Interview is an American magazine founded in late 1969 by artist Andy Warhol and British journalist John Wilcock. The magazine, nicknamed "The Crystal Ball of Pop", features interviews with celebrities, artists and creative thinkers. Interviews were unedited or edited in the eccentric fashion of Warhol's books and The Philosophy of Andy Warhol: From A to B and Back Again. In the early days, complimentary copies of Interview were given away to the "in-crowd". Toward the end of his life, as Warhol withdrew from everyday oversight of his magazine, a more conventional editorial style was introduced under editor Bob Colacello. However, Warhol continued to act as ambassador for the magazine, distributing issues in the street to passersby and creating ad hoc signing events on the streets of Manhattan, New York City; the creative covers of Interview which gave the magazine its signature style were done by artist Richard Bernstein from 1972 to 1989. The magazine's format has remained consistent at 40 % glossy advertising.
It has been published by Brant Publications, Inc since shortly after Warhol's death in 1987. It was helmed for 18 years by Ingrid Sischy, until she and Peter Brant's ex-wife Sandra became lovers and left the magazine, selling Ms. Brant's half-ownership stake in the parent company Brant Publications. For a year and a half the magazine was in flux, edited by Christopher Bollen. Interview restarted under co-editorial directors Fabien Baron and Glenn O'Brien in September 2008, with a cover featuring Kate Moss. Stephen Mooallem and Christopher Bollen served as the working editor-in-chief and editor-at-large, respectively; the publication's content can be via an app, Other Edition, available on iTunes. As of 2017, Fabien Baron was the editorial director. In December 2013, Stephen Mooallem left Interview to join Harper’s Bazaar as its executive editor. Keith Pollock served as editor-in-chief from 2014 to 2016, it was announced on May 21, 2018 that the publication ‘folded’ and would end both its print and web publications by the end of 2018.
The publication filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy and liquidation. On September 6, 2018, Interview announced the launch of its 521st issue; the magazine was purchased by Kelly Brant and Jason Nikic, with some reports suggesting that the title's intellectual property will be returned to Peter Brant. The magazine is featured in The CW's television series The Carrie Diaries, a prequel to HBO's Sex and the City; the protagonist, played by actress AnnaSophia Robb, vicariously explores New York City through the glamorous fashion editor of Interview, played by Freema Agyeman. Official website
Nampa is the largest city of Canyon County, Idaho. The population of Nampa was 81,557 at the 2010 census and, as of 2018, is the third-most populous city in Idaho. Nampa is about 20 miles west of Boise along Interstate 84, six miles west of Meridian. Nampa is the second principal city of the Boise-Nampa metropolitan area; the name "Nampa" may have come from a Shoshoni word meaning either footprint. Nampa began its life in the early 1880s when the Oregon Short Line Railroad built a line from Granger, Wyoming, to Huntington, which passed through Nampa. More railroad lines sprang up running through Nampa, making it a important railroad town. Alexander and Hannah Duffes established one of the town's first homesteads forming the Nampa Land and Improvement Company with the help of their friend and co-founder, James McGee. In spite of the name, many of the first settlers referred to the town as "New Jerusalem" because of the strong religious focus of its citizens. After only a year the town had grown from 15 homes to 50.
As new amenities were added to the town, Nampa continued its growth and was incorporated in 1890. Unlike most towns in that historic era with streets running true north and south, Nampa's historic roads run perpendicular to the railroad tracks that travel northwest to southeast through the town. Thus, the northside is the northeast side of the tracks, the southside is the southwest side of the railroad tracks. Founder Alexander Duffes laid out Nampa's streets this way to prevent an accident like one that occurred earlier in a town he had platted near Toronto, Canada. In that town, a woman and her two children were killed by a train when they started across the railroad tracks in a buggy and the wheel got stuck; as the Oregon Short Line railroad bypassed Boise, Nampa has the fanciest of many railroad depots built in the area. The first elementary school was built in the 1890s. Lakeview School was with a view of Lake Ethel. Just after the school's centennial celebration, it was condemned as a school and sold to the First Mennonite Church.
