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Rudolf Diesel

Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel was a German inventor and mechanical engineer, famous for the invention of the Diesel engine, for his suspicious death at sea. Diesel was the namesake of the 1942 film Diesel. Diesel was born in the house Rue Notre Dame de Nazareth No. 38 in Paris, France in 1858 the second of three children of Elise and Theodor Diesel. His parents were Bavarian immigrants living in Paris. Theodor Diesel, a bookbinder by trade, left his home town of Augsburg, Bavaria, in 1848, he met his wife, a daughter of a Nuremberg merchant, in Paris in 1855 and became a leather goods manufacturer there. Only few weeks after his birth, Diesel was given away to a Vincennes farmer family, where he spent his first nine months; when he was returned to his family, they moved into the flat 49 in the Rue Fontaineau-Roi. At the time, the Diesel family suffered from financial difficulties, thus young Rudolf Diesel had to work in his father's workshop and deliver leather goods to customers using a barrow.

He attended a Protestant-French school and soon became interested in social questions and technology. Being a good student, 12-year-old Diesel received the Société pour l'Instruction Elémentaire bronze medal and had plans to enter Ecole Primaire Supérieure in 1870. At the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War the same year, his family was forced to leave, as were many other Germans, they settled in London, where Diesel attended an English school. Before the war's end, Diesel's mother sent 12-year-old Rudolf to Augsburg to live with his aunt and uncle and Christoph Barnickel, to become fluent in German and to visit the Königliche Kreis-Gewerbeschule, where his uncle taught mathematics. At the age of 14, Diesel wrote a letter to his parents saying. After finishing his basic education at the top of his class in 1873, he enrolled at the newly founded Industrial School of Augsburg. Two years he received a merit scholarship from the Royal Bavarian Polytechnic of Munich, which he accepted against the wishes of his parents, who would rather have seen him start to work.

One of Diesel's professors in Munich was Carl von Linde. Diesel was unable to graduate with his class in July 1879. While waiting for the next examination date, he gained practical engineering experience at the Sulzer Brothers Machine Works in Winterthur, Switzerland. Diesel graduated in January 1880 with highest academic honours and returned to Paris, where he assisted his former Munich professor, Carl von Linde, with the design and construction of a modern refrigeration and ice plant. Diesel became the director of the plant one year later. In 1883, Diesel married Martha Flasche, continued to work for Linde, gaining numerous patents in both Germany and France. In early 1890, Diesel moved to Berlin with his wife and children, Rudolf Jr, Eugen, to assume management of Linde's corporate research and development department and to join several other corporate boards there; as he was not allowed to use the patents he developed while an employee of Linde's for his own purposes, he expanded beyond the field of refrigeration.

He first worked with steam, his research into thermal efficiency and fuel efficiency leading him to build a steam engine using ammonia vapour. During tests, the engine exploded and killed him, his research into high compression cylinder pressures tested the strength of iron and steel cylinder heads. One exploded during a run in, he spent many months followed by health and eyesight problems. Since attending lectures of Carl von Linde, Diesel intended designing an internal combustion engine based on the more thermally efficient Carnot cycle, he worked on this idea for a several years, in 1892, he considered his theory to be completed. The same year, Diesel was given the German patent DRP 67207. In 1893, he published a treatise entitled Theory and Construction of a Rational Heat-engine to Replace the Steam Engine and The Combustion Engines Known Today, that he had been working on since early 1892; this treatise formed invention of the Diesel engine. By summer 1893, Diesel had realised that his initial theory was erroneous, which led him to file another patent application for the corrected theory in 1893.

Diesel understood the theoretical and practical constraints on fuel efficiency. He knew, his work in engine design was driven by the goal of much higher efficiency ratios. In his engine, fuel was injected at the end of the compression stroke and was ignited by the high temperature resulting from the compression. From 1893 to 1897, Heinrich von Buz, director of MAN SE in Augsburg, gave Rudolf Diesel the opportunity to test and develop his ideas; the first successful Diesel engine ran in 1897 and is now on display at the German Technical Museum in Munich. Rudolf Diesel obtained patents for his design in Germany and other countries, including the United States, he was inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1978. On the evening of 29 September 1913, Diesel boarded the GER steamer SS Dresden in Antwerp on his way to a meeting of the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing company in London, England, he took dinner on board the ship and retired to his cabin at about 10 p.m. leaving word to be called the next morning at 6:15 a.m..

