesism is the failure to consider interests of equal strength to an equal extent because of the species of which the individuals have been classified as belonging to; the term is used by ethical vegans and animal rights advocates, who state that speciesism is a prejudice similar to racism or sexism, in that the treatment of individuals is predicated on group membership and morally irrelevant physical differences. It is thought that speciesism plays a role in inspiring or justifying cruelty in the forms of factory farming, the use of animals for entertainment such as in bullfighting and rodeos, the taking of animals' fur and skin, experimentation on animals, the refusal to aid wild animals that suffer due to natural processes. An example of a speciesist belief would be the following: Suppose that both a dog and a cow need their tails removed for medical reasons.
Suppose someone believes that the dog and the cow have equivalent interests, but insists that the dog receive pain relief for the operation, yet is fine with the cow's tail being docked without pain relief, remarking, "it's just a cow." This belief is speciesist because it disregards her interest in not suffering intense pain due to her species membership. It is possible to give more consideration to members of one species than to members of another species without being speciesist. For example, consider the belief that a typical human has an interest in voting but that a typical gorilla does not; this belief can involve starting with a premise that a certain feature of a being—such as being able to understand and participate in a political system in which one has a political representative—is relevant no matter the being's species. For someone holding this belief, a test for whether the belief is speciesist would be whether they would believe a gorilla who could understand and participate in a political system in which she had a political representative would have an interest in voting.
There are a few common speciesist paradigms. Considering humans superior to other animals; this is called human supremacism—the exclusion of all nonhuman animals from the rights and protections afforded to humans. Considering certain nonhuman animals to be superior to others because of an arbitrary similarity, familiarity, or usefulness to humans. For example, what could be called "human-chimpanzee speciesism" would involve human beings favoring rights for chimpanzees over rights for dolphins, because of happenstance similarities chimpanzees have to humans that dolphins do not; the common practice of humans treating dogs much better than cattle may have to do with the fact that many humans live in closer proximity to dogs and/or find the cattle easier to use for their own gain. Considering individuals of certain species as superior to others. For example, treating pigs as though their well-being is unimportant, but treating horses as though their well-being is important with the awareness that their mental capacities are similar.
Deliberately harming or refusing aid to nonhuman animals in the wild classified as belonging to a certain species, in the name of preserving species, biodiversity or ecosystems. The term speciesism, the argument that it is a prejudice, first appeared in 1970 in a printed pamphlet written by British psychologist Richard D. Ryder. Ryder was a member of a group of academics in Oxford, the nascent animal rights community, now known as the Oxford Group. One of the group's activities was distributing pamphlets about areas of concern. Ryder stated in the pamphlet that "ince Darwin, scientists have agreed that there is no'magical' essential difference between humans and other animals, biologically-speaking. Why do we make an total distinction morally? If all organisms are on one physical continuum we should be on the same moral continuum." He wrote that, at that time in the UK, 5,000,000 animals were being used each year in experiments, that attempting to gain benefits for our own species through the mistreatment of others was "just'speciesism' and as such it is a selfish emotional argument rather than a reasoned one".
Ryder used the term again in an essay, "Experiments on Animals", in Animals and Morals, a collection of essays on animal rights edited by philosophy graduate students Stanley and Roslind Godlovitch and John Harris, who were members of the Oxford Group. Ryder wrote: In as much as both "race" and "species" are vague terms used in the classification of living creatures according to physical appearance, an analogy can be made between them. Discrimination on grounds of race, although most universally condoned two centuries ago, is now condemned, it may come to pass that enlightened minds may one day abhor "speciesism" as much as they now detest "racism." The illogicality in both forms of prejudice is of an identical sort. If it is accepted as morally wrong to deliberately inflict suffering upon innocent human creatures it is only logical to regard it as wrong to inflict suffering on innocent individuals of other species.... The time has come to act upon this logic; those who claim that speciesism is unfair to individuals of nonhuman species have invoked mammals and chickens in the context of research or farming.
There is not yet a clear definition or line agreed upon by a significant segment of the movement as to which species are to be treated with humans or in some ways additionally p
Upwey railway station serves the urban areas of Broadwey and Littlemoor which are northern suburbs of Weymouth, England. The station is situated on the South Western Main Line, 140 miles 31 chains from London Waterloo, on the Heart of Wessex Line; the first station near this location named Upwey, was opened in 1871 by the Great Western Railway. On 19 April 1886 that station was replaced by the current station named Upwey Junction, a railway junction that opened south of the original station to provide access to the single track Abbotsbury branch; the branch was absorbed into the GWR and survived for 66 years before closure under British Railways in 1952. On the closure of the branch Upwey Junction was renamed Upwey and Broadwey on 1 December 1952, took its current name, Upwey, on 12 May 1980. During the Network SouthEast era, the station was refurbished with the trademark red lighting poles, station benches and monitor screens for train arrivals. Rubble from the rebuilt Weymouth station was used to fill in the former Abbotsbury platform for use as a car park.
This was done in time for the extension of electrification from Bournemouth to Weymouth in 1988. Two further stations had Upwey in their name. To the north of Upwey Junction existed a halt called Upwey Wishing Well Halt, while around the bend on the Abbotsbury branch was a station, called Broadwey; however its name was changed to Upwey as it kept being confused with Broadway, Worcestershire on the Great Western Railway. Thomas Hardy wrote a poem At the Railway Station, about waiting for a train at a country station. In the days of steam, a favourite excursion was from Weymouth to Upwey, on to tea at the Upwey Wishing Well by charabanc. On 24 January 2013, a passenger train caught fire at Upwey. South Western Railway operate half-hourly services between London Waterloo and Weymouth via Southampton Central. South Western Railway run an additional service running once to twice on a Saturday between Weymouth and London Waterloo via Yeovil operating from late May to early September each year. Great Western Railway operate services between Gloucester and Weymouth via Westbury and Bristol Temple Meads.
J. H. Lucking. Railways of Dorset. Railway travel Society. Brian L. Jackson; the Abbotsbury Branch. Wild Swan Publications Ltd. ISBN 0-906867-80-0. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508