Roman Catholic Diocese of Salamanca

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Diocese of Salamanca
Dioecesis Salmantinus
Diócesis de Salamanca
Salamanca Catedral.JPG
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Valladolid
Metropolitan Valladolid
Area 7,876 km2 (3,041 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2010)
296,000 (97.9%)
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral New Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of the Siege in Salamanca
Co-cathedral Old Cathedral of Our Lady in Salamanca
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Carlos López Hernández
Metropolitan Archbishop Ricardo Blázquez
Diocesis de Salamanca.png
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Salamanca (Latin: Salmantin(us)) is a diocese located in the city of Salamanca in the Ecclesiastical province of Valladolid in Spain.[1][2]


The See of Salamanca is of unknown origin. St. Secundus is said to have founded the Diocese of Avila. Signatures of bishops of Salamanca are found in the Councils of Toledo; in the third council is that of Eleutherius; at the coronation of King Gondemar, that of Teveristus; in the fourth and sixth of Hiccila; in the seventh, eighth and tenth, of Egeretus; in the Provincial Council of Mérida (metropolis of Salamanca) the signature of Justus;in the twelfth of Toledo that of Providentius; in the thirteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth, of Holemund, probably contemporaneous with the Muslim invasion.

Alfonso I the Catholic pushed his conquests as far as Salamanca, and Ordoño I of Asturias captured the city, but its bishops continued to reside in Asturias, where the Church of San Julian, outside the walls of Oviedo, was assigned to them. Bishop Quindulfus (802) signed a royal deed of gift. Ramiro II of León, who defeated the Muslim forces at Simancas, began to repopulate Salamanca. In 1102 the king's son-in-law Raymond, Count of Burgundy, and his wife Urraca of Castile, gave the churches of the city to Don Jerónimo, the count's master, and built the Cathedral of S. Maria. The celebrated bishop, comrade of the Cid Campeador, died in 1120 and was interred in the newly built basilica, to which he left the "Christ of the Battles" (Cristo de las Batallas).

Later bishops were:

From his period date the university of Salamanca and the most ancient and famous convents of Dominicans, Franciscans, and Clarisses. In October, 1310, the see being vacant, fifteen prelates of the ancient Province of Lusitania, presided over by the Archbishop of Santiago, assembled in the cathedral of Salamanca to try the case of the Knights Templar, and found them innocent in Spain of all the atrocities with which they were charged.

Bishop Juan Lucero accompanied King Alfonso XI to the conquest of Algeciras. Later on he became subservient to the caprices of Pedro I the Cruel and annulled (1354) his marriage with Blanche of Bourbon in order to unite him with Juana de Castro. Lucero's successor, Alsonso Barrasa, on the contrary, supported Henry of Trastamare against Pedro. In May, 1382, a council was held at Salamanca to take action in the matter of the schism of Avignon, and Castile decided in favour of the antipope. In another council (1410) Salamanca again recognized Peter de Luna (Benedict XIII) as pope. At this time Vincent Ferrer laboured to convert the Jews of Salamanca; from 1460 to 1478 John of Sahagun preached in the diocese.[3][better source needed]

Special churches[edit]

List of bishops[edit]

Roman period[edit]

  • Pius (c. 83)
  • Cetulus (c. 203)
  • Salutatus (c. 223)
  • Peter I (c. 245)
  • Peter II (c. 269)
  • Germanus (c. 298)
  • Savius (c. 305)
  • John (c. 332)
  • Juvencius (c. 337)

Visigothic period[edit]

  • Eleutherius (fl. 589)
  • Teveristus (fl. 610)
  • Hiccila (fl. 633–638)
  • Egeretus (fl. 646–656)
  • Justus (fl. 666)
  • Providentius (fl. 681)
  • Holemund (fl. 683–693)

Astru-Leonese period[edit]

  • Quindulf (c. 830)
  • Duclidius I (c. 876)
  • Sebastian I (c. 880)
  • Fredesind (c. 898)
  • Duclidius II (c. 921)
  • Theodomund (c. 960)
  • Salvatus (c. 973)
  • Sebastian II (c. 987)
  • Gonzalo I (c. 1022)

Leonese–Castilian period[edit]

Modern period[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Diocese of Salamanca" David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  2. ^ "Diocese of Salamanca" Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  3. ^ Wikisource:Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Salamanca
  4. ^ "Archbishop Diego de Deza, O.P." David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 8, 2016
  5. ^ " Bishop Juan de Castilla " David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 21, 2016
  6. ^ "Archbishop Luis Fernández de Córdoba" David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 27, 2016
  7. ^ "Bishop Antonio Corrionero" David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 27, 2016
  8. ^ "Bishop Juan Valenzuela Velázquez" David M. Cheney. Retrieved October 19, 2016
  9. ^ "Bishop Juan Ortiz de Zárate" Catholic– David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  10. ^ "Bishop Francisco Diego Alarcón y Covarrubias" David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 27, 2016


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Salamanca". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.