In the morning his cabin was empty and his bed had not been slept in, although his nightshirt was neatly laid out and his watch had been left where it could be seen from the bed. His hat and neatly folded overcoat were discovered beneath the afterdeck railing. Ten


Tondoro is a settlement in the Kavango West region of northern Namibia, the administrative centre of the Tondoro Constituency. It is located 15 kilometres south-east of Nkurenkuru, it is inhabited by the Uukwangali people. There is a Catholic mission in the village, called the St. Laurence Mission, it was founded in 1927 by Father Weilhöfer of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate and it is still staffed by them. The staff of the mission consists of five sisters of the Order of Saint Benedict of Tutzing, they staff a girl’s hostel and a clinic; the Mission serves 35 communities spread along the Kavango River. They use two deacons to assist them in serving this vast number of people; the Deacons are Dc. Moses Kandjimi Murangi, Dc. Erwin Masambo Musunga; the outstation communities are: Canchana, Ekuli, Kahenge, Kamupupu, Katara, Katope Island, K. M. Sekondere, Matava, Mbome, Mburu-uru, Mukekete, Nambi, Nepara, Nkurenkuru, Simanya, Tjara, Yinsu

Madison S. Perry

Madison Starke Perry was the fourth Governor of Florida. Madison Starke Perry was born in Lancaster County, South Carolina, the youngest child of Benjamin Perry and his wife Mary Starke, he attended South Carolina College. He moved to Florida at the age of 31, arriving in 1845 and helping to found the village of Rochelle in Alachua County, he acquired a plantation to cultivate cotton, the major commodity crop, became a leader among the planters in Alachua County. He was elected in 1849 to represent the county in the Florida House of Representatives; the following year he was elected to the Florida Senate. Perry ran for and was elected governor in 1856, assuming office on October 5, 1857; as Florida's fourth governor, Perry helped bring about the settlement of a long-standing boundary dispute with Georgia and encouraged the building of railways in the state. During the years before the Civil War, Governor Perry foresaw the possibility that Florida might secede from the Union, in 1858 he urged the reestablishment of the state's militia.

Florida did secede three years on January 10, 1861. Perry called for the evacuation of all federal troops from Florida, intending to replace them with the militia. After his term as governor ended on October 7, 1861, Perry served as colonel of the 7th Florida Infantry Regiment until illness forced his resignation on April 30, 1863, he retired to his plantation in Rochelle, where he died in March 1865, shortly before the end of the American Civil War. Survived by his wife and two children, he was buried in Oak Ridge Cemetery in Rochelle; the city of Perry, Florida, is named in his honor. The city of Starke, may have been named in his honor. Madison County is named after President James Madison. Perry, Florida web site Starke, Florida web site Florida Division of Historical Resources web site Biography at National Governors Association History of the 7th Florida Regiment Official Governor's portrait and biography from the State of Florida Madison S. Perry at Find a Grave

Paul E. Griffiths

Paul Griffiths is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Sydney and works in the Philosophy of Science and more Philosophy of Biology. Born in England in 1962, he received a B. A. from the University of Cambridge in 1984 and a Ph. D. in philosophy from the Australian National University in 1989 under the supervision of Kim Sterelny. He taught at the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Queensland and the University of Otago, he spends part of each year at the University of Exeter in the Egenis: the Centre for the Study of the Life Sciences. Griffiths is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the Australian Academy of the Humanities. Griffiths, together with Russell Gray developed a theoretical perspective on biological development and evolution known as developmental systems theory. Together with his former advisor Kim Sterelny, in 1999, Griffiths published Sex and Death, a comprehensive treatment of problems and alternative positions in the philosophy of biology.