In 2008 the building was refurbished, is now being used by the Idaho Arts Charter School. Lake Ethel – an irrigation reservoir – had long been the site of community picnics, many citizens fished, swam and hunted on the lake and its surrounding property; the hunting didn't last for long, however, as O. F. Persons, owner of the adjoining homestead, took offense when local hunters started shooting his pet ducks; the city auctioned off the lake. E. H. Dewey was the only bidder, but occasional flooding led to a series of lawsuits from neighbors. Dewey drained Lake Ethel. Not long after, the city council became interested in buying back the Fritz Miller property as well as the Dewey home. Pressure had been building for more than four years. Nampa citizens wanted another park. On August 7, 1924, the city council passed an ordinance to purchase the Miller property and name it Lakeview Park. A bandstand was completed in 1928, the municipal swimming pool opened on August 13, 1934. Swim tickets cost 15 for a dollar.
It is Nampa's largest park and many community celebrations are held there. Colonel William H. Dewey, a man who made a fortune mining in Silver City, seeing the advantage of 4 railroad lines, built the elegant Dewey Palace Hotel in 1902 for a quarter of a million dollars. Colonel Dewey died in his hotel in 1903; the hotel survived the great fire of 1909, which burned several blocks of downtown Nampa, but was razed in 1963 because no one wanted to invest in renovating the grand structure. Relics from the hotel, such as the chandelier and the hotel safe can be found at the Canyon County Historical Museum, housed in the old train depot on Front Street and Nampa City Hall. After demolition the location on First Street between 11th and 12th Ave. South was sold to private enterprise including a bank and tire store replacing this historic building with the current modern structures. A public-use postage stamp sized park was placed across the street from the old palace property as a collaboration between the Downtown Alliance of Nampa and an Eagle Scout Project for the Boy Scouts of America.
The park includes a large mural/wall sculpture of running horses commissioned for the project. A Carnegie library was built downtown in 1908; the Nampa Public Library is now on the corner of 1st Street and 11th Avenue South in the old bank building. A new library is under construction and is expected to be completed in early 2015. Deer Flat Reservoir, an offstream irrigation storage reservoir, was constructed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation between 1906 and 1911. Known locally as Lake Lowell, it is surrounded by the Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge, established in 1909 by President Theodore Roosevelt; the refuge is administered by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Lake Lowell is filled by the concrete New York Canal; the Idaho State School and Hospital was built northwest of Nampa in 1910, for the state's developmentally challenged population, opened in 1918. The institution was self-sufficient, with a large farm staffed by the residents; the higher-functioning residents cared for residents who could not care for themselves.
Much has changed in the care of persons with developmental disabilities from the time of the state school's opening. The land for the old farm was sold and are now golf courses, the residents no longer give primary care to other reside
Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth, it provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. The major cause of rain production is moisture moving along three-dimensional zones of temperature and moisture contrasts known as weather fronts. If enough moisture and upward motion is present, precipitation falls from convective clouds such as cumulonimbus which can organize into narrow rainbands. In mountainous areas, heavy precipitation is possible where upslope flow is maximized within windward sides of the terrain at elevation which forces moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall along the sides of mountains. On the leeward side of mountains, desert climates can exist due to the dry air caused by downslope flow which causes heating and drying of the air mass.
The movement of the monsoon trough, or intertropical convergence zone, brings rainy seasons to savannah climes. The urban heat island effect leads to increased rainfall, both in amounts and intensity, downwind of cities. Global warming is causing changes in the precipitation pattern globally, including wetter conditions across eastern North America and drier conditions in the tropics. Antarctica is the driest continent; the globally averaged annual precipitation over land is 715 mm, but over the whole Earth it is much higher at 990 mm. Climate classification systems such as the Köppen classification system use average annual rainfall to help differentiate between differing climate regimes. Rainfall is measured using rain gauges. Rainfall amounts can be estimated by weather radar. Rain is known or suspected on other planets, where it may be composed of methane, sulfuric acid, or iron rather than water. Air contains water vapor, the amount of water in a given mass of dry air, known as the mixing ratio, is measured in grams of water per kilogram of dry air.
