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Rugby, Warwickshire

Rugby is a market town in Warwickshire, close to the River Avon. The town has a population of 70,628 making it the second-largest town in the county; the town is the main settlement within the larger Borough of Rugby which has a population of 100,500. Rugby is on the eastern edge of Warwickshire, near the borders of Leicestershire and Northamptonshire, it is 83 miles north 30 miles east of Birmingham and 11 miles east of Coventry. Rugby School, an independent school situated in the town, is the birthplace of Rugby football. In 1845, three Rugby School pupils produced the first written rules of the "Rugby style of game". Early Iron age settlement existed in the Rugby area, a few miles north-east what is now Rugby, existed a Roman settlement known as Tripontium on the Watling Street Roman road. Rugby was a small Anglo-Saxon farming settlement on the hill overlooking the River Avon and was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Rocheberie, a popular theory is that this was a phonetic translation of the Old English name Hrocaberg meaning'Hroca's hill fortification'.

By the 13th century the name of the town was spelt as Rokeby before evolving into the modern form. In 1140 the first mention was made of St Andrew's Church, a chapel of the mother church at Clifton-upon-Dunsmore, until Rugby was established as a parish in its own right in 1221. Rugby obtained a charter to hold a market in 1255, soon developed into a small country market town. Rugby School was founded in 1567 with money left in the will of Lawrence Sheriff, a locally born man, who moved to London and became grocer to Queen Elizabeth I. Rugby School was intended as a school for local boys, but by the 18th century it had acquired a national reputation and became a fee-paying private school, with most of its pupils coming from outside Rugby; the Lawrence Sheriff School was founded in 1878 to carry on Sheriff's original intentions. During the English Civil War, King Charles I passed through Rugby in 1642 on his way to Nottingham, 120 Cavalier Horse Troops stayed at the town, however the townsfolk were sympathetic to the Parliamentarian cause, they were disarmed by the Cavalier soldiers.

In 1645, Rugby was Parliamentarian, Oliver Cromwell and two regiments of Roundhead soldiers stayed at Rugby in April that year, two months before the Battle of Naseby in nearby Northamptonshire. The growth of Rugby was slow, due in part to the nearby markets at Dunchurch and Hillmorton which were better positioned in terms of road traffic. In 1663 Rugby was recorded as containing 160 houses with a population of around 650. By 1730 this had increased to 183 houses, with a population of around 900. Rugby's importance and population increased more during the late 18th and early 19th century due to the growing national reputation of Rugby School, which had moved from its original location at a schoolhouse north of St Andrew's Church, to its present location south of the town centre by 1750. By the time of the first national census in 1801, Rugby had a population of 1,487 with 278 houses. By 1831 this had increased further to 2,501 in 415 houses; this growth was driven by parents who wished to send their boys to Rugby School, but were unable to afford the boarding fees and so took up residence in Rugby.

More rapid growth started with the coming of the railways: In 1838 one of the earliest inter-city railway lines, the London and Birmingham Railway was constructed around the town, which in 1840 made a junction with the Midland Counties Railway at Rugby. By 1850 there were five railway lines meeting at Rugby, with more than sixty trains a day passing through Rugby railway station; the railway junction at Rugby soon became one of the busiest and most important of the era, the influx of railway workers and their families expanded the population. Rugby's population grew to nearly 8,000 by 1861. Reaching nearly 17,000 by 1901. In the half of the 19th century, Rugby developed some industries: Large-scale cement production began in the town in the 1860s when the Rugby Lias Lime & Cement Company Ltd was founded to take advantage of the locally available deposits of Blue Lias limestone. In the 1890s and 1900s heavy engineering industries began to set up in the town, Rugby grew into a major industrial centre: Willans and Robinson were the first engineering firm to arrive in Rugby in 1897, building steam engines to drive electrical generators, they were followed by British Thomson-Houston in 1902, who manufactured electrical motors and generators.

Both firms started producing turbines in 1904, were in competition until both were united as part of GEC in 1969. Rugby expanded in the early decades of the 20th century as workers moved in. By the 1940s, the population of Rugby had grown to over 40,000, to over 50,000 by the 1960s. A local board of health was established in Rugby in 1848, to provide the town with necessary infrastructure for its growth, such as paved roads, street lighting, clean drinking water and sewerage, this was converted into an urban district council in 1894. Rugby's status was upgraded to that of a municipal borough in 1932, its boundaries were expanded to incorporate the separate villages of Bilton, Hillmorton and Newbold-on-Avon which have become suburbs of the town. In 1974 the municipal borough was merged with the Rugby Rural District to form the present Borough of Rugby. In the postwar years, Rugby became well served by the motorway network, with the M1 and M6 merging close

William P. Dillingham

William Paul Dillingham was an American attorney and politician from the state of Vermont. A Republican and the son of Congressman and Governor Paul Dillingham, William P. Dillingham served as governor from 1888 to 1890 and United States Senator from 1900 until his death. Dillingham was born in Waterbury, Vermont in 1843, attended schools in Vermont and New Hampshire, he studied law with his brother in law, Matthew Hale Carpenter, attained admission to the bar, practiced in Waterbury and Montpelier. Groomed for a political career from an early age, Dillingham served as Secretary of Civil and Military Affairs during his father's term and that of Asahel Peck, State's Attorney of Washington County, member of the Vermont House of Representatives and Vermont State Senate, he served one two-year term. In 1900, Dillingham won election to the United States Senate, replacing Jonathan Ross, appointed as a temporary replacement following the death of incumbent Justin Smith Morrill. Dillingham served in the Senate until his death, was chairman of several committees during his tenure.

