A rock opera is a collection of rock music songs with lyrics that relate to a common story. Rock operas are released as concept albums and are not scripted for acting, which distinguishes them from operas, although several have been adapted as rock musicals; the use of various character roles within the song lyrics is a common storytelling device. The success of the rock opera genre has inspired similar works in other musical styles, such as rap opera. In an early use of the term, the July 4, 1966, edition of RPM Magazine reported that "Bruce Cockburn and Mr Hawkins are working on a Rock Opera, operating on the premise that to write you need only'something to say'."Colin Fleming of The Atlantic described The Story of Simon Simopath by British psychedelic band Nirvana as an "early foray into the rock opera sub-genre". Neil Strauss of The New York Times wrote that S. F. Sorrow by The Pretty Things is "generally acknowledged as the first rock opera". Although Pete Townshend denied taking any influence from S.
F. Sorrow, critics have compared The. Scott Mervis of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette wrote that, although Tommy was not the first rock opera, it was the first album to be billed as such. Tommy would go on to influence On and On, a rap opera by The Fat Boys and American Idiot, a punk rock opera by Green Day. In an effort to appeal to more modern audiences, opera companies have welcomed more pop and rock influences; the resulting rock operas have met varying degrees of success as the worlds of high art and low art mix. In Russian music, the term zong-opera is sometimes used, since the first Soviet-Russian rock-opera Orpheus and Eurydice was described with this term, though the term "rock-opera" was known in the Soviet rock music circles. A rock opera that experienced commercial recording and Broadway success is Jesus Christ Superstar, written by Andrew Lloyd Webber and Tim Rice, in respect of which Lloyd Webber said "the piece was written as a rock album from the outset and set out from the start to tell the story through the music itself."
According to Fleming, rock operas are more akin to a cantata or suite, as they are not acted out. Andrew Clements of The Guardian called Tommy a subversively-labeled musical. Clements states. Responding to accusations that rock operas are pretentious and overblown, Pete Townshend wrote that pop music by its nature rejects such characteristics and is an inherently simple form. Townshend said that the only goal of pop music is to reach audiences, rock operas are one more way to do so. Peter Kiesewalter, on the other hand, said that rock music and opera are "both overblown, massive spectacles" that cover the same themes. Kiesewalter, not a fan of opera, did not think the two styles would mix well together, but his modernized operas with rock music surprised him with their popularity at the East Village Opera Company. Rock operas are recorded and performed on albums by the artists themselves, but they can be performed on the stage, such as Rent, which played on Broadway; this usage has courted controversy.
Rebecca Grote is a German field hockey player, who plays as a midfielder. Grote plays her club hockey for Rot-Weiss Köln. During the 2017–18 season however, Grote relocated to Spain to play for Club de Campo in Madrid. In 2013, Grote was captain of the Germany U–21 side at the Junior World Cup in Mönchengladbach, Germany. Germany finished in tenth place, their worst performance at the tournament to date. Grote made her senior International debut during the inaugural FIH Pro League. Throughout the tournament, Grote scored 5 goals on the way to a bronze medal finish. Following her performance in the FIH Pro League, Germany head coach Xavier Reckinger named Grote in the final squad for the 2019 EuroHockey Nations Championship in Antwerp, Belgium
Anthony John Anstruther Wilkinson was an English barrister and amateur first-class cricketer. Wilkinson was born in Mount Oswald, County Durham, the 4th son of the Rev. Percival Spearman and Sophia Mary Anstruther, he was educated at Shrewsbury School and St John's College, gaining a B. A. in 1859. Admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1858, he was called to the Bar in 1861. Wilkinson played sixty one first-class matches between 1862 and 1874, he played nineteen times for Middlesex County Cricket Club, five for Yorkshire, the Marylebone Cricket Club, Gentlemen of the South, Surrey Club, Gentlemen of Middlesex, North of the Thames, Gentlemen of England and Gentlemen of Marylebone Cricket Club. He appeared in non first-class cricket for Surrey Club and Ground in 1862. A right-handed batsman, Wilkinson scored 1,351 runs at an average of 13.64, with a highest score of 84 not out against Gentlemen of England. He took 53 wickets, bowling right arm round arm slow, at 22.62 with a best of 6 for 52 against the MCC.
