Roh Tae-woo is a former South Korean politician and former Republic of Korea Army general who served as President of South Korea from 1988 to 1993. Roh was born on 4 December 1932 into a farming family in Dalseong, near Daegu, North Gyeongsang Province, his father, a low-echelon civil officer in the district, died in a car accident when Roh was seven years old. With his uncle's help, Roh first enrolled at the Taegu Technical School but transferred to the local Kyongbuk High School where he was an above-average student, his high school record describes him as a "gentle and hard-working student with a strong sense of responsibility." Roh befriended Chun Doo-hwan while in high school in Daegu. During the Korean War, Roh joined the South Korean army as an enlisted conscript in an Artillery unit, being promoted to Sergeant Cannoneer of an M114 155 mm howitzer gun line, he entered the Korean Military Academy, completing it in the first class of the four-year program, he graduated in February 1954 with a Bachelor of Science degree and a commission as an Army 2nd Lieutenant in the 11th class of the Korea Military Academy.
A commissioned officer in the infantry from 1954, Roh rose through the ranks and fought in the Vietnam War first in 1968 as a Lieutenant Colonel and Battalion Commander was promoted to Major General and the commander of White Horse Division in 1979. A member of the Hanahoe, a secret military group, he gave critical support to a coup that year in which Chun became the de facto ruler of South Korea. Roh was a military general when he helped Chun lead troops to the Gwangju Democratization Movement in 1980. Roh held several key army posts such as Commander of the Capital Security Command in 1979 and Commander of the Defense Security Command in 1980. Following his retirement from the Korean Army in July 1981, Roh accepted President Chun's offer of the post of Minister of State for National Security and Foreign Affairs, he served as Sports Minister, Home Affairs Minister, President of the Seoul Olympics Organizing Committee, in 1985, chairman of the ruling Democratic Justice Party. Most notably, he oversaw preparations for the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, which he declared open.
Despite his involvement in the 12 December 1979 Coup d'état against then-President Choi Kyu-hah and the bloody military crackdown of dissidents in the Gwangju Uprising of 18-27 May 1980 and with an eye on the Blue House in the upcoming 1987 Presidential Elections, Roh began working to distance himself from the unpopular Chun government. The reason is. By agreeing to meeting the demands of the political opposition in terms of political reforms with his eight-point proposal including direct election of the President, Roh upstaged Chun and boosted his own image as a reformer. In June 1987, Chun named Roh as the presidential candidate of the ruling Democratic Justice Party; this was perceived as handing Roh the presidency, triggered large pro-democracy rallies in Seoul and other cities in the 1987 June Democracy Movement. In response, Roh made a speech on 29 June promising a wide program of reforms. Chief among them were popular election of the president. In the election, the two leading opposition figures, Kim Young-sam and Kim Dae-jung, were unable to overcome their differences and split the vote, in spite of the first female presidential candidate withdrawing from the race to support Kim Young-sam against Roh.
This enabled Roh to win by a narrow margin and become the country's first cleanly elected president on 16 December 1987 and was inaugurated as President on 25 February 1988. Roh's rule was notable for hosting the Seoul Olympics in 1988 and for his foreign policy of Nordpolitik, which represented a major break from previous administrations. True to his word, he remained committed to democratic reforms, he met with President Corazon Aquino for a series of talks between the Philippines and South Korea for economic and cultural ties, supporting Filipino athlete Leopoldo Serantes in the Olympics, to discuss unification talks to end North Korea's hostilities after the Korean War. During his administration, Roh's stance as President was active in diplomacy and steadfast in the push toward political and socio-economic reforms at home. Democratization of politics, economic "growth with equity," and national reunification were the three policy goals publicly stated by the Roh administration. Hosting the 24th Summer Olympic in Seoul in his first year in office was a major accomplishment, followed by his active diplomacy, including his address before the United Nations General Assembly in October 1988 and his meeting with U.
