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Rosie O'Donnell

Roseann O'Donnell is an American comedian, actress and television personality. She began her comedy career as a teenager and received her breakthrough on the television series Star Search in 1984. After a series of television and film roles that introduced her to a larger national audience, O'Donnell hosted her own syndicated daytime talk show, The Rosie O'Donnell Show, between 1996 and 2002, which won several Daytime Emmy Awards. During this period, she developed the nickname "Queen of Nice", as well as a reputation for philanthropic efforts. From 2006 to 2007, O'Donnell endured a controversial run as the moderator on the daytime talk show The View, which included a public feud with Donald Trump and on-air disputes regarding the Bush administration's policies with the Iraq War, she hosted Rosie Radio on Sirius XM Radio between 2009 and 2011, from 2011 to 2012 hosted a second, short-lived daytime talk show on OWN, The Rosie Show. O'Donnell returned to The View in 2014. From 2017 to 2019, she starred on the Showtime comedy series SMILF.

In addition to comedy and television, O'Donnell has been a magazine editor, celebrity blogger, author of several memoirs, including Find Me and Celebrity Detox. She used the Find Me $3 million advance to establish her For All foundation and promote other charity projects, encouraging celebrities on her show to take part, she has been an outspoken advocate for lesbian rights and gay adoption issues. O'Donnell is a adoptive mother, she was named The Advocate's 2002 Person of the Year. O'Donnell continues to be a television producer and a collaborative partner in the LGBT family vacation company, R Family Vacations. O'Donnell, the third of five children, was raised in Commack, Long Island, New York, she is the daughter of homemaker Roseann Teresa and Edward Joseph O'Donnell, an electrical engineer who worked in the defense industry. O'Donnell's father had immigrated from County Donegal, Ireland during his childhood, her mother was Irish American, her older brother is Daniel J. O'Donnell, now a member of the New York State Assembly.

On March 17, 1973, four days before her 11th birthday, O'Donnell lost her mother to breast cancer. While she attended Commack High School, O'Donnell was voted homecoming queen, prom queen, senior class president, class clown. During high school, she began exploring her interest in comedy, beginning with a skit performed in front of the school in which she imitated Gilda Radner's character Roseanne Roseannadanna. After graduating in 1980, O'Donnell attended Dickinson College transferring to Boston University before dropping out of college. O'Donnell toured as a stand-up comedian in clubs from 1979 to 1984, she got her first big break on Star Search, explaining on Larry King Live: I was 20 years old, I was at a comedy club in Long Island. This woman came over to me and she said, I think. Can you give me your number? My dad is Ed McMahon. I was like, right. I gave her my father's phone number. I was living at home, I'm like, and about three days the talent booker from Star Search called and said, we're going to fly you out to L.

A.... I won, five weeks in a row, and it gave me national exposure. After this success, she moved on to television sitcoms, making her series debut as Nell Carter's neighbor on Gimme a Break! in 1986. In 1988, she joined music video station VH1's lineup of veejays, she started hosting a series for VH1, Stand-up Spotlight, a showcase for up-and-coming comedians. In 1992, she starred in Stand By a Fox Network sitcom co-starring Melissa Gilbert; the show bombed. O'Donnell made her feature film debut in A League of Their Own alongside Tom Hanks, Geena Davis, Madonna, she was considered for the role of Mary Sanderson in Disney's Hocus Pocus, but it was given to Kathy Najimy. O'Donnell claimed on her blog that she turned down the offer to work with Bette Midler because she refused to portray a frightening evil witch. Throughout her career, she has taken on an eclectic range of roles: she appeared in Sleepless in Seattle as Meg Ryan's character's best friend. In 1996, she began hosting The Rosie O'Donnell Show.

