Rosyth is a town on the Firth of Forth, three miles south of the centre of Dunfermline. According to the census of 2011, the town has a population of 13,440; the town was founded as a garden city in 1909, was built to form the coastal port of Dunfermline. Rosyth is contiguous with neighbouring Inverkeithing, separated only by the M90 motorway. Rosyth railway station is on the Fife Circle Line. Rosyth is within the Cowdenbeath constituency of the Scottish Parliament held by Annabelle Ewing of the Scottish National Party, as well as the Mid Scotland and Fife electoral region. For the UK Parliament, Rosyth is located in the Dunfermline and West Fife Westminster constituency held by Douglas Chapman MP for the Scottish National Party. Rosyth has three representatives on Fife Council: Samantha Steele and Andrew Verrecchia; the area is best known for its large dockyard the Royal Naval Dockyard Rosyth, construction of which began in 1909. The town was planned as a garden city with accommodation for the construction workers and dockyard workers.
Today, the dockyard is 1,300 acres in size, a large proportion of, reclaimed during construction. Rosyth and nearby Charlestown were major centres of shipbreaking activity, notably the salvage of much of the German fleet scuttled at Gutter Sound, Scapa Flow and the Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania; the associated naval base closed in 1994, no Royal Navy ships are permanently based at Rosyth, though small ships now return for docking and refit activities, including Sandown-class minehunters. Rosyth's dockyards became the first in the Royal Navy to be privatised when Babcock International acquired the site in 1987; the privatisation followed eighty years of contribution to the defence of the United Kingdom which spanned two World Wars and the Cold War with the Soviet Union, during which Rosyth became a key nuclear submarine maintenance establishment. When the final submarine refit finished in 2003, a project to undertake early nuclear decommissioning of the submarine refit and allied facilities - Project RD83 - began pre-planning.
The project was funded by MoD, in accordance with the contractual agreement in place following the sale of the dockyard, but management and sub-contracting was the responsibility of the dockyard owner, Babcock Engineering Services, a member of the Babcock International Group. The main decommissioning sub-contractor is Edmund Nuttall, work began in 2006; the work was completed in 2010, when most of the areas occupied by the submarine refit facilities had been returned to brownfield status and were ready for redevelopment. The project completed ahead of programme and under-budget, unusual in nuclear decommissioning activities; some nuclear liabilities remain, including some quantities of contaminated ion-exchange resin, the by-product of the former submarine refitting activity. The dockyard was the site for final assembly of the two Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers for the Royal Navy's future carrier project; the fifteenth century Rosyth Castle stands on the perimeter of the dockyard complex, at the entry to the ferry terminal, was once surrounded by the Firth of Forth on all sides, until land reclamation by the docks in the early 1900s.
Since 2002 an overnight ferry service has linked Rosyth with Zeebrugge in Belgium. This service was discontinued by Superfast Ferries in September 2008, but recommenced in May 2009 under new operator Norfolkline, they ran three sailings a week in each direction. Norfolkline was taken over by DFDS Seaways, who have since reduced the service to freight-only, three sailings a week in each direction; the service was terminated in 2018 following a fire aboard one of the ships. Scottish Enterprise Fife is now working in partnership with various private sector organisations to explore the future development of Rosyth; the agency is looking at ways to expand the ferry services to other domestic ports. It wants to help create new business infrastructure in and around Rosyth – which in turn will bring economic benefits to Fife and beyond. Three areas around the port of Rosyth are being developed: Surplus land and buildings owned by engineering giant Babcock, which operates the naval dockyard, is being offered to external companies.
The main dock area – operated by Forth Ports – is ripe for further development. Since opening in 1997, the port has seen rising cargo vessels use the facility, its warehouse and logistics facilities make an ideal choice for importers. A private developer owned site is being developed into an £80 million business park – called Rosyth Europarc. More than 13,000 m2 of office and hi-tech manufacturing have been developed. Companies like Intelligent Finance and Bank of Scotland are on site. To complement these developments, a new £8.4 million road is being built to provide an enhanced link to the nearby M90 motorway. Work began on the new road early in 2006, it was completed in spring 2007. Local company Cameron Harris Design & Build are developing prestigious office pavilions to the North of Rosyth at Masterton and are about to bring to the market industrial premises at Admiralty Park, where they have constructed premises for IDS and Acorn Pets. Cameron Harris have lodged planning permission for the next phase of works at Admiralty Park, Rosyth which will home up to 60 jobs, the first company to relocate there is a well established European company who will use Rosyth as their UK headquarters.
