Rudi Dutschke

Alfred Willi Rudolf "Rudi" Dutschke was a German Marxist sociologist and a political activist in the German student movement, the APO of the 1960s. He advocated a "long march through the institutions of power" to create radical change from within government and society by becoming an integral part of the machinery; this was an idea he took up from his interpretation of Antonio Gramsci and the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory. In the 1970s he followed through on this idea by joining the nascent Green movement, he survived an assassination attempt by Josef Bachmann in 1968, but died 11 years from a seizure brought on from brain damage sustained during the assassination attempt. Radical students blamed an anti-student campaign in the papers of the Axel Springer publishing empire for the assassination attempt; this led to attempts to blockade the distribution of Springer newspapers all over Germany, which in turn led to major street battles in many German cities, considered the largest protests to that date in Germany.

Dutschke was born in Schönefeld near Luckenwalde, the 4th son of a postal clerk. Raised in East Germany, he graduated from the Gymnasium there. Interested in the ideas of religious socialism, he was engaged in the youth organisation of the East German Evangelical Church. In 1956 he joined the socialist Free German Youth aiming at a sporting career as a decathlete. In the same year he witnessed the Hungarian Uprising and began to advocate the ideals of a democratic socialism beyond the official line of the Socialist Unity Party, he completed an apprenticeship as an industrial clerk. As he refused to join the East Germany National People's Army and convinced many of his fellow students to refuse as well, he was prevented from attending university in the GDR. In August 1961, Dutschke fled to the Marienfelde transit camp in West Berlin, just three days before the Berlin Wall was built, he began to study sociology, ethnology and history at the Free University of Berlin under Richard Löwenthal and Klaus Meschkat where he became acquainted with the existentialist theories of Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre, soon after with alternative views of Marxism and the history of the labour movement.

Dutschke joined the German SDS Sozialistischer Deutscher Studentenbund in 1965 and from that time on the SDS became the center of the student movement, growing rapidly and organizing demonstrations against the war in Vietnam. He married the American Gretchen Klotz in 1966, they had three children. Dutschke's third child, 1980-born Rudi-Marek Dutschke was born after his father's death, he is a politician of the German Green Party as well as Dean's Office staffer of the Hertie School of Governance today. His older siblings are Hosea-Che Dutschke and their sister Polly-Nicole, both born in 1968. Influenced by critical theory, Rosa Luxemburg, critical Marxists and informed through his collaboration with fellow students from Africa and Latin America, Dutschke developed a theory and code of practice of social change via the practice of developing democracy in the process of revolutionizing society, collaborating with foreign students. Dutschke advocated that the transformation of Western societies should go hand in hand with Third World liberation movements and with democratization in communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

He was from a pious Lutheran family and his socialism had Christian roots. The decisive revolution in world history has happened — a revolution of all-conquering love. If people would receive this revealed love into their own existence, into the reality of the'now' the logic of insanity could no longer continue."Benno Ohnesorg's death in 1967 at the hands of German police pushed some in the student movement toward extremist violence and the formation of the Red Army Faction. The violence against Dutschke further radicalised parts of the student movement into committing several bombings and murders. Dutschke rejected this direction and feared that it would harm or cause the dissolution of the student movement. Instead he advocated a'long march through the institutions' of power to create radical change from within government and society by becoming an integral part of the machinery; the meaning of Dutschke's idea of a'long march through the institutions' is in fact contested: most historians of'68 in West Germany understand it to mean advocating setting up an alternative society and recreating the institutions which were seen by Dutschke as beyond reform in their current state.

It is unlikely Dutschke would have promoted change from within the parliamentary and judicial system, which were populated by former Nazis and political conservatives. This is made clear in the SDS reaction to the Kiesinger-led CDU-SPD grand coalition and the authoritarian Emergency Laws they passed. On 11 April 1968, Dutschke was shot in the head by Josef Bachmann. Dutschke survived the assassination attempt, he and his family went to the United Kingdom in the hope that he could recuperate there. Dutschke and Bachmann shared correspondence over the next year, until Bachmann's suicide in 1970. Dutschke was accepted at Clare Hall, a graduate college at the University of Cambridge, to finish his degree in 1969, but in 1971 the Conservative government under Edward Heath expelled him and his family

Coast to Coast (2003 film)