The show proved successful, winning multiple Emmy Awards, earning O'Donnell the title of "The Queen of Nice" for her style of light-hearted banter with her guests and interactions with the audience. As part of her playful banter with her studio audience, O'Donnell launched koosh balls at the crowd and camera, she professed an infatuation with Tom Cruise. With New York City as the show's home base, O'Donnell displayed her love of Broadway musicals and plays by having cast members as guests, encouraging the audience to see shows, premiering production numbers as well as promoting shows with ticket giveaways. After the Columbine shootings, O'Donnell became an outspoken supporter of gun control and a major figure in the Million Mom March. During the April 19, 1999, broadcast of her talk show, she stated, "You are not allowed to own a gun, if you do own a gun, I think you should go to prison." O'Donnell had remarked


The Tsyklon-4 known as Tsiklon-4 and Cyclone-4, was a Ukrainian carrier rocket, being developed for commercial satellite launches. Derived from the Tsyklon-3, it had a new third stage, a larger payload fairing, a modernised flight control system compared to its predecessor; the control system had been developed by JSC Khartron. Tsyklon-4 was a three-stage-to-orbit expendable launch system, built on the successful Tsyklon-3 rocket and using improved versions of that rocket's first two stages; the new features were in the newly developed third stage: The third stage has three times the propellant capacity of Tsyklon-3 The new rocket engine RD-861K with multiple ignition capability A modern western-like control system capable of precise orbit injections A new fairing derived from Ariane 4 is under development. It has a diameter of 4 metres, with controlled temperature and cleanness conditions insideTsyklon-4 would have improved the fuelling system, allowing safe capture of toxic vapours from the vehicle's hypergolic propellant system.

The launch system would have been able to deliver up to 5,250 kg to a 185 km orbit, 4,900 kg to a 400 km orbit, or 500 kg to a geosynchronous orbit. Development began in 2002, with the maiden flight aimed for 2006. Following a series of production delays, this launch date slipped, was estimated to occur some time after 2015. Tsyklon-4 had been planned to launch from a proposed launch pad at the Alcântara Launch Center in Brazil, which would have given the rocket access to all orbital regimes. However, Brazil backed out of the partnership with Ukraine in 2015, citing concerns over the project budget, the ongoing financial situation in both countries, the future of the commercial launch market. Yuzhnoye began developing a two-stage derivative of Tsyklon-4, the Cyclone-4M, for Maritime Launch Services, a Canadian launch service provider; the new rocket is scheduled to be in service by 2020. Tsyklon-2 Tsyklon-3 Cyclone-4M Kosmos Zenit Tsyklon-4 at RD-861K at Tsyklon-4 at Encyclopedia Astronautica

Rhode Island Route 112

Route 112 is a numbered state highway running 8.5 miles in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. It connects U. S. Route 1 in the town center of Route 138 in the town of Richmond. Route 112 begins as South County Trail at US 1 in the center of Charlestown, it heads north overlapped with Route 2 for several miles up to the intersection with Carolina Back Road. The two routes separate here with Route 2 continuing northeast on South County Trail and Route 112 heading northwest on Carolina Back Road. Route 112 soon crosses into the village of Carolina within the town of Richmond; the road name changes to Main Street. In Carolina, Route 112 has a junction with Route 91. After leaving the village, Route 112 becomes Richmond Townhouse Road, continuing north for a few more miles until it ends at Route 138 near the Meadow Brook Golf Club. Route 112 was one of the state's original routes designated in 1923. At the time it was first designated, Route 112 extended beyond its current northern terminus to end at Route 3 in the village of Wyoming using modern Route 138.

The route was truncated in the mid-1930s when Route 138 was extended west to the Connecticut state line. The entire route is in Washington County. 2019 Highway Map, Rhode Island

Tornado outbreak of February 28 – March 1, 2017

The tornado outbreak of February 28 – March 1, 2017 was a widespread and significant outbreak of tornadoes and severe weather that affected the Midwestern United States at the end of February 2017 and beginning of March. Fueled by the combination of ample instability, strong wind shear, rich low-level moisture, the event led to 72 confirmed tornadoes and thousands of other non-tornadic severe weather reports; the most notable aspect of the outbreak was a long-tracked EF4 tornado—the first violent tornado of 2017 and the first violent tornado during the month of February since the 2013 Hattiesburg, Mississippi tornado—that tracked from Perryville, Missouri to near Christopher, killing one person. Three EF3 tornadoes were recorded during the event, including one that caused two fatalities in Ottawa, one that caused a fatality near Crossville, one that damaged or destroyed homes in and around Washburn. In addition to the deaths, 38 people were injured by tornadoes and an additional 30 were injured by non-tornadic impacts by fallen trees.