The amount of moisture in air is commonly reported as relative humidity. How much water vapor a parcel of air can contain before it becomes saturated and forms into a cloud depends on its temperature. Warmer air can contain more water vapor than cooler air before becoming saturated. Therefore, one way to saturate a parcel of air is to cool it; the dew point is the temperature. There are four main mechanisms for cooling the air to its dew point: adiabatic cooling, conductive cooling, radiational cooling, evaporative cooling. Adiabatic cooling occurs when air expands; the air can rise due to convection, large-scale atmospheric motions, or a physical barrier such as a mountain. Conductive cooling occurs when the air comes into contact with a colder surface by being blown from one surface to another, for example from a liquid water surface to colder land. Radiational cooling occurs due to the emission of infrared radiation, either by the air or by the surface underneath. Evaporative cooling occurs when moisture is added to the air through evaporation, which forces the air temperature to cool to its wet-bulb temperature, or until it reaches saturation.
The main ways water vapor is added to the air are: wind convergence into areas of upward motion, precipitation or virga falling from above, daytime heating evaporating water from the surface of oceans, water bodies or wet land, transpiration from plants, cool or dry air moving over warmer water, lifting air over mountains. Water vapor begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust and salt in order to form clouds. Elevated portions of weather fronts force broad areas of upward motion within the Earth's atmosphere which form clouds decks such as altostratus or cirrostratus. Stratus is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass, it can form due to the lifting of advection fog during breezy conditions. Coalescence occurs. Air resistance causes the water droplets in a cloud to remain stationary; when air turbulence occurs, water droplets collide. As these larger water droplets descend, coalescence continues, so that drops become heavy enough to overcome air resistance and fall as rain.
Coalescence happens most in clouds above freezing, is known as the warm rain process. In clouds below freezing, when ice crystals gain enough mass they begin to fall; this requires more mass than coalescence when occurring between the crystal and neighboring water droplets. This process is temperature dependent, as supercooled water droplets only exist in a cloud, below freezing. In addition, because of the great temperature difference between cloud and ground level, these ice crystals may melt as they fall and become rain. Raindrops have sizes ranging from 0.1 to 9 mm mean diameter. Smaller drops are called cloud droplets, their shape is spherical; as a raindrop increases in size, its shape becomes more oblate, with its largest cross-section facing the oncoming airflow. Large rain drops become flattened on the bottom, like hamburger buns. Contrary to popular beli
Robert Bernard Altman was an American film director and producer. A five-time nominee of the Academy Award for Best Director and an enduring figure from the New Hollywood era, Altman was considered a "maverick" in making films with a naturalistic but stylized and satirical aesthetic, unlike most Hollywood films, he is ranked as one of the greatest and most influential filmmakers in American cinema. His style of filmmaking was unique among directors, in that his subjects covered most genres, but with a "subversive" twist that relies on satire and humor to express his personal vision. Altman developed a reputation for being "anti-Hollywood" and non-conformist in both his themes and directing style. However, actors enjoyed working under his direction because he encouraged them to improvise, thereby inspiring their own creativity, he preferred large ensemble casts for his films, developed a multitrack recording technique which produced overlapping dialogue from multiple actors. This produced a more natural, more dynamic, more complex experience for the viewer.
He used mobile camera work and zoom lenses to enhance the activity taking place on the screen. Critic Pauline Kael, writing about his directing style, said that Altman could "make film fireworks out of next to nothing."In 2006, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognized Altman's body of work with an Academy Honorary Award. He never won a competitive Oscar despite seven nominations, his films MASH, McCabe & Mrs. Miller, Nashville have been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Altman is one of the few filmmakers whose films have won the Golden Bear at Berlin, the Golden Lion at Venice, the Golden Palm at Cannes. Altman was born on February 20, 1925, in Kansas City, the son of Helen, a Mayflower descendant from Nebraska, Bernard Clement Altman, a wealthy insurance salesman and amateur gambler, who came from an upper-class family. Altman's ancestry was German and Irish. Altman had a Catholic upbringing, but he did not continue to follow or practise the religion as an adult, although he has been referred to as "a sort of Catholic" and a Catholic director.
He was educated including Rockhurst High School, in Kansas City. He graduated from Wentworth Military Academy in Lexington, Missouri in 1943. In 1943 Altman joined the United States Army Air Forces at the age of 18. During World War II, Altman flew more than 50 bombing missions as a crewman on a B-24 Liberator with the 307th Bomb Group in Borneo and the Dutch East Indies. Upon his discharge in 1946, Altman moved to California, he worked in publicity for a company. He entered filmmaking on a whim, selling a script to RKO for the 1948 picture Bodyguard, which he co-wrote with George W. George. Altman's immediate success encouraged him to move to New York City, where he attempted to forge a career as a writer. Having enjoyed little success, in 1949 he returned to Kansas City, where he accepted a job as a director and writer of industrial films for the Calvin Company. In February 2012, an early Calvin film directed by Altman, Modern Football, was found by filmmaker Gary Huggins. Altman directed some 65 industrial films and documentaries before being hired by a local businessman in 1956 to write and direct a feature film in Kansas City on juvenile delinquency.
The film, titled The Delinquents, made for $60,000, was purchased by United Artists for $150,000, released in 1957. While primitive, this teen exploitation film contained the foundations of Altman's work in its use of casual, naturalistic dialogue. With its success, Altman moved from Kansas City to California for the last time, he co-directed The James Dean Story, a documentary rushed into theaters to capitalize on the actor's recent death and marketed to his emerging cult following. Altman's first forays into TV directing were on the DuMont drama series Pulse of the City, an episode of the 1956 western series The Sheriff of Cochise. After Alfred Hitchcock saw Altman's early features The Delinquents and The James Dean Story, he hired him as a director for his CBS anthology series Alfred Hitchcock Presents. After just two episodes, Altman resigned due to differences with a producer, but this exposure enabled him to forge a successful TV career. Over the next decade Altman worked prolifically in television directing multiple episodes of Whirlybirds, The Millionaire, U.
S. Marshal, The Troubleshooters, The Roaring 20s, Bus Stop, Kraft Mystery Theater, Combat!, as well as single episodes of several other notable series including Hawaiian Eye, Lawman, Surfside 6, Peter Gunn, Route 66. Through this early work on industrial films and TV series, Altman experimented with narrative technique and developed his characteristic use of overlapping dialogue, he learned to work and efficiently on a limited budget. During his TV period, though fired for refusing to conform to network mandates, as well as insisting on expressing political subtexts and antiwar sentiments during the Vietnam years, Altman always was able to gain assignments. In 1964, the producers decided to expand "Once Upon a Savage Night", one of his episodes of Kraft Suspense Theatre, for theatrical release under the name, Nightmare in Chicago. Two years Altman was hired to direct the low-budget space travel feature Countdown, but was fired with
Hoyt Wayne Axton was an American folk music singer-songwriter, a film and television actor. He became prominent in the early-1960s, establishing himself on the West Coast as a folk singer with an earthy style and powerful voice; as he matured, some of his songwriting became well known throughout the world. Among them were "Joy to the World", "The Pusher", "No No Song", "Greenback Dollar", "Della and the Dealer", "Never Been to Spain". Born in Duncan, Axton spent his pre-teen years in Comanche, with his brother, John, his mother, Mae Boren Axton, a songwriter, co-wrote the classic rock'n' roll song "Heartbreak Hotel", which became a major hit for Elvis Presley. Some of Hoyt's own songs were later recorded by Presley. Axton's father, John Thomas Axton, was a naval officer stationed in Florida. Axton graduated from Robert E. Lee High School in 1956 and left town after Knauer's Hardware Store burned down on graduation night, a prank gone wrong, he attended Oklahoma State University on a scholarship, he played football for the school, but he left to enlist in the US Navy.
