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Royal Newfoundland Regiment

The Royal Newfoundland Regiment is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army. It is part of the 5th Canadian Division's 37 Canadian Brigade Group. Predecessor units trace their origins to 1795, since 1949 Royal Newfoundland Regiment has been a unit of the Canadian Army. During the First World War the battalion-sized regiment was the only North American unit to fight in the Gallipoli campaign of 1915. In the war the regiment was wiped out at Beaumont Hamel on July 1, 1916, the first day of the Battle of the Somme, but was rebuilt and continued to serve throughout France and Belgium until the armistice, serving as part of the British Army of the Rhine in 1919. Since 1916, July 1 has been marked as Memorial Day in Labrador; the government of Canada does not recognize an unbroken lineage of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment to earlier units as there were gaps in existence. However, it recognizes that the regiment commemorates the heritage of previous units. In this respect Canada has awarded three battle honours to the regiment to commemorate the services rendered during the War of 1812 by the Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry and it recognizes battle honours earned by an early iteration of the regiment during the First World War.

Originated 25 April 1795 when Captain Thomas Skinner of the Royal Engineers was given permission to raise a fencible infantry company consisting of six hundred men. Disbanded March 1802 following the signing of the Treaty of Amiens In June 1803, Brigadier General John Skerrett founds the Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Fencible Infantry. 1824, the Royal Veteran Companies arrived in St. John's Redesignated 1842: the Royal Veteran Companies are renamed the Royal Newfoundland Companies Amalgamated in 1862, the Royal Newfoundland Companies were absorbed into the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment On 4 September 1914, the 23rd General Assembly of Newfoundland passed an Act authorizing the formation of the Newfoundland Regiment. 25 January 1918, the regiment is renamed Royal Newfoundland Regiment Disbanded on 26 August 1919 Raised in September 1939 as a home defence unit Assigned to Canada's W Force in 1940 Achieved full regimental status in 1943 Sent 47% of its complement overseas with either Newfoundland Royal Artillery unit Originated 24 October 1949 in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, as The Newfoundland Regiment, RCIC Redesignated 14 December 1949 as'Royal Newfoundland Regiment, RCIC Amalgamated 1 March 1961 with the 166th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA, redesignated as Royal Newfoundland Regiment Reorganized 28 March 1974 as a two battalion regiment, consisting of the 1st Battalion with D, E and F companies and the 2nd Battalion with A and B companies Originated 24 October 1949 in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, on 24 October 1949, as the 166th Field Regiment, RCA Redesignated 12 April 1960 as the 166th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA Amalgamated 1 March 1961 with Royal Newfoundland Regiment, RCIC In the list below, battle honours in small capitals are for large operations and campaigns and those in lowercase are for more specific battles.

Bold type indicates honours authorized to be emblazoned on regimental colours Though the Royal Newfoundland Regiment traces its existence to 1795 and the establishment of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment of Foot, its origins are based in the existence of numerous local militia units raised in the colony in the eighteenth century. Prominent Newfoundland militias include Michael Gill's militia in the 1704 defence of Bonavista, the St. Mary's Militia that captured an American privateer during the American Revolution, the 150 Newfoundland militiamen who served with the Royal Highland Emigrants during the Battle of Quebec; as conflict between Revolutionary France and Britain increased in the 1790s, Britain found its overseas colonies threatened from French actions. Facing war on land and lacking the suitable land forces to defend its overseas colonies, in 1795 the British Government ordered Thomas Skinner of the Royal Engineers to raise a regiment for local defence purposes. Skinner was the engineering officer responsible for the construction of defensive positions atop Signal Hill in the aftermath of the French and Indian Wars.

By the following year, strength for the regiment had reached 35 officers and 615 men, organized into 10 line infantry companies, one light infantry company, one grenadier company. In September 1796, the French Navy was reported to be sailing for St. John's to invade the city; the ruse was successful. In 1797 the Grenadier Company escorted Governor Waldergrave aboard HMS Latona, the site of an unsuccessful mutiny attempt. Conditions in Newfoundland were harsh during this time period for the garrison soldiers. Winter food spoiled, a fire at Fort William in 1798 destroyed much of the regiment's bedding and medical supplies, making life that much harder for the soldiers; as a result, the desertion rate was high. Matters for the regiment further worsened in April 1800 when 50 soldiers loyal to the United Irish Movement attempt to desert en masse from Signal Hill; the alarm was sounded during their attempt, 16 mutineers were captured. The newly appointed commanding officer, Brigadier John Skerrett ordered the five ringleaders hung and the remaining deserters sent by prison ship to Halifax.

Questioning the loyalty of his mostly-Irish soldiers, Brigadier

Anderston Centre

The Anderston Centre is a mixed-use commercial and residential complex, former bus station located in the Anderston area of Glasgow, Scotland. Completed in 1972 and designed by Richard Seifert, it is one of the earliest examples of the "megastructure" style of urban renewal scheme fashionable in the 1950s and 1960s - the other notable example in Scotland being the infamous Cumbernauld Town Centre development; the complex is a notable landmark on the western edge of Glasgow city centre, is visible from the adjacent Kingston Bridge. The complex was voted at Position No. 54 in the Prospect magazine's 100 best modern Scottish buildings. After falling into partial dereliction in the 1990s, the megastructure has undergone major redevelopment with some elements demolished and replaced, others comprehensively refurbished. Following the Bruce Report in 1946, Anderston was declared a Comprehensive Development Area by Glasgow Corporation, owing to the area having been badly scarred by the city's industrial decline.

Much of the housing in the area had become overcrowded and had deteriorated into a slum. The Bruce proposals had called for the construction of a system of inner urban motorway - which would emerge as the Glasgow Inner Ring Road and the Clydeside Expressway; the new Anderston would have its population and slums cleared, trisected by these roads into three zones, a Residential Zone on the western side of the motorway, consisting of high-rise deck access public housing blocks, an Industrial Zone on the westernmost extreme bordering with Stobcross and Finnieston, a Commercial Zone on the eastern side bordering the city centre with Blythswood Hill. Richard Seifert won the commission for the flagship development of the Commercial Zone -, one of the practice's largest outside London; the plan would be to create a superblock out of the area bounded by Argyle Street, Blythswood Street, Newton Street, Waterloo Street, replace the existing buildings with a megastructure which would combine shops, offices and a bus station, which would replace Anderston Cross - the original heart of the area, wiped off the map to make way for the ring road.

Seifert's other commission for the area was the Elmbank Gardens office tower built 0.5 km to the north in neighbouring Charing Cross, which survives to the present day as a Premier Inn hotel. The core of the complex was based on a multi-level system constructed from pre-cast concrete, connected via sloping walkways and unique open-air escalators, housing a semi-enclosed shopping mall and office space, a distinctive octagonal shaped leisure complex - which housed a snooker club; these elements were accessed by a travelator from the bus station at the Argyle Street level. The three 19-storey tower blocks housed office space and shops on their lower five levels, with the upper fourteen floors consisting of public housing for Glasgow Corporation; the undercroft of the structure housed a split level car park, a system of internal roads for service purposes along the former Cazdow Street. Such was the original intended scale of the complex, it had its own dedicated fire station on the north side, adjacent to Waterloo Street.

Two high level pedestrian exits from the complex existed to the north and west - the first being to the Albany Hotel on Waterloo Street, the second being the infamous M8 Bridge to Nowhere, never extended far enough to reach the main deck of the shopping plaza, instead terminating in mid-air some 100 metres away. The three towers were named after the famous Clyde paddle steamers SS St Columba, SS Dalraida and SS Davaar, in reference to Anderston's maritime history as a dockland area, were collectively known as Blythswood Court; the eastern end of the complex consisted of an unconnected'S'-shaped, 9-storey office block, which would frame the operating area of the bus station, exiting onto Douglas Street and Blythswood Street. Seifert's scheme was never implemented in its entirety - conceptual drawings of the complex dating from the mid-1960s show a second phase to the west of the first, which had an extended shopping plaza and three additional housing towers; this second phase was never built - the visible evidence of its incompleteness being the unfinished Anderston pedestrian bridge which terminated 100 metres away in midair before its eventual completion as a cycle path in 2013, where it now terminates just to the north west corner of the complex.