He took 43 catches in the field. A good all-rounder, he took many wickets, he was chairman of the meeting when Durham County Cricket Club was founded in 1874. A barrister who practised on the North-Eastern Circuit, he became Conveyancing Counsel to the Court of Chancery of the County Palatine of Durham in 1882. In 1877, he married Marion Harriet Jones, eldest daughter of the Rev. Francis Jones, vicar of Moreton Pinkney. A son, Cyril Wilkinson, captained Surrey from 1914 to 1920, playing over fifty matches and captained Surrey to the County Championship title in 1914. Wilkinson died in Anerley, England in December 1905, aged 70. Cricinfo Profile Cricket Archive Statistics
Thomas Alva Edison was known as the America's most prolific inventor after his death in 1931. He held a total of 1,093 U. S. patents. In 2003, his patent count was exceeded by Japanese inventor Shunpei Yamazaki. On February 26, 2008, Yamazaki's patent count was exceeded by Australian inventor Kia Silverbrook. In 2017, Silverbrook's patent count was exceeded by Yamazaki. Inventors with 200 or more worldwide utility patents are shown in the following table. While in many cases this is the number of utility patents granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office, it may include utility patents granted by other countries, as noted by the source references for an inventor; this table is updated every Tuesday evening in US Eastern time, is current as of March 10, 2020. The columns are defined. Patents: The number of utility patents that have been issued. Only utility patents are listed. Not all patents are for inventions. Other patent types include: design patents for the ornamental design of an object.
This list does not include patent applications as there is no guarantee that a patent application describes a novel invention until the patent is granted. Country: The country of birth or upbringing of the inventor, where known. If unknown, this is the country of residence identified in the inventor's patent filings. Patent Years: The first and last year in which an inventor received a patent issuance. Years: The number of years between and including the first and last year in which an inventor received a patent issuance. Patents / Year: The average number of patents received per year. Majority assignment: The entity that has the most patents assigned from an inventor's portfolio; this is current and not original assignment. It is but not always an indication of which company the inventor worked at for the majority of their patent activity; as the average number of patents per inventor is around 3, some sources define prolific inventors as five times above the average, leading to a threshold of 15 patents.
However, this table has an arbitrary cut-off limit for inclusion of 200 patents. This is purely for practical reasons – there are tens of thousands of inventors with more than 15 patents; the threshold of 200 patents means that some famous prolific inventors such as Nikola Tesla are not included in this list, as Tesla had 111 patents. This table is a sortable list of the most prolific inventors, it does not include other types of invention, such as inventions that were never applied for nor granted, for which there is no known source. Nor does the table attempt to measure the significance of an inventor and their inventions; the significance of inventions is not apparent until many decades after the invention has been made. For recent inventors, it is not yet possible to determine their place in history; the common symbol for inventiveness, the light bulb, is an example. The first incandescent light bulb was invented by British chemist Sir Humphry Davy in 1802. Many subsequent inventors improved Davy's invention prior to the successful commercialization of electric lighting by Thomas Edison in 1880, 78 years later.
Electric lighting continued to be developed. Edison's carbon filament light bulb was made obsolete by the tungsten filament light bulb, invented in 1904 by Sándor Just and Franjo Hanaman, it is this that forms the popular conception of a light bulb, though there are other major forms of lighting. The principle of fluorescent lights was known since 1845, various inventors, including Edison and Nikola Tesla worked on them without commercial success. Various improvements were made by many other inventors, until General Electric introduced "fluorescent lumiline lamps" commercially in 1938, first available to the public at the 1939 World's Fair. LED lamps have a long history, with the first light-emitting diode invented in 1927 by Oleg Losev. LEDs were of low brightness, have been used as indicator lamps and seven-segment displays since 1968, it wasn't until the development of high efficiency blue LEDs by Shuji Nakamura in the 1980s that white LEDs for lighting applications became practical. Although higher cost than incandescent light bulbs, LEDs have higher efficiency and longer life and may displace light bulbs in general lighting applications.
In each case, more than 50 years passed between the initial invention and commercial success in general lighting applications. Rankings of prolific inventors have been published at various times. However, until the patent records were digitized, these lists were tedious to prepare, as many thousands of patent records had to be checked manually. After digitization, it is still not a simple process. While the USPTO keeps statistics for annual rankings of inventions assigned to companies, it no longer publishes rankings of individual inventors; the last such list was published by the USPTO in 1998. Patents predating 1976 have not yet been digitized in the USPTO records; this means that patents before 1976 will not be included in a USPTO search by inventor name, the number of patents granted before 1976 must be added to current searches. In January 1936, Popular Science published a list of the "most prolific living inventors to be found in America today". Thomas Edison was not included in the list.
On December 4, 2000, Time Magazine published a list of the "top five inventors
White Shoes & The Couples Company is the self-titled debut from Indonesian pop/jazz band White Shoes & The Couples Company. It was released in 2005 by Indonesian-based Akasara Records; the album made its re-release in 2007. The majority of the songs are in the band's native tongue; the album contains eleven tracks, two bonus track. The track that titled Indonesian was noted below with literal English translation for global observer. Bonus Tracks CreditsIndra Ameng - Art Direction, Photography, Producer Aprilia Apsari - Composer, Vocals Ario - Vocals Reza Asung - Photography Babay - Clappers Dimas Bibir - Photography Mushowir Bing - Photography Andre Blackham - Engineer Yusmario Farabi - Composer, Guitar White Shoes & the Couples Company - ComposerBand Line-UpAprilia Apsari – Main vocals Ricky Virgana – Kontra Bass, Bass, Vocals John Navid – Drums, Vibes Aprimela Prawidyanti Virgana – Piano, Keyboards, Vocals Saleh – Electric guitar, Vocals Yusmario Farabi – Acoustic guitar, Vocals
The Durbalı Sultan Tekke known as Tekke of Asprogeia or Ireni Tekke, was an Alevi tekke from 1492 located in the village of Ano Asprogeia, now in the Farsala municipality in Thessaly, Greece. It has Haji Bektash Veli in it. According to tradition, its eponymous founder was the Alevi dervish Durbalı. Hailing from Konya in central Anatolia, he arrived at Ireni, as Asprogeia was known under Ottoman rule, in c. 1492. As a reward for his military service, including in the pacification and Islamization of Thessaly, the local Ottoman authorities granted him the license to build a tekke; as is frequent with tekkes, it was built on the ruins of a 10th-century Byzantine monastery dedicated to St. George. A fresco depicting St. George, who like many Christian saints was venerated by the sufis, survives on the walls of the tekke; some modern scholars, such as the archaeologist N. Giannopoulos, believe that Durbalı Sultan was a legendary figure, that its Ottoman name Durbalı Tekke derived rather from a corruption of türbe, "tomb, mausoleum", with its name thus meaning "Tekke of the Tombs".
Indeed, from the architectural features of the complex and the dates on the surviving tombs, it has been suggested that the tekke was founded in the second half of the 18th century. The tekke became wealthy and powerful, being awarded estates of over 32,000 stremmata in Ireni and Arduan. In about 1770 it was occupied by the Mevlevi order. Following the annexation of Thessaly to Greece in 1881, the tekke continued to function without interruption. According to the archaeologist Frederick Hasluck, in c. 1888 there were 55 dervishes living in the tekke, while in 1892, the Greek novelist Andreas Karkavitsas visited the shrine and wrote about his experiences there in the Estia newspaper. In 1925, following the abolition of the sufi orders in Turkey by Mustafa Kemal, the tekke was taken over by the Albanian Bektashis, who remained there until 1973, when the 33rd and last abbot died. In 1925, many Albanians who were hostile to the Albanian King Ahmet Zogu, who had persecuted them, found refuge in the tekke on behalf of the Greek state.
In the mid-1930s, the tekke was inhabited by 6 elderly Albanian dervishes under their leader Kiaxem Baba. The dervishes were known to be hospitable. Outside the courtyard of the tekke there was a small mosque, called the "Temple of Durbalos"; the tekke is located with a good view over the Thessalian plain. As was usual for both Christian and Muslim monasteries, it is surrounded by a wall for safety, reinforced with towers and crenelations. A water spring is at the entrance of the complex, which comprises two large and distinct areas, in turn surrounded by walls: the cemetery in the south, the residential area in the north; the residential area included stables, a kitchen, storage rooms, guest houses, a building for the ritual purification of prospective abbots. Most of these buildings are in a ruined condition today; the cemetery comprises 33 tombs. The western türbe is the oldest, with dimensions of 6×7×7,5 m, its masonry is of irregular ashlar blocks surrounded by bricks, which according to some scholars dates it to the 16th century.
Byzantine spolia were used in its construction. The eastern türbe houses three tombs; the two türbes are linked by a low modern cement structure. The tekke has been declared a protected monument; the tekke still belongs to the Bektashi order, but its de facto management is under the land office of the Larissa Prefecture, leading to disagreements and legal ambiguity over its ownership status and problems with its mantenance