After his discharge from the navy, he began singing folk songs in San Francisco nightclubs. In the early-1960s he released his first folk album, The Balladeer, which included his song "Greenback Dollar", it became a 1963 hit for The Kingston Trio. In 1966, Axton made his film debut in the movie Smoky playing the role of Fred Denton, the evil brother of actor Fess Parker. In 1979, Axton appeared on the PBS music program Austin City Limits during Season 4. Axton was released numerous albums well into the 1980s, he had many minor hits of his own, such as "Boney Fingers", "When the Morning Comes", 1979's "Della and the Dealer", as well as "Jealous Man". His vocal style featured his distinctive use of characterization. However, his most lasting contributions were songs made famous by others: "Joy to the World" and "Never Been to Spain". Axton sang a couple of duets with Linda Ronstadt, including "Lion in Winter" and "When the Morning Comes", his composition "Joy to the World", as performed by Three Dog Night, was #1 on the charts for six straight weeks in 1971, making it the top hit of the year.
He named his record label Jeremiah after the bullfrog mentioned in the song. He sang the jingle "Head For the Mountains" in the Busch Beer commercials in the 1980s. Axton appeared in a Pizza Hut commercial in 1985, in a TV ad for FTD Florists with Merlin Olsen in 1989. Axton first appeared on television in a David L. Wolper ABC production of The Story of a Folksinger, he appeared on Hootenanny, hosted by Jack Linkletter during this period. In 1965, he appeared in an episode of Bonanza followed with other TV roles over the years; as he matured, Axton specialized in playing good ol' boys in films. His face became well known in the 1970s and 1980s through many TV and film appearances, such as in the movies Liar's Moon playing poor-but-happy farmer Cecil Duncan, crushed to death when a stack of metal pipes falls on him, The Black Stallion as the main character's father, Gremlins as the protagonist's father. Axton was married four times, he had five children. Axton struggled with cocaine addiction and several of his songs, including "The Pusher", "Snowblind Friend", "No-No Song" reflect his negative drug experiences.
However, he was a proponent of marijuana use for many years until he and his wife were arrested in February 1997 at their Montana home for possession of 500 g of marijuana. His wife explained that she offered Axton marijuana to relieve his pain and stress following a 1995 stroke. Both were given deferred sentences. Axton never recovered from his stroke, had to use a wheelchair much of the time afterwards, he died at age 61 at his home in Victor, Montana, on October 26, 1999, after suffering two heart attacks in two weeks. On November 1, 2007, Axton and his mother were both inducted posthumously into the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame in Muskogee, Oklahoma. Among his best-known compositions are: "Greenback Dollar" covered by The Kingston Trio "The Pusher", by Steppenwolf on their debut album, 1968. K. a
Nashville is a 1975 American satirical musical comedy-drama film directed by Robert Altman. The film takes a snapshot of people involved in the country music and gospel music businesses in Nashville, Tennessee; the characters' efforts to succeed or hold on to their success are interwoven with the efforts of a political operative and a local businessman to stage a concert rally before the state's presidential primary for a populist outsider running for President on the Replacement Party ticket. Nashville is noted for its scope; the work contains 24 main characters, an hour of musical numbers, multiple storylines. Its large ensemble cast includes David Arkin, Barbara Baxley, Ned Beatty, Karen Black, Ronee Blakley, Timothy Brown, Keith Carradine, Geraldine Chaplin, Robert DoQui, Shelley Duvall, Allen Garfield, Henry Gibson, Scott Glenn, Jeff Goldblum, Barbara Harris, David Hayward, Michael Murphy, Allan F. Nicholls, Dave Peel, Cristina Raines, Bert Remsen, Lily Tomlin, Gwen Welles, Keenan Wynn.