U. S. Special Forces: Team Factor is a first-person shooter developed by 7FX in 2002; the game was intended to be a competitor to Counter-Strike, which served as the main inspiration for the game. Unlike Counter Strike, Team Factor features a third side; the game had been in development since 2000. The team consisted of 9 to 14 developers; the development was financed by software company I. C. C. C. to which 7FX belonged. 7FX used its own engine LightForce. The original release date was mid-2001 but in the end it was released in May 2002; the game was published by Xicat Interactive as U. S. Special Forces: Team Factor, instead of the original name, Team Factor; the game has similar gameplay to Counter-Strike. It features 22 maps with different tasks for each side. There are three sides to play - Russian Spetznaz and Terrorists; the single-player mode is the same but units are controlled by Bots. The game has received unfavorable reviews, it holds a 44% on Metacritic and 46.5% on GameRankings. It was criticised for its gameplay, graphics and AI behavior
The Rose Festival is an annual exhibition of roses and florist arrangements which takes place in Kutno, Poland. The event takes place according to tradition on the first weekend of September; the first exhibition took place in 1974. The exhibition is accompanied by gardening and firms bazaars, fairs on area of the city and concerts. In 2009 the automobile Rally of the Rose had its premiere. Roses and other flowers come from breeders of Łódź province while floristic arrangements are prepared by florists from Poland and elsewhere, for instance Russia, Latvia or Lithuania; the Rose Festival for the first time was organised in 1975 from 20 to 21 September by Kutno House of Culture named Kutno Rose Fair. During the event, rose exhibitions and handicrafts of Kutno artists were presented along with performances of folk instrumental music bands and solo performers. At first, the Kutno Rose Fair had no sponsorship. In 1990 the name of the event was changed and the formula of the festival was enriched by broader artistic arrangements.
Since 1990, the biggest artistic/entartainment/cultural event in Kutno is organised under a different name and progressively improving form. On the Rose Festival annually organised on the beginning of September, many concerts of both Polish and foreign music stars take place (for instance: Dżem, Myslovitz or Bad Boys Blue. Moreover, the Rose Festival consists of exhibitions of rose compositions and events related to the rose topic; the festival is popular amongst Kutno inhabitants, people who visit Kutno or everyone who wants to spend their time pleasantly. An important and inseparable part of The Rose Festival are the concerts of groups playing folk and popular music, their performances thanks to that gathers publicity from the whole Kutno region. Their diverse styles attract various kinds of audiences. For 35 years Kutno has been associated with the rose exhibitions prepared by florists of Kutno, Poland region as well as the whole world; the form of the arrangements has been changing since the festival beginnings.
They were exhibitions of simple flower bouquet but with time, the form evolved into more plastic arrangement projects which had led into the current open form of extended artistic installations. Annual exhibitions are presented in a free form of interpretation but with an earlier set main theme. Themes of particular festival editions are: "33 Rose Arts/33 Roses" in 2007, "Garden of poetry" in 2008, "Treasures of the Queen" in 2009. Exhibitions are created by such great artists of floristics like Druvis and Inge Ciritis from Latvia, Agnieszka Bogusz from Kraków|Crokow or Marek Melerski. Flower exhibitions are supplemented by folk artists handicraft of works that interprets modern art with flower related topics. Initiated for the first time in 2009, the rally has a 60 kilometers long route which begins on the Pope John Paul II st. and lead through the Kutno industry zone to end at the city center. Every car driver can take part in the rally. However, cars with valid car inspection and OC+NNW insurance are required.
Second edition of the event is planned to take place on The Rose Festival in 2010. Took place from 7 to 9 September 2007 and traditionally main part of the event was 33rd Exhibition of flowers and decorative plants named: ""33 roses/rose arts"" on which amongst others Bogdan Ziętek, Marijus Gvildys presented their artistic interpretation of Andy Warhol, Maurits Cornelis Escher or Vincent van Gogh works. Festival program anticipated live performances of well-known Polish and foreign bands like Pidżama Porno Dżem or Bad Boys Blue. Took place from 12 to 14 September 2008, festival program anticipated: 34th Rose and Floristic Arrangements named "Garden of Poetry". Exhibition theme made lower hall of Kutno House of Culture filled with various floral-artistic interpretations of lyric called "W pracowni" by Zbigniew Herbert. Installations executives amongst others were Janina Kwapisz from Łódź, Iwona Gajewska and Kasia Fidura-Tratkiewicz from Warsaw or Artur Śledzianowski from Poznań. Part of festival were musical performances of Kutno Land's Song and Dance band and celebrities of Polish popular music: Wilki band and Monika Brodka.