As head of a commission that studied immigration, he argued that southern and eastern European immigrants posed a threat to the country's stability and growth, that immigration from those areas should be curbed in the future. Dillingham was buried at Hope Cemetery in Waterbury; the son of Governor Paul Dillingham, William P. Dillingham was born on December 12, 1843 in Waterbury, Vermont, he attended the public schools, Newbury Seminary in Montpelier and Kimball Union Academy in Meriden, New Hampshire. In 1866 he served as Secretary of Military Affairs during his father's governorship, he studied law with his brother in law Matthew H. Carpenter and was admitted to the bar in 1867. Dillingham practiced law in Waterbury. A Republican, he served as Washington County State's Attorney from 1872 to 1876. From 1874 to 1876 he was Secretary of Military Affairs for Governor Asahel Peck. In 1876, Dillingham was elected to the Vermont House of Representatives. From 1878 to 1882 he served in the Vermont State Senate.

Dillingham served as Vermont's Commissioner of Taxes from 1882 to 1888, served another term in the Vermont House in 1884. In 1888 Dillingham was elected the 42nd Governor of Vermont, he served the one two-year term available under the Mountain Rule, afterwards returning to the practice of law. Dillingham practiced in Montpelier with Fred A. Howland. Howland was Dillingham's nephew, had studied law with Dillingham to qualify for admission to the bar. Dillingham was elected to the United States Senate in 1900, replacing temporary appointee Jonathan Ross and completing the term of Justin Smith Morrill, who had died in office. Dillingham was reelected in 1903, 1909, 1914 and 1920, served until his death, his 1914 election was Vermont's first following passage of the Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. During his Senate career Dillingham was Chairman of the following committees: Transportation Routes to the Seaboard. Dillingham achieved prominence as the leading Progressive-era legislative spokesperson for restricting immigration.

From 1907 to 1911, Dillingham chaired the United States Immigration Commission called the Dillingham Commission, which concluded that immigration from southern and eastern Europe posed a serious threat to American society and culture and should be reduced in the future. In 1903, Dillingham chaired a Senate subcommittee that investigated conditions in Alaska following the Klondike Gold Rush. During their trip, a new courthouse established near the Nushagak River village of Kanakanak was named in honor of the chairman and the surrounding community adopted the name Dillingham, Alaska. While the subcommittee traveled extensively throughout Alaska, Dillingham never set foot in the Bristol Bay salmon fishing community that still bears his name. Dillingham's business interests included serving as President of the Waterbury Savings Bank and a member of the National Life Insurance Company Board of Directors, he was active in the Methodist church, served as President of the Board of Trustees of the Montpelier Seminary, a member of the University of Vermont Board of Trustees.

Dillingham was a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, served as President of the Vermont SAR organization. Dillingham died in Montpelier on July 12, 1923, he was buried in Waterbury's Hope Cemetery. Dillingham received the following honorary degrees: Master of University of Vermont. D. Norwich University. D. Middlebury College. Dillingham lived at 7 West Street in Montpelier, his home was owned by Vermont College for more than 50 years, served as a dormitory and as office space. Known as Dillingham Hall when it was part of the college, the building is once again a private residence. On December 24, 1874 William P. Dillingham married Mary Ellen Shipman, they had Paul Shipman Dillingham. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "William P. Dillingham". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Dillingham Commission page including a digitized ve

Michael Cohen (actor)

Michael Dwayne Cohen is a Canadian actor. He is best known for his role as Schwoz Schwartz in Henry Danger and its spin-off, The Adventures of Kid Danger. Born in Winnipeg, Cohen was assigned female at birth, transitioned to male in his 20s, only making the information known in 2019, he and his family moved to Richmond, British Columbia, when he was 10. As a fan of Carol Burnett and the other actors on The Carol Burnett Show, he was inspired to be an actor and writer, won a Young Playwright's Contest at the age of 12. Years after graduating from college, Cohen moved to Toronto, where he studied acting and landed his first voiceover job, without an agent, on the animated TV series Pippi Longstocking, he began his career when he appeared in Moville Mysteries shortly after which he appeared in Queer as Folk, RoboRoach, Henry's World along with many commercials. In 2005, he won the national Moc Docs award for Best Mockumentary for his short film Jew Jube Lives — a rap parody based on the question "if Eminem were Jewish and grew up in Thornhill, what would he be like?".

He was the voice of Ty Archer in the animated TV series Grossology for which he and the ensemble received a Gemini Award nomination, the Canadian equivalent to an Emmy nomination. Since 2014, Cohen has played Schwoz Schwartz on the sitcom Henry Danger, he has appeared on shows such as Modern Family, The Real O'Neals, 2 Broke Girls, The Mindy Project, Eagleheart, Austin & Ally and many others. Recent film credits include the comedy Suburbicon, directed by George Clooney and written by the Coen brothers, the Oscar-nominated film Whiplash, as well as the Canadian Screen Award-nominated film It Was You Charlie, for which he was nominated for an ACTRA Award for Outstanding Lead Performance. Cohen has dozens of commercial credits including Mini Starburst, FedEx, Capital One, Boston Market, Honda with Patrick Warburton, the Super Bowl Hulu Plus campaign with Will Arnett. Cohen served as Co-Chair of the SAG-AFTRA Hollywood Conservatory at the American Film Institute and is a member of the National SAG-AFTRA Conservatory Committee.

He has a master's degree in adult education focusing on transformative education for performers. He offers acting workshops and private audition coaching for actors in L. A. Toronto and around the world, he resides in Los Angeles. Official website Michael Cohen on IMDb