Nashville opened to positive reviews and won numerous awards. It is considered Altman's masterpiece, was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry in 1992; the overarching plot takes place over five days leading up to a political rally for Replacement Party candidate Hal Phillip Walker, never seen throughout the entire movie. The story follows 24 characters roaming around Nashville in search of some sort of goal through their own story arcs. Day One The film opens with a campaign van for presidential candidate Hal Phillip Walker driving around Nashville as an external loudspeaker blares Walker's folksy political aphorisms, juxtaposed with country superstar Haven Hamilton recording a patriotic song intended to commemorate the upcoming Bicentennial, growing irritated with the accompanying musicians in the studio. An Englishwoman named Opal who claims to be working on a documentary for the BBC appears in the studio but is told to leave by Haven. Down the hall from Haven's session is Linnea Reese, a white gospel singer recording a song with a black choir.
That day, popular country singer Barbara Jean is returning to Nashville, having recovered from a burn accident, the elite of Nashville's music scene, including Haven and his companion Lady Pearl, have converged on Berry Field to greet her plane as it arrives. Present are Pfc. Glenn Kelly and the popular folk trio Bill and Tom who are in town to record an album. Bill and Mary are married, but unhappy due to the fact that Mary is in love with womanizing Tom. Meanwhile, Mr. Green arrives at the airport to pick up his niece, aka L. A. Joan, a teenage groupie who has come to Nashville ostensibly to visit her aunt Esther Green, sick in the hospital. However, Martha puts off visiting her aunt in favor of chasing after male musicians. Working at the airport restaurant are African-American cook Wade Cooley, his pretty waitress friend Sueleen Gay, an aspiring country singer who refuses to recognize that she can't carry a tune. After greeting the crowds on the tarmac, Barbara Jean faints due to the heat, her handlers, headed by her domineering husband-manager Barnett, rush her to the hospital.
Barbara Jean's appearance having been cut short, those in attendance depart the airport and wind up stranded on the highway after a pile-up occurs. During the commotion, Winifred, an aspiring country singer, runs away from her husband Star after he refuses to take her to the Grand Ole Opry. Star gives a ride to Kenny Frasier. Opal takes advantage of the traffic jam to interview first Linnea and Tommy Brown, an African-American country singer, performing at the Opry. Tommy and his entourage go to Lady Pearl's club but Wade, drinking and trying to pick up white girls at the bar, insults Tommy for being too "white" and starts a fight. Linnea's husband, Del Reese is working with political organizer John Triplette to plan a small fundraiser and a large outdoor concert gala for the Walker campaign. Sueleen appears at a local club's open mike night in a provocative outfit, despite her lack of singing ability, club manager Trout recommends her to Triplette for the fundraiser based on her appearance.
Winifred shows up at Trout's club trying to recruit musicians to record a demo with her, but Star sees her and chases her. Del invites Triplette for family dinner with their two deaf children. Linnea and Del are having communication problems, she focuses on the children rather than on him. In the middle of dinner, Tom calls trying to make a date with Linnea, but she puts him off, so he takes Opal back to his room instead. Pfc. Kelly sneaks into Barbara Jean's hospital room and sits in the chair by her bed all night, watching her sleep. Day Two Tom calls Linnea again but, with Del listening on the other line, Linnea yells at Tom and tells him not to call her anymore. Kenny rents a room from Mr. Green. Haven throws a pre-show party at his house before the evening's Grand Ole Opry performance. At the party, Triplette tries to persuade Haven to perform at the Walker gala by telling him that if Walker is elected, Walker would back Haven for state governor. Haven says. Tommy Brown and Connie White all perform at the Opry.
Connie is substituting for the hospitalized Barbara Jean. Winifred tries unsuccessfully to get backstage. At t