Took place from 4 to 6 September 2009, festival program anticipated: 35th Exhibitions of Roses and Floristic arrangements named "Treasures of the Queen": theme of the expo had given large field of interpretation, so that installations created by artists like Druvis and Inga Ciritis from Latvia, Anna Nizińska, Katarzyna Fidura- Tratkiewicz, Iwona Gajewska or Marek Melerski had diverse ideas. Framework of the festival complied performances of such Polish celebrities like Bajm, Majka Jeżowska, Afromental or Robert Janowski. Fair took place on main streets of the city, Piłsudski square, Królewska st. and traditionally on Romuald Traugutt park and Kutno House of Culture. In the framework of festival first edition of The Rally of Rose, one of the round of Bydgoszcz Car Rally Championship of Amateur Drivers. Rally was organised by Agency of Kutno Trade Development on commission and with the cooperation of Kutno City Hall. Festival program consisted of 36th Exhibition of roses and flower arrangements in Regional Museum (Marshall Józef Piłsudski square, opened with live performance of Dorota Miśkiewicz with band called "A Girl with a Rose" in "Magnolia" restaurant.
Amusement park - biggest amusemen
Aurelio Arteta Errasti was a Spanish painter who worked in several styles. He is remembered for his murals. Arteta was born in Bilbao, he began his artistic education at the School of Crafts in Bilbao. In 1894, his family moved to Valladolid. After 1897, he attended the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. To avoid putting a burden on his family's modest income, he worked at various odd jobs of an artistic nature, but danced as a comparsa. Thanks to a grant from the Diputación Foral de Vizcaya, he was able to continue his studies abroad; that same year, he returned to Bilbao, opened a studio, held his first exhibition. In 1911, he became one of the founders of the Basque Artists' Association. In 1922, after a series of exhibitions, he painted his first murals at the new branch offices of the Banco de Bilbao in Madrid. From on, he would be known as a muralist, his second major mural was at the seminary chapel in Logroño. In 1924, he was appointed Director of the Bilbao Fine Arts Museum, but resigned three years after the city of Bilbao censured some of his acquisitions.
Spain's intellectuals came to his support which led to a general criticism of cultural policies under the Primo de Rivera régime. He won several awards; the beginning of the Spanish Civil War found him working as a Professor at the Escuela Técnica Superior de Madrid de Pintura. As a supporter of the Republican side, he found it necessary to move to Barcelona, by way of Valencia and, in 1938, left Spain for Biarritz. In 1940, when it appeared that France would fall to the Nazis, he chose to go into self-exile in Mexico; when he arrived, he created what would be his last major work: decorations for the dining room of Indalecio Prieto. That November, following the execution of his friend, Julián Zugazagoitia, he and his wife were on their way to the country, to recover from their grief, when they were killed in a streetcar accident in Coyoacán. Miguel Ángel Marrodán, Aurelio Arteta. Colección Temas Vizcaínos, 1979 ISBN 84-500-3071-4 Jaime Brihuega, Aurelio Arteta. Una mirada esencial. Edorta Kortadi, 1988 ISBN 84-87184-48-0 Matilde Marcos Macías, Arteta: estudio de la figura, Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea, 1998 ISBN 84-8373-107-X Galería Pintores Españoles: Aurelio Arteta @ Foro Xerbar "Símbolos para una época.
Género, clase y nación en la obra de Aurelio Arteta", by Nerea Aresti and Miren Llona @ Euskomedia
George Fletcher Cotterill, born in Oxford, was an American civil servant and politician. His public career in Seattle and the state of Washington lasted over 40 years, he was an advocate of woman suffrage, land value tax, municipalisation of port facilities and utilities, the development of public parks. Born in Oxford, Cotterill was the son of a gardener Robert Cotterill and his wife Alice; the family immigrated to the United States in May 1872, when he was six, arriving in Boston before settling on a farm in Montclair, New Jersey. After graduating from high school in Montclair—at the young age of 15 and as class valedictorian—he worked as a rod man on a railroad survey, while training to be a surveyor and engineer. In 1883, he travelled to the Pacific Northwest with his brother, they had hoped to find work for the Northern Pacific Railroad, but by the time they arrived the project in question had been suspended. His father and brother headed back East in 1884. Cotterill stayed on and managed to obtain a job as a bookkeeper for the Moran Brothers shipyard in Seattle.