This book incorporated a number of the positions developed in previous articles on the range of topics in the philosophy of biology. His last book, published in 2013, in collaboration with Karola Stotz, focuses on the philosophy of genetics. Griffiths, P. E.. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. Sterelny, K. and P. E. Griffiths Sex and Death: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Biology. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. Griffiths, P. E. & Stotz, K.. Genetics and Philosophy: An introduction. New York: Cambridge University Press. Griffiths, P. E. Trees of Life: Essays in Philosophy of Biology. Dordrecht, Kluwer. Oyama, S. P. E. Griffiths and R. D. Gray. Cycles of Contingency: Developmental Systems and Evolution. MIT Press

Nena feat. Nena

Nena feat. Nena known as 20 Jahre – Das Jubiläums-Album is a studio album by German pop singer Nena, it contains new versions of her hits, some of them are duets with other singers, including Kim Wilde, Joachim Witt and Udo Lindenberg. The album was first released in 2002 with a red cover and reissued with a blue cover in 2003. Both releases exist in either standard or limited edition, the latter being supplemented with a bonus CD of live tracks; the songs on the bonus CD are reworked, suggesting that Nena may have planned to update more of her back-catalogue, although there have been no further releases in this vein. Throughout her solo career, Nena had experimented with various styles, culminating in the 2001 technopop Chokmah album which preceded Nena feat. Nena; these had not matched the commercial success of the Nena band albums. Less imaginatively, Nena therefore chose to mark the 20th anniversary of the band's debut by recording the Nena feat. Nena album which, as its title implies, comprises updated versions of tracks from Nena's back catalogue with no new material.

12 of the 14 songs on the initial "red cover" version of the album were written and released in the 1980s and, with the other two coming from the 2001 Chokmah, Nena's four solo albums in the 1990s are unrepresented. The modifications for Nena feat Nena range from applying different tunes to those with different arrangements performed jointly with guest vocalists; the lyrics are significantly reworked in some songs, for example "Leuchtturm" and most the English sections for Kim Wilde's parts in "Anyplace, Anytime". While Nena remained active and popular after the demise of the band in 1987, releasing several albums for adults and children, she was unable to recapture the chart success she enjoyed in the early 1980s. Nena feat. Nena changed that, it was wildly successful in her native Germany, peaking at No. 2 to become her first top-ten album there since Feuer und Flamme in 1985. It reached No. 1 in Austria and No. 5 in Switzerland, remained in the charts for over a year in all three countries.

Nena feat. Nena has sold more than 1.5 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums by a German artist in the new millennium. It reestablished Nena as international star; the album's lead single, the new version of "99 Luftballons", was released three weeks before the album. Peaking at No. 28 in Germany, it failed to replicate the success of the original, a No. 1 hit, although it did give Nena her first Top 40 hit since 1989. It was not until the release of the second single, the new version of "Leuchtturm", that Nena could repeat the success she had in the 1980s; the only unsuccessful single from the album was "Nur geträumt", which only peaked at No. 79. Having been absent from the German Top 40 singles charts for 13 years, three of the tracks from this album made the Top 10; the album itself peaked at No. 2, was in the charts for over a year and remains Nena's biggest selling album achieving triple platinum status in Germany.. Although Nena feat. Nena resurrected its creator's career, it remained the case that all Nena's best-selling material had been written in the 1980s all of it by 1986, prior to Nena going solo.

It was not until the follow-up studio album in 2005, Willst du mit mir gehn, that Nena broke the 1980s' monopoly of her greatest hits and concert favourites. By 2010 Nena's live performances of tracks from the album had all reverted to their original versions, with the exception of "Leuchtturm". A double DVD called Nena feat. Nena Live was released on 24 March 2003, it contains Nena's twentieth anniversary show recorded on 11 October 2002 at Frankfurt am Main. The show ran for nearly three hours, during which Nena invited many friends and fellow musicians to sing along with her: Joachim Witt, Udo Lindenberg, Kim Wilde, Markus Mörl, Hartmut Engler, Mike Tait, Howard Jones, TokTok, as well as the surviving members of Nena band: Rolf Brendel, Uwe Fahrenkrog-Petersen and Jürgen Dehmel; the second DVD contains footage of Nena and her band on tour and music videos for the new versions of the songs. On 26 May 2003, an abridged audio-only version of the same concert was released as one DVD-Audio disc.