Coast to Coast is 2003 American-Canadian made-for-television drama film starring Richard Dreyfuss, Judy Davis, Selma Blair, directed by Paul Mazursky. It is based on the novel by Frederic Raphael, who wrote film's screenplay. Barnaby and Maxine Pierce are a middle-aged couple exploring the ups and downs of a marriage that has spun out of control, they have decided to divorce, but take one last cross country road trip from Connecticut to Los Angeles to attend the wedding of their son and give him their vintage Thunderbird as a gift. By reflecting on the life they’ve shared together, the couple begins to re-evaluate their marriage and discover the possibility of rekindling their relationship. Richard Dreyfuss..... Barnaby Pierce Judy Davis..... Maxine Pierce Selma Blair..... Stacey Pierce David Julian Hirsh..... Benjamin Pierce Kate Lynch..... Nessle Carroway Paul Mazursky..... Stanly Tarto Saul Rubinek..... Gary Pereira John Salley..... Clifford Wordsworth Maximilian Schell..... Casimir Fred Ward.....

Hal Kressler Today praised Richard Dreyfuss's performance, described the film as "often funny, more bittersweet. Familiar yet unpredictable, and refreshingly adult." Coast to Coast on IMDb Coast to Coast at AllMovie

Bras du Nord (Valin River tributary)

The Bras du Nord is a tributary of the Valin River, flowing in the unorganized territory of Mont-Valin and in the municipality of Saint-David-de-Falardeau, in the Le Fjord-du-Saguenay Regional County Municipality, in the administrative region of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, in Quebec, in Canada. The course of the Bras du Nord flows in the canton of Falardeau. A secondary forest road serves the southwest bank of the lakes upstream; the surface of the North Arm is frozen from the end of November to the beginning of April, however the safe circulation on the ice is done from mid-December to the end of March. The main neighboring watersheds of the Bras du Nord are: North side: Nisipi River, Saint-Louis River, rivière à la Hache; the North Arm takes its source at the mouth of a mountain stream. This source is located 4.0 kilometres east of the Baie de la Brûlée du Lac La Mothe, 8.4 kilometres southeast of the dam at the mouth of Onatchiway Lake, 15.4 kilometres to the North-East of the dam at the mouth of lac La Mothe, 27.0 kilometres in the North-East of the mouth of Bras du Nord, 22.2 kilometres West of Moncouche Lake and 43.1 kilometres North of Saguenay River.

From its source, the course of the Bras du Nord descends on 30.6 kilometres according to the following segments: 5.5 kilometres south-east, up to the Bérubé stream. The mouth of the Bras du Nord spills onto the west bank of the Valin River at the foot of the Chute à Banc d'oeuvre; this mouth is located at: 11.4 kilometres North-West of the mouth of the Valin River. From the mouth of the Bras du Nord, the current follows the course of the Valin River the course of the Saguenay river up to Tadoussac where it merges with the St. Lawrence river; this watercourse was designated "Rivière Falardeau", associated with the township of Falardeau, in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. The name of this old toponym evokes the career of the painter Antoine-Sébastien Falardeau. Falardeau was above all dedicated to making excellent copies of great masters of painting, his training as a painter is little known. It is possible that the Italian painter G. Fassio, staying in this city since 1835, oriented him towards Italy and taught him the basics of Italian.

In 1846 Falardeau left Quebec for Florence. After difficult years, his reputation was established: Charles III, Duke of Parma, appointed him knight of the order of Saint Louis, January 17, 1852, he married Caterina Manucci-Benincasa, daughter of the Marquis Francesco Mannucci-Benincasa Capponi, in 1861, with whom he had at least three children. In 1862 and 1882, he returned to Canada and exhibited his paintings there; the Canadian government commissioned him in 1882 to paint a portrait of Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, a former premier of the province of Quebec. He accidentally dies in Florence; the dispersion of his paintings made it impossible to study in depth his work. The Musée du Québec, has twenty; the toponym "Bras du Nord" was formalized on April 8, 1975 at the Place Names Bank of the Commission de toponymie du Québec, to say at the creation of this commission. Le Fjord-du-Saguenay Regional County Municipality Mont-Valin, a unorganized territory Saint-David-de-Falardeau, a municipality Bras de Fer, a stream Valin River, a watercourse Saguenay River St. Lawrence river List of rivers of Quebec