Moran and Cotterill would each serve the city as its mayor. He was not a bookkeeper for long; the growing town and the Washington Territory needed engineers. Cotterill laid out the seating diagram for Frye Opera House, worked for the Columbia & Puget Sound Railway, the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway, for the Northern Pacific when they resumed development in the region, he was involved with the coal mines in Grand Ridge. He laid out the plan of the city of Sidney in Kitsap County. Most for his future career, though, he worked for City of Seattle Surveyor R. H. Thomson, both as a surveyor and in building the city's first sewers. Thomson appointed Cotterill as an assistant, they developed the basis of what remains Seattle's main water supply over a century bringing in water from the Cedar River. The financial hurdles were as daunting as the technical difficulties. In an 8 July 1889 election a month after the Great Seattle Fire Seattle's citizens had voted 1,875 to 51 to acquire and operate their own water system.
However, the Panic of 1893 wrecked the city's finances. Cotterill devised the then-novel plan of borrowing money for the pipeline by pledging the receipts from the water to be delivered when the $1,250,000 system was completed; this brought Cotterill into electoral politics for the first time, supporting his own plan in an 1895 special election. The Klondike Gold Rush put Seattle on a sound economic footing and the 1901 completion of Cedar River Supply System No. 1 gave the city a steady supply of clean water. Other achievements by Thomson and Cotterill in this era included 25 miles of bicycle trails the filling of tideflats that compose much of today's SoDo and Industrial District south of Downtown Seattle, the development of the plats that still determine the general plan of the piers on Seattle's Central Waterfront; each pier is less a parallelogram. Most earlier piers, none of which survive, formed a perfect right angle to the shore, the curvature of the shore meant that each pier was at a different angle, causing potential for collisions.
Their uniform northeast-southwest direction was prescribed by Thomson and Cotterill not only solved that problem but spared freight trains from needing to make a sharp right angle. An prominent figure in the city, Cotterill was soon embroiled in matters unrelated to his technical skills Gold Rush money had turned Seattle into a wide open city: brothels and casinos flourished, as did concomitant corruption. Cotterill had been a Republican, but in 1900 he supported populist Democrat William Jennings Bryan for President and ran for mayor of Seattle, nominally as a nonpartisan, but as a Democrat, it was not the Democrats' year, Cotterill lost. He resumed private practice. In 1906, he achieved electoral success as one of only three Democrats elected to the Washington State Senate, which had 42 members. Crossing the aisle, he became the leader of progressive Republicans, built support for the direct primary law of 1907; as a legislator, he backed the Lake Washington Ship Canal and helped preserve shorelines for the University of Washington and for city parks.
He backed local option as a step toward the prohibition of alcohol and drafted an amendment to the state constitution that granted women the right to vote in 1910, a decade ahead of the country at large. He was instrumental in passing the law that allowed formation of port districts; the workman's compensation law he helped to write became a national model. Cotterill was the Democratic candidate for the United States Senate in 1908 and 1910, but lost both races. Hiram Gill ran for the Seattle mayoralty in 1910 on "open city" platform, defeating real estate man George W. Dilling. Gill opposed municipal ownership of utilities, arguing not only for privatised transit, but for privatised waterworks, opposing the then-young Seattle City Light electric utility, he was anti-tax and anti-union. Gill reinstalled police chief Charles "Wappy" Wappenstein, whom Gill's predecessor John F. Miller had dismissed as corrupt. Wappenstein promptly established a regime far
Ada Arnstad is a Norwegian politician. She had led the Senterungdommen who are opposed to the European Union since 2016. Arnstad was born in Trollhättan, her parents were Iwar Arnstad. She was brought up at Skatval in Nord-Trøndelag. Arnstad attended Ole Vig high school before studying Renewable Energy at the University of the Environment and Life Sciences in Ås. Arnstad studied International Politics at the University of Oslo, her role model is her grandmother. Both of her grandmothers, her parents and her aunt are involved in politics and this was part of her training. Arnstad was president of the Nordic Center Youth Association from 2013 to 2014. After a time as deputy she had led the Senterungdommen who are opposed to the European Union since November 2016. Arnstad is a strong supporter of positive discrimination to achieve a gender balance in politics, she quotes the adage that we must have an equal number of inept women to match the number of inept men