DVD 1 Haus der drei Sonnen Satellitenstadt Tanz auf dem Vulkan Oldschool Baby Carpe Diem Wunder gescheh'n 2002 Kleine Taschenlampe brenn Lichtarbeiter 2002 Silbermond Es regnet 2002 Lass mich dein Pirat sein 2002 Jetzt bist du weg 2002 Dafür ist das Leben zu kurz? 2002 Du kennst die Liebe nicht What Is Love? Anyplace, Anytime Leuchtturm Rette Mich Ganz Oben Nur Geträumt 2002DVD 2 99 Luftballons 2002 99 Luftballons Irgendwie, irgendwann Vollmond 2002 Manchmal ist ein Tag ein ganzes Leben Ich umarm die ganze Welt Ruby Tuesday No Expectations Zusammen Der Anfang vom Ende Bang Bang? 2002 Credits and Outro Nena feat. Nena at Discogs Nena feat. Nena at Discogs Nena feat. Nena Live at Discogs Nena feat. Nena Live at Discogs

Please Don't Let Me Go

"Please Don't Let Me Go" is a song by British singer Olly Murs. Written by Murs, Claude Kelly and Steve Robson, the song served as the lead single from the X Factor runner-up's eponymous debut album and it was his debut single; the song was released as a digital download in the United Kingdom on 29 August 2010, where it debuted at number-one on the singles chart. The song was nominated at the 2011 BRIT Awards for Best British Single, but lost out to Tinie Tempah for his song "Pass Out". In 2009, Murs was runner-up in the sixth series of singing competition The X Factor, following which he was offered a joint record deal with Epic Records and Syco Music in February 2010. Work began on his debut album and, inspired by a demo scouted out by his A&R team of a reggae-influenced pop song called "Feel Free" by an unknown writer from Australia, it was decided to make Murs' material for the first album of a ska/reggae influence throughout. "Please Don't Let Me Go" was written by Murs along with Claude Kelly and Steve Robson in one of the first writing sessions for the album.

They have continued to work with Murs on all his following albums since. The song is about a minor relationship Murs was in where he ended up feeling something for the other person. Murs commented: "Sadly she kept giving me the impression that she didn't like me as much, it didn't work out, so that's where the idea of me singing'Please Don't Let Me Go' came from." Murs said he was excited to be releasing the single, stating that it was important to him that it was an original song, that he wanted it to be different from his performances on The X Factor. The song premiered on Capital FM on 2 July 2010; the music video for "Please Don't Let Me Go" premiered on 23 July 2010. It was filmed on location at a house near Berkshire; the video shows Murs pursuing a young girl, playing hard-to-get at a large party. When he starts to lose hope, she pursues him and the video culminates with both of them dancing into the night; the woman playing the female subject of the song was chosen by Murs. The owner of the house appeared as an extra in the video.

As Murs was well known for his dancing on The X Factor, he wanted a video in which he did not dance, to make it more about the song. Nick Levine from Digital Spy described "Please Don't Let Me Go" as "a lovely summery reggae-tinged pop tune that bobs along in a hummable and not un-Will Young-like fashion" and said that the music video "is just as quintessentially pleasant". A reviewer for children's news programme Newsround rated the song four out of five, stating: "The song is funky and easy to sing along to. It's quite a mellow, summery sound." Murs promoted the single with live performances on a number of TV shows in the run up to the single's release, including GMTV, The Michael Ball Show, This Morning, Stephen Mulhern's Magic Numbers, Suck My Pop and Live from Studio Five. Performances of the single came during promotion of the Olly Murs album in the winter of 2010, at T4 Stars of 2010 and that year's Christmas Day edition of Top of the Pops, it was infamously, in an interview with Heat magazine during promotion for the single, that Murs declared he would strip naked in a photoshoot for them if the single were to reach number one, despite his belief that it would not, as it was being released the same week as Katy Perry's song Teenage Dream.

After the single debuted at number one, he went on to fulfill his promise for the magazine, appearing naked in the 14 September 2010 issue, with a trilby hat covering his modesty. The single made its chart debut on 3 September. On 5 September, the single debuted at number-one on the UK chart; the single spent only one week at the top of the singles chart, having been dethroned by fellow X Factor contestant Alexandra Burke and the single "Start Without You". "Please Don't Let Me Go" spent three weeks within the top 10 and nine weeks within the top 40. Following the release of Murs' second single "Thinking of Me", the single re-entered the top 40 at number thirty-nine. Due to downloads, the single's B-side "This One's for the Girls" charted for one week at number 69. Lead vocalsOlly Murs Writer – Olly Murs, Claude Kelly, Steve Robson Producer – Future Cut, Steve Robson Mixer – Steve Fitzmaurice List of number-one singles from the 2010s Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics