Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited is a British luxury automobile maker. A wholly owned subsidiary of German group BMW, it was established in 1998 after BMW was licensed the rights to the Rolls-Royce brand name and logo from Rolls-Royce plc and acquired the rights to the Spirit of Ecstasy and Rolls-Royce grill shape trademarks from Volkswagen AG. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited operates from purpose-built administrative and production facilities opened in 2003 across from the historic Goodwood Circuit in Goodwood, West Sussex, United Kingdom. Rolls-Royce Motors Cars Limited is the exclusive manufacturer of Rolls-Royce branded motor cars since 2003. Although the Rolls-Royce brand has been in use since 1906, the Rolls-Royce Motor Cars subsidiary of BMW AG has no direct relationship to Rolls-Royce branded vehicles produced prior to 2003; the Bentley Motors Limited subsidiary of Volkswagen AG is the direct successor to Rolls-Royce Motors and various other predecessor entities that produced Rolls-Royce and Bentley branded cars between the foundation of each company and 2003, when the BMW-controlled entity started producing cars under the Rolls-Royce brand.
The Rolls-Royce Phantom four-door sedan was the first product offered for sale in 2003. Since the company has expanded its product line to include extended wheelbase, two-door coupé, convertible versions of the Phantom sedan, as well as the smaller Ghost four-door sedan, Wraith two-door coupé, Dawn convertible, the Cullinan SUV. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited was created as a wholly owned subsidiary of BMW in 1998 after BMW licensed the rights to the Rolls-Royce brand name and logo from Rolls-Royce PLC and acquired the rights to the Spirit of Ecstasy and Rolls-Royce grille shape trademarks from Volkswagen AG. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited has been manufacturing Rolls-Royce branded cars since 2003. Although the Rolls-Royce brand has been in use on vehicles since 1906, the Rolls-Royce Motor Cars subsidiary of BMW AG has no direct relationship to Rolls-Royce branded vehicles produced prior to 2003; the Bentley subsidiary of Volkswagen AG is the direct successor to Rolls-Royce Motors and the other various predecessor entities that produced Rolls-Royce and Bentley branded cars between the foundation of each company and 2003.
Current chief executive Torsten Müller-Ötvös joined the company in January 2010, with a pledge to regain the quality standards that made Rolls-Royce famous. That year sales in China increased by 600%, making it the company's second largest market after the US. In 1998, Vickers decided to sell Rolls-Royce Motors; the most buyer was BMW, which supplied engines and other components for Rolls-Royce and Bentley cars, but BMW's final offer of £340 million was beaten by Volkswagen's £430 million. A stipulation in the ownership documents of Rolls-Royce dictated that Rolls-Royce plc, the aero-engine maker, would retain certain essential trademarks, including the Rolls-Royce name and logo if the automotive division was sold. Although Vickers plc sold the vehicle designs, administrative headquarters, production facilities, Spirit of Ecstasy and Rolls-Royce grille shape trademarks to Volkswagen AG, Rolls-Royce plc chose to license the Rolls-Royce name and logo to BMW AG for £40 million, because Rolls-Royce plc had had joint business ventures with BMW.
BMW's contract to supply engines and components to Rolls-Royce Motors allowed BMW to cancel the contract with 12 months' notice. Volkswagen would be unable to re-engineer the Rolls-Royce and Bentley vehicles to use other engines within that time frame. With the Rolls-Royce brand identification marks split between the two companies and Volkswagen's engine supply in jeopardy, the two companies entered into negotiations. Volkswagen agreed to sell BMW the Spirit of Ecstasy and grille shape trademarks and BMW agreed to continue supplying engines and components until 2003. Volkswagen continued to produce Rolls-Royce branded vehicles between 1998 and 2003, giving BMW time to build a new Rolls-Royce administrative headquarters and production facility on the Goodwood Estate near Chichester, West Sussex, develop the Phantom, the first Rolls-Royce from the new company. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited became the exclusive manufacturer of Rolls-Royce branded cars in 2003. Rolls-Royce announced in September 2014 that a new technology and logistics centre will be built, due to open in 2016, 8 miles away from the main headquarters, in the seaside resort town of Bognor Regis.
From 2010 – Ghost 4-door sedan. Rolls-Royce announced in September 2006; the Ghost will be smaller, the Phantom. Only 20% of the components would be sourced from BMW F01 7 Series, it will be positioned below the Phantom. On 4 March 2014, the new Ghost Series II was revealed to the public at the Geneva Motor Show, it has a facelift front with new LED headlights. The interior has had an update as well. From 2013 – Rolls-Royce Wraith coupé. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars launched a new car at the Geneva Motor Show on 5 March 2013; the new car, named the Rolls-Royce Wraith is a luxury coupe, with a long bonnet and a sleek roof line, is a coupe version of the Ghost. It is powered by twin-turbocharged V12 engine connected to an eight-speed gearbox. Deliveries were expected to begin by the end of 2013. Rolls-Royce had stated that the Wraith would be the most powerful Rolls-Royce motor car to that date. From 2015 – The Rolls-Royce Dawn is a British handmade 4 seat luxury convertible, it was announced in time for the 2015 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Rolls-Royce unveiled a new Phantom at "The Great Eight Phantoms Exhibit", which would go into production at the end of 2017, with sales s
Carlotta Fedeli is an Italian racing driver competing in the TCR International Series & SEAT León Cup Italy. Having competed in the TCR Italian Series, SEAT Ibiza Cup Italy & MINI Challenge Italy amongst others. Fedeli began her career in 2007 in Karting, she raced there for many seasons up until 2010. In 2011, she switched to the Italian Production Championship, she raced there up until 2012, she switched to the Italian MINI Challenge for 2012, finishing 12th in the championship standings that year. She continued in the series for 2013, only making 4 starts before switching to the Italian SEAT Ibiza Cup. For 2014 & 2015 she stayed in the championship, finishing 5th in the championship standings in 2015, she made a one-off appearance in the 2015 TCR Italian Series. In May 2016 it was announced that she would race in the TCR International Series, driving a SEAT León Cup Racer for B. D. Racing. In 2019, Fedeli attempted to qualify for the W Series, but failed to progress beyond the evaluation day.