S. President George H. W. Bush and delivered a speech before a joint session of the U. S. Congress, he conducted a five-nation European visit in December 1989. On 7 July 1988, he launched an aggressive foreign policy initiative called the Northern Diplomacy, or Nordpolitik, which brought about benefits and rewards to his government. In 1989, Seoul established diplomatic relations with Hungary and Poland, followed by diplomatic ties with Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia and Mongolia in 1990. South Korea's trade with China increased, reaching the $3.1 billion mark at the same time South Korea's trade with the East European countries and the Soviet Union increased to $800 million. Seoul and Moscow exchanged full consular general's offices in 1990. Roh's emphasis on "economic growth with equity," although well received by the public, led to the dwindling in the annual economic growth rate from the high of 12.3 percent in
C7orf26 is a gene in humans that encodes a protein known as c7orf26. Based on properties of c7orf26 and its conservation over a long period of time, it's suggested function is targeted for the cytoplasm and it is predicted to play a role in regulating transcription. Chromosome 7 is one of the 23 pairs of chromosomes in the human body, spans about 159 million base pairs and represents about 5-5.5% of the total DNA in cells. Changes to the structure of chromosome 7 can result in a number of genetic abnormalities, including Williams Syndrome which causes structural and cosmetic changes to the human body resulting in a shorter lifespan. There are hundreds of known open reading frames along the domain of chromosome 7, however there is not much known about the 26th reading frame, of considerable interest. Two isoforms of c7orf26 are known in Homo Sapiens and are referred to as isoforms 1 and 2, respectively. C7orf26 is located on the long arm of chromosome 7, starting at 6590021 and ending at 6608726.
The c7orf26 gene is orientated on the + strand. The coding region is made up of a protein sequence measuring 449 amino acids long, it is divided into 6 transcripts containing a total of 24 exons on the forward strand and has 5952 unique Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms. Genes ZDHHC4, ZNF853 and ZNF316 neighbor c7orf26 on chromosome 7. Gene ZDHHC4 is a zinc-finger protein involved with cytochrome-c oxidase activity and protein-cysteine S-palmitoyltransferase activity and has overlapping regions with c7orf26. Gene GRID2IP lies upstream by >2000 bp of c7orf26, is involved with in synaptogenesis and synaptic plasticity. C7orf26 is expressed in lymphatic and nervous tissue; these include the brain, thymus glands, salivary glands, endometrium and prostate. It is intermediately expressed in the lungs. No paralogs of c7orf26 have been found in the human genome, six unique isoforms have been identified, they are c7orf26 isoform and isoform 2. Below is a table of a variety of orthologs of the human c7orf26.
The table include intermediately and distantly related orthologs. Orthologs of the human protein c7orf26 are listed above in descending order of the date of divergence. C7orf26 is conserved throughout all orthologs, this is demonstrated with a 65% identity in the least similar ortholog. C7orf26 has evolved and evenly over time. Below is a phylogenetic tree showing the evolutionary history of its nearest orthologs; the molecular weight of c7orf26 is 50 kiloDaltons. The isoelectric point is 7.61. The protein sequence is uniquely rich for leucine at 15.8% of its composition, this may indicate a leucine-zipper. Further analysis from PSORT indicates that a leucine-zipper region is found at amino acid 318 and lasts until position 340. There are no extremes with regards to alkalinity. C7orf26 has a positive charge cluster from amino acid 245 – 275 and does not have any negative, or mixed charge clusters. An distribution of amino acids compose c7orf26; the percent composition of each amino acid is consistent throughout the orthologs of the protein.
The most distant ortholog displays the most variance in amino acid composition. There is a higher percent composition of tyrosine and leucine and a lower composition of valine and alanine. C7orf26 is phosphorylated post modified. There are 66 predicted phosphorylated sites according to the NetPhos predictor of phosphorylation sites. There are 4 unique sumoylation sites according to SUMOplot/SUMOsp programs. Sumoylation sites are involved in a number of cellular processes, including nuclear-cytosolic transport, transcriptional regulation and protein stability. According DAS-TMFilter Server, c7orf26 has zero predicted transmembrane sites or transmembrane protein coding regions, therefore, it can be inferred with certainty that c7orf26 is not a transmembrane protein. Using the GOR method, it can be inferred that c7orf26 has unique secondary structure composed of alpha helices, random coil regions and extended strands. Random coil regions are most found in c7orf26, as they constitute 53.23% of the protein, while alpha helices constitute 34.30% and extended strands 12.47%.
According to PSORT, c7orf26 is predicted to be localized in the cytoplasm with 70.6% confidence. C7orf26 interacts uniquely with 11 different proteins, according to the Mentha interactome browser. In particular, c7orf26 interacts with the entire family of'INTS'; the Integrator Complex associates with the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II large subunit. It is involved in the processing of their transcripts. INTS mediates recruitment of cytoplasmic dynein to the nuclear envelope. Outside of the INTS gene family, c7orf26 interacts with AK5, HDGF, ASUN. According to Guirato et al. There may be some evidence that regions on chromosome 7 may be directly linked to a nuclear estrogen receptor that modulates cancer cell proliferation and tumor growth. In another journal article by Fu et al. There is further indication that regions along chromosome 7, located between open reading frames 20-30, directly correlate to cellular functions of a hepatoma-derived growth factor, another way of expressing normal function in tumorigenesis.
Ann M. Bartuska is an ecologist and biologist, she is a senior advisor at Resources for the Future and a former Deputy Under Secretary for Research and Economics at the United States Department of Agriculture and former USDA Chief Scientist. Responsibilities as Deputy Under Secretary of REE includes oversight over four agencies which support the REE mission: Agricultural Research Service, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, Economic Research Service, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Bartuska graduated from Wilkes University in 1975 with a bachelor's degree in biology, she went on to earn a master's degree in botany and ecology from Ohio University in 1977, a doctorate in biogeochemistry and ecosystem ecology from West Virginia University in 1981. Her dissertation, titled Detrital processes in a black locust reforested surface mine compared to a sugar maple dominated mixed hardwood stand, was completed under adviser, Dr. Gerald E. Lang, her research has focused on ecosystems processes in landscapes disturbed by coal mining.
She is married to Dr. Mark R. Walbridge, Chair of the Department of Biology at West Virginia University. From 1982 until 1989 Bartuska managed research and assessment programs associated with the effects of acid rain and air pollution, first for North Carolina State University and under the United States Forest Service. Both projects fell under the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program. In 1989 she was named Assistant Station Director for Continuing Research at the Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, she joined the staff of Forest Environment Research at the Forest Service's Washington Office in 1991 as a Wetlands Specialist with the responsibility of developing a National Wetlands Research Program. In 1992, when the Ecosystem Management staff was created, she was named the first head. Bartuska spent a year in 1993 as the Forest Service Liaison to the National Biological Survey of the U. S. Department of Interior and in October 1994 became director of Forest Health Protection for the Forest Service.
In January 1999, Bartuska was named Director of Forest Management, of which she was the first woman and first ecologist to hold the position. She would continue on as director, when Forest Range Management were merged. Bartuska left the Forest Service in 2001 to become the executive director of The Nature Conservancy's Invasive Species Initiative, she remained there until 2004, she returned to the Forest Service as Deputy Chief for Research and Development in 2004 and from January to October 2009, served as acting deputy chief of research and development. In 2010 she joined the USDA's Research and Economics mission area, where she was Deputy Under Secretary. Ann Bartuska was named chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research by Dr. Tamara Dickinson, Principle Assistant Director for Environment and Energy at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy in 2016, of which she served as vice-chair; the group was created and is responsible for, meeting the requirement of the Global Change Research Act of 1990.
In 2017, Bartuska joined the non-profit, Resources for the Future, as Vice President of the newly formed program on Land and Nature. She serves as a senior adviser to RFF, focused on natural resources and forestry with special consideration of natural climate solutions through forest and agricultural lands. Bartuska was vice president for public affairs at the Ecological Society of America from 1996 to 1999 and president of the society from 2003–2004, she was a co-chair of the Science and Technology for Sustainability Roundtable of the National Academies, served on the Board of the Council of Science Society Presidents, is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native American in Science. Bartuska has served on the advisory board of the National Science Foundation and on the External Advisory Board for the Cornell Atkinson Center for Sustainability, she served as co-chair of the Ecological Systems subcommittee of the Committee on Environment, Natural Resources, Sustainability of the White House National Science and Technology Council.
She was a part of the Sustainability Roundtable of the National Academy of Sciences. "Elemental concentrations in plant tissues as influenced by low pH soils" by Plant and Soil, 1980 "The Report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem Management" from Ecological Applications from the Ecological Society of America, 1996 "Ecosystem management to achieve ecological sustainability: The case of South Florida" from Environmental Management, 1996 "Cross-Boundary Issues to Manage for Healthy Forest Ecosystems" from the book, Landscape Ecological Analysis, 1999, p. 24-34 "Towards a shared vision" from Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2004 "Science Priorities for Reducing the Threat of Invasive Species to Sustainable Forestry" from BioScience, 2005 Why Biomass is Important - The Role of the USDA Forest Service in Managing the Using Biomass for Energy and Other Uses from the U. S. Forest Service, 2006 "Restoring Justice/Restoring Ecosystems:the Intersection of Ecology and Environmental Justice" from Bulletin of the Ecological Society of American, 2007 "The role of federal agencies in the application of scientific knowledge" from Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2010 "USDA Forest Service research and development - caring for the land and serving people" from Folia Forestalia Polonica, 2011 "When peer-reviewed
The Tulsa Coliseum was an indoor arena built in Tulsa, Oklahoma at the corner of Fifth Street and Elgin Avenue. It hosted the Tulsa Oilers ice hockey team from 1929 to 1951. Many other sporting events were held at the facility including rodeos, track meets, professional wrestling, boxing matches; the building was destroyed by fire in 1952. Walter Whiteside, a Minnesota millionaire, constructed it in 1928 at a cost of US$800,000. Whiteside's family was successful in oil and lumber. Whiteside himself was the owner of Douglas Oil Company; the building opened on January 1, 1929, with skating displays by the Magic City Amusement Co. and the first game of the new Tulsa Oilers, versus the Duluth Hornets. The facility boasted a $25,000 organ; the building was sold to Coliseum Corporation at a sheriff's sale in 1942 and was sold to wrestling promoter Sam Avey in 1944 for $185,000, it was known as Avey's Coliseum. The Oilers played in the American Hockey Association from 1929 - 1942, the United States Hockey League from 1945 to 1951.
The Oilers first disbanded in 1942, were revived under the ownership of Avey in 1945. The Oilers disbanded when the USHL disbanded in 1951. Avey owned the radio station KAKC, it broadcast from the Coliseum basement. On September 20, 1952, the building caught fire; the building’s wooden roof accelerated the fire. Gerkin, Steve. Hidden History of Tulsa. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781626195790. Hornbaker, Tim. National Wrestling Alliance, The Untold Story of the Monopoly that Strangled Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-741-6. "Hail The Coliseum, Tulsa's New Palace of Wonders And Its Men!". Tulsa City-County Library. Retrieved February 6, 2018
Fred Thaddeus Austin was an army officer, an American military officer who attained the rank of major general as the United States Army's Chief of Field Artillery. Austin was born in Hancock, the son of Julius Tilden Austin and Manora Austin, he graduated from high school in Rochester and attended Norwich University. He graduated with a bachelor of science degree in 1888, a master of science in 1894. In 1896, Austin received his qualification as a civil engineer. Austin served in the 1st Regiment of the Vermont National Guard from 1888 to 1894. Austin practiced architecture in Brockton and Boston, Massachusetts from 1889 to 1898. From 1894 to 1898 he served in the 5th Regiment of the Massachusetts National Guard, first as a drum major, as the regimental sergeant major, he volunteered to serve in the United States Army for the Spanish–American War. When the 5th Massachusetts was activated for federal service, Austin was commissioned as a first lieutenant and appointed as regimental adjutant, he joined the regular Army after the war.
He served in the Artillery Corps for the rest of his career. Austin served in the 3rd Field Artillery, commanded Battery C from 1909 to 1910, Battery E from 1910 to 1911. During World War I, Austin commanded the 346th Field Artillery Regiment, 350th Field Artillery Regiment, 156th Field Artillery Brigade, 167th Field Artillery Brigade, the Field Artillery Replacement Depot at Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky. On April 18, 1918, he was promoted to temporary brigadier general, he received the U. S. Army Distinguished Service Medal to recognize his superior wartime service. After World War I, Austin became the director of the Field Artillery School at Fort Sill, in Oklahoma, after which he served in the Inspector General's Department. Austin became a major general in 1927, succeeded William J. Snow as Chief of Field Artillery, he served as Chief from December 20, 1927 to February 15, 1930. Austin died in Washington, DC on February 26, 1938, was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. In 1909, Austin married Lenore Harrison of San Antonio.
They were the parents of a son, Gordon Harrison Austin, a career officer in the United States Air Force, a veteran of World War II and attained the rank of major general. Ellis, William Arba. Norwich University, 1819–1911. 3. Montpelier, VT: Capital City Press. P. 229. Davis, Henry Blaine. Generals in Khaki. Raleigh, NC: Pentland Press, 1998. ISBN 1571970886 OCLC 231779136 "Fred Thaddeus Austin." Fred Thaddeus Austin. Arlington National Cemetery, n.d. Web. 10 Aug. 2016. Fred Thaddeus Austin at Arlingtoncemetery.net/ Marquis Who's Who, Inc. Who Was Who in American History, the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 1975. ISBN 0837932017 OCLC 657162692
Tragedy is a form of drama based on human suffering that invokes an accompanying catharsis or pleasure in audiences. While many cultures have developed forms that provoke this paradoxical response, the term tragedy refers to a specific tradition of drama that has played a unique and important role in the self-definition of Western civilization; that tradition has been multiple and discontinuous, yet the term has been used to invoke a powerful effect of cultural identity and historical continuity—"the Greeks and the Elizabethans, in one cultural form. From its origins in the theatre of ancient Greece 2500 years ago, from which there survives only a fraction of the work of Aeschylus and Euripides, as well as many fragments from other poets. A long line of philosophers—which includes Plato, Saint Augustine, Hume, Hegel, Kierkegaard, Freud, Camus and Deleuze—have analysed, speculated upon, criticised the genre. In the wake of Aristotle's Poetics, tragedy has been used to make genre distinctions, whether at the scale of poetry in general or at the scale of the drama.
In the modern era, tragedy has been defined against drama, the tragicomic, epic theatre. Drama, in the narrow sense, cuts across the traditional division between comedy and tragedy in an anti- or a-generic deterritorialisation from the mid-19th century onwards. Both Bertolt Brecht and Augusto Boal define their epic theatre projects against models of tragedy. Taxidou, reads epic theatre as an incorporation of tragic functions and its treatments of mourning and speculation; the word "tragedy" appears to have been used to describe different phenomena at different times. It derives from Classical Greek τραγῳδία, contracted from trag-aoidiā = "goat song", which comes from tragos = "he-goat" and aeidein = "to sing". Scholars suspect this may be traced to a time when a goat was either the prize in a competition of choral dancing or was that around which a chorus danced prior to the animal's ritual sacrifice. In another view on the etymology, Athenaeus of Naucratis says that the original form of the word was trygodia from trygos and ode, because those events were first introduced during grape harvest.
Writing in 335 BCE, Aristotle provides the earliest-surviving explanation for the origin of the dramatic art form in his Poetics, in which he argues that tragedy developed from the improvisations of the leader of choral dithyrambs: Anyway, arising from an improvisatory beginning, grew little by little, as developed whatever of it had appeared. In the same work, Aristotle attempts to provide a scholastic definition of what tragedy is: Tragedy is an enactment of a deed, important and complete, of magnitude, by means of language enriched, each used separately in the different parts: it is enacted, not recited, through pity and fear it effects relief to such emotions. There is some dissent to the dithyrambic origins of tragedy based on the differences between the shapes of their choruses and styles of dancing. A common descent from pre-Hellenic fertility and burial rites has been suggested. Friedrich Nietzsche discussed the origins of Greek tragedy in his early book The Birth of Tragedy. Here, he suggests the name originates in the use of a chorus of goat-like satyrs in the original dithyrambs from which the tragic genre developed.
Scott Scullion writes: There is abundant evidence for tragoidia understood as "song for the prize goat". The best-known evidence is Horace, Ars poetica 220-24. Athenian tragedy—the oldest surviving form of tragedy—is a type of dance-drama that formed an important part of the theatrical culture of the city-state. Having emerged sometime during the 6th century BCE, it flowered during the 5th century BCE, continued to be popular until the beginning of the Hellenistic period. No tragedies from the 6th century and only 32 of the more than a thousand that were performed in the 5th century have survived. We have complete texts extant by Aeschylus and Euripides. Athenian traged