The first indications of a severe weather event came on February 24, when the Storm Prediction Center issued a threat area across Arkansas and portions of the lower Mississippi Valley valid for February 28. The threat level was maintained for Arkansas and surrounding states in the subsequent outlook, while a new risk area was introduced from northern Louisiana to southwestern Kentucky valid for March 1. Despite significant variance among model guidance, the SPC issued a day 3 Enhanced risk over the Ozark Plateau into southeastern Missouri, encompassed by much broader Slight and Marginal risk areas; the next day, an Enhanced risk was introduced portions of the Mid-South and Ohio River Valley in anticipation of a widespread damaging wind event on March 1. On February 28, the SPC introduced a Moderate risk of severe weather across portions of eastern Missouri and southern Illinois and southern Indiana, into western and northern Kentucky; the organization warned of supercell thunderstorm development and the potential for "nocturnal significant tornadoes."

As the storm system spread east on March 1, a Moderate risk was added across central Kentucky and middle Tennessee into the Cumberland Gap. The setup for a widespread tornado outbreak came as a 115 mph mid- to upper-level trough progressed eastward from the Great Basin and lower Colorado River Valley to the Mississippi Valley on February 28. With large-scale height falls, three rounds of severe weather were expected to evolve across the Midwestern United States: elevated thunderstorms across northern Illinois early in the day, significant supercell development throughout the evening and overnight hours, a quasi-linear convective system throughout the overnight hours into March 1. At the surface, an area of low pressure developed near the Missouri–Iowa border and progressed into southern Michigan late on February 28. A cold front, extended from the Plains to the Mississippi Valley, a warm front lifted northward across Illinois. In the warm sector ahead of the cold front, rich low-level moisture surged northward, with dewpoints of 65–70 °F observed across Texas and Louisiana.

Although a strong subtropical jet stream allowed a widespread cirrus plume to overspread the risk area, limiting surface heating in some locations, mid-level CAPE values were still expected to reach upward of 1500–2000 J/kg. Combined with ample moisture, steep mid-level lapse rates, sufficient destabilization, effective bulk shear near or over 80 mph, was expected to yield storm relative helicity values in excess of 300–400 m2/s2. However, the driving mechanism for convection across the risk area was still somewhat uncertain given the confluence of a weak capping inversion, warm-air advection, negligible ascent; the first signs of convective activity came around 19:45 UTC, when shallow cumulus development was observed across Arkansas. A half hour at 20:15 UTC, the SPC issued their first tornado watch across portions of Kansas and Illinois, the first of many watches issued throughout the afternoon and overnight hours; the first significant tornado touched down at 22:41 UTC, causing extensive damage along a path from Naplate to northwest of Marseilles, most notably the city of Ottawa, with that tornado being rated EF3.

There, two deaths were recorded and fourteen people were injured. Two other EF3 tornadoes were documented during the outbreak: one near Washburn and the other from Crossville, Illinois to Oakland City, Indiana that caused one fatality as well that traveled 44 miles and was produced by the same supercell as the Perryville tornado; the strongest event was an EF4 tornado that traveled more than 50 miles from Perryville, Missouri to southwest of Christopher, Illinois that killed one person, making it the first violent tornado of 2017, first since an EF4 struck near Chapman, Kansas on May 25th, 2016. In total, 72 tornadoes were confirmed during the outbreak; this outbreak would be followed by another outbreak which affected many of the same areas only 5 days later. The first EF4 tornado of 2017 began at 01:51 UTC on March 1 to the west of Perryville in Perry County, where it snapped the trunks of several hardwood trees and caused EF1 damage to homes. An outbuilding was destroyed at EF2 intensity near the intersection of Country Road 810 and North Highway.

The tornado continued to the northeast and intensified at an exceptional rate, causing EF4 damage as it impacted a small subdivision of large homes on the west side of Interstate 55. Multiple two-story homes along Kyle Lane were leveled. One person was killed in their vehicle as the tornado crossed Interstate 55, least a dozen cars were mangled an

Outline of death

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to death: Death – termination of all biological functions that sustain a living organism. Death can be described as all of the following: End of life – life is the characteristic distinguishing physical entities having signaling and self-sustaining processes from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they lack such functions and are classified as inanimate; the opposite of: Life – Biogenesis – production of new living organisms or organelles. The law of biogenesis, attributed to Louis Pasteur, is the observation that living things come only from other living things, by reproduction. Fertilisation – the beginning of an organism's life, initiated by the fusion of gametes resulting in the development of a new individual organism. In animals, the process involves the fusion of an ovum with a sperm, which leads to the development of an embryo. Birth – act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring.

In mammals, the process is initiated by hormones which cause the muscular walls of the uterus to contract, expelling the fetus at a developmental stage when it is ready to feed and breathe. Considered the beginning of one's life. "First you are born you live life you die." De-extinction – process of creating an organism, a member of or resembles an extinct species, or a breeding population of such organisms. Cloning is the most proposed method, although selective breeding has been proposed. Similar techniques have been applied to endangered species. Though we have not yet brought an extinct species back to life Survival – Survival is the need to live, the only real purpose of an organism is to generate offspring Indefinite lifespan – term used in the life extension movement and transhumanism to refer to the hypothetical longevity of humans under conditions in which aging is and prevented and treated, their lifespans would be "indefinite" because protection from the effects of aging on health does not guarantee survival.

Such individuals would still be susceptible to accidental or intentional death by disease, getting hit by a truck, so on, but not death from aging, some animals can live forever such as the Turritopsis doohmii jellyfish, or the bowhead whale. Individual death – termination of all biological functions within a living organism Extinction – death of an entire species, or more death of the last member of a species Extinction event – widespread and rapid decrease in the amount of life on Earth; such an event is identified by a sharp reduction in the abundance of macroscopic life. Known as a mass extinction or biotic crisis. Human extinction – hypothesized end of the human species. Various scenarios have been discussed in science, popular culture, religion Local extinction – condition of a species that ceases to exist in the chosen geographic area of study, though it still exists elsewhere. Local extinctions are contrasted with global extinctions. Local extinction can be reversed by reintroduction of the species to the area from other locations.

Accidents – unplanned events or circumstances with lack of intention or necessity. They have negative outcomes which might have been avoided or prevented had circumstances leading up to each accident had been recognized, acted upon, prior to occurrence. An example of a type of accident that can cause death is a traffic collision. List of accident types Biological aging – Disease – Terminal illness Injury Wound Mortal wound Killing – causing the death of a living organism for the purpose of survival, including the defense of self and or others. Predation – Homicide – Murder – killing of a human done in malice Human sacrifice Sacrifice Human sacrifice Animal sacrifice Suicide – act of intentionally causing one's own death. Suicide is carried out as a result of despair, the cause of, attributed to a mental disorder such as depression, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, alcoholism, or drug abuse. Stress factors such as financial difficulties or troubles with interpersonal relationships play a role.

Efforts to prevent suicide include limiting access to firearms, treating mental illness and drug misuse, improving economic circumstances. Assisted suicide – Copycat suicideFamilicide – Forced suicide – Honor suicide – Internet suicide pact – Mass suicide – Murder–suicide – Suicide pact – Parasuicide – Suicide attack – Suicide by cop – Capital punishment – legal process whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime; the judicial decree that someone is punished in this manner is a death sentence, while the actual enforcement is an execution. Called the "death penalty". List of methods of capital punishment Genocide – systematic destruction of all or a significant part of a racial, religious or national group. Well-known examples of genocide include the Holocaust, the Armenian genocide, more the Rwandan genocide. War – organized and prolonged conflict, carried out by states or non-state actors, it is characterized by extreme violence, social disruption and an attempt at economic destruction.

War should be understood as an actual and widespread armed conflict between political communities, therefore is defined as a form of political violence or intervention. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. Laughing oneself to death (e

Ts'ehlanyane National Park

Ts'ehlanyane National Park is a National Park in Lesotho. It is located in the Maloti Mountains in Leribe District, is part of the larger Maloti-Drakensberg Transfrontier Conservation Area; this Lesotho northern park protects a high-altitude, 2,600-metre patch of rugged wilderness, including one of Lesotho’s only stands of indigenous forest with a number of rare undergrowth plants that are unique to this woodland habitat. The name "Ts'ehlanyane" is the local common name for the berg bamboo, from which the river and park take their name, it is fitting that the park should bear the name of this Drakensberg endemic plant, as it may be the most important refuge for this plant in the entire Maloti-Drakensberg mountain range. This proclaimed protected pristine area lies at the junction of the Ts'ehlanyane and the Holomo rivers, it owes its origin to the access road to the "Mamohale tunnel", the first adit drive for the Lesotho Highlands Water Project. This adit covers 22 km from the source at Katse Dam to the As River outfall near Clarens, Free State.

This Lesotho northern park protects a high-altitude, 2,600-metre patch of rugged wilderness, including one of Lesotho's few stands of indigenous forest with a number of rare undergrowth plants that are unique to this woodland habitat. Here indigenous "ouhout" trees of significant size are preserved; the park has an altitude ranging from 1,940 to 3,112 metres and is considered sub-alpine. The diversity of habitat types is exceptionally wide and derived from the large altitudinal range that the park has. Avifauna: Species of interest include the There are the alpine endemics, such as the Fauna: Indigenous mammals include Snakes include the berg adder. Flora: On the banks of the rivers and streams are stands of berg bamboo which are of significant cultural significance to the Basotho people. Berg bamboo is the host plant for an endangered butterfly species, the bamboo sylph Metisella syrinx; the reserve encompasses a reasonable proportion of rare mountain "fynbos" that do not occur anywhere else in the world.

Recorded are in excess of 220 flowing plant species. Lesotho's national plant is the spiral aloe, among other varied and abundant alpine flora, including over 180 flowering species. Bird species found in the park include: Wild flowers and shrubs recorded at Ts'ehlanyane National Park on the Matsa-Mararo route via Lets'a-le-ts'o and the lower bridle path that leads to Holomo Pass Indigenous trees as seen at the campsite, on the lower Lets'a-le-ts'o path en route to Matsa-Mararo falls and the lower bridle path that leads to Holomo Pass *Rosa eglanteria: thorny tree, pink flowers followed by orange–red fruit, in scrub forest near river and cheche forest Buddleja loricata similar to B. salviifolia but leaves are leathery, whilst B. salviifolia leaves are softer and oval/heart-shaped at base. B. loricata at higher altitudes than B. salviifolia, but their habitats do overlap. Inflorescences of B. loricata, only white, sweetly scented. B. loricata common in the vicinity of Lets'a-le-ts'o. Buddleja salviifolia Very similar to B. loricata but leaves and inflorescence differ: see B. loricata.

Flowers: fragrant, white to mauve in spring. Diospyros austro-africana subsp. Africana a shrub, sometimes small tree, grey appearance. Flowers: pink to red fragrant during springtime. Fruit conspicuous: grey-green, red to black when ripe up to 20 mm in diameter. Heteromorpha trifoliata small tree with conspicuous bark peeling off in papery flakes, on steep slopes and cliffs where protection from veld fires esp. vicinity of the Matsa-mararo falls. Flowers and seeds resemble parsley. Leucosidea sericea, according to an entomological study made on the cheche of the Golden Gate area, these trees are the habitat of 117 species of beetles Myrsine africana evergreen shrub with small leaves, toothed in upper half a tree Rhamnus prinoides small tree in shade of cheche forest. Glossy-green leaves, small red–black berries Rhus divaricata shrub or small tree with trifoliate leaves leathery, dark olive green above, grey-green–rusty-brown hairs beneath, large numbers of small yellow to brown berries 3 mm in diameter.

Other trees expected to occur in the area include: Bowkeria verticillata Euclea crispa Halleria lucida Passerina montana Rhus dentata Rhus pyroides Ferns and fern allies Underneath shade of cheche forest, an abundance of ferns occur: Polystichum spp. and Cheilanthes quadripinnata. Pteris cretica in damp places near boulders. In exposed areas on rocky mountain slopes, typical poikylohydrous species evident like the resurrection fern and Cheilanthes eckloniana. Selaginella spp. expected on exposed rock surfaces. The park is located deep in the northern range of the Maloti Mountains at the foot of the Holomo Pass and only about 45 minutes on tarred road from the South African border post of Caledonspoort, 15 minutes drive from the popular Free State town of Clarens and about 4 hours from O. R. Tambo International Airport). Maliba Lodge accommodation is located within the park Numerous hiking and bri