This section of the site was filled by the Glasgow Marriott and Hilton hotels which were built in 1981 and 1992, respectively. The location of a bus terminal at Anderston had been predicated as part of the Bruce Report proposals which called for the city centre's numerous bus stations to be consolidated down to just two at either corner of the central area - the other station being Buchanan Street Bus Station - opening a few years in 1977; the services from Anderston served the city's southern suburbs and surrounding towns, were intended to make use of the southern flank of the Glasgow Inner Ring Road, never completed in its intended form. By the end of the 1980s, it had been decided to consolidate all services at the renamed Buchanan Bus Station, by September 1993, Anderston was closed dealing the final fatal blow to the shopping area of the complex, abandoned by the middle of the 1990s following the loss of what was the anchor tenant. Other key tenants had previously

Friday Night Games

Friday Night Games was a spin-off from Big Brother Australia's Friday Night Live, hosted by Mike Goldman with Bree Amer and Ryan "Fitzy" Fitzgerald and was produced at Dreamworld, Gold Coast, Australia by Network Ten. Two teams, each composed of three celebrities and one chosen contestant and tested their skills in a series of games and challenges; each game had a different set of rules and difficulty rating. The "celeb-to-be" was chosen out of hundreds of applicants, most being eliminated through challenges until a final challenge on the Friday Night Games set. Challenges included holding onto a balloon whilst riding "Wipeout", or holding a piece of paper above their head whilst riding on the Tower Of Terror, a roller coaster at Dreamworld, without ripping it. During each Game there would be a referee. At the grand final the ref was booed off stage and The ref Gave the crowd The Finger; however this was edited out. Each episode was pre-recorded in front of a live audience at Dreamworld’s games arena and aired on Friday nights.

The ultimate Friday Night Games Champion Team won a A$50,000 donation to the charity of their choice, courtesy of Supercheap Auto. WINNERS IN BOLDThe Brunettes were the winners of the series; the contestants of the team were Patrick Harvey, Craig Lowndes, team captain Ricki-Lee Coulter and Celeb-to-be Karyn. They chose to give the $50,000 to Beyond Blue. Friday Night Games on IMDb Friday Night Games at


Simulium is a genus of black flies, which may transmit diseases such as onchocerciasis. It is a large genus with several hundred species, 41 subgenera; the flies are pool feeders. Their saliva, which contains anticoagulants, a number of enzymes and histamine, is mixed with the blood, preventing clotting until it is ingested by the fly; these bites cause localized tissue damage, if the number of feeding flies is sufficient, their feeding may produce a blood-loss anaemia. The host's reaction to fly attacks may include systemic illness, allergic reactions or death mediated by histamine. In humans, this systemic reaction is known as "black fly fever" and is characterized by headaches, nausea, generalized dermatitis, allergic asthma. Subgenera: Species: List of Simulium species In Serbian mythology there is a legend concerning an ala fabled to have died in a cave near the town of Golubac in the Pozarevac District in Eastern Serbia; the rotting corpse of this being is said to send forth each Spring a swarm of Golubatz flies - individuals of the species Simulium colombaschense.

The fact that the Golubatz fly is a voracious bloodsucker and disease vector accords well with the functions attributed to the ala, emphasising her malign potency - in death - while the legend provides, reciprocally, a folkloric explanation for the genesis of so unpleasant an insect. The specific name colombaschense signifies'of Golubac' - the name of the village. S. colombaschense was a notorious insect pest of the Banat, during the 18th century

1/38 National Guard Command

The 1/38 National Guard Command "Bizani" is an infantry unit of the Hellenic Army, based in Rhodes island as part of the 95th National Guard Higher Command. It carries on the traditions of the elite 1/38 Evzone Regiment; the 1/38 Evzone Regiment was formed in Karditsa, Thessaly, as the 1st Evzone Regiment shortly before the outbreak of the Balkan Wars, from the 8th and 9th independent Evzone battalions. It participated in the Balkan Wars as part of the 6th Infantry Division, fighting in the battles of Sarantaporos, Bizani, Kilkis–Lachanas and Kresna–Djumaya. After the Balkan Wars, the regiment was based in Larissa. In May 1917, during the National Schism, the French Army, in support of the Venizelist Provisional Government of National Defence at Thessaloniki, entered Thessaly and ordered the disarmament of the Greek military units in the region, still loyal to the royal government in Athens; the regiment refused to obey the command to surrender its weapons, retreated west towards the mountains.

The French launched a pursuit of the unit, forcing it to surrender. The unit was disbanded and most of its officers were imprisoned until August, after the exile of King Constantine I and the assumption of the government by Venizelos, Greece formally entered World War I on the side of the Entente; the 1/38 Regiment was re-formed at Larissa as part of the 1st Infantry Division, participated in the Macedonian front operations in 1918, recapturing the city of Serres. The regiment subsequently fought in the Asia Minor Campaign from the Greek landing at Smyrna on 2 May 1919 until its final retreat from Asia Minor on 1 September 1922. On 10 November 1921, the regiment was awarded the highest Greek military distinction, the Commander's Cross of the Cross of Valour, for its performance in the field. After its return from Asia Minor, the regiment demobilized and returned to its peacetime garrison at Larissa, it remained there, under the 1st Infantry Division, until the Army reorganization of 1929, when it was disbanded.

In December 1975, the 121st Special Covering Regiment at Ano Kalamonas in Rhodes, was renamed into the 38th Hellenic Gendarmerie Command, reviving the traditions of the 1/38. This connection was further emphasized in September 2000, when the unit received its current name, 1/38 National Guard Command "Bizani". 211 Infantry Battalion 299 Infantry Battalion 548 National Guard Battalion Ano Kalamonas National Guard Battalion Tilos Island Defence Command, added in 2004 211 Mechanized National Guard Battalion 542 Mechanized National Guard Battalion Ano Kalamonas National Guard Battalion Tilos Island Defence Command

Cornelis Apostool

Cornelis Apostool was a Dutch artist and museum director. Cornelis Apostool was born on 6 August 1762 in Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic, his father was Jan Apostool, a Mennonite and a merchant in animal skins and cocoa beans, his mother was Cornelia de Witte. He was the eleventh of twelve children. Apostool studied foreign languages with a French teacher in Delft, he did an apprenticeship with a salesman in silver and gold in Rotterdam. From 1784 to 1786, he was a pupil of landscape painter Hendrik Meijer at the art academy back in Amsterdam. In 1786, Meijer and Apostool went to England, where Apostool stayed and lived to work as an engraver of aquatints, he became the Commissary-general of Commerce in London around 1793. After the Batavian Revolution, he negotiated the exchange of prisoners of war for the Batavian Republic in London. In 1796, he returned to his native country. From 1798 to 1802, Apostool worked as an illustrator for the Agency of Interior Police and Water Management and the Council of Interior Affaires.

In 1802, Apostool returned to his position as Commissary-general of Commerce in London, he negotiated the release of Batavian ships. In 1806, he was appointed Government Secretary in the Dutch East Indies, but before he arrived there, Louis Bonaparte became King of Holland and Apostool returned. In 1807, he was a diplomat in the Kingdom of Naples. In 1808, Apostool was appointed director of the Royal Museum in Amsterdam, which office he held until his death, he died on 10 February 1844 at the age of 81 in Amsterdam. Some older biographies refer to Apostool as a dilettante, but in a 2012 biography is claimed that he was more than a dilettante, because he made "artistically high quality aquatints of paintings and drawings of others", he engraved a portrait of Lavinia Fenton, afterwards Duchess of Bolton, after Hogarth, as well as landscapes for the Beauties of the Dutch School, Select Views in the South of France, Travels through the Maritime Alps, Daniell's Views of Hindostan. Works by Cornelis Apostool in the collection of the Rijksmuseum