Carlotta Fedeli career summary at DriverDB.com Official website
Royal Rumble was the eleventh annual Royal Rumble professional wrestling pay-per-view event produced by the World Wrestling Federation. It took place on January 1998, at the San Jose Arena in San Jose, California; the main event was a casket match between Shawn Michaels and The Undertaker for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship. The main matches on the undercard were the Royal Rumble match, The Legion Of Doom versus The New Age Outlaws for the WWF Tag Team Championship, "The Rock" Rocky Maivia versus Ken Shamrock for the WWF Intercontinental Championship; the Royal Rumble is an annual gimmick pay-per-view, produced every January by the World Wrestling Federation since 1988. It is one of the promotion's original four pay-per-views, along with WrestleMania, SummerSlam, Survivor Series, dubbed the "Big Four", it is named after the Royal Rumble match, a modified battle royal in which the participants enter at timed intervals instead of all beginning in the ring at the same time. The match features 30 wrestlers.
Traditionally, the winner of the match earns a world championship match at that year's WrestleMania. For 1998, the winner earned a match for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship at WrestleMania XIV. 1998 was the eleventh event in the Royal Rumble chronology. The card consisted of six matches; the matches resulted from scripted storylines, where wrestlers portrayed heroes, villains, or less distinguishable characters to build tension and culminated in a wrestling match or series of matches. Results were predetermined by WWF's writers, with storylines produced on their weekly television show, Raw. In the weeks leading up to the pay-per-view, Ken Shamrock had been facing various members of the Nation of Domination ahead of his booked match against Intercontinental champion Rocky Maivia, defeating Kama Mustafa and Faarooq with his ankle lock despite interference from other Nation members; the Raw is War before the Rumble saw Shamrock team up with Mark Henry against Maivia and D'Lo Brown, but just as Shamrock looked set to lock his submission on The Rock, Henry turned on him, joining the Nation in giving him a post-match beat down.
After winning their first tag team title, the New Age Outlaws further humiliated the erstwhile champions, the Legion of Doom, by shaving one of Hawk's mohawks and, with the help of D-Generation X, powerbombed Animal through the announcer's table, damaging his back. Although he was advised not to compete by doctors, Animal rested through the first few weeks of the year while the Outlaws ran roughshod through the tag division before this pay-per-view; the buildup to the Royal Rumble match itself focused entirely on Stone Cold Steve Austin. He declared that before the match he would be living by the motto "Do unto others, before they do unto me" interfering in matches on Raw is War, or appearing just as matches finished, delivering the stunner to anyone in sight as well leaving other wrestlers back stage buried under tables and chairs. In the final segment of the Raw preceding the event, all competitors of the Royal Rumble were in the ring, waiting to draw their number of entry when Austin ran in through the crowd and began to throw punches all over the ring, sparking a brawl between the various wrestlers feuding in the ring, kicking the number generator out of the ring.
The main event for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship was a rematch between champion Shawn Michaels and challenger The Undertaker. The feud had begun after Summerslam the previous August after Michaels, the special referee in the match between then-champion Undertaker and Bret Hart, hit Undertaker with a chair meant for Hart and counted the pin to cost Undertaker the championship; the first match between the two came at Ground Zero: In Your House the following month, a match that ended in a no contest due to outside interference from Michaels' D-Generation X cohorts, Triple H and Chyna. Michaels and Undertaker resumed the feud at Badd Blood in October 1997 in the first Hell in a Cell match which ended with the debut of Undertaker's brother, giving Michaels the unfair win by delivering a tombstone piledriver on Undertaker, allowing the beaten Michaels to steal the match. To mock his opponent, Triple H and Chyna brought a casket to the ring only for Michaels to appear from inside and spray paint it in D-Generation X slogans.
The following week, while Michaels was delivering a promo, the same casket appeared again but this time Undertaker appeared from inside, grabbing the champion by the throat and dragging him into the coffin. Undertaker made his full presence known the following week, interrupting an interview in which Michaels was claiming to introduce the newest DX member: Kane. Undertaker told his opponent to leave his family out of the feud, before attacking the stable and being outnumbered. Kane made a surprise appearance and helped Undertaker, fighting DX up to the ramp before turning and reaching his hand out in an Undertaker-like salute which his brother returned; the opening match began with Goldust attacking Vader. Vader soon recovered and threw Goldust into the turnbuckle before he fell out of the ring where Vader shoved Luna Vachon to the ground. After a suplex and a big splash, Goldust was dragged to the corner so Vader could attempt his Vader Bomb, but a low blow stopped him. Vader attempted the move for the second time, only to have Luna jump on his back.
Vader hit the move anyway, scored the pin. With Sunny as the special guest referee, a six-man tag match of lucha libre midget wrestling took place; the face team took most